Trends Immunol 2002 Feb;23(2):89-96
Hygiene-Institut, Abteilung Virologie, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Germany.
A family of interleukin-10 (IL-10)-related cytokines has emerged, comprising a series of herpesviral and poxviral members and several cellular sequence paralogs, including IL-19, IL-20, IL-22 [IL-10-related T-cell-derived inducible factor (IL-TIF)], IL-24 [melanoma differentiation-associated antigen 7 (MDA-7)] and IL-26 (AK155). Although the predicted helical structure of these homodimeric molecules is conserved, certain receptor-binding residues are variable and define the interaction with specific heterodimers of different type-2 cytokine receptors. This leads, through the activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) factors, to diverse biological effects. For example, whereas IL-10 is a well-studied pleiotropic immunosuppressive and immunostimulatory cytokine, IL-22/IL-TIF mediates acute-phase response signals in hepatocytes and IL-20 induces the hyperproliferation of keratinocytes, which has been proposed as a pathogenic mechanism of psoriasis.