Initial sequencing and comparative analysis of the mouse genome.

Authors:
Robert H Waterston Kerstin Lindblad-Toh Ewan Birney Jane Rogers Josep F Abril Pankaj Agarwal Richa Agarwala Rachel Ainscough Marina Alexandersson Peter An Stylianos E Antonarakis John Attwood Robert Baertsch Jonathon Bailey Karen Barlow Stephan Beck Eric Berry Bruce Birren Toby Bloom Peer Bork Marc Botcherby Nicolas Bray Michael R Brent Daniel G Brown Stephen D Brown Carol Bult John Burton Jonathan Butler Robert D Campbell Piero Carninci Simon Cawley Francesca Chiaromonte Asif T Chinwalla Deanna M Church Michele Clamp Christopher Clee Francis S Collins Lisa L Cook Richard R Copley Alan Coulson Olivier Couronne James Cuff Val Curwen Tim Cutts Mark Daly Robert David Joy Davies Kimberly D Delehaunty Justin Deri Emmanouil T Dermitzakis Colin Dewey Nicholas J Dickens Mark Diekhans Sheila Dodge Inna Dubchak Diane M Dunn Sean R Eddy Laura Elnitski Richard D Emes Pallavi Eswara Eduardo Eyras Adam Felsenfeld Ginger A Fewell Paul Flicek Karen Foley Wayne N Frankel Lucinda A Fulton Robert S Fulton Terrence S Furey Diane Gage Richard A Gibbs Gustavo Glusman Sante Gnerre Nick Goldman Leo Goodstadt Darren Grafham Tina A Graves Eric D Green Simon Gregory Roderic Guigó Mark Guyer Ross C Hardison David Haussler Yoshihide Hayashizaki LaDeana W Hillier Angela Hinrichs Wratko Hlavina Timothy Holzer Fan Hsu Axin Hua Tim Hubbard Adrienne Hunt Ian Jackson David B Jaffe L Steven Johnson Matthew Jones Thomas A Jones Ann Joy Michael Kamal Elinor K Karlsson Donna Karolchik Arkadiusz Kasprzyk Jun Kawai Evan Keibler Cristyn Kells W James Kent Andrew Kirby Diana L Kolbe Ian Korf Raju S Kucherlapati Edward J Kulbokas David Kulp Tom Landers J P Leger Steven Leonard Ivica Letunic Rosie Levine Jia Li Ming Li Christine Lloyd Susan Lucas Bin Ma Donna R Maglott Elaine R Mardis Lucy Matthews Evan Mauceli John H Mayer Megan McCarthy W Richard McCombie Stuart McLaren Kirsten McLay John D McPherson Jim Meldrim Beverley Meredith Jill P Mesirov Webb Miller Tracie L Miner Emmanuel Mongin Kate T Montgomery Michael Morgan Richard Mott James C Mullikin Donna M Muzny William E Nash Joanne O Nelson Michael N Nhan Robert Nicol Zemin Ning Chad Nusbaum Michael J O'Connor Yasushi Okazaki Karen Oliver Emma Overton-Larty Lior Pachter Genís Parra Kymberlie H Pepin Jane Peterson Pavel Pevzner Robert Plumb Craig S Pohl Alex Poliakov Tracy C Ponce Chris P Ponting Simon Potter Michael Quail Alexandre Reymond Bruce A Roe Krishna M Roskin Edward M Rubin Alistair G Rust Ralph Santos Victor Sapojnikov Brian Schultz Jörg Schultz Matthias S Schwartz Scott Schwartz Carol Scott Steven Seaman Steve Searle Ted Sharpe Andrew Sheridan Ratna Shownkeen Sarah Sims Jonathan B Singer Guy Slater Arian Smit Douglas R Smith Brian Spencer Arne Stabenau Nicole Stange-Thomann Charles Sugnet Mikita Suyama Glenn Tesler Johanna Thompson David Torrents Evanne Trevaskis John Tromp Catherine Ucla Abel Ureta-Vidal Jade P Vinson Andrew C Von Niederhausern Claire M Wade Melanie Wall Ryan J Weber Robert B Weiss Michael C Wendl Anthony P West Kris Wetterstrand Raymond Wheeler Simon Whelan Jamey Wierzbowski David Willey Sophie Williams Richard K Wilson Eitan Winter Kim C Worley Dudley Wyman Shan Yang Shiaw-Pyng Yang Evgeny M Zdobnov Michael C Zody Eric S Lander

Nature 2002 Dec;420(6915):520-62

Genome Sequencing Center, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8501, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA.

The sequence of the mouse genome is a key informational tool for understanding the contents of the human genome and a key experimental tool for biomedical research. Here, we report the results of an international collaboration to produce a high-quality draft sequence of the mouse genome. We also present an initial comparative analysis of the mouse and human genomes, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned from the two sequences. We discuss topics including the analysis of the evolutionary forces shaping the size, structure and sequence of the genomes; the conservation of large-scale synteny across most of the genomes; the much lower extent of sequence orthology covering less than half of the genomes; the proportions of the genomes under selection; the number of protein-coding genes; the expansion of gene families related to reproduction and immunity; the evolution of proteins; and the identification of intraspecies polymorphism.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature01262DOI Listing
December 2002
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