Publications by authors named "Zahra Fahimi"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effects of blackberry () fruit juice on levodopa-induced dyskinesia in a mice model of Parkinson's disease.

J Exp Pharmacol 2018 4;10:29-35. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Herbal Pharmacology Research Center, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran,

Background And Objective: Levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) is a movement disorder that occurs due to levodopa consumption for a long period to attenuate Parkinsonism. Plants have been the basis for medical treatments in human history and still widely practiced. Blackberry () is one of the fruits rich in anthocyanin. The present study examined the effect of blackberry fruit juice on LID in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced Parkinson's disease in mice.

Materials And Methods: In this study, 42 male mice were used, which were divided into six groups equally: one control group and five groups receiving MPTP injection. After confirmation of Parkinsonism in MPTP groups, one group was preserved without treatment and four other groups were treated with levodopa (50 mg/kg ip). After the onset of LID (2 weeks), one group was kept without additional treatment and three other groups were treated with three different doses of blackberry fruit juice (5, 10, and 15 mL/kg) with levodopa orally for 7 days. Abnormal involuntary movement scale (AIMS) and cylinder behavioral test were carried out according to the schedule. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS software with the significant level of <0.05.

Results: Parkinson's disease was confirmed with AIMS test on the fourth day after MPTP injection. The onset of LID was observed after 2 weeks of levodopa treatment using both behavioral tests. The result of administration of fruit juice for 1 week showed that this addition is useful in hindering LID. These effects were more pronounced at doses 10 and 15 mL/kg with nearly the same results on attenuating AIMS. Low dose of the fruit juice does not seem to affect LID significantly.

Conclusion: fruit juice is effective to attenuate LID in an MPTP-induced Parkinson mice model.
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July 2018

Diffusing-wave spectroscopy in a standard dynamic light scattering setup.

Phys Rev E 2017 Dec 18;96(6-1):062611. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5600MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

Diffusing-wave spectroscopy (DWS) extends dynamic light scattering measurements to samples with strong multiple scattering. DWS treats the transport of photons through turbid samples as a diffusion process, thereby making it possible to extract the dynamics of scatterers from measured correlation functions. The analysis of DWS data requires knowledge of the path length distribution of photons traveling through the sample. While for flat sample cells this path length distribution can be readily calculated and expressed in analytical form; no such expression is available for cylindrical sample cells. DWS measurements have therefore typically relied on dedicated setups that use flat sample cells. Here we show how DWS measurements, in particular DWS-based microrheology measurements, can be performed in standard dynamic light scattering setups that use cylindrical sample cells. To do so we perform simple random-walk simulations that yield numerical predictions of the path length distribution as a function of both the transport mean free path and the detection angle. This information is used in experiments to extract the mean-square displacement of tracer particles in the material, as well as the corresponding frequency-dependent viscoelastic response. An important advantage of our approach is that by performing measurements at different detection angles, the average path length through the sample can be varied. For measurements performed on a single sample cell, this gives access to a wider range of length and time scales than obtained in a conventional DWS setup. Such angle-dependent measurements also offer an important consistency check, as for all detection angles the DWS analysis should yield the same tracer dynamics, even though the respective path length distributions are very different. We validate our approach by performing measurements both on aqueous suspensions of tracer particles and on solidlike gelatin samples, for which we find our DWS-based microrheology data to be in good agreement with rheological measurements performed on the same samples.
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December 2017

Injectable hydrogels from segmented PEG-bisurea copolymers.

Biomacromolecules 2012 Dec 28;13(12):3966-76. Epub 2012 Nov 28.

Laboratory for Macromolecular and Organic Chemistry, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute for Complex Molecular Systems, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

We describe the preparation of an injectable, biocompatible, and elastic segmented copolymer hydrogel for biomedical applications, with segmented hydrophobic bisurea hard segments and hydrophilic PEG segments. The segmented copolymers were obtained by the step growth polymerization of amino-terminated PEG and aliphatic diisocyanate. Due to their capacity for multiple hydrogen bonding within the hydrophobic segments, these copolymers can form highly stable gels in water at low concentrations. Moreover, the gels show shear thinning by a factor of 40 at large strain, which allows injection through narrow gauge needles. Hydrogel moduli are highly tunable via the physical cross-link density and the length of the hydrophilic segments. In particular, the mechanical properties can be optimized to match the properties of biological host tissues such as muscle tissue and the extracellular matrix.
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December 2012