Publications by authors named "Zhi-Rong Yang"

47 Publications

Translation and validation of the Chinese version of the MD Anderson symptom inventory for measuring perioperative symptom burden in patients with gynecologic cancer.

BMC Womens Health 2021 07 29;21(1):276. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Nursing Study Center, Sichuan Cancer Hospital and Institute, Sichuan Cancer Center, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, No. 55, 4Th Section of Renmin South Road, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Background: Gynecologic cancers are among the most prevalent malignancies in China. Cervical and uterine cancer respectively account for the sixth and eighth highest incidence of cancer among Chinese women. Abdominal surgery is one of the important treatment methods for gynecological tumors. However, the tumor- and surgery-related symptom burden are not well studied owing to a lack of a standardized and validated assessment tool in the Chinese population. The study aimed to translate and validate the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory for measuring perioperative symptom burden in gynecologic cancer patients (MDASI-PeriOp-GYN) and examine the utility of the Chinese version of MDASI-PeriOp-GYN.

Methods: The MDASI-PeriOp-GYN was translated in a stepwise manner. First, two native speakers independently translated the 9 PeriOp-GYN symptom items. Then the nine items were translated back into English by two different bilingual translators. After discussion and revision, the four translators reached an agreement. Finally, the finalized Chinese version was administered to women with three common gynecologic cancer types (cervical, ovarian, and endometrial cancers) recruited from the gynecological oncology department of Sichuan Cancer Hospital & Institute between July and October 2019. The reliability and validity of the translated version were assessed.

Results: Overall, 324 women with gynecologic cancers were enrolled. Cronbach's α values were 0.826 and 0.735 for the symptom severity and interference scales, respectively. Test-retest reliability values were 0.885, 0.873, and 0.914 for symptom severity, PeriOp-GYN, and interference scales. Significant correlations were found between the MDASI-PeriOp-GYN-C and EORTC QLQ-C30 along with the QLQ-OV28 module (- 0.608-0.871, P < 0.001). Known-group validity was supported by significant differences in the scores of the four scales grouped by time intervals, surgery type, and functional status (all P < 0.01).

Conclusions: The MDASI-PeriOp-GYN-C is a valid and reliable tool for measuring symptoms in Chinese patients undergoing surgery for gynecologic cancers. The tool could be used in clinical practice and clinical trials to instantly gather patients' health and quality of life data.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12905-021-01415-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8320042PMC
July 2021

Comparative effectiveness and safety of 32 pharmacological interventions recommended by guidelines for coronavirus disease 2019: a systematic review and network meta-analysis combining 66 trials.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2021 07 27;134(16):1920-1929. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Centre, Beijing 100191, China.

Background: The global pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a major public health problem and presents an unprecedented challenge. However, no specific drugs were currently proven. This study aimed to evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of pharmacological interventions in patients with COVID-19.

Methods: Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and clinicaltrials.gov were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)/SARS-CoV. Random-effects network meta-analysis within the Bayesian framework was performed, followed by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system assessing the quality of evidence. The primary outcome of interest includes mortality, cure, viral negative conversion, and overall adverse events (OAEs). Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated as the measure of effect size.

Results: Sixty-six RCTs with 19,095 patients were included, involving standard of care (SOC), eight different antiviral agents, six different antibiotics, high and low dose chloroquine (CQ_HD, CQ_LD), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), corticosteroids (COR), and other treatments. Compared with SOC, a significant reduction of mortality was observed for TCM (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.20-0.56, moderate quality) and COR (OR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.75-0.96, low quality) with improved cure rate (OR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.60-2.91, low quality for TCM; OR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.05-1.30, low quality for COR). However, an increased risk of mortality was found for CQ_HD vs. SOC (OR = 3.20, 95% CI: 1.18-8.73, low quality). TCM was associated with decreased risk of OAE (OR = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.38-0.70, very low quality) but CQ_HD (OR = 2.51, 95% CI: 1.20-5.24) and interferons (IFN) (OR = 2.69, 95% CI: 1.02-7.08) vs. SOC with very low quality were associated with an increased risk.

Conclusions: COR and TCM may reduce mortality and increase cure rate with no increased risk of OAEs compared with standard care. CQ_HD might increase the risk of mortality. CQ, IFN, and other antiviral agents could increase the risk of OAEs. The current evidence is generally uncertain with low-quality and further high-quality trials are needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000001672DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8382475PMC
July 2021

Effects of Incretin-based Therapies on Weight-related Indicators among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Network Meta-analysis.

Biomed Environ Sci 2020 Jan;33(1):37-47

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of incretin-based therapies on body weight as the primary outcome, as well as on body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) as secondary outcomes.

Methods: Databases including Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and clinicaltrials.gov (www.clinicaltrials.gov) were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Standard pairwise meta-analysis and network meta-analysis (NMA) were both carried out. The risk of bias (ROB) tool recommended by the Cochrane handbook was used to assess the quality of studies. Subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis, meta-regression, and quality evaluation based on the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) were also performed.

Results: A total of 292 trials were included in this study. Compared with placebo, dipeptidyl-peptidase IV inhibitors (DPP-4Is) increased weight slightly by 0.31 kg [95% confidence interval ( ): 0.05, 0.58] and had negligible effects on BMI and WC. Compared with placebo, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) lowered weight, BMI, and WC by -1.34 kg (95% : -1.60, -1.09), -1.10 kg/m (95% : -1.42, -0.78), and -1.28 cm (95% : -1.69, -0.86), respectively.

Conclusion: GLP-1 RAs were more effective than DPP-4Is in lowering the three indicators. Overall, the effects of GLP-1 RAs on weight, BMI, and WC were favorable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3967/bes2020.005DOI Listing
January 2020

The potential neuritogenic activity of aqueous extracts from in rat pheochromocytoma cells.

Food Sci Biotechnol 2017 12;26(6):1685-1692. Epub 2017 Dec 12.

3School of Life Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610065 Sichuan China.

The aim of this study was to explore the neuritogenic effects of aqueous extracts from the fruiting bodies of (MEA). 3-(4, 5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was carried out to assess the cytotoxicity of MEA. Neurite outgrowth stimulation assay was used to evaluate the potentiation of neuritogenic activity induced by MEA. The specific inhibitors for TrkA, MEK/ERK and PI3K signaling pathway were served to clarify the mechanism of MEA's neuritogenic effects. It was shown that MEA could mimic neuritogenic activity of NGF, a kind of representative neurotrophic factors with no significant cytotoxicity, and stimulate neurite outgrowth in a dose-dependent manner of PC12 cells. The neuritogenic activity induced by MEA required activity of PI3K/Akt and MEK/ERK1/2 signaling pathways, as well as parts of TrkA receptor. Accordingly, MEA could be used as a promising neuritogenic-stimulation compound for nervous diseases treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10068-017-0224-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6049703PMC
December 2017

[Effects of forest regeneration patterns on the quantity and chemical structure of soil solution dissolved organic matter in a subtropical forest.]

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2016 Jun;27(6):1845-1852

School of Geographical Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China.

Using the negative pressure sampling method, the concentrations and spectral characte-ristics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) of soil solution were studied at 0-15, 15-30, 30-60 cm layers in Castanopsis carlesii forest (BF), human-assisted naturally regenerated C. carlesii forest (RF), C. carlesii plantation (CP) in evergreen broad-leaved forests in Sanming City, Fujian Pro-vince. The results showed that the overall trend of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations in soil solution was RF>CP>BF, and the concentration of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) was highest in C. carlesii plantation. The concentrations of DOC and DON in surface soil (0-15 cm) were all significantly higher than in the subsurface (30-60 cm). The aromatic index (AI) was in the order of RF>CP>BF, and as a whole, the highest AI was observed in the surface soil. Higher fluorescence intensity and a short wave absorption peak (320 nm) were observed in C. carlesii plantation, suggesting the surface soil of C. carlesii plantation was rich in decomposed substance content, while the degree of humification was lower. A medium wave absorption peak (380 nm) was observed in human-assisted naturally regenerated C. carlesii forest, indicating the degree of humification was higher which would contribute to the storage of soil fertility. In addition, DOM characte-ristics in 30-60 cm soil solution were almost unaffected by forest regeneration patterns.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13287/j.1001-9332.201606.023DOI Listing
June 2016

Antifungal Activity of Eucalyptus Oil against Rice Blast Fungi and the Possible Mechanism of Gene Expression Pattern.

Molecules 2016 May 12;21(5). Epub 2016 May 12.

Key Laboratory of Bio-Resources and Eco-Environment of Ministry of Education, Animal Disease Prevention and Food Safety Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China.

Eucalyptus oil possesses a wide spectrum of biological activity, including anti-microbial, fungicidal, herbicidal, acaricidal and nematicidal properties. We studied anti-fungal activities of the leaf oil extracted from Eucalyptus. grandis × E. urophylla. Eleven plant pathogenic fungi were tested based on the mycelium growth rates with negative control. The results showed that Eucalyptus oil has broad-spectrum inhibitory effects toward these fungi. Remarkable morphological and structural alterations of hypha have been observed for Magnaporthe grisea after the treatment. The mRNA genome array of M. grisea was used to detect genes that were differentially expressed in the test strains treated by the Eucalyptus oil than the normal strains. The results showed 1919 genes were significantly affected, among which 1109 were down-regulated and 810 were up-regulated (p < 0.05, absolute fold change >2). According to gene ontology annotation analysis, these differentially expressed genes may cause abnormal structures and physiological function disorders, which may reduce the fungus growth. These results show the oil has potential for use in the biological control of plant disease as a green biopesticide.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules21050621DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6273397PMC
May 2016

Risk factors for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriage among residents in 7 nursing homes in Shanghai, China.

Am J Infect Control 2016 07 17;44(7):805-8. Epub 2016 Mar 17.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background: Nursing home residents are a population at risk for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriage, but few data about MRSA in this setting in Shanghai are available. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and risk factors for MRSA carriage in nursing home residents in Shanghai, China.

Methods: Four hundred forty-three residents from 7 nursing homes in Shanghai, China, participated in this study; nasal and axillary swabs were obtained from these residents. Laboratory identification for S aureus and antimicrobial susceptibility testing were performed when isolated. Data, including individual resident characteristics and nursing home characteristics, were collected and analyzed.

Results: Of the 443 participating residents, 99 (22.3%) and 45 (10.2%) residents were colonized by S aureus and MRSA, respectively. Previous hospitalization (odds ratio [OR], 2.564; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.214-5.415; P = .014), presence of an invasive device (OR, 3.455; 95% CI, 1.678-7.113; P = .001), chloramphenicol therapy (OR, 7.672; 95% CI, 1.807-32.580; P = .006), and macrolides therapy (OR, 2.796; 95% CI, 1.056-7.403; P = .038) were independent risk factors for MRSA colonization. Low expenditure per month and less good sanitary condition also increased the risk for MRSA colonization.

Conclusions: Our study suggests that nursing homes are significant reservoirs for MRSA. Implementation of infection control strategies must be given high priority in nursing homes to fight the high prevalence of MRSA, and increased convenience and feasibility should also be realized with these control strategies for MRSA colonization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.01.032DOI Listing
July 2016

The association of TGFB1 genetic polymorphisms with high myopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Clin Exp Med 2015 15;8(11):20355-67. Epub 2015 Nov 15.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Centre Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: The TGFB1 gene is among the most studied genes in high myopia due to its role in scleral remodeling. But reported findings of association on TGFB1 and high myopia are inconsistent. This present study is to evaluate the association of TGFB1 polymorphisms and high myopia.

Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted on studies published up to April 5, 2015. Summary odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals were analyzed. Heterogeneity across studies was evaluated by Cochran Q statistic test and the I(2) index. Sensitivity analyses were conducted by the approach of one-study remove to assess the influence of single study on the combined effect.

Results: Eight studies were included in this study for meta-analysis. Rs1982073 was associated with high myopia in dominant model (OR=1.64; 95% CI=1.04~2.58; P<0.05), heterozygous model (OR=1.54; 95% CI=1.02~2.33; P<0.05), homozygous model (OR=1.90; 95% CI=1.01~3.55; P=0.05) and allelic model (OR=1.36; 95% CI=1.01~1.84; P=0.05). However, there was no statistical significance when Bonferroni correction was considered. Rs4803455 was associated with high myopia in recessive model (OR=0.40; 95% CI=0.25~0.64; P<0.01) and homozygous model (OR=0.42; 95% CI=0.26~0.68; P<0.01). Rs1800469 was associated with high myopia in allelic model (OR=0.78; 95% CI=0.64~0.96; P<0.05). And the associations can withstand Bonferroni correction in models mentioned above when referring to rs4803455 (P<0.01) and rs1800469 (P<0.05).

Conclusions: Meta-analysis of existing data revealed a suggestive association of TGFB1 rs1982073 and rs4803455 with high myopia.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4723797PMC
February 2016

Kallistatin inhibits TGF-β-induced endothelial-mesenchymal transition by differential regulation of microRNA-21 and eNOS expression.

Exp Cell Res 2015 Sep 5;337(1):103-10. Epub 2015 Jul 5.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, 173 Ashley Ave, Charleston, SC 29425-2211, United States. Electronic address:

Kallistatin, an endogenous protein, consists of two structural elements: active site and heparin-binding domain. Kallistatin exerts beneficial effects on fibrosis by suppressing transforming growth factor (TGF)-β synthesis in animal models. TGF-β is the most potent inducer of endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), which contributes to fibrosis and cancer. MicroRNA (miR)-21 is an important player in organ fibrosis and tumor invasion. Here we investigated the potential role of kallistatin in EndMT via modulation of miR-21 in endothelial cells. Human kallistatin treatment blocked TGF-β-induced EndMT, as evidenced by morphological changes as well as increased endothelial and reduced mesenchymal marker expression. Kallistatin also inhibited TGF-β-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and NADPH oxidase expression and activity. Moreover, kallistatin antagonized TGF-β-induced miR-21 and Snail1 synthesis, Akt phosphorylation, NF-κB activation, and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) synthesis and activation. Kallistatin via its heparin-binding site blocked TGF-β-induced miR-21, Snail1 expression, and ROS formation, as wild-type kallistatin, but not heparin-binding site mutant kallistatin, exerted the effect. Conversely, kallistatin through its active site stimulated the synthesis of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) and forkhead box O1 (FoxO1); however, these effects were blocked by genistein, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. This is the first study to demonstrate that kallistatin's heparin-binding site is crucial for preventing TGF-β-induced miR-21 and oxidative stress, while its active site is key for stimulating the expression of antioxidant genes via interaction with an endothelial surface tyrosine kinase. These findings reveal novel mechanisms of kallistatin in protection against fibrosis and cancer by suppressing EndMT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2015.06.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4560618PMC
September 2015

[Comparison of simple pooling and bivariate model used in meta-analyses of diagnostic test accuracy published in Chinese journals].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2015 Jun;47(3):483-8

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Peking University School of Public Health, Beijing 100191, China; Center of Postmarketing Safety Evaluation, Peking University Health Science Center,Beijing 100191, China.

Objective: To investigate the use of simple pooling and bivariate model in meta-analyses of diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) published in Chinese journals (January to November, 2014), compare the differences of results from these two models, and explore the impact of between-study variability of sensitivity and specificity on the differences.

Methods: DTA meta-analyses were searched through Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (January to November, 2014). Details in models and data for fourfold table were extracted. Descriptive analysis was conducted to investigate the prevalence of the use of simple pooling method and bivariate model in the included literature. Data were re-analyzed with the two models respectively. Differences in the results were examined by Wilcoxon signed rank test. How the results differences were affected by between-study variability of sensitivity and specificity, expressed by I2, was explored.

Results: The 55 systematic reviews, containing 58 DTA meta-analyses, were included and 25 DTA meta-analyses were eligible for re-analysis. Simple pooling was used in 50 (90.9%) systematic reviews and bivariate model in 1 (1.8%). The remaining 4 (7.3%) articles used other models pooling sensitivity and specificity or pooled neither of them. Of the reviews simply pooling sensitivity and specificity, 41(82.0%) were at the risk of wrongly using Meta-disc software. The differences in medians of sensitivity and specificity between two models were both 0.011 (P<0.001, P=0.031 respectively). Greater differences could be found as I2 of sensitivity or specificity became larger, especially when I2>75%.

Conclusion: Most DTA meta-analyses published in Chinese journals(January to November, 2014) combine the sensitivity and specificity by simple pooling. Meta-disc software can pool the sensitivity and specificity only through fixed-effect model, but a high proportion of authors think it can implement random-effect model. Simple pooling tends to underestimate the results compared with bivariate model. The greater the between-study variance is, the more likely the simple pooling has larger deviation. It is necessary to increase the knowledge level of statistical methods and software for meta-analyses of DTA data.
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June 2015

Kallistatin treatment attenuates lethality and organ injury in mouse models of established sepsis.

Crit Care 2015 May 1;19:200. Epub 2015 May 1.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, 173 Ashley Ave, Charleston, SC, 29425-2211, USA.

Introduction: Kallistatin levels in the circulation are reduced in patients with sepsis and liver disease. Transgenic mice expressing kallistatin are resistant to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mortality. Here, we investigated the effect of kallistatin on survival and organ damage in mouse models of established sepsis.

Methods: Mice were rendered septic by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), or endotoxemic by LPS injection. Recombinant human kallistatin was administered intravenously six hours after CLP, or intraperitoneally four hours after LPS challenge. The effect of kallistatin treatment on organ damage was examined one day after sepsis initiation, and mouse survival was monitored for four to six days.

Results: Human kallistatin was detected in mouse serum of kallistatin-treated mice. Kallistatin significantly reduced CLP-induced renal injury as well as blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) levels. In the lung, kallistatin decreased malondialdehyde levels and HMGB1 and toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) synthesis, but increased suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS3) expression. Moreover, kallistatin attenuated liver injury, serum alanine transaminase (ALT) levels and hepatic tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) synthesis. Furthermore, delayed kallistatin administration improved survival in CLP mice by 38%, and LPS-treated mice by 42%. In LPS-induced endotoxemic mice, kallistatin attenuated kidney damage in association with reduced serum creatinine, IL-6 and HMGB1 levels, and increased renal SOCS3 expression. Kallistatin also decreased liver injury in conjunction with diminished serum ALT levels and hepatic TNF-α and TLR4 expression. In cultured macrophages, kallistatin through its active site increased SOCS3 expression, but this effect was blocked by inhibitors of tyrosine kinase, protein kinase C and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), indicating that kallistatin stimulates a tyrosine-kinase-protein kinase C-ERK signaling pathway.

Conclusions: This is the first study to demonstrate that delayed human kallistatin administration is effective in attenuating multi-organ injury, inflammation and mortality in mouse models of polymicrobial infection and endotoxemia. Thus, kallistatin therapy may provide a promising approach for the treatment of sepsis in humans.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13054-015-0919-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4445990PMC
May 2015

[Community structure and diversity of entophytic bacteria in Tricholoma matsutake in Sichuan Province, Southwest China].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2014 Nov;25(11):3316-22

In order to understand the diversity and community structure of endophytic bacteria in Tricholoma matsutake, 14 Tricholoma matsutake samples were collected from 7 main production counties of Xiaojin, Yajiang, Muli, Yanyuan, Yanbian, Huidong and Mianning. The entophytic bacterial community structure and diversity were investigated by PCR denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE). The results showed that the diversity and community structure of endophytic bacteria in T. matsutake varied significantly, while those from the environments alike had high similarity. In addition, each T. matsutake sample contained more than 15 species of endophytes, with that from Yanyuan having the highest endophytes diversity index and abundance, while those from Xiaojin were the lowest. Phylogenetic tree showed that endophytic bacterial species in T. matsutake were abundant. Dominant bacterial population in T. matsutake collected from different places varied, and Pseudomonas, Ewingella and Bacillus were distributed in all samples and retained a certain advantage. Alcaligenes and Sphingobacterium distributed in most samples, while Duganella and Lysinibacillus only in certain ones. This study demonstrated that the endophytic bacteria in T. matsutake were abundant and diversified, which could be in favor of searching the dominant bacteria promoting the growth of T. matsutake.
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November 2014

Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing latanoprost with timolol in the treatment of Asian populations with chronic angle-closure glaucoma.

PLoS One 2014 9;9(5):e96852. Epub 2014 May 9.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Peking University School of Public Health, Beijing, China.

Background: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of latanoprost compared with timolol in the treatment of Asian patients with chronic angle-closure glaucoma (CACG).

Methods: Relevant trials were identified through systematic searches of Medline, EMBASE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and several Chinese databases. The main outcome measures included absolute and relative reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) at mean, peak and trough from baseline, ocular adverse effects and systemic adverse events.

Results: Seven randomized controlled trials with 685 patients were included. In comparison with timolol, latanoprost reduced absolute IOP in CACG patients by more than 2.3 mmHg (95%CI, 1.8∼2.9, P<0.01), 2.4 mmHg (95%CI, 1.9∼2.9, P<0.01) and 2.5 mmHg (95%CI, 1.6∼3.3, P<0.01) at mean, peak and trough, respectively. As for relative IOP, there is 9.0% (95%CI, 6.6∼11.4, P<0.01), 9.7% (95%CI, 7.6∼11.8, P<0.01), and 10.8% (95%CI, 7.4∼14.3, P<0.01) greater reduction among latanoprost users than among timolol users. The differences were statistically significant at all time points (1, 2, 4, 8, 12, and 24 weeks). More ocular adverse effects (OR = 1.49, 95% CI, 1.05∼2.10, P = 0.02) and less systemic adverse events (OR = 0.46, 95% CI, 0.25∼0.84, P = 0.01) were observed in latanoprost group in comparison with timolol group.

Conclusion: Compared with timolol, latanoprost was significantly more effective in lowering IOP of Asian patients with CACG, with higher risk of ocular adverse effects but lower risk of systemic adverse events, and might be a good substitute for CACG patients.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0096852PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4016135PMC
January 2015

Human kallistatin administration reduces organ injury and improves survival in a mouse model of polymicrobial sepsis.

Immunology 2014 Jun;142(2):216-26

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.

Kallistatin, a plasma protein, has been shown to exert multi-factorial functions including inhibition of inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis in animal models and cultured cells. Kallistatin levels are reduced in patients with sepsis and in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced septic mice. Moreover, transgenic mice expressing kallistatin are more resistant to LPS-induced mortality. Here, we investigated the effects of human kallistatin on organ injury and survival in a mouse model of polymicrobial sepsis. In this study, mice were injected intravenously with recombinant kallistatin (KS3, 3 mg/kg; or KS10, 10 mg/kg body weight) and then rendered septic by caecal ligation and puncture 30 min later. Kallistatin administration resulted in a > 10-fold reduction of peritoneal bacterial counts, and significantly decreased serum tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6 and high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) levels. Kallistatin also inhibited HMGB1 and toll-like receptor-4 gene expression in the lung and kidney. Administration of kallistatin attenuated renal damage and decreased blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine levels, but increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase and nitric oxide levels in the kidney. In cultured endothelial cells, human kallistatin via its heparin-binding site inhibited HMGB1-induced nuclear factor-κB activation and inflammatory gene expression. Moreover, kallistatin significantly reduced apoptosis and caspase-3 activity in the spleen. Furthermore, kallistatin treatment markedly improved the survival of septic mice by 23% (KS3) and 41% (KS10). These results indicate that kallistatin is a unique protecting agent in sepsis-induced organ damage and mortality by inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis, as well as enhancing bacterial clearance in a mouse model of polymicrobial sepsis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imm.12242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4008229PMC
June 2014

[Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of testis: a clinicopathologic and immunophenotypic study of 58 cases].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2013 Sep;42(9):589-92

Department of Pathology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic features, immunophenotype, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, and prognostic factors of testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).

Methods: The clinical and pathologic profiles of 58 cases of testicular DLBCL were investigated.Immunohistochemical stainings and EBER1/2 in situ hybridization were performed on formalin fixed tissues.

Results: The average age of the patients was 62.1 years, and the median age was 65 years. The course of disease was short in most of the cases. Clinical stages at diagnosis were mainly stage I or II (87.9%, 51/58). Forty eight patients (82.8%) had unilateral testis involvement. Inguinal lymphadenopathy was observed in 12 (20.7%) patients and the other organs were seldom involved. Morphologically, centroblast-like neoplastic cells infiltrated interstitial tissue of testis diffusely and invaded into seminiferous tubules. Tunica albuginea and vessels were involved in 14 (24.1%) and 10 (17.2%) patients, respectively. Immunophenotype analysis showed predominant non-GCB type of DLBCL (48/58, 82.8%) by Hans classification. No EBV infection was detected. Follow-up data were available in 48 (82.8%) patients. Twenty eight patients (58.3%) died of the disease. One-year, 3-year, and 5-year overall survivals were 55.7%, 31.6% and 27.6%, respectively. Age (older than 60 years), B-symptoms, high serum level of LDH, advanced Ann Arbor stage as well as lack of combination of therapy were associated with a poor prognosis.

Conclusions: This large series of testicular DLBCL mainly present with local disease at diagnosis. Most cases show non-GCB immunophenotype. Despite early clinical stage at presentation, the prognosis is poor. Combined chemotherapy postoperation may prolong survival of the patients.
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September 2013

Lack of association between genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A4, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 and antituberculosis drug-induced liver injury in a community-based Chinese population.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2013 May;40(5):326-32

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Centre, Beijing, China.

The precise pathogenic mechanism of antituberculosis (anti-TB) drug-induced liver injury (ATLI) is poorly understood. It may be associated with drug-metabolizing enzymes, such as cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19. The aim of the present study was to explore the role of tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) of CYP3A4, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 in the risk of ATLI in a population-based anti-TB treatment cohort. A nested case-control study was designed. Each ATLI case was matched 1 : 4 with controls on the basis of age, gender, treatment history, disease severity and drug dosage. The tSNPs were selected using Haploview 4.2 based on the HapMap database of Han Chinese in Beijing and genotyped by TaqMan allelic discrimination technology. Eighty-nine patients with ATLI and 356 controls were included in the study. One tSNP in CYP3A4 (rs12333983), two in CYP2C9 (rs4918758, rs9332098) and two in CYP2C19 (rs11568732, rs4986894) were selected and genotyped. The minor allele frequencies of rs12333983, rs4918758, rs9332098, rs11568732 and rs4986894 were 36.0%, 41.4%, 1.1%, 5.7% and 35.7%, respectively, in the patients, compared with 31.7%, 42.9%, 3.4%, 8.9% and 35.1%, respectively, in the controls. No significant differences were observed in genotypes or allele frequencies of the five tSNPs between the two groups and none of the CYP2C9 or CYP2C19 haplotypes was significantly associated with the development of ATLI. Based on the Chinese anti-TB treatment cohort, we did not find a significant association between the risk of ATLI and genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A4, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19. None of the haplotypes exhibited a significant association with the development of ATLI in a Chinese tuberculosis population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1440-1681.12074DOI Listing
May 2013

Expression of yeast acyl-CoA-∆9 desaturase leads to accumulation of unusual monounsaturated fatty acids in soybean seeds.

Biotechnol Lett 2013 Jun 9;35(6):951-9. Epub 2013 Feb 9.

Institute of Molecular Agriculture and Bioenergy, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu, 030801, China.

An acyl-CoA-Δ9 desaturase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was expressed by subcellular-targeting in soybean (Glycine max) seeds with the goal of increasing palmitoleic acid (16:1Δ9), a high-valued fatty acid (FA), and simultaneously decreasing saturated FA in oil. The expression resulted in the conversion of palmitic acid (16:0) to 16:1Δ9 in soybean seeds. 16:1Δ9 and its elongation product cis-vaccenic acid (18:1Δ11) were increased to 17 % of the total fatty acids by plastid-targeted expression of the enzyme. Other lipid changes include the decrease of polyunsaturated FA and saturated FA, suggesting that a mechanism exists downstream in oil biosynthesis to compensate the FA alternation. This is the first time a cytosolic acyl-CoA-∆9 desaturase is functionally expressed in plastid and stronger activity was achieved than its cytosolic expression. The present study provides a new strategy for converting 16:0 to 16:1Δ9 by engineering acyl-CoA-Δ9 desaturase in commercialized oilseeds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10529-013-1149-yDOI Listing
June 2013

Toxicological evaluation of neem (Azadirachta indica) oil: acute and subacute toxicity.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2013 Mar 3;35(2):240-6. Epub 2013 Jan 3.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya'an 625014, China.

Neem (Azadirachta indica), popularly known as traditional medicine is a native plant in India. Neem oil is a vegetable oil derived from seeds or fruits of the neem tree through pressing or solvent extraction, and largely used in popular medicine to have antifungal, antibacterial, antimalarial, antiparasitic, anti-inflammatory, as well as immunemodulatory properties in different animal species. In the present study, acute and 28-day subacute toxicity tests were carried out. In the acute toxicity test, the LD50 values of neem oil were found to be 31.95g/kg. The subacute treatment with neem oil failed to change body weight gain, food and water consumption. Serum biochemistry analysis showed no significant differences in any of the parameters examined under the dose of 1600mg/kg/day. Histopathological exams showed that the target organs of neem oil were testicle, liver and kidneys up to the dose of 1600mg/kg/day.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2012.12.015DOI Listing
March 2013

[Antitumor activity of polysaccharides extracted from two wild amanitas].

Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2011 Nov;42(6):792-6

Key Laboratory of Micro-resourse and Micro-technique, College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China.

Objective: To investigate the anti-tumor activity of two wild Amanita strains, and to determine the inhibition ratio of their effective chemical components on tumor cells in vitro.

Methods: Two wild Amanita strains collected in Sichuan province were identified through morphology and molecular methods. The chemical components from the fruit body of the two strains were extracted with petroleum ether, chloroform, methanol and water. The anti-tumor activity of the extracts were tested on the cancer cells of MGC and Lovo strains. The polysaccharides were isolated with hot water and tested for its anti-tumor activity in vitro.

Results: The two wild Amanitas were identified as Amanita subjunquillea and Amanita pantherina. The water-soluble extracts from the Amanitas had anti-tumor effect, with polysaccharide as one of the main effective components. The IC50 value of the polysaccharide isolated from M1 was 3.790 mg/mL for the MGC cells.

Conclusion: Polysaccharides isolated from the two wild Amanitas have considerable anti-tumor activity against MGC cells in vitro.
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November 2011

Extranodal nasal type natural killer/T-cell lymphoma of testis: report of seven cases with review of literature.

Leuk Lymphoma 2012 Jun 3;53(6):1117-23. Epub 2012 Jan 3.

Department of Pathology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Seven cases of testicular extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, are reported, with a literature review. Two patients had a testicular lesion as the initial presentation, four had a history of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma and the remaining patient had concomitant involvement of an adrenal gland. All patients underwent orchiectomy followed by chemotherapy (CT) and/or radiotherapy (RT). Follow-up data showed that two patients with non-primary tumors died of disease within 6 and 11 months, respectively. Histologically, the tumor had a diffuse growth pattern largely replacing the interstitial tissues. Neoplastic cells showed prominent angiocentric and angioinvasive features with focal coagulative necrosis and apoptotic bodies. Immunohistochemically, all cases were positive for cytoplasmic CD3ε and CD56. Epstein-Barr virus infection was demonstrated in all cases. Testicular NK/T-cell lymphoma, whether primary or secondary, was generally very aggressive with a poor outcome despite multimodality therapy. Novel molecular therapeutic targets and more effective treatments are needed, especially for disseminated or recurrent cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10428194.2011.645209DOI Listing
June 2012

Mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit typing in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Sichuan province in China.

Indian J Med Res 2011 Sep;134:362-8

College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Sichuan, China.

Background & Objectives: Emergence and spread of drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a serious threat to tuberculosis (TB) control programme. Therefore, the objective of this study was to genotype drug-resistant M. tuberculosis strains isolated from patients in Sichuan, China, using Mycobacterial Interspersed Repetitive Units (MIRU) for epidemiological analysis.

Methods: Drug-resistance testing of M. tuberculosis isolates from pulmonary TB patients was confirmed by proportion method. Twelve MIRU loci were analyzed on 80 drug-resistant and 9 susceptible isolates by polymerase chain reaction and agarose gel electrophoresis. Hunter-Gaston discriminatory index (HGI) values were determined for each 12 MIRU loci for the evaluation of their discrimination power.

Results: Among 12 MIRU loci examined, polymorphic bands could be generated on 11 loci. Sixty five isolates had distinct MIRU patterns, while other 24 belonged to 8 clusters and resistant to at least one anti-TB drug tested. The association between the MIRU patterns and the mutation patterns of drug-resistance relevant target genes was not significant among the drug-resistant isolates.

Interpretation & Conclusions: The results showed that with a satisfactory discrimination power exhibited, the 12 loci based MIRU typing could be a valuable tool for epidemiological studies in M. tuberculosis isolates from Sichuan.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3193718PMC
September 2011

Isolation of a wild Morchella spp. strain and the effects of its extract on ethanol-induced gastric mucosal lesions in rats.

Z Naturforsch C J Biosci 2011 Jan-Feb;66(1-2):55-62

College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, 610064, Chengdu, P. R. China.

A Morchella spp. strain was isolated from a wild morel mushroom, and the effects of its mycelia extract on the ethanol-induced gastric mucosal lesions of rats were investigated in vivo. Sequence analysis of internal transcribed spacer suggested that this Morchella spp. strain (strain No. M1) was clustered together with M. conica in the phylogenetic tree. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity increased significantly compared to the control. However, the malondialdehyde (MDA) level and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity decreased significantly compared to the control. These results indicated that M1 is one member of M. conica and the protective effects of M1 extract against the ethanol-induced gastric lesions may be related to the increased SOD activity and decreased MDA level and MPO activity in rats.
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May 2011

Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of β-lactam resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from swine.

Vet Microbiol 2011 Apr 7;149(1-2):139-46. Epub 2010 Oct 7.

School of Life Science, Sichuan University, Animal Disease Prevention and Food Safety Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu, China.

Little is known about the antimicrobial resistance mechanisms in Klebsiella pneumoniae from swine in China. Thus, this paper aims to demonstrate the β-lactam resistance phenotypes and genotypes of K. pneumoniae isolates from swine in southwestern China, detect possible new β-lactamase variants, and determine whether or not the variants differ in their antibiotic resistance. Isolates from 58 unrelated diseased swine were collected from 61 pig farms in southwestern China from 2007 to 2009. Among the 58 isolates, 75.8-100% were resistant to β-lactam, 62.0-68.97% to fluoroquinolone, 44.8-46.55% to aminoglycoside, and 8.62-17.24% to β-lactam inhibitors. PCR amplification and DNA sequencing showed that bla(TEM-1) was detected in 100% (n=58) of the isolates, bla(SHV) in 82.76% (n=48), bla(CTX-M) in 39.66% (n=23), and bla(OKP) in 17.24% (n=10). The bla(SHV) types included bla(SHV-1), bla(SHV-11), bla(SHV-12), and bla(SHV-27). None of the isolates harbored bla(KPC), bla(LEN), or bla(GES) gene. Four novel variants (bla(OKP-A-13), bla(OKP-A-14), bla(OKP-A-15), and bla(OKP-A-16)) were identified among the 10 OKP β-lactamase-producing K. pneumoniae isolates resistant to ampicillin, amoxicillin, oxacillin, cefalexin, and cefadroxil. Plasmid analysis and PCR amplification indicated that bla(TEM-1) genes were detected in the total plasmid. Molecular typing by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis revealed the presence of 10 distinct pulsotypes of OKP producer isolates. Plasmid DNA digested with XbaI yielded two to six bands of ca. 0.15-30 kb. Transformants of the 10 OKP producer isolates showed no differences in their antibiotic susceptibility, except for the pulsotype B transformant, which carried bla(CTX-M). In China, β-lactam resistance appeared to be common among K. pneumoniae isolates from swine, suggesting that K. pneumoniae may be a reservoir for the dissemination of β-lactam resistance among Chinese pig farms.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2010.09.030DOI Listing
April 2011

Structure elucidation and antioxidant activity of a novel polysaccharide isolated from Tricholoma matsutake.

Int J Biol Macromol 2010 Aug 27;47(2):271-5. Epub 2010 Apr 27.

Key Laboratory of Biological Resource and Ecological Environment of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, PR China.

In this study, structural features of Tricholoma matsutake polysaccharide (TMP-A) were investigated by a combination of infrared (IR) spectra, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The results indicated that TMP-A had a backbone of 1,4-beta-d-glucopyranose residue which branches at O-6 based on the experimental results. The branches were mainly composed of an (1-->3)-alpha-d-galactopyranose residue, and terminated with alpha-d-xylopyranose residue. The antioxidant activity of TMP-A was evaluated with several biochemical methods, including DPPH(-) radical scavenging, hydrogen peroxide scavenging, superoxide anion radical scavenging. The results indicated that TMP-A showed strong antioxidant. In the in vitro antioxidant assay by MTT method, TMP-A could attenuate PC12 cell damage significantly caused by hydrogen peroxide.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2010.04.010DOI Listing
August 2010

[Etiologic and molecular characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains isolated from diarrheal patients in Shenzhen, in 2007 - 2008].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2010 Jan;31(1):51-5

College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China.

Objective: To study the infection status and the molecular characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from diarrheal patients in Shenzhen, in 2007 to 2008 and to provide evidence for the prevention and control of diarrheal diseases caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus.

Methods: More than 80 fecal specimens from four sentinel surveillance hospitals were collected and cultured each month. A total of 361 isolates of Vibrio parahaemolyticus were sero-typed and examined by real-time PCR for the presence of two major virulence genes, tdh and trh. Of 361 strains, 60 O3: K6 strains isolated from six suspected outbreaks in August, 2007 and in September, 2008 were typed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE).

Results: 4384 stool samples were detected in four sentinel surveillance hospitals and with 361 Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains isolated that belonged to 28 serotypes. Serotype O3:K6, O4:K8 and O1:KUT accounted for 67.90%, 7.50% and 6.10%, respectively. Of 361 strains, 337 strains belonged to tdh+trh-, 11 strains were tdh-trh- and 13 strains were tdh+trh+. The most prevalent serotype which caused diarrheal diseases was tdh+trh in Shenzhen. The 60 isolates were discriminated into twenty different PFGE patterns, which belonged to three clones. Among the 60 isolates, most of the PFGE patterns of isolates from the suspected outbreak locations were identical and some strains isolated from different year were different.

Conclusion: Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates in Shenzhen were dominated by O3:K6 strains. Most of these isolates carried tdh gene and few carried trh gene. Meanwhile, the identical patterns of isolates from 6 suspected outbreaks locations demonstrated that Vibrio parahaemolyticus outbreaks occurred in July 2007 and in September 2008 in Shenzhen. However, the dominated strains' PFGE patterns were different each year, indicating that the sources of Vibrio parahaemolyticus had a multiplex nature and the multiplex sources such as water, sea food and pickled products should be integrated monitored. Laboratory based surveillance of diarrheal diseases could contribute in establishing early warning system for the better prevention and control of diarrheal diseases.
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January 2010

Blockade of endogenous tissue kallikrein aggravates renal injury by enhancing oxidative stress and inhibiting matrix degradation.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2010 Apr 20;298(4):F1033-40. Epub 2010 Jan 20.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, 173 Ashley Ave., Charleston, SC 29425-2211, USA.

Levels of tissue kallikrein (TK) are significantly lower in the urine of patients with kidney failure, and TK expression is specifically diminished in rat kidney after recovery from ischemia-reperfusion injury. In this study, we investigated the functional consequence of blocking endogenous TK activity in a rat model of chronic kidney disease. Inhibition of endogenous TK levels for 10 days by neutralizing TK antibody injection in DOCA-salt rats caused a significant increase in blood urea nitrogen and urinary protein levels, and a decrease in creatinine clearance. Kidney sections from anti-TK antibody-treated rats displayed a marked rise in tubular dilation and protein cast accumulation as well as glomerular sclerosis and size. TK blockade also increased inflammatory cell infiltration, myofibroblast and collagen accumulation, and collagen fraction volume. Elevated renal inflammation and fibrosis by anti-TK antibody were associated with increased expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). Moreover, the detrimental effect of TK blockade resulted in reduced nitric oxide (NO) levels as well as increased serum lipid peroxidation, renal NADH oxidase activity, and superoxide formation. In cultured proximal tubular cells, TK inhibited angiotensin II-induced superoxide production and NADH oxidase activity via NO formation. In addition, TK markedly increased matrix metalloproteinase-2 activity with a parallel reduction of TIMP-2 and PAI-1 synthesis. These findings indicate that endogenous TK has the propensity to preserve kidney structure and function in rats with chronic renal disease by inhibiting oxidative stress and activating matrix degradation pathways.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00518.2009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2853308PMC
April 2010

[Toxicity of alpha-amanitin on mice in vivo].

Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2009 Sep;40(5):901-4

Key Laboratory of Biological Resource and Ecological Environment of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Objective: To study the toxic effect of alpha-amanitin from Amanita fungi on mice in vivo.

Methods: The LD50 of alpha-amanitin was determined with intravenous and intraperitoneal injections of alpha-amanitin. The mice were then injected intravenously with LD50 dose of alpha-amanitin, and the viscera index was evaluated. The peripheral blood samples were collected 24 hours later to measure the hemogram and biochemical indicators. The histological changes of internal organs were examined. The alpha-amanitin in organ tissues were measured.

Results: The intraperitoneal and intravenous LD50 doses of alpha-amanitin were 0.742 mg/kg and 0.327 mg/kg bodyweight, respectively. The WBC, RBC and Hb decreased significantly, whereas the serum BUN and Crea increased significantly. The serum ALT, AST, TBIL and DBIL increased to 24.0, 9.6, 26.3 and 37.0 times of the levels of controls, respectively, 24 hour after the injection. The viscera indexes of liver and kidney also increased significantly, and focal necrosis was found in the tissue slices 48 hours after the injection. The poison compound alpha-amanitin was detected in liver and kidney tissue homogenates by RP-HPLC 48 hours after the injection.

Conclusion: Serum BUN, Crea, ALT, AST, TBIL and DBIL are sensitive indicators for the toxicity of alpha-amanitin in vivo. The pathological changes of liver and kidney are very serious. The cyclopeptide alpha-amanitin could reside in the two organs for a long last toxic effect.
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September 2009

[Synchronous tumors in cephalocervical region: report of a case].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2008 May;37(5):350-1

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May 2008

Intermedin ameliorates vascular and renal injury by inhibition of oxidative stress.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2008 Dec 1;295(6):F1735-43. Epub 2008 Oct 1.

Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical Univ. of South Carolina, 173 Ashley Ave., Charleston, SC 29425, USA

Intermedin (IMD) is a newly discovered peptide related to calcitonin gene-related peptide and adrenomedullin, and has been shown to reduce blood pressure and reactive oxygen species formation in vivo. In this study, we determined whether IMD exerts vascular and renal protection in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats by intravenous injection of adenovirus harboring the human IMD gene. Expression of human IMD was detected in the rat kidney via immunohistochemistry. IMD administration significantly lowered blood pressure, increased urine volume, and restored creatinine clearance. IMD also dramatically decreased superoxide formation and media thickness in the aorta. Vascular injury in the kidney was reduced by IMD gene delivery as evidenced by the prevention of glomerular and peritubular capillary loss. Moreover, IMD lessened morphological damage of the renal tubulointerstitium and reduced glomerular injury and hypertrophy. Attenuation of inflammatory cell accumulation in the kidney by IMD was accompanied by inhibition of p38MAPK activation and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 expression. In addition, IMD gene transfer resulted in a marked decline in myofibroblast and collagen accumulation in association with decreased transforming growth factor-beta1 levels. Furthermore, IMD increased nitric oxide excretion in the urine and lowered the amount of lipid peroxidation. These results demonstrate that IMD is a powerful renal protective agent with pleiotropic effects by preventing endothelial cell loss, kidney damage, inflammation, and fibrosis in hypertensive DOCA-salt rats via inhibition of oxidative stress and proinflammatory mediator pathways.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.90427.2008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2604821PMC
December 2008

The influence of orally administered docosahexaenoic acid on cognitive ability in aged mice.

J Nutr Biochem 2009 Sep 30;20(9):735-41. Epub 2008 Sep 30.

Sichuan University, Chengdu, P.R. China.

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not the role of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on cognitive capability was related with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), nitric oxide (NO) and dopamine (DA) in aged mice. Kunming-line mice were treated with 50 and 100 mg/kg/day of DHA via oral gavage for seven successive weeks. The cognitive ability of mice was assessed by step-through and passageway water maze tests. The levels of NO in hippocampus and striatum tissues were assessed by spectrophotometric method. The levels of DA in hippocampus and striatum tissues were assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. The protein levels of BDNF in hippocampus tissue were assessed by Western blotting. The results showed that the cognitive capability of mice was significantly different between the DHA-treated groups and the control group; the protein level of BDNF was significantly increased in the hippocampus; the levels of NO and DA were significantly increased in hippocampus and striatum tissues. In conclusion, during aging, DHA supplementation can improve the cognitive function in mice and can increase the protein level of BDNF in hippocampus tissue and the levels of NO and DA in hippocampus and striatum tissues. Taken together, our results suggest that DHA supplementation could improve the cognitive dysfunction due to aging, to some extent, and it may have a relationship with increasing the protein level of BDNF and the level of NO and DA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2008.07.003DOI Listing
September 2009
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