Publications by authors named "Zhihua Ouyang"

6 Publications

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Correction to: ISSLS prize in basic science 2021: a novel inducible system to regulate transgene expression of TIMP1.

Eur Spine J 2021 Mar 7. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Ferguson Laboratory for Orthopaedic and Spine Research, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-021-06783-7DOI Listing
March 2021

Percutaneous spinal endoscopy with unilateral interlaminar approach to perform bilateral decompression for central lumbar spinal stenosis: radiographic and clinical assessment.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Mar 1;22(1):236. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Spine Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang, People's Republic of China.

Background: Recently, a percutaneous spinal endoscopy unilateral posterior interlaminar approach to perform bilateral decompression has been proposed for use in treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis, As a development and supplement to traditional surgery, its advantages regarding therapeutic effects and prognosis, such as minor soft tissue damage, little intraoperative blood loss, and a quick return to daily life. However, there are few analyses of this surgery with a follow-up of more than 1 year,we conducted this study in order to quantitatively investigate radiographic and clinical efficacies of this surgery for central lumbar spinal stenosis.

Materials And Methods: Forty-six patients with central lumbar spinal stenosis were enrolled from January 2017 to July 2018. The visual analog scale (VAS) for back pain and leg pain, Oswestry disability index (ODI), modified MacNab criteria were used to evaluate clinical efficiency at preoperative and postoperative time points. The intervertebral height index (IHI), cross-sectional area of the spinal canal (CSAC), calibrated disc signal (CDS) and spinal stability were examined to assess radiographic decompression efficiency via magnetic resonance imaging and X-ray at preoperative and postoperative time points.

Results: The VAS score for lower back pain and leg pain improved from 7.50 ± 0.78 to 1.70 ± 0.66 and from 7.30 ± 0.79 to 1.74 ± 0.68, respectively, and the ODI improved from 72.35 ± 8.15 to 16.15 ± 4.51. In terms of modified MacNab criteria, 91.3% of the patients achieved good or excellent outcomes. Furthermore, significant changes after surgery were observed for the percentage of CSAC, increasing from 125.3 ± 53.9 to 201.4 ± 78 mm; however, no significant differences were observed for the remaining measurement indicators.

Conclusions: The clinical and radiographic efficacies of this surgery for central lumbar spinal stenosis were good in short-term follow-up, and this surgery did not cause meaningful changes in IHI, CDS, and spine stability in short-term follow-up. The effect of long-term follow-up needs further investigation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-021-04100-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7923329PMC
March 2021

ISSLS prize in basic science 2021: a novel inducible system to regulate transgene expression of TIMP1.

Eur Spine J 2021 Feb 1. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Ferguson Laboratory for Orthopaedic and Spine Research, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Purpose: Inflammatory and oxidative stress upregulates matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity, leading to intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). Gene therapy using human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (hTIMP1) has effectively treated IDD in animal models. However, persistent unregulated transgene expression may have negative side effects. We developed a recombinant adeno-associated viral (AAV) gene vector, AAV-NFκB-hTIMP1, that only expresses the hTIMP1 transgene under conditions of stress.

Methods: Rabbit disc cells were transfected or transduced with AAV-CMV-hTIMP1, which constitutively expresses hTIMP1, or AAV-NFκB-hTIMP1. Disc cells were selectively treated with IL-1β. NFκB activation was verified by nuclear translocation. hTIMP1 mRNA and protein expression were measured by RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. MMP activity was measured by following cleavage of a fluorogenic substrate.

Results: IL-1β stimulation activated NFκB demonstrating that IL-1β was a surrogate for inflammatory stress. Stimulating AAV-NFκB-hTIMP1 cells with IL-1β increased hTIMP1 expression compared to unstimulated cells. AAV-CMV-hTIMP1 cells demonstrated high levels of hTIMP1 expression regardless of IL-1β stimulation. hTIMP1 expression was comparable between IL-1β stimulated AAV-NFκB-hTIMP1 cells and AAV-CMV-hTIMP1 cells. MMP activity was decreased in AAV-NFκB-hTIMP1 cells compared to baseline levels or cells exposed to IL-1β.

Conclusion: AAV-NFκB-hTIMP1 is a novel inducible transgene delivery system. NFκB regulatory elements ensure that hTIMP1 expression occurs only with inflammation, which is central to IDD development. Unlike previous inducible systems, the AAV-NFκB-hTIMP1 construct is dependent on endogenous factors, which minimizes potential side effects caused by constitutive transgene overexpression. It also prevents the unnecessary production of transgene products in cells that do not require therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-021-06728-0DOI Listing
February 2021

Percutaneous endoscopic cervical foraminotomy as a new treatment for cervical radiculopathy: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Nov;99(45):e22744

Department of Spinal Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang, Hunan, People's Republic of China.

Background: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is the gold standard treatment for this cervical radiculopathy. Posterior endoscopic cervical foraminotomy (PECF), an effective alternative to ACDF, is becoming widely used by an increasing number of surgeons. However, comparisons of the clinical outcomes of ACDF and PECF remain poorly explored. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare visual analog scale (VAS)-arm scores, VAS-neck scores, neck disability index (NDI) scores, reoperation, and complications in PECF and ACDF.

Materials And Methods: We comprehensively searched electronic databases or platforms, including PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trial Center, using the PRISMA guidelines. The required information, including VAS-arm scores, VAS-neck scores, NDI scores, reoperation, and complications, was extracted from qualified studies and independently tested and compared by 2 researchers. The methodological index for nonrandomized studies was used to evaluate study quality.

Results: Nine studies consisting of 230 males and 256 females were included. The mean age of the included patients was 49.6 years, and the mean follow-up time was 20.6 months. The VAS-arm scores were significantly higher, and VAS-neck scores and NDI scores of PECF showed greater improvement trends for PECF than ACDF. The complication proportion of patients with PECF was lower, while the proportion of reoperation was similar between PECF and ACDF. ACDF was the most common revision surgery. The most common complication of PECF was transient paresthesia.

Conclusion: Compared with ACDF, PECF is safe and effective in patients with unilateral cervical radiculopathy without myelopathy, and PECF does not increase the probability of reoperation and complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000022744DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7647593PMC
November 2020

Biomechanical Analysis of a Growing Rod with Sliding Pedicle Screw System for Early-Onset Scoliosis.

J Healthc Eng 2019 12;2019:9535070. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Ferguson Laboratory for Spine Research, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Early-onset scoliosis (EOS) remains a challenging condition for which current nonfusion surgeries require iterative lengthening surgeries. A growing rod with sliding pedicle screw system (GRSPSS) was developed to treat spinal deformities without repeated operative lengthening. This study was performed to evaluate whether GRSPSS had similar stability as a conventional pedicle screw system to maintain deformity correction. A serial-linkage robotic manipulator with a six-axis load cell positioned on the end-effector was utilized to evaluate the mechanical stability of the GRSPSS versus conventional fixed scoliosis instrumentation. Ten skeletally mature thoracic female Katahdin sheep spines (T4-L1) were subjected to 2.5 Nm of flexion-extension (FE), lateral bending (LB), and axial rotation (AR) in 2° increments for each state. The overall range of motion (ROM), apical segment ROM, and stiffness were calculated and reported. A two-tailed paired -test was used to detect significant differences ( < 0.05) between the fixed group and GRSPSS fixation. There were no significant differences in overall range of motion (ROM), apical segment ROM, or stiffness for FE or LB between the GRSPSS group and fixed group. In AR, the GRSPSS group showed increased ROM compared to the fixed group for the overall spine (36.0° versus 19.2°, < 0.01) and for the instrumented T8-T10 segments (7.0° versus 2.9°, =0.02). Similarly, the fixed rod elastic zone (EZ) stiffness was significantly greater than the GRSPSS EZ stiffness (0.29 N/m versus 0.17 N/m, < 0.001). The space around the rod allows for the increased AR observed with the GRSPSS fusion technique and is necessary for axial growth. The GRSPSS fusion model shows equivalent flexion and LB stability to current fusion models and represents a stable fusion technique and may allow for longitudinal growth during childhood.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9535070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6594281PMC
September 2020

Application of Laparoscopic Lumbar Discectomy and Artificial Disc Replacement: At Least Two Years of Follow-Up.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2016 Oct;41 Suppl 19:B38-B43

*Department of Spinal Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang, HuNan Province, China †The Orthopaedic Department of Sun YiXian Hospital of Zhongshan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China.

Study Design: This prospective observational study included 22 patients who were diagnosed with symptomatic degenerative disc disease treated via artificial disc replacement (ADR) with a laparoscopic technique.

Objective: The current study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of ADR using a laparoscopic technique for lumbar disc herniation.

Summary Of Background Data: Symptomatic degenerative disc disease is the major cause of low back pain with lumbar segmental instability. ADR has increased in popularity as an alternative treatment for lumbar disc herniation. However, the traditional approach to spinal surgery carries the risk of catastrophic bleeding from injury to major vessels, as well as iatrogenic injury to the viscera and associated structures. Therefore, laparoscopic lumbar discectomy and ADR may represent a useful alternative.

Methods: Twenty-two patients (8 males and 14 females) who were diagnosed with symptomatic degenerative disc disease were included in this study. Seven cases involved the L4/5 level, and 15 cases involved the L5/S1 level. All patients were ineffective after at least 6 months of conservative treatments; all patients were informed of the surgery before the operation and provided consent. Three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (3D-CTA) of the iliac great blood vessels was completed before the surgery. All surgical procedures were performed under a laparoscope. All patients were followed up.

Results: All surgeries were successfully completed. The average operation time was 120 minutes (range 110-150 min), and the average hemorrhage was 145 mL (range 80-360 mL). All cases underwent X-rays at 3 days, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and the final postoperative follow-up. The outcome indicated that there was no mobilization, displacement, or subsidence in all patients with the exception of one case with prosthesis migration. The follow-up time was 43.8 months (range 24-64 months). The mean visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry scores were decreased postoperatively. The mean improvement rate of the VAS score was 73.5%.

Conclusion: Lumbar ADR using a laparoscope represents a novel, minimally invasive treatment for symptomatic degenerative disc disease and severe lumbar discogenic pain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000001820DOI Listing
October 2016