Publications by authors named "Zenab Mohseni"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Blood pressure adjustments throughout healthy and hypertensive pregnancy: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Pregnancy Hypertens 2022 Mar 11;27:51-58. Epub 2021 Dec 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maastricht University Medical Center, PO box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Radboud University Medical Center, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Gestational hypertensive complications are preceded by deviant hemodynamic adjustments affecting blood pressure. Our objective was to determine the timing and magnitude of changes in blood pressure during singleton normotensive and hypertensive pregnancies. PubMed (NCBI) and Embase (Ovid) databases were searched for relevant studies up to November 2019. Studies reporting original blood pressure measurements during pregnancy together with a non-pregnant reference measurement were included. Studies including women with a history of cardiovascular or metabolic disease, or women using antihypertensive drugs were excluded. Pooled mean differences between pregnant and non-pregnant women, and absolute blood pressure values were calculated for predefined gestational intervals in normotensive and hypertensive pregnancy, using a random-effects model. Meta-regression analysis was used to analyze group differences in adjustments. In early normotensive pregnancy, both systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased, reaching their maximum reduction of -4 mmHg (95%CI -6 to -1 mmHg) and -4 mmHg (95%CI, -5 to -3 mmHg), respectively in the second trimester. Thereafter, blood pressure gradually increased towards non-pregnant values. All absolute blood pressure measurements throughout normotensive pregnancy were below 130/80 mmHg. In hypertensive pregnancies, only diastolic blood pressure decreased early in pregnancy. In conclusion, this meta-analysis showed a clinically moderate, but significant mid-pregnancy drop in blood pressure during normotensive pregnancy. Reference curves with absolute values underscore the current liberal cut-off limit for gestational hypertension. A lack of a mid-pregnancy systolic blood pressure drop might reflect increased vascular resistance in women destined to develop hypertensive pregnancy complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2021.12.004DOI Listing
March 2022

Inappropriate left ventricular mass after HELLP syndrome inappropriate LVM after HELLP syndrome.

Pregnancy Hypertens 2022 Mar 12;27:16-22. Epub 2021 Nov 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, GROW School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center (MUMC), the Netherlands; Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht, the Netherlands; Department of Cardiology, Heart & Vascular Centre, Maastricht University Medical Center (MUMC), the Netherlands.

Objectives: Excessive left ventricular mass (LVM) results in inefficient LV work with energy waste leading to a negative prognostic effect. We aimed at investigating the presence of inappropriate LVM and calculating the myocardial mechano-energetic efficiency index (MEEi) in former pre-eclamptic (PE) women (with or without HELLP syndrome) compared to women who experienced HELLP syndrome without PE.

Study Design: In this cross-sectional study, women with a history of normotensive HELLP (n = 32), PE without HELLP (n = 59), and PE with HELLP (n = 101) underwent echocardiography as part of the clinical CV work-up after their complicated pregnancies from 6 months to 4 years postpartum. We excluded women with comorbidities, including chronic hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity.

Main Outcome Measures: LVM excess was calculated as the ratio between observed LVM and predicted LVM (by sex, stroke work and height), while MEEi was considered as the ratio between stroke work and "double product" (to approximate energy consumption), indexed to LVM.

Results: LV hypertrophy was present in 8-14% and concentric remodeling in 31-42% of women, without intergroup difference. LVM was inappropriate in one-third of normotensive former HELLP and in about one-half of PE with or without HELLP, with no difference among groups. Accordingly, without nominal difference, MEEi showed a tendency towards lower values in former pre-eclamptic individuals.

Conclusions: Women with a history of HELLP syndrome, independently from the presence/absence of PE, showed inappropriate LVM in the first 4 years after delivery, which may partially explain the elevated CV risk in these women compared to the general female population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2021.11.003DOI Listing
March 2022

Circulating miR-185-5p as a Potential Biomarker for Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy.

Cells 2021 09 28;10(10). Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Department of Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, 6229 ER Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a genetic cardiac disease characterized by progressive myocardial fibro-fatty replacement, arrhythmias and risk of sudden death. Its diagnosis is challenging and often it is achieved after disease onset or postmortem. In this study, we sought to identify circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) differentially expressed in ARVC patients compared to healthy controls. In the pilot study, we screened the expression of 754 miRNAs from 21 ARVC patients and 20 healthy controls. After filtering the miRNAs considering a log fold-change cut-off of ±1, -value < 0.05, we selected five candidate miRNAs for a subsequent validation study in which we used TaqMan-based real-time PCR to analyse samples from 37 ARVC patients and 30 healthy controls. We found miR-185-5p significantly upregulated in ARVC patients. Receiver operating characteristic analysis indicated an area under the curve of 0.854, corroborating the link of this miRNA and ARVC pathophysiology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cells10102578DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8533962PMC
September 2021

Maternal myocardial dysfunction after hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets syndrome: a speckle-tracking study.

J Hypertens 2021 10;39(10):1956-1963

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, GROW School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center (MUMC), The Netherlands.

Objectives: Pregnancy complicated by pre-eclampsia (PE) and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) diseases later in life. Subclinical cardiac alterations precede eminent CV diseases. Speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) is an effective method to assess subclinical myocardial dysfunction. We performed a myocardial speckle tracking study to investigate the prevalence of subclinical myocardial dysfunction in former PE patients (with and without HELLP syndrome) compared to normotensive women affected by HELLP syndrome.

Methods: In this cross-sectional retrospective study, women with a history of normotensive HELLP (n = 32), PE without HELLP (n = 59), and PE with HELLP (n = 101) underwent conventional and STE as part of the clinical CV work-up after their complicated pregnancies from 6 months to 4 years postpartum. We excluded women with comorbidities, including chronic hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity.

Results: Women with a history of PE with HELLP syndrome were characterized by a higher prevalence of altered left ventricular circumferential and global longitudinal two-dimensional (2D) strain (74 and 20%, respectively), altered right ventricular longitudinal 2D strain (37%), and left atrial (LA) 2D strain (57%). Moreover, a higher proportion of alterations of biventricular and LA strains was also present in former PE without HELLP as well as in the normotensive HELLP group.

Conclusions: In the first years after a pregnancy complicated by HELLP syndrome, irrespective of whether there was concomitant PE, a higher rate of abnormal STE myocardial function is observed. Therefore, these women may benefit from CV risk management.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0000000000002901DOI Listing
October 2021

Adaptation of left ventricular diastolic function to pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Hypertens 2021 10;39(10):1934-1941

Department of Cardiology, Maastricht University Medical Center (MUMC+), The Netherlands.

Objective: To meta-analytically determine the adaptation of left ventricular diastolic function (LVDF)-indices to singleton normotensive pregnancies.

Methods: Literature was retrieved from PubMed and Embase. We included studies that reported a nonpregnant reference measurement and LVDF indices (mitral inflow signals, left atrial volume and tissue Doppler measurements). Mean differences between pregnant and reference measurements and weighted means of absolute values were calculated using a random-effects model.

Results: We included 34 eligible studies. Normotensive pregnancies were characterized by an initially larger increase in the passive left ventricular filling (E-wave peak velocity, 13%) compared to active left ventricular filling during diastole (A-wave peak velocity, 6%) resulting in a 16% increase of the E/A ratio in the first trimester. The E/A ratio progressively decreased during advancing gestation to -18% at term, resulting from stabilizing E-wave peak velocity and increased A-wave peak velocity. The E/e' ratio was increased between 22 and 35 weeks (a maximal increase of 13%) in normotensive pregnancy. Left atrial volume (LAV) progressively increased from 15 weeks onwards with a maximal increase of 30% between 36 and 41 weeks.

Conclusion: LVDF in normotensive pregnancy was improved in the first trimester after which LVDF progressively worsened. Large-scale studies in normotensive and hypertensive complicated pregnancies are needed for a more precise insight into LVDF changes during pregnancy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0000000000002886DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8452327PMC
October 2021

Cardiac dysfunction after preeclampsia; an overview of pro- and anti-fibrotic circulating effector molecules.

Pregnancy Hypertens 2021 Mar 24;23:140-154. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+), The Netherlands; Department of Cardiology, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+), The Netherlands.

Preeclampsia (PE) is strongly associated with heart failure (HF) later in life. The aberrant cardiac remodelling is likely initiated or amplified during preeclamptic pregnancy. Aberrant remodelling often persists after delivery and is known to relate strongly to cardiac fibrosis. This review provides an overview of pro- and anti- fibrotic circulating effector molecules that are involved in cardiac fibrosis and their association with PE. Women with PE complicated pregnancies show increased ANG-II sensitivity and elevated levels of the pro-fibrotic factors IL-6, TNF-α, TGs and FFAs compared to uncomplicated pregnancies. In the postpartum period, PE pregnancies compared to uncomplicated pregnancies have increased ANG-II sensitivity, elevated levels of the pro-fibrotic factors IL-6, TNF-α, LDL cholesterol and leptin, as well as decreased levels of the anti-fibrotic factor adiponectin. The review revealed several profibrotic molecules that associate to cardiac fibrosis during and after PE. The role that these fibrotic factors have on the heart during and after PE may improve the understanding of the link between PE and HF. Furthermore they may provide insight into the pathways in which the relation between both diseases can be understood as potential mechanisms which interfere in the process of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Unravelling the molecular mechanism and pathways involved might bring the diagnostic and therapeutic abilities of those factors a step closer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2020.12.001DOI Listing
March 2021

Circulating miR-216a as a biomarker of metabolic alterations and obesity in women.

Noncoding RNA Res 2020 Sep 22;5(3):144-152. Epub 2020 Aug 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School for Oncology & Developmental Biology (GROW), Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+), the Netherlands.

Obesity leads to an amplified risk of disease and contributes to the occurrence of type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease and various types of cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNA molecules of 20-25 nucleotides, can remain stable in plasma and have been studied as potential (predictive) biomarkers for obesity and related metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to identify circulating miRNAs as biomarkers for obesity status and metabolic alterations in women. Circulating miR-216a and miR-155-5p were selected by miRNA expression profiling and validated by real time quantitative PCR in a validation cohort of 60 obese women and 60 normal weight-age-matched control women. This was supplemented by correlation analysis of the candidate miRNA and anthropometric variables, blood biochemistry and lipid profile markers. Circulating miR-216a was validated as a biomarker of obesity status with significantly reduced levels in obese women. Interestingly, this was associated with a negative correlation between the plasma miR-216a content and body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, mean arterial pressure (MAP), triglycerides, ratio of total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and high sensitivity-C reactive protein (hs-CRP).Taken together, we provide evidence for an abnormally expressed circulating miRNA, miR-216a, with additive value as a predictive marker for obesity that correlates with metabolic alterations presented by lipid profile and inflammatory markers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ncrna.2020.08.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7479169PMC
September 2020

Maternal myocardial dysfunction after normotensive fetal growth restriction compared with hypertensive pregnancies: a speckle-tracking study.

J Hypertens 2020 10;38(10):1955-1963

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, GROW School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center (MUMC), The Netherlands.

Objective: Pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction (FGR) relates to increased risk of cardiovascular disease later in life, but to different extents. Subclinical cardiac alterations precede eminent cardiovascular disease. Speckle-tracking echocardiography is an elegant method to assess subclinical myocardial dysfunction. We performed a myocardial speckle tracking study to evaluate the prevalence of subclinical myocardial dysfunction in former preeclampsia patients (with and without FGR) compared with normotensive women with FGR.

Methods: For this cross-sectional study, we retrospectively selected women with a history of normotensive FGR (n = 17), preeclampsia with FGR (n = 26) and preeclampsia without FGR (n = 134) who underwent conventional echocardiography as part of the clinical cardiovascular work-up after complicated pregnancies between 6 months and 4 years postpartum in Maastricht, The Netherlands. We excluded women with chronic hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and obesity.

Results: Women with normotensive FGR showed subclinical left ventricular (LV) impairment in systodiastolic function with concentric remodeling, slight alteration in right ventricular systolic function and left atrial strain, similarly to the preeclampsia group independently from the fetal growth. LV hypertrophy was only present in about 10% of cases who experienced preeclampsia (independently from the fetal growth) but not in those with normotensive FGR.

Conclusion: Similar to women with a history preeclampsia, women with a history of normotensive pregnancy but with FGR have abnormal myocardial function, shown with speckle-tracking echocardiography. Therefore, both preeclampsia and normotensive FGR should be viewed upon as risk indicator for subclinical myocardial impairment that may benefit from cardiovascular risk management.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0000000000002496DOI Listing
October 2020
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