Publications by authors named "Zhong-Xian Zhang"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Impaired meningeal lymphatic drainage in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease.

Nat Med 2021 03 18;27(3):411-418. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Animal studies implicate meningeal lymphatic dysfunction in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there is no direct evidence in humans to support this role. In this study, we used dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging to assess meningeal lymphatic flow in cognitively normal controls and patients with idiopathic PD (iPD) or atypical Parkinsonian (AP) disorders. We found that patients with iPD exhibited significantly reduced flow through the meningeal lymphatic vessels (mLVs) along the superior sagittal sinus and sigmoid sinus, as well as a notable delay in deep cervical lymph node perfusion, compared to patients with AP. There was no significant difference in the size (cross-sectional area) of mLVs in patients with iPD or AP versus controls. In mice injected with α-synuclein (α-syn) preformed fibrils, we showed that the emergence of α-syn pathology was followed by delayed meningeal lymphatic drainage, loss of tight junctions among meningeal lymphatic endothelial cells and increased inflammation of the meninges. Finally, blocking flow through the mLVs in mice treated with α-syn preformed fibrils increased α-syn pathology and exacerbated motor and memory deficits. These results suggest that meningeal lymphatic drainage dysfunction aggravates α-syn pathology and contributes to the progression of PD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-01198-1DOI Listing
March 2021

Promising xenograft animal model recapitulating the features of human pancreatic cancer.

World J Gastroenterol 2020 Aug;26(32):4802-4816

Sino-British Research Centre for Molecular Oncology, National Centre for International Research in Cell and Gene Therapy, Academy of Medical Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450000, Henan Province, China.

Background: Multiple sites of metastasis and desmoplastic reactions in the stroma are key features of human pancreatic cancer (PC). There are currently no simple and reliable animal models that can mimic these features for accurate disease modeling.

Aim: To create a new xenograft animal model that can faithfully recapitulate the features of human PC.

Methods: Interleukin 2 receptor subunit gamma () gene knockout Syrian hamster was created and characterized. A panel of human PC cell lines were transplanted into knockout Syrian hamsters and severe immune-deficient mice subcutaneously or orthotopically. Tumor growth, local invasion, remote organ metastasis, histopathology, and molecular alterations of tumor cells and stroma were compared over time.

Results: The Syrian hamster with gene knockout (named ZZU001) demonstrated an immune-deficient phenotype and function. ZZU001 hamsters faithfully recapitulated most features of human PC, in particular, they developed metastasis at multiple sites. PC tissues derived from ZZU001 hamsters displayed desmoplastic reactions in the stroma and epithelial to mesenchymal transition phenotypes, whereas PC tissues derived from immune-deficient mice did not present such features.

Conclusion: ZZU001 hamsters engrafted with human PC cells are a superior animal model compared to immune-deficient mice. ZZU001 hamsters can be a valuable animal model for better understanding the molecular mechanism of tumorigenesis and metastasis and the evaluation of new drugs targeting human PC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v26.i32.4802DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7459204PMC
August 2020

AAV/BBB-Mediated Gene Transfer of CHIP Attenuates Brain Injury Following Experimental Intracerebral Hemorrhage.

Transl Stroke Res 2020 04 19;11(2):296-309. Epub 2019 Jul 19.

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450000, Henan, China.

Cell death is a hallmark of secondary brain injury following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The E3 ligase CHIP has been reported to play a key role in mediating necroptosis-an important mechanism of cell death after ICH. However, there is currently no evidence supporting a function of CHIP in ICH. In the present study, we aimed to determine whether CHIP plays an essential role in brain injury after ICH. Our findings indicated that CHIP expression was increased in the peri-hematomal area in rat models of ICH. The AAV/BBB viral platform enables non-invasive, widespread, and long-lasting global neural expression of target genes. Treatment with AAV/BBB-CHIP ameliorated brain injury and inhibited neuronal necroptosis and inflammation in wild type (WT) rats following ICH. Furthermore, rats with CHIP deficiency experienced severe brain injury and increased levels of neuronal necroptosis and inflammation relative to their WT counterparts. However, treatment with AAV/BBB-CHIP attenuated the effects of CHIP deficiency after ICH. Collectively, our results demonstrate that CHIP inhibits necroptosis and pathological inflammation following ICH, and that overexpression of CHIP may represent a therapeutic intervention for ICH. Moreover, the AAV/BBB viral platform may provide a novel avenue for the treatment of brain injury.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12975-019-00715-wDOI Listing
April 2020

[Identification specific T lymphocyte epitopes on E6 protein of human papillomavirus type 18 in mice].

Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi 2010 Dec;24(6):406-8

Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Beijing 100052, China.

Objective: To identify specific T lymphocyte epitope on E6 protein of human papillomavirus type 18 in mice.

Methods: Infection with one recombinant vaccinia virus rVVJ18 E7, E6 respectively in C57 BL/6 and BALB/c mice, specific cellular immune responses were detected by ELISPOT or intracellular cytokine stainings by using a series of overlapping synthetic peptides covering full length of the amino acid sequence of E6 and E7 proteins or various truncated peptides.

Results: The rVVJ18 E7, E6 generated significant E6 specific T-cell immune responses in vaccinated mice. Mapping of the epitope of E6 revealed that the peptides E6(67-75 ( KCIDFYSRI) and E6(60-68) (IPHAAGHKC) presented respectively by C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice were the optimal peptides to activate E6-specific CD8+ T lymphocytes. However no positive cellular immune responses stimulated with various E7 peptides were detected by ELISPOT in immunized mice.

Conclusions: Two specific T lymphocyte epitopes were identified on E6 protein in C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice, which will provide the basis to evaluate cellular immune response elicited by HPV18 E6 protein based vaccine.
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December 2010

[The expression and preliminary evaluation of HPV6bL2deltaN360E7E6 fusion protein in E. coli for genital warts].

Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi 2010 Jun;24(3):171-4

Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Beijing 100052, China.

Objective: To express HPV6bL2deltaN360E7E6 fusion protein in E. coli and preliminarily evaluate its immune effect.

Methods: Three HPV6b gene fragments, which were L2(1-360 bp), E7 and E6, were fused by overlapping PCR, then were inserted into a prokaryotic expression vector and expressed in E. coli. C57BL/6 mice were immunized with purified fusion protein plus Al (OH)3 and/or CpG adjuvants through intramuscular route, the cellular and humoral immune responses were detected by IFN-gamma ELISPOT and ELISA respectively.

Results: Protein plus CpG adjuvant could induce the strongest cellular immune response to E7 and E6, high antibody titer against L2 could be detected in all immunized groups but there were no significant difference among these groups.

Conclusions: HPV6bL2deltaN360E7E6 gene was successfully cloned into pQE30 vector and expressed in E. coli, the fusion protein was also purified and proved that could induce strong cellular and humoral immune responses with appropriate adjuvant in C57BL/ 6 mice and could be used for future research.
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June 2010
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