Publications by authors named "Ziba Majidi"

5 Publications

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The circulating levels of CTRP1 and CTRP5 are associated with obesity indices and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) value in patients with type 2 diabetes: a preliminary study.

Diabetol Metab Syndr 2021 Jan 26;13(1):14. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: There is growing evidence that the C1qTNF-related protein (CTRP) family has a crucial role in the pathophysiology of metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity. We sought to identify the association of CTRP1 and CTRP5 circulating levels with various obesity parameters such as visceral adipose tissue (VAT) thickness, visceral adiposity index (VAI), and with carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in patients with T2D and controls.

Methods: This preliminary study consisted of men with T2D (n = 42) and men without T2D (n = 42). The measurement of cIMT and VAT thickness was performed using an Accuvix XQ ultrasound. Circulating levels of CTRP1, CTRP5, and adiponectin were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results: CTRP-1 and CTRP1/CTRP5 ratio were markedly higher in patients with T2D compared to controls (p < 0001 and p = 0004 respectively). Interestingly, binominal logistic regression revealed that a higher circulating level of CTRP1 was associated with the presence of T2D (odds ratio [OR]: 1.009 [95% CI: 1.004-1.015]; P = .001). CTRP1 circulating levels were correlated with WHR, VAT, and HOMA-IR in the whole population study. Also, we observed that the ratio of CTRP1 to CTRP5 in plasma (β = 0.648, P = 0.005) and CTRP5 circulating levels (β = 0.444, P = 0.049) are independently associated with cIMT value.

Conclusions: Our results indicated that CTRP1 and CTRP5 concentrations were correlated with atherosclerosis in men with T2D and these adipokines might have a causal role for cardiometabolic risk in T2D.However, more studies in large sample sizes are required to clarify the role of CTRPs in T2D pathogenesis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13098-021-00631-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7836446PMC
January 2021

Effect of rosiglitazone on circulating malondialdehyde (MDA) level in diabetes based on a systematic review and meta-analysis of eight clinical trials.

J Investig Med 2020 Dec 22. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran (the Islamic Republic of)

Patients with type 2 diabetes have high levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), and clinical data suggest a reducing effect of rosiglitazone (RSG) on the level of MDA in these patients. However, the results of available studies on the level of MDA in RSG-treated patients are not univocal. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the impact of RSG on the level of MDA. We performed a comprehensive search of PubMed, the Institute for Scientific Information Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library for related controlled trials until July 2020. Eligible studies were selected based on the inclusion criteria. Extracted data from each study were combined using a random-effects model. Sensitivity and subgroup analyses were conducted to explore potential heterogeneity. Eight trials with 456 subjects met the inclusion criteria. The results significantly showed the reducing effect of RSG on circulating MDA level (-0.47 μmol/mL; 95% CI -0.93 to -0.01; p=0.04; I=82.1%; p heterogeneity=0.00) in individuals with T2D. No publication bias was observed with Begg's rank correlation (p=0.71) and Egger's linear regression (p=0.52) tests. Subgroup analyses showed that an intervention dose of 8 mg/day in serum samples was found to have a reducing effect on the level of MDA (-0.56 μmol/mL; 95% CI -0.98 to -0.14; p=0.008; I=11.4%; p heterogeneity=0.32). Random-effects meta-regression did not show any significant association between the level of MDA and potential confounders including RSG dose, treatment duration, and sex. In conclusion, we found a significant reduction in MDA concentration in subjects with T2D who received a dose of 8 mg of RSG daily.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jim-2020-001588DOI Listing
December 2020

Oligopin® Supplementation Mitigates Oxidative Stress in Postmenopausal Women with Osteopenia: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Phytomedicine 2021 Jan 19;81:153417. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Evidence indicates a close association between oxidative stress and the etiopathogenesis of osteopenia. In vitro and animal studies report that Oligopin®, an extract of French maritime pine bark extract, has beneficial effects on oxidative stress.

Purpose: Here, we aimed to determine whether supplementation with Oligopin® affects bone turnover markers, antioxidant enzymes, and oxidative stress markers in these patients.

Methods: Forty-three postmenopausal women with osteopenia were randomized in a placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial to receive either 150 mg/day Oligopin® (n = 22) or placebo (n = 21) for 12 weeks. Plasma levels of bone turnover markers; osteocalcin (OC), type I collagen cross-linked C-telopeptide (CTX-1), OC/CTX1 ratio along with total antioxidant capacity(TAC), malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration, protein carbonyl, and total thiol contents in plasma, activities of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and catalase in both peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and plasma as well as mRNA expression of MnSOD, catalase, and Nrf2 in PBMCs were measured at the baseline and the end of the intervention.

Results: Oligopin® supplementation significantly increased OC levels and the ratio of OC to CTX1 in women with osteopenia compared to placebo intervention after 12 weeks. Oligopin® significantly decreased plasma protein carbonyl content in postmenopausal women compared with the after placebo treatment. Moreover, Oligopin® intervention significantly increased plasma total thiol content, TAC, plasma activity of both MnSOD and catalase, and the transcript level of Nrf2, MnSOD, and catalase in comparison with the placebo group.

Conclusion: Supplementation with 150 mg/day Oligopin® for 12 weeks exerts beneficial effects in postmenopausal osteopenia through improving the antioxidant defense system in the plasma and PBMCs that was accompanied by an increase in indicators of bone turnover.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2020.153417DOI Listing
January 2021

The effect of resveratrol supplementation on C-reactive protein (CRP) in type 2 diabetic patients: Results from a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Complement Ther Med 2020 Mar 8;49:102251. Epub 2020 Jan 8.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Objective: C-reactive protein (CRP) is considered to be an inflammatory marker in type 2 diabetes (T2D) and it is produced by liver cells. The evidence has suggested that resveratrol has anti-inflammatory effect. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of resveratrol supplementation on CRP level in patients with T2D using a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Methods: Electronic databases were completely searched using Medline, ISI Web of Science, EMBASE and Cochrane Library and Scopus until October 2019. Meta-analysis was performed using random-effects model and inverse variance method. Heterogeneity and publication bias were evaluated in selected studies. Sensitivity analyses and prespecified subgroup were conducted to evaluate potential heterogeneity. Meta-regression was performed to assess the effect of potential confounders on the estimated effect sizes.

Results: Six trials comprising a total of 491 subjects were included in this meta-analysis. The results showed significant reduction in the level of CRP [SMD (-0.34 mg/l) (95 % CI, -0.52, to -0.16) p < 0.05] in participants with T2D following supplementation with resveratrol. No significant publication bias was observed in the meta-analysis. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses indicated that the pooled effects of resveratrol supplementation on CRP level in T2D patients were affected by resveratrol dose and duration of resveratrol. Random-effects meta-regression did not indicate any significant association of CRP level with potential confounders including resveratrol dose, duration of treatment, age and gender of type 2 diabetic patients.

Conclusion: We found a significant reduction in CRP level in patients with type 2 diabetes, who received resveratrol supplementation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2019.102251DOI Listing
March 2020

Evaluation of the Level of Zinc and Malondialdehyde in Basal Cell Carcinoma.

Iran J Public Health 2017 Aug;46(8):1104-1109

Dept. of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

Background: Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) is one of the most common skin cancers in the world and that use to lifestyle, increasing chemical pollutions, environmental factors and poor nutrition. The most important cause of this cancer is oxidative stress and free radicals so antioxidant activities for the body are so important. The aim of this study was to determine the variation of zinc and (Malondialdehyde) MDA in BCC patients.

Methods: This study has been performed on case and control patients from 2013 to 2014. The samples were collected from cell carcinoma patients at Razi Hospital in Tehran, Iran. We evaluated the level of zinc with the use of Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) method. Besides, we evaluated MDA with colorimetric assay.

Results: The concentration of MDA was significantly higher in case group in comparison to control group (=0.001). In addition, case group had lower concentration of zinc than the control group (=0.000). There was no correlation between MDA and body mass index (BMI) and between zinc and BMI.

Conclusion: All the patients with BCC showed a significant MDA serum in comparison with control group. However, significant decrease in zinc serum of the patients was seen that is because of consuming zinc during oxidative stress process so topical use of zinc in the form of 2+ ions could be effective on antioxidant protection against the sun UV radiation.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5575390PMC
August 2017