Publications by authors named "Zaneta Słyk"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Anticancer activity of topical ointments with histone deacetylase inhibitor, trichostatin A.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2020 Sep;29(9):1039-1049

Department of Applied Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Trichostatin A (TSA), being a strong specific histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, may lead to the inhibition of growth, differentiation and/or apoptosis of cells in a number of tumors. Semisolid drug formulations for topical release of anticancer agents may be an alternative strategy or a supplement of the systemic therapy.

Objectives: To prepare semisolid formulations with TSA to be used directly on the skin and to assess the anticancer effect in vivo on a mouse model with L1 neoplastic tumors.

Material And Methods: Twenty-four formulations were prepared in the form of semisolid systems containing TSA as the active ingredient. Then, an in vitro study was performed concerning the release of the active substance from the prepared formulations. Four formulations were selected for in vivo studies: oil-in-water cream, hydrogel, w/o emulsion ointment on the absorptive hydrophobic medium, and o/w emulsion gel. The tumor size and mouse body weight were measured during the experiment. The tumors and healthy skin of the mice were assessed regarding the skin barrier function with the Corneometer and Tewameter probes.

Results: The semisolid formulation with TSA applied on the skin reduced the growth of neoplastic tumors as compared with the control group. This is especially pronounced in the case of w/o emulsion ointment and o/w emulsion gel. The Corneometer shows that neoplastic tumor growth and formulations on the skin have no effect on the skin condition in comparison with the mouse skin without tumor. The measurement performed with the Tewameter has revealed impaired skin barrier function of neoplastic tumors.

Conclusions: Semisolid formulations with TSA fit well in the mainstream of research into topical medicines applied directly on neoplastic tumors, which may support and supplement current oncological treatment.
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September 2020

Increased temperature-related adeno-associated virus vectors transduction of ovarian cancer cells - essential signatures of AAV receptor and heat shock proteins.

Exp Ther Med 2019 Dec 21;18(6):4718-4732. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Department of Applied Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy with Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw 02-097, Poland.

Recombinant adeno-associated viruses (rAAVs) are becoming more commonly used in clinical trials involving gene therapy. Additionally AAV-based drugs have already been registered. Gene therapy aims to increase transduction efficiency, increase selectivity and reduce side effects. One approach to achieve this is the use of physical factors, such as temperature or more specifically, hyperthermia, which is already utilized in oncology. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of hyperthermic conditions (40°C and 43°C) on the rAAV transduction efficiency of ovarian cancer cells (Caov-3 and NIH:OVCAR-3) and non-cancerous cells (AAV-293). The present study was designed to identify functional associations between the level of gene transfer and the expression of representative genes for rAAV transmission (AAVR (AAV receptor), heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) 1 and HSPG2) and heat shock proteins (HSPs). The expressions of selected genes were measured via reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and cell adhesion/invasion chamber tests were also performed. The results revealed that ovarian cancer cell lines were more efficiently transduced with rAAV vectors at an elevated temperature. Additionally, the expression patterns of AAVR, HSPG1 and HSPG2 genes were different between the tested lines. The expression of certain receptors in ascites-derived NIH:OVCAR-3 ovarian cancer cells was higher compared with tumor-derived Caov-3 cells at 37, 40 and 43°C, which indicates a higher transduction efficiency in the formerly mentioned cells. Ascites-derived ovarian cancer cells were characterized by high expressions of HSP40, HSP90 and HSP70 families. Lower levels of HSP expression were demonstrated in less-effectively transduced Caov-3 cells. Furthermore, expressions of the examined genes changed with increasing temperature. The results indicated that temperature-dependent transduction is associated with the expression of the rAAV receptor and HSP genes. The results of the current study may aid the design of effective protocols for ovarian cancer gene therapy.
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December 2019