Nat Biotechnol 2002 Dec;20(12):1185-8
Nuffield Council on Bioethics, London, UK.
Int J Dev Disabil 2020 27;66(5):370-380. Epub 2020 Oct 27.
The Cairns Institute, James Cook University, Smithfield, QLD, Australia.
Objectives: Caring for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be gratifying as well as stressful. Professional staff employed as caregivers often report compromised mental and physical wellbeing due to the stressful nature of working with clients who exhibit aggressive and destructive behaviors. Prolonged work-related stress results in diminished quality of life for the caregivers. Read More
Front Psychol 2021 2;12:643516. Epub 2021 Jun 2.
Department of Precision Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Driving assistance technology has gained traction in recent years and is becoming more widely used in vehicles. However, drivers usually experience a reduced sense of agency when driving assistance is active even though automated assistance improves driving performance by reducing human error and ensuring quick reactions. The present study examined whether driving assistance can maintain human sense of agency during early deceleration in the face of collision risk, compared with manual deceleration. Read More
Environ Res 2021 Jun 16:111531. Epub 2021 Jun 16.
Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Northeastern University, Shenyang, 110819, China; State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China; College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.
The continuous improvement of living standards is related to higher requirements for the freshness and taste of food. For example, synthetic phenolic antioxidants (SPAs) are added to fats and fried foods as food additives to minimize the oxidative rancidity of oils and fats. Hence, the global use of SPAs is increasing year by year. Read More
Front Nutr 2021 1;8:685648. Epub 2021 Jun 1.
Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Previous studies have shown an increase in hunger during weight-loss maintenance (WLM) after diet-induced weight loss. Whether a combination of a higher protein, lower glycemic index (GI) diet and physical activity (PA) can counteract this change remains unclear. To compare the long-term effects of two diets [high protein (HP)-low GI vs. Read More
Curr Biol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.
Biocircuits Institute, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA; Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA; Kavli Institute for Brain and Mind, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA; Neurobiology Section, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. Electronic address:
Brain machine interfaces (BMIs) hold promise to restore impaired motor function and serve as powerful tools to study learned motor skill. While limb-based motor prosthetic systems have leveraged nonhuman primates as an important animal model, speech prostheses lack a similar animal model and are more limited in terms of neural interface technology, brain coverage, and behavioral study design. Songbirds are an attractive model for learned complex vocal behavior. Read More