J Nutr 2002 06;132(6 Suppl 2):1751S-3S
Institute for Animal Physiology, Physiological Chemistry and Animal Nutrition, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, Germany.
Eur J Endocrinol 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.
M Andersson, Nutrition Research Unit, University Children's Hospital Zurich , Zurich, Switzerland.
Iodine deficiency has multiple adverse effects on growth and development. Diets in many countries cannot provide adequate iodine without iodine fortification of salt. In 2020, 124 countries have legislation for mandatory salt iodization and 21 have legislation allowing voluntary iodization; as a result, 88% of the global population uses iodized salt. Read More
Eur Thyroid J 2021 Apr 5;10(2):140-149. Epub 2020 May 5.
Institute for Community Medicine, University Medicine Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.
Background: Variability of measurements in medical research can be due to different sources. Quantification of measurement errors facilitates probabilistic sensitivity analyses in future research to minimize potential bias in epidemiological studies. We aimed to investigate the variation of thyroid-related outcomes derived from ultrasound (US) and laboratory analyses in a repeated measurements study. Read More
Eur Thyroid J 2021 Apr 9;10(2):109-113. Epub 2020 Oct 9.
Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital do Divino Espírito Santo de Ponta Delgada, Ponta Delgada, Portugal.
Introduction: Iodine is an essential micronutrient and its deficiency can severely impact children's development. In 2012, the Thyroid Study Group of the Portuguese Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism discovered that the median urinary iodine concentration (mUIC) level in schoolchildren of São Miguel was far too low at 70.9 μg/L. Read More
Eur Thyroid J 2021 Apr 27;10(2):101-108. Epub 2021 Jan 27.
School of Medicine, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
Backgound: Even a minor iodine deficiency can result in adverse thyroidal health consequences while excess iodine intake can also result in thyroid function disorders. One source of iodine is seaweed which as a foodstuff is enjoying an increasing profile in Western countries. Apart from its potential involvement in thyroidal health, gaseous iodine released from seaweeds plays a significant role in influencing coastal climate through cloud formation. Read More
J Nutr 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.
Innlandet Hospital Trust, Lillehammer, Norway.
Background: Biomarkers such as omega-3 (n-3) PUFAs, urinary iodine concentration (UIC), 1-methylhistidine (1-MH), and trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) have been associated with fish intake in observational studies, but data from children in randomized controlled trials are limited.Objectives: The objective of this exploratory analysis was to investigate the effects of fatty fish intake compared with meat intake on various biomarkers in preschool children.Methods: We randomly allocated (1:1) 232 children, aged 4 to 6 y, from 13 kindergartens. Read More