J Nutr 2002 06;132(6 Suppl 2):1688S-9S
Institute for Animal Physiology, Physiological Chemistry and Animal Nutrition, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, Germany.
BMJ Open 2021 05 11;11(5):e045041. Epub 2021 May 11.
Service de Médecine Intensive Réanimation, Centre Hospitalier de Valenciennes, Valenciennes, France.
Introduction: International guidelines include early nutritional support (≤48 hour after admission), 20-25 kcal/kg/day, and 1.2-2 g/kg/day protein at the acute phase of critical illness. Recent data challenge the appropriateness of providing standard amounts of calories and protein during acute critical illness. Read More
Ocul Surf 2021 May 6;21:78-86. Epub 2021 May 6.
Department of Ophthalmology, New Zealand National Eye Centre, The University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Purpose: To examine clinical management and prescribing patterns for dry eye disease (DED), in relation to severity and subtype, by eye care practitioners across the globe.Methods: An online, anonymous cross-sectional survey (on Qualtrics) translated into 14 languages was distributed to eye care practitioners across the globe. The survey included six questions around the management of DED, in relation to severity and subtype. Read More
Int J Artif Intell Educ 2021 Apr 15:1-25. Epub 2021 Apr 15.
New York University, New York, NY USA.
Although an increasing number of ethical data science and AI courses is available, with many focusing specifically on technology and computer ethics, pedagogical approaches employed in these courses rely exclusively on texts rather than on algorithmic development or data analysis. In this paper we recount a recent experience in developing and teaching a technical course focused on responsible data science, which tackles the issues of ethics in AI, legal compliance, data quality, algorithmic fairness and diversity, transparency of data and algorithms, privacy, and data protection. Interpretability of machine-assisted decision-making is an important component of responsible data science that gives a good lens through which to see other responsible data science topics, including privacy and fairness. Read More
Recent Pat Biotechnol 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz. Iran.
Background: Viral respiratory infections could result in perturbation of the gut microbiota due to a probable cross-talk between lungs and gut microbiota. This can affect the pulmonary health and the gastrointestinal system.Objective: This review aimed to discuss the impact of probiotics/ prebiotics and supplements on the prevention and treatment of respiratory infections, especially emerging pathogens. Read More
Food Chem X 2021 Mar 7;9:100112. Epub 2021 Jan 7.
Department of Food Science, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
Lentil () is a high-protein crop with a promising potential as a plant-based protein source for human nutrition. This study investigated nutritional and anti-nutritional properties of whole seed lentil flour (LF) compared to lentil protein isolates (LPIs) prepared in pilot-scale by isoelectric precipitation (LPI-IEP) and ultrafiltration (LPI-UF). Fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs) profiles showed significant reductions in total galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) contents by 58% and 91% in LPI-IEP and LPI-UF, respectively, compared to LF. Read More