Publications by authors named "Zihang Ma"

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The characterization, expression and activity analysis of three superoxide dismutases in Eriocheir hepuensis under azadirachtin stress.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2021 Oct 18;117:228-239. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Beibu Gulf University, Qinzhou, Guangxi, 530005, PR China; School of Marine Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-Bioresources, Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi, 530005, PR China. Electronic address:

Superoxide dismutase (SOD) can effectively eliminate of excess ROS, which causes oxidative damage to lipids, proteins, and DNA. In this study, we cloned the CuZn-SOD, cMn-SOD1, and cMn-SOD2 genes in Eriocheir hepuensis, and found that the coding sequence (CDS) lengths were 627 bp, 861 bp and 1062 bp, which encoded 208, 286, and 353 amino acids, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that all SOD genes were evolutionarily conserved, while cMn-SOD2 had an extra gap (67 amino acids) in the conserved domain compared with cMn-SOD1 without huge changes in the tertiary structure of the conserved domain, suggesting that cMn-SOD2 may be a duplicate of cMn-SOD1. qRT-PCR showed that the three SOD genes were widely expressed in all the tested tissues, CuZn-SOD and cMn-SOD1 were mostly expressed in the hepatopancreas, while cMn-SOD2 was mostly expressed in thoracic ganglia. Under azadirachtin stress, the oxidation index of surviving individuals, including the T-AOC, SOD activity, and MDA contents increased in the early stage and then remained steady except for a decrease in MDA contents in the later stage. qRT-PCR showed that the three SOD genes displayed the same trends as SOD activity in surviving individuals, and the highest expressions of CuZn-SOD in the hepatopancreas, heart, and gill were 14.16, 1.41, and 30.87 times that of the corresponding control group, respectively. The changes were 1.35, 5.77 and 3.33 fold for cMn-SOD1 and 1.62, 1.71 and 1.79 fold for cMn-SOD2, respectively. However, the activity and expression of SOD genes in dead individuals were lower than that observed in surviving individuals. These results reveal that SOD plays a significant role in the defence against azadirachtin-induced oxidative stress.
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October 2021