Multislice breath-hold spiral magnetic resonance coronary angiography in patients with coronary artery disease: effect of intravascular contrast medium.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2002 Dec;16(6):660-7

Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Purpose: First, to apply a breath-hold multislice 2D spiral magnetic resonance (MR) approach in patients acquiring within 16 heartbeats (acquisition window, 116 msec) a 10-mm-thick stack of four slices (resolution, 1.3 x 1.3 mm(2)); and second, to evaluate the effect of an intravascular Fe-based contrast medium (CM) on a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and a contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR).

Materials And Methods: In each patient one or two coronary arteries were imaged prior to and following cumulative doses of 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75 mg of Fe/kg of body weight (bw) of an intravascular CM (CLARISCAN trade mark, Nycomed-Amersham, Princeton, NJ, USA) containing ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) particles.

Results: On precontrast maximum intensity projection (MIP) images generated from the stack of slices, 10 and 11 stenoses of 12 stenoses confirmed by coronary angiography were detected by readers 1 and 2, respectively. SNR and CNR in the coronary arteries peaked at 0.50 mg of Fe/kg of bw, yielding a slight increase of 15.5% and 18.4%, respectively (P < 0.05 vs. precontrast), which did not improve detection of coronary artery stenoses.

Conclusion: The presented multislice spiral approach allows display of coronary anatomy in MIP formats for convenient display of coronary stenoses. The pulse sequence did not benefit from an intravascular USPIO-based CM, since little improvement in SNR and CNR was achieved.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmri.10202DOI Listing
December 2002

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