Publications by authors named "Zuzana Vancova"

2 Publications

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Comparison in detection of prodromal Parkinson's disease patients using original and updated MDS research criteria in two independent cohorts.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2021 Jun 30;87:48-55. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Neurology, P. J. Safarik University, Trieda SNP 1, 04011, Kosice, Slovak Republic; Department of Neurology, University Hospital L. Pasteur, Rastislavova 43, 04190, Kosice, Slovak Republic.

Introduction: MDS research criteria for prodromal Parkinson's disease (pPD) were published in 2015 and updated in 2019. We aimed to determine the difference in pPD patient detection rates in two cohorts recruited via gastrointestinal symptoms (PARCAS study) and the presence of a probable REM sleep behaviour disorder (PDBIOM study) using the original and updated criteria.

Methods: We evaluated all risk and prodromal markers, except genetic testing, plasma urate and physical inactivity, in both cohorts and DaT scan, diabetes mellitus type II and cognitive deficit in the PARCAS cohort. Thresholds of 50% probability for possible pPD and 80% for probable pPD were used.

Results: PPD status as identified by the original/updated criteria showed differences for probable pPD (n = 8/9; original/updated criteria) and possible pPD (n = 9/13) in the PARCAS cohort (total n = 158), as well as for probable pPD (n = 19/21) and possible pPD (n = 6/3) in the PDBIOM cohort (total n = 48). A high concordance rate was found between the two criteria sets (p < 0.001 for all groups).

Conclusion: All probable pPD cases remained in the same category after evaluation with both criteria; three possible pPD cases based on the original criteria exceeded the threshold for probable pPD based on the updated criteria, and five possible new pPD cases were detected, with only one shift in the opposite direction. The updated MDS pPD research criteria tend to identify more patients as positive, yet their accuracy needs to be determined in prospective studies.
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June 2021

Does G2677T Polymorphism of the MDR1 Gene Make a Difference in the Therapeutic Response to Paroxetine in Depressed Patients in a Slovakian Population?

Med Sci Monit 2018 May 13;24:3136-3145. Epub 2018 May 13.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, P.J. Safarik University, Kosice, Slovakia.

BACKGROUND The role of multidrug resistance 1 gene (MDR1 or ABCB1) polymorphism G2677T was studied in relation to paroxetine therapeutic efficacy and its side effects, as well as its association with selected demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with depressive disorder. MATERIAL AND METHODS To evaluate therapeutic efficacy, all patients (n=61) were rated at week 0, 2, 4, and 6 using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD-21). They were labelled as "responders" (a decrease in HAMD ≥50%) and "nonresponders". The frequency of the side effects of nausea and sexual dysfunction were assessed using the Utvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser rating scale. The PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method was used for genotyping. RESULTS A significantly enhanced therapeutic efficacy of paroxetine was observed in patients carrying at least one T allele at week 4 (GG versus GT: 0.049; GG versus GT+TT: 0.035) and week 6 (GG versus TT: 0.001; GG versus GT+TT: 0.016; GG+GT versus TT: 0.003; G versus T: 0.001). On the other hand, carriers of the T allele showed only a nonsignificant increase in HAMD-21 score reduction. In the present study, no significant association between G2677T polymorphism and side effects was detected. However, we found a marginally significant difference between GG and GT genotypes regarding family history of depressive disorder (p=0.049). CONCLUSIONS Our study provided evidence for the potential effect of MDR1 G2677T polymorphism on paroxetine therapeutic efficacy, and eventually on depressive disorder family history. Larger multicenter studies and studies across other ethnic groups are needed to elucidate the contradictory implications of G2677T polymorphism with depressive disorder and its treatment.
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May 2018