J Org Chem 1996 Oct;61(20):6829-6834
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi City 753, Japan, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560, Japan, and Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Nara Women's University, Narashi, Nara 630, Japan.
3-(Diethylboryl)pyridine (1a), a versatile starting material for the preparation of arylpyridines, is notable for its stability under ambient conditions, in spite of little steric hindrance on the boron atom. (1)H and (13)C spectra of 1a indicated that the boryl group does not act as a mere pi-acceptor and that the boron atom is shielded by ca. 50 ppm even when compared with trivalent boron atoms conjugated with the pi-donor. A single-crystal X-ray crystallographic study for 1a revealed formation of a cyclic-tetramer with a void via the intermolecular boron-nitrogen coordination bond. Vapor pressure osmometry in various solvents suggested that 1a comprises the tetramer in these solutions. In order to know the actual structure, synthesis of 3-(2-methoxyethoxy)-5-(diethylboryl)pyridine (1b) and its scrambling experiment with 1a were carried out. Heating at 100 degrees C for 24 h was required to attain the equilibrium of the scrambling of the component molecules in the tetramers. This means that 3-(diethylboryl)pyridines 1a and 1b comprise the rigid cyclic-tetramer in solution at ambient temperature. Compound 1b is stable in aerated tetrahydrofuran containing up to 33 % water.