Resuscitation 2000 Jul;45(2):97-103
St. John Ambulance Australia SA Inc., Adelaide.
Resuscitation 2008 Mar 31;76(3):405-12. Epub 2007 Oct 31.
St. John Ambulance Australia SA Inc., 85 Edmund Avenue, Unley, South Australia 5061, Australia.
Objective: St. John Ambulance Australia has used the performance of CPR for 10 min as a fitness test for its members. Recent changes in international guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation caused concern that the new ILCOR protocol was more strenuous than the previous one. Read More
Resuscitation 1995 Feb;29(1):23-31
University of Minnesota Medical School, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Minneapolis 55455, USA.
Objective: Active compression-decompression (ACD) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) utilizes a hand-held suction device with a pressure gauge that enables the operator to compress as well as actively decompress the chest. This new CPR method improves hemodynamic and ventilatory parameters when compared with standard CPR. ACD-CPR is easy to perform but may be more labor intensive. Read More
Pediatr Crit Care Med 2005 May;6(3):293-7
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
Objective: Optimal chest compression to ventilation ratio (C:V) for one-rescuer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is not known, with current American Heart Association recommendations 3:1 for newborns, 5:1 for children, and 15:2 for adults. C:V ratios influence effectiveness of CPR, but memorizing different ratios is educationally cumbersome. We hypothesized that a 10:2 ratio might provide adequate universal application for all age arrest victims. Read More
Resuscitation 2005 Mar;64(3):353-62
Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200W. Wisconsin Avenue, FEH Room 1870, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.
Background: Complete chest wall recoil improves hemodynamics during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by generating relatively negative intrathoracic pressure and thus draws venous blood back to the heart, providing cardiac preload prior to the next chest compression phase.
Objective: Phase I was an observational case series to evaluate the quality of chest wall recoil during CPR performed by emergency medical services (EMS) personnel on patients with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Phase II was designed to assess the quality of CPR delivered by EMS personnel using an electronic test manikin. Read More