Publications by authors named "Zaixian Tai"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Construction and Validation of a Platinum Sensitivity Predictive Model With Multiple Genomic Variations for Epithelial Ovarian Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 16;11:725264. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing, China.

Platinum-based chemotherapy is still the standard of care after cytoreductive surgery in the first-line treatment for epithelial ovarian cancer. This study aims to integrate novel biomarkers for predicting platinum sensitivity in EOC after initial cytoreductive surgery precisely. To this end, 60 patients were recruited from September 2014 to October 2019. Based on the duration of progress-free survival, 44 and 16 patients were assigned to platinum-sensitive and platinum-resistant group, respectively. Next generation sequencing was performed to dissect the genomic features of ovarian tumors obtained from surgery. Multiple genomic variations were compared between two groups, including single-nucleotide variant, single base or indel signature, loss of heterozygosity (LOH), whole-genome duplication (WGD), and others. The results demonstrated that patients with characteristics including positive SBS10a signature (p < 0.05), or LOH (p < 0.01), or negative WGD (p < 0.01) were significantly enriched in platinum-sensitive group. Consistently, patients with positive SBS10a signature (15.8 10.1 months, p < 0.05), or LOH (16.5 9.2 months, p < 0.05), or negative WGD (16.5 9.1 months, p < 0.05) have significantly longer PFS than those without these genetic features. By integrating these three biomarkers, a lasso regression model was employed to train and test for all patients, with the AUC value 0.864 in platinum sensitivity prediction. Notably, 388 ovarian cancer patients from TCGA dataset were leveraged as independent validation cohort with AUC value 0.808, suggesting the favorable performance and reliability of this model.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.725264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8481766PMC
September 2021

Whole exome and transcriptome sequencing reveal clonal evolution and exhibit immune-related features in metastatic colorectal tumors.

Cell Death Discov 2021 Aug 27;7(1):222. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Cancer Center, Daping Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), No.10 Changjiang Zhilu, Daping Yuzhong District, 400038, Chongqing, P.R. China.

Liver is the most common site where metastatic lesions of colorectal cancer (CRC) arise. Although researches have shown mutations in driver genes, copy number variations (CNV) and alterations in relevant signaling pathways promoted the tumor evolution and immune escape during colorectal liver metastasis (CLM), the underlying mechanism remains largely elusive. Tumor and matched metastatic tissues were collected from 16 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer and subjected to whole-exome sequencing (WES) and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) for studying colorectal cancer clonal evolution and immune escape during CLM. Shared somatic mutations between primary and metastatic tissues with a commonly observed subclonal-clonal (S-C) changing pattern indicated a common clonal origin between two lesions. The recurrent mutations with S-C changing pattern included those in KRAS, SYNE1, CACNA1H, PCLO, FBXL2, and DNAH11. The main CNV events underwent clonal-clonal evolution (20q amplification (amp), 17p deletion (del), 18q del and 8p del), subclonal-clonal evolution (8q amp, 13q amp, 8p del) and metastasis-specific evolution (8q amp) during the process of CLM. In addition, we revealed a potential mechanism of tumor cell immune escape by analyzing human leukocytes antigens (HLA) related clonal neoantigens and immune cell components in CLM. Our study proposed a novel liver metastasis-related evolutionary process in colorectal cancer and emphasized the theory of neo-immune escape in colorectal liver metastasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41420-021-00607-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8397721PMC
August 2021

Whole-exome sequencing reveals genetic underpinnings of salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma in the Chinese population.

J Genet Genomics 2020 07 10;47(7):397-401. Epub 2020 Aug 10.

Department of Clinical Trial Center, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100021, China. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jgg.2020.07.001DOI Listing
July 2020

TCR-Seq Identifies Distinct Repertoires of Distant-Metastatic and Nondistant-Metastatic Thyroid Tumors.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2020 09;105(9)

Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Context: Malignant thyroid tumor with distant metastasis is associated with poor outcome. Early detection of distant metastasis is of great clinical importance.

Objective: Thyroid tumor infiltrated with T cells can serve as a biomarker for monitoring metastasis.

Design: A retrospective analysis was performed of patient clinical samples collected between 2012 to 2018, using T-cell receptor sequencing (TCR-seq) for clinical exploration.

Setting: This study took place at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital.

Patients: Sixty-eight patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) (distinct metastatic status) and 21 patients with benign nodules were enrolled. All patients had not received any treatment before surgery.

Main Outcome Measure: The characteristics of TCRβ complementary-determining region 3 (CDR3) for each patient were determined by high-throughput sequencing.

Results: The TCRβ diversity of malignant tumors is significantly higher than benign nodules both in blood and tumor samples (Shannon index, blood, P < .01; tumor, P < .001). The malignant tumors with distant metastasis or invasiveness showed lower TCRβ diversity than nonmetastasis (Shannon index, P < .01) or noninvasive (Shannon index, P < .01) malignant tumors. Analysis of the Morisita-Horn similarity index indicated significant TCRβ repertoire similarity between tumor and blood in distant-metastatic patients (comparison with nonmetastasis, P < .05). According to the discrepancy of the CDR3 among patients with different clinicopathological status, the classifier was constructed to discriminate distant-metastatic individuals. A promising area under the curve value of 83.8% was obtained with the number of overlapping CDR3 clonotypes.

Conclusion: The availability and reliability of TCR-seq render it prospective to translate these intrinsic attributes into clinical practice for monitoring distant metastasis in PTC patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgaa452DOI Listing
September 2020
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