J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2002 Apr;301(1):241-8
Novartis Horsham Respiratory Centre, Horsham, United Kingdom.
We investigated the pharmacology of a new class of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor, 6,8-disubstituted 1,7-naphthyridines, by using 4-(8-benzo[1,2,5]oxadiazol-5-yl-[1,7]naphthyridin-6-yl)-benzoic acid (NVP-ABE171) as a representative compound and compared its potency with the most advanced PDE4 inhibitor, undergoing clinical trials, Ariflo [cis-4-cyano-4-(3-cyclopentyloxy-4-methoxyphenyl-r-1-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid)]. NVP-ABE171 inhibited the activity of phosphodiesterase 4A, 4B, 4C, and 4D with respective IC(50) values of 602, 34, 1230, and 1.5 nM. Ariflo was about 40 times less potent. In human cells, NVP-ABE171 inhibited the eosinophil and neutrophil oxidative burst, the release of cytokines by T cells, and the tumor necrosis factor-alpha release from monocytes, in the nanomolar range. Ariflo presented a similar inhibition profile but was 7 to 50 times less potent. In BALB/c mice challenged with lipopolysaccharide, NVP-ABE171 inhibited the airway neutrophil influx and activation with an ED(50) in the range of 3 mg/kg. Ariflo was inactive up to a dose of 10 mg/kg. In ovalbumin sensitized Brown Norway rats, NVP-ABE171 inhibited the lipopolysaccharide-induced airway neutrophil influx and activation (ED(50) of 0.2 mg/kg) and the ovalbumin-induced airway eosinophil influx and activation (ED(50) of 0.1 mg/kg). Ariflo was about 100 times less potent in both models. In the ovalbumin model, NVP-ABE171 had a duration of action of more than 24 h. NVP-ABE171 is a novel PDE4 inhibitor that shows activity both in vitro on human inflammatory cells and in vivo in animal models of lung inflammation. This compound class may have potential for the treatment of airway inflammatory conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.