Publications by authors named "Zhao-ping Cheng"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparison of Elastic Properties of Bilateral Carotid Arteries in Relation to Site of Acute Ischemic Stroke Using Velocity Vector Imaging.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2015 Nov;128(21):2960-3

Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Diagnosis and Treatment of Cardio-Cerebral Vascular Diseases, Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250021, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0366-6999.168075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4756900PMC
November 2015

Diagnostic Value of Prospective Electrocardiogram-triggered Dual-source Computed Tomography Angiography for Infants and Children with Interrupted Aortic Arch.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2015 May;128(9):1184-9

Department of CT, Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250021, China.

Background: Accurate assessment of intra- as well as extra-cardiac malformations and radiation dosage concerns are especially crucial to infants and children with interrupted aortic arch (IAA). The purpose of this study is to investigate the value of prospective electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggered dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) angiography with low-dosage techniques in the diagnosis of IAA.

Methods: Thirteen patients with suspected IAA underwent prospective ECG-triggered DSCT scan and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). Surgery was performed on all the patients. A five-point scale was used to assess image quality. The diagnostic accuracy of DSCT angiography and TTE was compared with the surgical findings as the reference standard. A nonparametric Chi-square test was used for comparative analysis. P <0.05 was considered as a significant difference. The mean effective radiation dose (ED) was calculated.

Results: Diagnostic DSCT images were obtained for all the patients. Thirteen IAA cases with 60 separate cardiovascular anomalies were confirmed by surgical findings. The diagnostic accuracy of TTE and DSCT for total cardiovascular malformations was 93.7% and 97.9% (P > 0.05), and that for extra-cardiac vascular malformations was 92.3% and 99.0% (P < 0.05), respectively. The mean score of image quality was 3.77 ± 0.83. The mean ED was 0.30 ± 0.04 mSv (range from 0.23 mSv to 0.39 mSv).

Conclusions: In infants and children with IAA, prospective ECG-triggered DSCT with low radiation exposure and high diagnostic efficiency has higher accuracy compared to TTE in detection of extra-cardiac vascular anomalies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0366-6999.156109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4831545PMC
May 2015

[Application of prospective ECG-triggering dual-source CT angiography in infants and children with congenital heart disease].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2012 Jan;92(3):179-83

Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Medical School of Shandong University, Jinan 250021, China.

Objective: To explore the application of prospective ECG-triggering dual-source CT (DSCT) angiography in infants and children with complex congenital heart disease (CHD) compared with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE).

Methods: Eighty-seven patients (mean age: 28 months, range 3 months to 6 years; male 46; mean weight: 15 kg) underwent prospective ECG-triggering DSCT angiography and TTE. Surgery was performed in 54 patients. The overall imaging quality was evaluated on a four-point scale. Inter-observer agreement in subjective image quality grading was assessed by kappa statistics. The accuracy of DSCT angiography and TTE was calculated based on the surgery findings in the 54 patients who were performed with surgery.

Results: A total of 267 cardiovascular deformities were diagnosed by DSCT angiography, and 231 deformities were diagnosed by TTE. There was a good agreement on overall image quality (kappa = 0.78). A total of 173 cardiovascular deformities were confirmed by surgery findings in 54 patients. The accuracy of DSCT angiography and TTE was 97.69% (169/173) and 82.08% (142/173). The mean effective dose was (0.40 ± 0.08) mSv.

Conclusions: Prospective ECG-triggering DSCT angiography with a very low effective radiation dose allows the accurate diagnosis of anomalies in infants and children with complex CHD compared with TTE. It has great value for preoperative assessment of CHD.
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January 2012

Significance of the preoperative guidance of dual-source CT in carotid body tumor.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2010 Oct;123(20):2816-9

Shandong University, Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Background: Accurate views of the head and neck vessels, tumor angiogenesis and the relationship of tumor and the surrounding blood vessels are especially crucial to carotid body tumor (CBT) patients. The aim of this study was to explore the value of dual-source CT (DSCT) cerebral and carotid angiography in CBT diagnosis.

Methods: DSCT cerebral and carotid angiography was performed on nine patients with CBT. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional reconstruction images were obtained by means of multiple planar reconstructions (MPR), maximum intensity projection (MIP) and volume rendering (VR). All patients were subjected to color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) examination. Two kinds of examinations were performed in 3 days, and all patients were confirmed by surgery.

Results: DSCT angiography was successful in all patients. CBTs were diagnosed in 9 patients with 10 lesions (1 case had multiple bilateral CBTs). The largest lesion was 12 cm in diameter, and the smallest one was 1.6 cm in diameter. All patients had clearly demonstrated head and neck vessels, tumor angiogenesis, and tumor relationship with the surrounding blood vessels. The internal and external carotid artery (ICA, ECA) were involved in 2 cases. There were 7 cases with basilar artery ring integrity, and 1 case had the posterior communicating artery absent; 1 case had middle cerebral artery stenosis; 4 cases (4 tumors) showed arterial phase homogeneous enhancement; 5 cases (6 tumors) had obvious heterogeneous enhancement where irregular low-density necrosis could be seen in the tumors. CDFI could demonstrate the nearby blood vessels and tumor structure, instead of tumor angiogenesis. However, DSCT can display both the tumor and the peripheral vascular tumor angiogenesis consistent with surgical findings.

Conclusions: DSCT cerebral and carotid angiography can provide reliable information for the operation. It might be a valuable CBT diagnostic method by showing accurate views of the CBT along with the bilateral neck and brain blood vessels.
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October 2010

Diagnostic value of dual-source CT in Kawasaki disease.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2010 Mar;123(6):670-4

Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Shandong University, Ji'nan, Shandong 250021, China.

Background: Doppler color echocardiography is a common method for detecting coronary artery lesions in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD). However, the diagnostic accuracy for the whole coronary artery lesions is limited. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic value of dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) and Doppler color echocardiography for the assessment of coronary artery lesions caused by KD.

Methods: Sixteen patients, 12 with typical KD and 4 with atypical KD, underwent DSCT and Doppler color echocardiography. The position and internal diameter of each coronary artery lesion was measured. Correlation analysis was used to compare the diagnostic value of the two imaging modalities.

Results: In the typical KD group, seven patients did not have any coronary artery lesion as confirmed by both DSCT scans and Doppler color echocardiography; in four patients proximal coronary artery injuries were identified by both modalities; in one patient an aneurysm in the middle and distal segments of the coronary artery was detected by DSCT but was negative in Doppler color echocardiography. In the atypical KD group, three cases showed the same results with both modalities, while one case with coronary artery stenosis in the middle segment was identified by DSCT but not detected by Doppler color echocardiography. There was a good correlation between the two imaging modalities (Kappa value, 0.768 (>or= 0.75)).

Conclusion: DSCT coronary artery angiography is an accurate, non-invasive, and valuable technique for detecting and following up coronary artery lesions in patients with KD.
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March 2010
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