Publications by authors named "Zoltan Somogyi"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Motorway Measurement Campaign to Support R&D Activities in the Field of Automated Driving Technologies.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Mar 19;21(6). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Automotive Technologies, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rkp. 3, 1111 Budapest, Hungary.

A spectacular measurement campaign was carried out on a real-world motorway stretch of Hungary with the participation of international industrial and academic partners. The measurement resulted in vehicle based and infrastructure based sensor data that will be extremely useful for future automotive R&D activities due to the available ground truth for static and dynamic content. The aim of the measurement campaign was twofold. On the one hand, road geometry was mapped with high precision in order to build Ultra High Definition (UHD) map of the test road. On the other hand, the vehicles-equipped with differential Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) for ground truth localization-carried out special test scenarios while collecting detailed data using different sensors. All of the test runs were recorded by both vehicles and infrastructure. The paper also showcases application examples to demonstrate the viability of the collected data having access to the ground truth labeling. This data set may support a large variety of solutions, for the test and validation of different kinds of approaches and techniques. As a complementary task, the available 5G network was monitored and tested under different radio conditions to investigate the latency results for different measurement scenarios. A part of the measured data has been shared openly, such that interested automotive and academic parties may use it for their own purposes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s21062169DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8003739PMC
March 2021

Investigation of the environmental presence of multidrug-resistant bacteria at small animal hospitals in Hungary.

Acta Vet Hung 2021 01 5;68(4):387-392. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary Medicine, István u. 2, H-1078 Budapest, Hungary.

Multidrug-resistant bacteria can cause severe nosocomial infections in both human and veterinary clinics. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence and antibiotic susceptibility of Enterococcus, Staphylococcus and Pseudomonas strains at four small animal clinics of Hungary in 2018, as these bacteria can reliably represent the level of antimicrobial resistance in the investigated environment. A total of 177 Staphylococcus colonies were found, including 22 Staphylococcus pseudintermedius and 13 Staphylococcus aureus. As regards enterococci, 9 Enterococcus faecium, 2 E. faecalis and further 286 Enterococcus strains were isolated. The number of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates (n = 34) was considered too low for relevant susceptibility testing. Among staphylococci, the highest resistance was found to sulphamethoxazole (82.9%), penicillin (65.7%) and erythromycin (54.3%), while in the case of enterococci, resistance to norfloxacin and rifampicin was the most common, with 25.5% of the strains being resistant to both antibiotics. Ten methicillin-resistant S. pseudintermedius (MRSP) and six vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) strains could be identified. Only 5.7% of the Staphylococcus isolates were susceptible to all tested agents, while this ratio was 36.2% among enterococci. The results of this study have revealed a high prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in Hungarian small animal clinics, which highlights the importance of regular disinfection processes and stringent hygiene measures in veterinary clinics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/004.2020.00055DOI Listing
January 2021

Alternative treatment of serious and mild Pasteurella multocida infection in New Zealand White rabbits.

BMC Vet Res 2014 Nov 25;10:276. Epub 2014 Nov 25.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University, István u. 2, Budapest, 1078, Hungary.

Background: Pasteurella multocida causes numerous economically relevant diseases in livestock including rabbits. Immunisation is only variably effective. Prophylactic antibiotics are used in some species but are contra-indicated in rabbits, due to their adverse effects on the rabbit microbiota. There is therefore a substantial need for alternative forms of infection control in rabbits; we investigated the effect of oral β-glucan on P. multocida infection in this species.

Results: Thirthy-five New Zealand White rabbits were randomly divided into five groups of seven animals. Three groups were inoculated with Pasteurella multocida intranasally (in.), a physiologically appropriate challenge which reproduces naturally acquired infection, and received either (1-3), (1-6) β-glucans or placebo. Four other groups were inoculated both in. and intramuscularly (im.), representing a supra-physiological challenge, and received either (1-3), (1-6) β-glucans, antibiotic or placebo. β-glucans given prophylactically were highly effective in protecting against physiological (in.) bacterial challenge. They were less effective in protecting against supra-physiological bacterial challenge (in. and im.), although they extended survival times. This latter finding has practical relevance to breeders as it extends the window in which heavily infected and symptomatic animals can be salvaged with antibiotics.

Conclusions: In our study, (1-3), (1-6) β-glucans were highly effective in protecting against a model of naturally acquired P. multocida infection and extended survival times in the supra-physiological model. Enrofloxacin was effective in protecting against supra-physiological infection. We are currently reviewing the use of combined prophylaxis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-014-0276-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4248437PMC
November 2014

Toxicity of selenate and selenite to the potworm Enchytraeus albidus (Annelida: Enchytraeidae): a laboratory test.

Ecotoxicology 2007 May 24;16(4):379-84. Epub 2007 Mar 24.

Department of Zoology and Ecology, Szent István University, Gödöllo, Hungary.

Little information is available about the toxicity of inorganic selenium forms in soil animals. Therefore, the effects of selenate and selenite on the mortality and reproduction of Enchytraeus albidus were examined in standard laboratory tests with chronic exposure. Total and available amount of selenate and selenite were tested in a calcareous loamy chernozem soil. The LC(50) of selenate was 5.69 (2.7-8.12) mg kg(-1) dry wt. for total Se and 4.74 (2.14-6.98) mg kg(-1) dry wt. for available Se. Selenite LC(50) was as high as 22.5 (19.6-25.7) mg kg(-1) dry wt. for total Se and 8.10 (6.8-9.6) mg kg(-1) dry wt. for available Se. The EC(50) of selenate was 0.41 (0.35-0.48) mg kg(-1) dry wt. for total Se and 0.28 (0.24-0.34) mg kg(-1) dry wt. for available Se. Selenite EC(50) was as high as 7.3 (6.2-8.5) mg kg(-1) dry wt. for total Se and 2.46 (2.05-2.91) mg kg(-1) dry wt. for available Se. The response in reproduction was more sensitive to Se toxicity than the response in mortality. Selenate proved to be more toxic than selenite. Available data show that E. albidus may function as a biological indicator for some inorganic selenium forms in the soil.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10646-007-0140-6DOI Listing
May 2007
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