Mutat Res 2000 Jul;468(2):213-25
Institute of Tumor Biology and Cancer Research, University of Vienna, Austria.
Mutat Res 2000 Jul;468(2):227-34
Faculté de Pharmacie, Université Montpellier I, France.
The induction of DNA damage by four known promutagens (cyclophosphamide (CP), benzo(a)pyrene (BP), dimethylbenz(a)anthracene and 2-acetylaminofluorene (2AAF) was investigated on Hep G2 using the alkaline single cell electroporesis (SCGE) test, most often referred as the "comet assay". After a 3-day incubation, lysed cells embedded in agarose were electrophoresed under alkaline conditions, dyed with a SYBRgold fluorogen and analysed by the Komet software. Among the comet parameters provided by the image analysis program, statistical analysis did not identify any in particular that could best represent the DNA damages. Read More
Mutat Res 2008 Dec 26;657(2):133-9. Epub 2008 Aug 26.
Institute of Cancer Research, Medical University of Vienna, Borschkegasse 8a, A-1090 Vienna, Austria.
One of the main problems of in vitro genotoxicity assays is that the lack of adequate representation of drug-metabolising enzymes in indicator cell lines that are currently used in routine testing may lead to false results. In the present study, we investigated the ability of four new human-derived livercell lines to detect the DNA-damaging effects of representatives of different classes of genotoxic carcinogens that require metabolic activation, namely the nitrosamine N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), the heterocyclic aromatic amines 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) and 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-1), the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) and the mycotoxin aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was used in all experimental series as a positive control and parallel experiments were carried out with human HepG2 cells, which have been used in earlier studies. Read More
Mutat Res 1998 Jun;402(1-2):185-202
Institute of Tumor Biology and Cancer Research, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
The human hepatoma line (Hep G2) has retained the activities of various phase I and phase II enzymes which play a crucial role in the activation/detoxification of genotoxic procarcinogens and reflect the metabolism of such compounds in vivo better than experimental models with metabolically incompetent cells and exogenous activation mixtures. In the last years, methodologies have been developed which enable the detection of genotoxic effects in Hep G2 cells. Appropriate endpoints are the induction of 6-TGr mutants, of micronuclei and of comets (single cell gel electrophoresis assay). Read More
Mutat Res 1999 May;441(2):215-24
Institute of Tumor Biology and Cancer Research, University of Vienna, Borschkegasse 8a, A-1090, Vienna, Austria.
The purpose of the present study was the development of a protocol for detecting chemically-induced DNA damage, using the alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assay with human-derived, metabolically competent hepatoma (Hep G2) cells. Previous studies indicated that Hep G2 cells have retained the activities of certain phase I and phase II enzymes and reflect the metabolism of genotoxins in mammals better than other in vitro models which require addition of exogenous activation mixtures. The optimal trypsin concentration for the removal of the cells from the plates were found to be 0. Read More