J Biol Chem 2002 Dec 8;277(50):48359-65. Epub 2002 Oct 8.
Center for Molecular Biology in Medicine, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, California 94305, USA.
The cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) is activated by phosphorylation on serine 133 and mediates the proliferative response to a number of different signals. A mutant CREB with a serine to alanine substitution at position 133 (CREBM1) functions as a dominant-negative inhibitor. Transgenic mice that express the dominant-negative CREB protein in B lymphocytes were developed as a means to study the effects of the inhibition of CREB function on B-cell proliferation and survival. We have shown previously that CREB up-regulates Bcl-2 expression in B cells in response to activation signals. B cells from CREBM1 transgenic mice expressed lower levels of Bcl-2 with and without stimulation. Proliferation of B cells from the transgenic mice was impaired in part by lack of induction of activator protein 1 (AP1) transcription factors. B cells from the transgenic mice were more susceptible to induction of apoptosis with several different agents, consistent with the decreased expression of Bcl-2. These studies demonstrate that B-cell activation requires phosphorylation of CREB for the proliferative response and to protect against activation-induced apoptosis.