Publications by authors named "Ziqiu He"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Assessment of the Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy for the Treatment of Patients with Nondilated Collecting System.

J Endourol 2021 Apr 30;35(4):436-443. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Department of Urology, The Second People's Hospital of China Three Gorges University, The Second People's Hospital of Yichang, Yichang, China.

To investigate the clinical value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for kidney stone patients without hydronephrosis. Patients with nondilated collecting system kidney stones who underwent PCNL between October 2018 and December 2019 at our hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomized into two groups: a CEUS-guided PCNL group and a conventional ultrasound (US)-guided PCNL group. The operation results of the two groups were compared, including the number of attempts for effective puncture, duration to effective puncture, stone clearance rate, blood loss, postoperative complications, and hospital stay. Fifty-six patients with a nondilated collecting system who underwent PCNL for 60 kidneys were included in this study, including 4 patients who underwent bilateral PCNL due to bilateral renal stones. There were 30 kidneys in each group. All patients successfully underwent PCNL. The CEUS-guided PCNL group had more accurate punctures, with a higher effective rate of one puncture and shorter puncture time. There was no statistically significant difference in stone clearance rate between the two groups. Four cases of double channels were established in the conventional US-guided PCNL group, while there was only one case in the CEUS-guided PCNL group. In the CEUS-guided PCNL group, most cases (96.7%, 29/30) had no or only mild complications, which were significantly better than the conventional US-guided PCNL group (76.7%, 23/30). The mean postoperative hemoglobin loss in the CEUS-guided PCNL group was 9.5 (range 1-25) g/L, which was significantly lower than 15.5 (range 5-52) g/L in the conventional US-guided PCNL group. The CEUS technique can improve visibility of the nondilated renal collecting system, facilitate selection of suitable calix, and identify renal calix fornix. It also benefits needle placement in patients with a nondilated collecting system.
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April 2021

Ceftazidime-related urinary calculi in a young boy: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2020 Apr;48(4):300060520921667

Department of Urology, Second People's Hospital of Yichang, Second People's Hospital of China Three Gorges University, Yichang, Hubei, China.

Certain drugs can cause kidney stones but as far as we are aware, ceftazidime-related urinary calculi have not been previously reported. We report here a case of an 8-year-old boy who developed hydronephrosis secondary to urinary calculi after receiving ceftazidime 2.0 g by intravenous infusion daily for two weeks. Previously, his left kidney showed no signs of disease. A retrograde double J ureteral stent was inserted, ceftazidime terminated, fluids increased and urine alkalised. On day 25, the patient showed no signs of kidney stones or hydronephrosis. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of ceftazidime-related urinary calculi particularly if patients are receiving long-term treatment.
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April 2020

Is the En Bloc Transurethral Resection More Effective than Conventional Transurethral Resection for Non-Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Urol Int 2020 7;104(5-6):402-409. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Department of Urology, Second People's Hospital of Yichang, Second People's Hospital of China Three Gorges University, Yichang, China,

Background: En bloc transurethral resection (ERBT) is a major topic of discussion as an alternative to conventional transurethral resection (cTURBT) for the treatment of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) addressing the limitations of cTURBT.

Methods: We searched through electronic databases including Embase, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Web of Science, PubMed, and Google Scholar for articles published up to April 1, 2019; RevMan 5.3 was used to conduct this meta-analysis. Results were expressed as 95% confidence intervals (CI) and risk differences (RD).

Results: Nine trials met the inclusion criteria (n = 1,020 patients): 1 study was a randomized controlled trial including a total of 142 participants, 4 studies had a prospective paired design including 605 patients, and 4 studies were retrospective (n = 273 patients). Duration of continuous postoperative bladder irrigation (RD -0.16; 95% CI -3.47 to 0.28; I2 = 97%; p = 0.10) and operation time (RD 0.05; 95% CI -0.23 to 0.32; I2 = 79%; p = 0.74) were not significantly different between ERBT and cTURBT. However, hospitalization time (I2 = 96%; χ2 = 203.16; p = 0.01) and catheterization time (I2 = 95%; χ2 = 163.24; p = 0.02), as well as 24-month recurrence rate (I2 = 0%; χ2 = 0.98; p = 0.008) were significantly better using the ERBT scheme. The incidence of urethral stricture between both schemes (95% CI -0.03 to 0.02; p = 0.50) was not different, but complications such as obturator nerve reflex (95% CI 0.01 to 0.12; p < 0.00001) and bladder perforation (95% CI 0.05 to 0.59; p = 0.50) were less frequent in the ERBT group.

Conclusion: ERBT is an effective treatment approach with some advantages for NMIBC. Our meta-analysis revealed that hospitalization time, catheterization time, and 24-month recurrence rate is superior in patients treated with ERBT than cTURBT, and ERBT patients also have a lower complication rate. Furthermore, ERBT improves the quality of tumor specimens and decreases the frequency of repeat transurethral bladder cancer resection. Further randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm our results.
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March 2021