Environ Med 1996 Oct;40(1):1-11
Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow, Russia.
J Br Interplanet Soc 1989 Aug;42(7):357-9
Institute for Space Biomedicine, University of Sheffield.
This article discusses some of the problems facing man in space. Many of these problems are manifested only on return to Earth when the de-conditioned body again has to withstand the effects of gravity. Read More
Adv Space Res 1992 ;12(1):323-8
Institute of Biomedical Problems, USSR Ministry of Health, Moscow.
The health condition and work capacity of space travellers during many flights remained adequate. Medical examinations performed during and after space flights consistently revealed the following symptom-complexes: space motion sickness, changes in the muscles system, hemodynamics, fluid-electrolyte balance and its regulation, calcium metabolism and bone density, transient erythrocytopenia and immunity decline. This paper presents a detailed discussion of the changes observed in space flight. Read More
J Br Interplanet Soc 1993 Mar;46(3):97-106
Centre for Extra-Mural Studies, Birkbeck College, University of London.
The manned exploration of the solar system and the surfaces of some of the smaller planets and larger satellites requires that we are able to keep the adverse human physiological response to long term exposure to near zero and greatly reduced gravity environments within acceptable limits consistent with metabolic function. This paper examines the physiological changes associated with microgravity conditions with particular reference to the weightless demineralizatoin of bone (WDB). It is suggested that many of these changes are the result of physical/mechanical processes and are not primarily a medical problem. Read More
Kosm Biol Aviakosm Med 1983 Sep-Oct;17(5):4-6
During the Salyut-6 space flights cardiac bioelectrical and mechanical activity, blood content and tone of cerebral and limb vessels, systemic arterial and venous pressure were measured in 10 primary crewmembers. The measurements were taken at rest and during LBNP and ergometry tests. The study has shown that the circulation changes are adaptive reactions of the body to a new environment, particularly weightlessness. Read More