Exp Cell Res 2002 Jul;277(1):86-94
Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA.
The structure of phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLC-gamma1) contains two SH2 domains and one SH3 domain. While the function of the SH2 domains in PLC-gamma1 are well described, to date no growth factor-dependent function for the SH3 domain has been presented. To assess SH3 domain function in the context of the full-length PLC-gamma1, this domain was deleted and the mutant was stably expressed in Plcg1 null mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Following EGF treatment of cells, the PLC-gamma1DeltaSH3 mutant displayed the same increased level of tyrosine phosphorylation and association with EGF receptor as wild-type PLC-gamma1. Also, the SH3 mutant demonstrated membrane translocation and mediated the mobilization of intracellular Ca(2+) in response to EGF. c-Cbl is shown to associate with tyrosine phosphorylated PLC-gamma1 in an EGF-dependent manner, but no association was detected with the PLC-gamma1DeltaSH3 mutant. Interestingly, PDGF, which also tyrosine phosphorylates PLC-gamma1, failed to induce c-Cbl association with PLC-gamma1 and also provoked no c-Cbl tyrosine phosphorylation. This suggests that c-Cbl tyrosine phosphorylation is necessary for its interaction with PLC-gamma1. Evidence of a direct association of c-Cbl with PLC-gamma1 was provided by pull-down and overlay experiments, using glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins that contain the SH3 domain of PLC-gamma1. The data, therefore, show an EGF-inducible direct association of PLC-gamma1 with c-Cbl in vivo that is mediated by the SH3 domain of PLC-gamma1.