Publications by authors named "Zuntao Wu"

3 Publications

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Resveratrol improved hippocampal neurogenesis following lead exposure in rats through activation of SIRT1 signaling.

Environ Toxicol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Environmental Health, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Lead (Pb) poses a potential environmental risk factor for cognitive dysfunction during early life and childhood. Resveratrol is considered a promising antioxidant with respect to the prevention of cognitive deficits and act as a potent SIRT1 agonist. Here in, this study aims to investigate the profile of neurogenesis markers following Pb exposure and to determine the regulatory role of resveratrol in this process. We confirmed firstly the protective effects of resveratrol against Pb-induced impairments of hippocampal neurogenesis in Male SD rats. Pb exposure early in life caused the altered expression of Ki-67, NeuN, caspase-3 and SIRT1signaling, thereby resulting in spatial cognitive impairment of adolescent rats. As expected, resveratrol reduced cognitive damage and promoted neurogenesis in Pb-induced injury by regulation of SIRT1 pathway. Collectively, our study establishes the efficacy of resveratrol as a neuroprotective agent and providesa strong rationale for further studies on SIRT1-mediated mechanisms of neuroprotective functions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/tox.23162DOI Listing
May 2021

Disruption of synaptic expression pattern and age-related DNA oxidation in a neuronal model of lead-induced toxicity.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2020 May 3;76:103350. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, PR China. Electronic address:

Lead (Pb) is recognized as a potent inducer of synaptic toxicity generally associated with reduced synaptic transmission and increased neuronal fiber excitability, becoming an environmental risk for neurodegenerative processes. Despite numerous toxicological studies on Pb have been directed to the developing brain, attention concerning long-term consequences of pubertal chronic Pb exposure on neuronal activity is still lacking. Thus, we exposed 4-week-old male mice to 0.2 % lead acetate solution for one month, then, conducted behavioral tests or extracted brain homogenate from mice prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus at the age of 4, 13 and 16-month-old respectively. Our results showed that treated mice exhibited an evident increase in latency to reach platform following pubertal Pb exposure and aging. The increase of 8-OHdG revealed evident neural DNA oxidative damage across time upon pubertal Pb exposure. In the hippocampus of lead exposed mice at three age nodes, the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor precursor (proBDNF) increased, while that of mature BDNF (mBDNF), cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) and phosphorylated CREB (pCREB) decreased compared with the control group. Furthermore, the expression of BACE1 protein and tau phosphorylation level in PFC and hippocampus increased, APP mRNAs in PFC and prolonged induction of BACE1 in hippocampus. Our results show that chronic Pb exposure from pubertal stage onward can either initiate divergent synaptic-related gene expression patterns in adulthood or trigger time-course of neurodegenerative profile within the PFC or hippocampus, which can contribute consistent deficits of cognition across subsequent age-nodes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2020.103350DOI Listing
May 2020

Latent role of in vitro Pb exposure in blocking Aβ clearance and triggering epigenetic modifications.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2019 Feb 19;66:14-23. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, PR China. Electronic address:

Both β-amyloid (Aβ) catabolism and epigenetic regulation play critical roles in the onset of neurodegeneration. The latter also contribute to Pb neurotoxicity. The present study explored the role of epigenetic modifiers and Aβ degradation enzymes in Pb-induced latent effects on Aβ overproduction in vitro. Our results indicated that in SH-SY5Y cells exposed to Pb, the expression of NEP and IDE remained declined during the recovery period, accompanied with abnormal increase of Aβ and amyloid oligomer. A disruption of selective global post-translational histone modifiers including the decrease of H3K9ac and H4K12ac and the induction of H3K9me2 and H3K27me2 dose dependently was also showed in recovery cells. Moreover, histone deacetylase inhibitor VPA could attenuate latent Aβ accumulation and HDAC activity induced by Pb, which might be by regulating the expression of NEP and IDE epigenetically. Overall, our results suggest sustained reduction of NEP and IDE expression in response to Pb sensitizes recovery SH-SY5Y cells to Aβ accumulation; however, administration of VPA is demonstrated to be beneficial in modulating Aβ clearance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2018.12.015DOI Listing
February 2019