Treatment of equine glaucoma by transscleral neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser cyclophotocoagulation: a retrospective study of 23 eyes of 16 horses.

Vet Ophthalmol 1999 ;2(4):243-250

University of Florida, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, Departments of Small and Large Animal Clinical Sciences, PO Box 100126, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.

Contact neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (TSCP) was performed on 23 eyes of 16 horses for treatment of glaucoma. The mean highest preoperative IOP was 51 +/- 17 mmHg. Follow-up evaluation was available for 19 eyes 1 day after surgery, 14 eyes from 1 to 2 weeks, 16 eyes from 4 to 6 weeks, 9 eyes from 12 to 16 weeks, and 10 eyes greater than 20 weeks after laser treatment. The mean intraocular pressure (IOP) the day following surgery was 34 +/- 13 mmHg. The mean IOP for each follow-up period was: one to two weeks postoperative, 23 +/- 9 mmHg; four to six weeks, 24 +/- 7 mmHg; 12-16 weeks, 28 +/- 10 mmHg; and >/= 20 weeks, 22 +/- 9 mmHg. IOP measurements were significantly different from pretreatment values for all follow-up intervals except for weeks 12-16 (P < 0.05). Treatment success was defined as maintenance of IOP < 30 mmHg. Treatment success was achieved in 93%, 88%, 78%, and 70% of the treated eyes at the 1-2 weeks, 4-6 weeks, 12-16 weeks, and the >/= 20 weeks re-evaluation, respectively. No significant difference was found between the number of eyes visual at presentation (52.2%) and visual at 20 weeks (60%). The most common laser complications were conjunctival hyperemia (21.7%) and corneal ulcers (13.0%). Results of this study indicate that Nd:YAG TSCP is an effective method of controlling IOP and preserving vision in horses with glaucoma. An effective Nd:YAG laser protocol for TSCP in the equine glaucomatous eye is a power setting of 11 W, duration of 0.4 s, applied 5 mm posterior to the limbus at 60 sites, resulting in a total energy dose of 264 J.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1463-5224.1999.00083.xDOI Listing
January 1999

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