Publications by authors named "Zhen-Zhong Sun"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

MicroRNA-370 protects against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice following sevoflurane anesthetic preconditioning through PLIN5-dependent PPAR signaling pathway.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 May 9;113:108697. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Lanzhou Minimally Invasive Orthopedic Hospital, Lanzhou 730050, PR China. Electronic address:

Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) has long been identified to be a contributor to adverse cardiovascular outcomes following myocardial ischemia, cardiac surgery or circulatory arrest. This study aims to investigate the effects of microRNA (miR-370) targeting perilipin-5 (PLIN5) in mice following sevoflurane anesthetic preconditioning (SAP). A mouse model of left ventricular myocardial IRI was established, followed by the evaluation of myocardial infarction size and cardiac function to determine the effects of SAP. The underlying regulatory mechanisms of miR-370 were analyzed in concert with the treatment of miR-370 mimic, miR-370 inhibitor, or siRNA against PLIN5 in cardiomyocytes isolated from mice with IRI. Also, cardiomyocyte proliferation, cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were evaluated following treatment. Lastly, SAP-treated I/R mice were injected with miR-370 inhibitor to verify the mechanism of SAP. The use of SAP conferred cardioprotective effects on myocardial IRI. MiR-370 was downregulated in mice that exhibited IRI, but SAP elevated the miR-370 expression. Functionally, miR-370 negatively targeted PLIN5 and activated the peroxisome proliferator activated-receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway, leading to decreased PPARγ expression but increased PPARα expression. The results also showed that elevation of miR-370 or the silencing of PLIN5 promoted cardiomyocyte proliferation. miR-370 also inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis as reflected by decreased caspase-3 expression and increased Bcl-2 expression. Additionally, SAP also alleviated I/R injury by inhibiting PPARγ. This study demonstrates that SAP induces miR-370 and exerts cardioprotective effects on myocardial IRI, where upregulation of miR-370 alleviates myocardial IRI via inhibiting the PLIN5-dependent PPAR signaling pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2019.108697DOI Listing
May 2019

[Analysis of risk factors of the infection after operation of open tibiofibula fractures].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2015 Aug;28(8):708-11

Objective: To analyze the related factors of the infection after operation of open tibiofibula fractures.

Methods: The clinical data of 141 patients with open tibiofibula fractures underwent surgical treatment from June 2009 to December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients were male and aged from 18 to 61 years old with an average of 39.2 years; all the fractures were unilateral. According to Gustilo typing of fracure, 5 cases were type I, 44 cases were type II, 27 cases were type III a, 56 cases were type III b and 9 cases were type III c. These clinical data included patients' age, gender, body mass index (BMI), underlying diseases, time of operation, fracture site, fracture type, fixation method, postoperative drainage, debridement condition and so on. The postoperative infection conditions were recorded, and the correlation between above factors and infections were analyzed. Finally, the significant related variables were introduced into a Logistic regression model to evaluated their risk.

Results: Among the 141 patients, 22 cases developed with infection (15.6%). The significant relative factors with infection contained fixation method, debridement condition, underlying diseases and postoperative drainage (P < 0.05). The correlativities were stepped up in order, their odds ratios value was 2.451, 3.164, 3.414, 5.117, respectively.

Conclusion: Active treatment for underlying diseases before operation, thorough debridement for open wound, suitable fixation method for fracture and thorough draining are effective measures in preventing postoperative infection.
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August 2015

[Risk factors of the failure in digit replantation].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2015 May;28(5):429-32

Objective: To explore the relative factors on the failure in digit replantation in order to take preventions to control the risk factors.

Methods: From January 2013 to December 2013, 236 consecutive patients (311 fingers) underwent digit replantation were collected to analyze retrospectively, involving 183 males and 53 females with an average age of 34.5 years old ranging from 2 to 62 years old (6 cases under 6 years old and 230 cases elder than 6 years old). There were 51 thumbs, 87 index fingers, 78 middle fingers, 63 ring fings and 32 little thumbs. Forty cases(forty fings) who were failured as the observation group, the others as the control group. The factors of age, gender, finger, cause of injury, smoking history, ischemia duration, plane of division, condition of venous drainage and condition of arterial repair we assessed.

Results: All 236 cases with 311 fingers were replanted, 40 fingers were failured after operation. The relative factors on the failure in digit replantation included smoking history, cause of injury, plane of division, condition of venous drainage and condition of arterial repair (P< 0.05). There were no significant correlation between the failure and age, gender, finger and ischemia duration (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Smoking history, causes of injury, plane of division, condition of venous drainage and condition of arterial repair are risks of failure in digit replantation. Before choosing the type of operation, it should be think about the patient's general conditions, injury status, grasp firmly the operative indications and actively carry out surgical treatment.
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May 2015

[Application of serial tightening of reserved suture threads in delayed incision closure].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2014 Nov;27(11):952-4

Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People's Hospital of Wuxi, Jiangsu, China.

Objective: To study clinical outcomes of serial tightening of reserved suture threads in delayed incision closure.

Methods: From January 2005 to June 2013, 67 patients with delayed incision closure were treated with serial tightening of reserved suture threads. There were 37 males and 30 females, with an average age of 40 years old (ranged from 12 to 75 years old). Among them, 36 patients suffering from leg or forearm double fractures had the incision difficult to those primarily due to high tension or mergency; 13 patients had open wound which lasted for more than routine time for debridement and closure; 9 patients had wound infection; 9 patients had decompression incisions owing to compartment syndrome. The No. 4 suture thread was used to sew up the incision, and the 4 to 6 cm long thread was reserved at two ends of each thread. The reserved thread was tightened gradually from 2 to 4 days after operation according to conditions of swelling relieving. Finally, the reserved thread was not tied until the incision was completely closed.

Results: After operation, the reserved threads were tightened and tied for 1 time in 6 patients, 2 times in 23 patients, 3 times in 27 patients, 4 times in 11 patients. Postoperative closure time ranged from 3 to 9 days, with an average of 6.2 days. All the incisions got delayed primary healing.

Conclusion: The method of serial tightening of reserved suture threads to close delayed incision closure avoids a second operation, which is simple and obtains a fine result.
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November 2014

Effect of c-erbB2 overexpression on prognosis in osteosarcoma: evidence from eight studies.

Tumour Biol 2014 Sep 5;35(9):8939-43. Epub 2014 Jun 5.

Department of Orthopedics, The Ninth People's Hospital of Wuxi City, The Affiliated Wuxi Hospital of Soochow University, No.999 Liangxi Road, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, 214062, China.

C-erbB2 (HER-2/neu) plays an important role in the progression of several types of cancer by increasing tumor growth, migration, invasion, and metastasis and is associated with poor disease prognosis. Numerous studies examining the relationship between c-erbB2 expression and prognostic impact in patients with osteosarcoma have yielded inconclusive results. We therefore conducted a meta-analysis to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the prognostic role of c-erbB2 expression on 5-year survival, which compared the positive and negative expression of c-erbB2 in patients of the available studies. A detailed search was made in PubMed for relevant original articles published in English. Finally, a total of eight studies with 411 osteosarcoma patients were involved to estimate the relationship between c-erbB2 expression and 5-year overall survival. Positive expressions of c-erbB2 predicted poorer survival in osteosarcoma with the pooled RR of 1.53 (95 % CI 1.20-1.94, P = 0.0006). In conclusion, the findings from this present meta-analysis suggest that c-erbB2 overexpression is related to poor prognostic of osteosarcoma and can be a useful clinical prognostic factor for those patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13277-014-2165-9DOI Listing
September 2014

[Case-control study on percutaneous compressing plating and proximal femoral nail antirotation in treating in tertrochanteric fracture with risk external wall].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2013 Dec;26(12):981-4

Objective: To compare clinical effects between percutaneous compressing plating (PCCP) and proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) for the treatment of patients with intertrochanteric fracture with risk external wall.

Methods: From September 2007 to June 2010, 43 patients with intertrochanteric fracture with risk external wall were treated by PCCP or PFNA according to different kinds of internal fixations. There were 22 cases in PCCP, including 9 males and 13 females with an average age of 68.4 (ranged, 60 to 86) years old, and 13 cases with type A2.2 and 9 cases with type A2.3; while 21 cases in PFNA, including 7 males and 14 females with an average age of 67.7 (ranged, 57 to 93) years old, and 10 cases with type A2.2 and 11 cases with type A2.3. Blood loss, operation time, hospital stay, fracture healing time, complications and Harris score after 1 years' following-up were observed and compared.

Results: All patients were followed up for 12 to 22 (means 18.4) months, and all patients were obtained fracture healing, and recovered walking ability as before injury. There were no significant differences in blood loss, operation time, hospital stay, fracture healing time, complications and Harris score after 1 years' following-up (P>0.05). One case occurred displacement on the top of greater trochanter, and 1 case injuried weakness of hip abduction. One case occurred screw breakage in PCCP, while 1 case occurred hip joint pain in PFNA.

Conclusion: Both of PCCP and PFNA in treating patients with intertrochanteric fracture with risk external wall can receive good clinical effects, while the effects and therapy strategy for displacement of bone on the top of lateral wall should further study.
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December 2013

Shortage of paediatricians in China.

Lancet 2014 Mar;383(9921):954

Wuxi Number 9 People's Hospital Affiliated Soochow University, Wuxi Jiangsu, 214062, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60482-7DOI Listing
March 2014

Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis for distal radius fractures.

Indian J Orthop 2014 Jan;48(1):20-4

Department of Orthopaedics, Wuxi Hand Surgery Hospital, Wuxi 214062, China.

Background: Fractures of distal radius are common injury in all age groups. Cast treatment with or without close reduction is a viable option. However, the results are often unsatisfactory with restricted function. The open reduction and internal fixation often results in extensive soft tissue dissection and associated high rates of infect and delayed/nonunion. The distractor/external fixator have reported good functional and anatomical results but the incidence of pin traction infection nerve injury and cosmedic deformity are high. We introduced a modified operative technique for minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) for distal radial fracture and evaluated the functional outcomes and complications.

Materials And Methods: 22 distal radial fractures (10 left, 12 right) were treated using the MIPO technique and two small incisions with a palmar locking plate from August 2009 to August 2010. The wrist function was assessed according to Dienst wrist rating system, and postoperative complications were recorded.

Results: According to Dienst wrist rating system, 13 patients showed excellent results, 6 cases showed good results and 3 patients had moderate results. No patient had poor results. Thus, the excellent and good rate was 86.4%. One patient had anesthesia in the thenar eminence and this symptom disappeared after 3 months. One patient had delayed healing in the proximal wrist crease. Two patients had mild pain on the ulnar side of the wrist and two patients had limited wrist joint function.

Conclusion: The MIPO technique by using two small palmar incisions is safe and effective for treatment of distal radial fractures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0019-5413.125483DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3931148PMC
January 2014

[Treatment of refractory sinus in the lower leg with modified VSD technique].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2012 Oct;25(10):861-3

Department of Orthopaedics, the 9th People 's Hospital of Wuxi, Hospital of Hand Surgery, Jiangsu, China.

Objective: To investigate the effects of modified vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) technique in treating refractory sinus in the lower leg.

Methods: From January 2010 to December 2011, 11 patients with refractory sinus in the lower leg, including 7 males and 4 females, with an average age of 34.5 years (ranged,23 to 56). These patients were treated with modified VSD technique after thorough cleaning sinus and continuous washing. After 14 to 21 days of treatment, removed VSD and re-debrided the sinus and sutured wound.

Results: Infections got control after operation, sinus in the lower leg healed. All patients were followed up from 6 to 14 months with an average of 10 months, no recidivations were found.

Conclusion: Modified VSD technique is an effective method in the treatment of stubborn sinus in the lower leg.
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October 2012
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