Publications by authors named "Zdeněk Vytlačil"

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A time of change: dietary reconstruction of the Merovingian cemetery of Norroy-le-Veneur, France.

Anthropol Anz 2018 Dec;75(4):325-338

Department of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Viničná 7, 128 43, Praha 2, Czech Republic.

The aim of this work was to analyse the diet of a Merovingian population sample of 80 individuals buried at Norroy-le-Veneur, France, with regard to their social status and chronology. A carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis of human adult bone collagen and related fauna from the same cemetery showed a diet based primarily on C plants, supplemented with animal protein in a range comparable to other contemporary sites. No significant contribution of C plants (e.g. millet) or marine-derived protein was detected. In terms of socio-economic stratification, individuals buried with rich grave good assemblages formed a narrow group with a significantly higher mean of δC than low-ranking individuals. We argue that this may represent a step in the gradual formation of the dietary exclusivity of Frankish elites, following a progressive rise in power of the Merovingian nobility. Also, during the timespan of the cemetery there was a population-wide decrease of 0.3 ‰ in the mean value of δC. The role of the Christian conversion of the population is questioned, but another factor influencing diet might have played a role.
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December 2018