Publications by authors named "Zhidi Lin"

7 Publications

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Diagnostic potential of trace metals concentration in expressed prostatic secretion and serum of patients with category IV prostatitis.

J Trace Elem Med Biol 2021 Jul 8;68:126819. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Scientific Research Center, Guilin Medical University, Guilin, Guangxi, China; Guangxi Health Commission Key Laboratory of Disease Proteomics Research, China. Electronic address:

Background: The National Institutes of Health (NIH) category IV prostatitis is a painless prostate gland inflammation, just as its name implies, this type of prostatitis is related with inflammation of the prostate, but most men are not conscious of it. However, category IV prostatitis is fairly common in general populations and reported having indirect relationships with prostate cancer.

Method: We analyzed the concentration of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) in expressed prostatic secretion (EPS) and serum of patients with category IV prostatitis and healthy controls, investigating the diagnostic potential of different metals in category IV prostatitis using a flame atomic absorption spectrometer (FAAS).

Results: Metal concentration combined clinical characteristics analysis suggested that average level of Zn, Ca, Mg were significantly lower in the EPS of patients with category IV prostatitis (P-value< 0.000), while Cu level raised obviously (P-value< 0.000). And in the serum, mean concentrations of Ca was also found to increase significantly in the patients with category IV prostatitis compared to healthy controls. Moreover, the correlation analysis indicated that age showed a positive correlation with EPS Zn, Ca, Mg concentration (P-value< 0.05), while albumin correlates with EPS Zn, Ca, Mg concentration reversely (P-value< 0.05) in patients with category IV prostatitis.

Conclusion: Our report revealed that determination of the metal elements zinc, copper, calcium and magnesium in the serum and EPS could be a new and promising strategy for the rapid diagnosis of category IV prostatitis.
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July 2021

The association between herpes simplex virus type 1 infection and Alzheimer's disease.

J Clin Neurosci 2020 Dec 8;82(Pt A):63-70. Epub 2020 Nov 8.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

There is growing evidence demonstrating the relationship between herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases for relevant articles. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used to evaluate the qualities of these studies. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random-effects models. We also performed subgroup analyses stratified by apolipoprotein ε4 (APOE ε4), NOS score, and the method of confirming AD. A total of 21 studies between 1990 and 2020 were identified. The pooled OR suggested that HSV-1 infection is a risk factor of AD: pooled OR 1.40 (95% CI: 1.13-1.75; I = 3%, P = 0.42). In the subgroup analyses, the pooled ORs of HSV-1 infection associated with AD were 0.75 (95% CI: 0.24-2.37) among the APOE ε4-positive individuals; 0.85 (95% CI: 0.61-1.17) among the APOE ε4-negative individuals; 1.51 (95% CI: 1.10-2.06) in the high NOS score studies; 1.23 (95% CI: 0.85-1.76) in the moderate NOS score studies; 1.47 (95% CI: 1.16-1.87) in the clinical diagnosis group, and 1.20 (95% CI: 0.77-1.87) in the autopsy group. Our up-to-date systematic review and meta-analysis suggest that HSV-1 infection is a risk factor of AD.
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December 2020

Association of napping and all-cause mortality and incident cardiovascular diseases: a dose-response meta analysis of cohort studies.

Sleep Med 2020 10 10;74:165-172. Epub 2020 Aug 10.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 511436, PR China.

Background: Napping is a habit prevalent worldwide and occurs from an early age. However, the association between napping and the risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality remains unclear.

Methods: We conducted a systematic search of Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases from inception to December 2019 for cohort studies investigating the association between napping and the risk of incident CVD and/or all-cause mortality. Overall estimates were calculated using random-effect models with inverse variance weighting. Dose-response meta-analysis was performed using restricted cubic spline models.

Results: A total of 313,651 participants (57.8% female, 38.9% took naps) from 20 cohort studies were included in the analysis. All-cause mortality was associated with napping overall (HR 1.19, 95% CI 1.12-1.26). Pooled analysis detected no association between daytime nap and incident CVD. However, in subgroup analysis including only participants who were female (HR 1.31, 95% CI 1.09-1.58), older (HR 1.36, 95% CI 1.07-1.72), or took a long nap (HR 1.34, 95% CI 1.05-1.63), napping was significantly associated with a higher risk of CVD. Dose-response analysis showed a J-curve relation between nap time and incident CVD. The HR decreased from 0 to 25 min/day, followed by a sharp increase in the risk at longer times. A positive linear relationship between nap time and all-cause mortality was also observed.

Conclusions: Long napping was associated with increased risks of incident CVD and all-cause mortality. Further, large-scale studies and genetic studies need to confirm our conclusion and investigate the underlying mechanisms driving these associations.
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October 2020

Diagnostic value of ultrasound-guided needle biopsy in undiagnosed pleural effusions: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jul;99(27):e21076

Department of Respiratory Disease, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health.

Background And Objective: Undiagnosed pleural effusions (UPEs) are a common problem of respiratory medicine, leading to an increased diagnostic burden globally. However, the most efficient and cost-effective approaches to UPEs remain controversial. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic value of ultrasound-guided needle biopsy (UGNB) in UPEs.

Methods: We conducted a search of PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and reference lists of retrieved studies with no publication data limitation. Articles that investigated the diagnostic accuracy of UGNB in UPEs were included. The quality of eligible studies was assessed using Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2. The diagnostic value of UGNB was evaluated by calculating the pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, diagnostic odds rate, and the area under the curve for the summary receiver operating characteristic curve using a random effects model.

Results: Seven studies comprising 165 patients with UPEs met the inclusion criteria. UGNB had a pooled sensitivity of 83% (95% confidence intervals [CI], 75% - 89%), a specificity of 100% (95% CI, 90% - 100%), a positive likelihood ratio of 8.89 (95% CI, 3.29 - 24.02), a negative likelihood ratio of 0.23 (95% CI, 0.16 - 0.33), a diagnostic odds rate of 51.47 (95% CI, 14.70 - 180.16), and an area under the curve of 0.94. Six pneumothorax cases (3.6%), 5 local wound infections (3.0%), and 1 empyema case (less than 1%) were observed. There was no significant heterogeneity or publication bias in this study.

Conclusions: Based on current evidence, UGNB is a safe and convenient procedure with a high accuracy for diagnosing UPEs. However, physicians should still be cautious in interpreting negative UGNB results.
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July 2020

Methylation of S100A8 is a promising diagnosis and prognostic marker in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Oncotarget 2016 Aug;7(35):56798-56810

Medical Scientific Research Center, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, China.

The abnormality of DNA methylation is one of the major epigenetic alterations in the human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We have assessed the global genomic DNA methylation profiles in human HCC patients by using the Infinium Human Methylation27 BeadChip. A CpG loci of S100A8 was found to be significantly hypomethylated in HCC.Pooled meta-analysis of five validation public datasets demonstrated its methylation level was significantly lower for HCC compared to paired adjacent normal tissues. Quantitative pyrosequencing analysis also showed that the S100A8 methylation level was decreased in cancer tissues (31.90%±13.31%) than that in the paired adjacent normal tissues (65.33%±3.64%, p<0.01). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) value was 0.950 (p<0.01). Kaplan-Meier survival curves revealed that hypomethylation of S100A8 was associated with shortened overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) (log rank p<0.05). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards model also indicated significantly shorter OS (HR, 1.709; 95 % CI, 1.127-2.591) and PFS (HR, 1.767; 95 % CI, 1.168-2.974) were observed in the low-methylation-level group compared to the high-methylation-level group. Furthermore, S100A8 overexpression in Huh7 and MHCC-97H hepatoma cell lines led to increased cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and tumor growth. These findings suggested S100A8 methylation to be served as potential diagnosis and prognosis marker for HCC. S100A8 also may play as a tumor promoter in HCC.
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August 2016

Impact of CAG repeat length in the androgen receptor gene on male infertility - a meta-analysis.

Reprod Biomed Online 2016 Jul 19;33(1):39-49. Epub 2016 Apr 19.

Medical Scientific Research Center, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China. Electronic address:

CAG repeats are polymorphic nucleotide repeats present in the androgen receptor gene. Many studies have estimated the association between CAG repeat length and male infertility, but the conclusions are controversial. Previous meta-analyses have come to different conclusions; however, new studies have been published. An updated meta-analysis was conducted. PubMed, CBM, CNKI and Web of Science databases were systematically searched for studies published from 1 January 2000 to 1 October 2015. Case-control studies on the association between CAG repeat length and male infertility using appropriate methodology were included. Forty studies were selected, including 3858 cases and 3161 controls. Results showed statistically significantly longer CAG repeat length among cases compared with controls (SMD = 0.14; 95% CI, 0.02-0.26). Shorter repeat length was associated with a lower risk of male infertility compared with a longer repeat length in the overall analysis (OR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.66-0.95). Moreover, CAG repeat length was associated with male infertility in Caucasian populations, but not Asian or Egyptian populations. Subgroup analysis revealed no significant difference in German populations, but CAG repeat length was associated with male infertility in China and the USA. There were no significant differences between cases and controls in azoospermia and severe oligozoospermia.
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July 2016

Serum quantitative proteomic analysis reveals potential zinc-associated biomarkers for nonbacterial prostatitis.

Prostate 2015 Oct 22;75(14):1538-55. Epub 2015 May 22.

Institute of Urology and Nephrology, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.

Background: Prostatitis is one of the most common urological problems afflicting adult men. The etiology and pathogenesis of nonbacterial prostatitis, which accounts for 90-95% of cases, is largely unknown. As serum proteins often indicate the overall pathologic status of patients, we hypothesized that protein biomarkers of prostatitis might be identified by comparing the serum proteomes of patients with and without nonbacterial prostatitis.

Methods: All untreated samples were collected from subjects attending the Fangchenggang Area Male Health and Examination Survey (FAMHES). We profiled pooled serum samples from four carefully selected groups of patients (n = 10/group) representing the various categories of nonbacterial prostatitis (IIIa, IIIb, and IV) and matched healthy controls using a mass spectrometry-based 4-plex iTRAQ proteomic approach. More than 160 samples were validated by ELISA.

Results: Overall, 69 proteins were identified. Among them, 42, 52, and 37 proteins were identified with differential expression in Category IIIa, IIIb, and IV prostatitis, respectively. The 19 common proteins were related to immunity and defense, ion binding, transport, and proteolysis. Two zinc-binding proteins, superoxide dismutase 3 (SOD3), and carbonic anhydrase I (CA1), were significantly higher in all types of prostatitis than in the control. A receiver operating characteristic curve estimated sensitivities of 50.4 and 68.1% and specificities of 92.1 and 83.8% for CA1 and SOD3, respectively, in detecting nonbacterial prostatitis. The serum CA1 concentration was inversely correlated to the zinc concentration in expressed-prostatic secretions.

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that SOD3 and CA1 are potential diagnostic markers of nonbacterial prostatitis, although further large-scale studies are required. The molecular profiles of nonbacterial prostatitis pathogenesis may lay a foundation for discovery of new therapies.
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October 2015