Publications by authors named "Zafer Tokatli"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Does the power of the laser devices matter for a successful HoLEP procedure? A prospective comparative study.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 15:e14531. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Urology, Biruni University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: The objectives of this prospective study were to evaluate the efficiency, safety and applicability of medium-power (MP) holmium laser devices in the endoscopic enucleation of the enlarged prostate (HoLEP) compared with high-power (HP) laser devices.

Methods: From October 2019 to July 2020, a total of 120 consecutive patients planned for HoLEP were divided randomly into two groups formed in terms of the power of the device used. While patients in group 1 were treated with a MP device (50 W) at 39.6 W (2.2 J/18 Hz), patients in group 2 were treated with HP (100 W) device at 42 W (1.2 J/35 Hz). Preoperative patient characteristics, perioperative measures and 3-month functional outcomes were evaluated in both groups with an emphasis on enucleation efficiency (EE) and haemoglobin decrease in a comparative manner.

Results: All patients underwent successful HoLEP surgery with no severe perioperative and postoperative complications. No statistically significant differences were observed in terms of preoperative patient characteristics and perioperative measures in the two groups. The median EE values in groups 1 and 2 were 1.15 (interquartile range [IQR]: 0.33-2.2) and 1.11 (IQR: 0.4-2.8), respectively (P = .775). Haemoglobin decrease values in groups 1 and 2 were 1.3 (IQR: 0.1-4) and 1.4 (IQR: 0.4-3.1), respectively (P = .736). There was no difference in terms of either catheterisation time or hospital stay in the groups. In the model created to predict haemoglobin decrease, only biopsy was detected to be the independent predictive factor among the data from laser device, biopsy and antithrombotic use. Functional outcomes markedly improved in all patients without any statistically significant difference between the groups in the 3-month follow-up.

Conclusion: Our comparative study indicated that HoLEP can be performed safely and effectively with MP laser devices without any technical difficulties and with comparable results achieved in HP laser devices.
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June 2021

Comparison of 3 Different Enucleation Techniques of Holmium Laser Enucleation of Prostate (HoLEP).

Urol J 2020 06 23;17(4):408-412. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Urology, Medicana International Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of different enucleation techniques on operation time, enucleation efficacy and postoperative results.

Materials And Methods: 178 HoLEP cases performed by two senior surgeons were evaluated retrospectively. All patients were evaluated for age, IPSS, preoperative PSA, prostate size, maximum flow rate (Qmax) postvoid residual volume (PVR), enucleation time, morcellation time, enucleated tissue weight, enucleation ratio (enucleated tissue weight/prostate volume) and enucleation time efficacy (enucleated weight/enucleation time). Patients were categorized into three groups according to performed enucleation techniques; Retrograde Low Tension (RLT) two-lobe, traditional three-lobe, and en bloc techniques. IPSS, Qmax, PVR and transient urine leakage (TUL) were evaluated during postoperative follow up. All preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative results were compared between 3 groups.

Results: Mean age was 70.52 (52-85) years. Baseline data were comparable between groups. Enucleation time was significantly shorter in RLT two-lobe (median; 50, 60 and 60 min; RLT two-lobe, traditional three-lobe, and en bloc HoLEP techniques, respectively. (P = .031). Morcellation time was comparable between groups (P = .532). No significant difference was observed between morcellated prostate weights (P = .916) Significant improvements in IPSS, Qmax, and PVR were noted in all groups (P < .001). TUL was significantly increased in en bloc technique (P = .034). Postoperative stricture rates were similar between groups. (P = .769) Conclusion: Shorter enucleation time was observed in the RLT HoLEP technique and increased TUL rate was observed in the en bloc technique.
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June 2020

Comparison of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for treatment of stone disease in horseshoe kidney patients.

Int Braz J Urol 2016 Jan-Feb;42(1):96-100

Department of Urology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: In this study it is aimed to compare the success and complication rates of SWL and RIRS in treatment of HSK stone disease.

Materials And Methods: In this retrospective study data of 67 patients treated with either SWL (n=44) or RIRS (n=23) for stone disease in HSK between May 2003 to August 2014 was investigated. age, gender, stone size and multiplicity, stone free status, renal colic episodes and complication rates of the SWL and RIRS groups were compared.

Results: Mean age of the population was 42.5±8.2 (range: 16-78) years and mean stone size was 16.9±4.1 mm. SWL and RIRS groups were similar with regard to demographic characteristics and stone related characteristics. SFR of the SWL and RIRS groups were 47.7%(21/44 patients) and 73.9% (17/23 patients) respectively (p=0.039). Renal colic episodes were observed in 3 and 16 patients in the RIRS and SWL groups respectively (p=0.024). No statistically significant complications were observed between the SWL (8/44 patients) and RIRS (4/23) groups (p=0.936).

Conclusions: In HSK patients with stone disease, both SWL and RIRS are effective and safe treatment modalities. However RIRS seems to maintain higher SFRs with comparable complication rates.
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March 2017

Supine or prone position for mini-PNL procedure: does it matter.

Urolithiasis 2015 Jun 21;43(3):261-4. Epub 2015 Feb 21.

Department of Urology, Doruk Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

In this study it is aimed to compare the success and complication rates of mini-PNL procedure in supine and prone positions. In this retrospective study data of 180 patients treated with MPNL either in supine (n = 54) or prone (n = 126) positions between May 2009 and August 2014 was investigated. Success was defined as no visible stones >2 mm. Perioperative complications were classified using the modified Clavien system. Groups were compared with Chi square test or Student t test and for statistical significance p value of 0.05 was accepted. Mean age of the population was 42.5 ± 8.2 years and mean stone size was 23.9 ± 4.1 mm. The two groups were similar with regard to demographic characteristics and stone related characteristics except the ASA status. Success rates of the supine and prone groups were 85.1 and 87.3%, respectively (p = 0.701). No statistically significant differences in terms of complications were observed. Mean operative time was the only parameter different between the two groups (55 vs 82 min, p = 0.001). Supine position for PNL seems to be promising and the complication and success rates are shown to be similar to the prone position with MPNL technique. The only significant benefit of this technique is shorter operative time.
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June 2015

A new robot for flexible ureteroscopy: development and early clinical results (IDEAL stage 1-2b).

Eur Urol 2014 Dec 21;66(6):1092-100. Epub 2014 Jul 21.

Department of Urology, SLK Kliniken Heilbronn, Heilbronn, Germany; Department of Urology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: An improved armamentarium has had a significant impact on the emerging role of flexible ureteroscopy (FURS) for the management of nephrolithiasis; however, FURS still represents a challenging technique.

Objective: To examine a robotic device designed for FURS for its impact on ergonomics and outcome of the procedure based on the IDEAL (idea, development, evaluation, assessment, long-term study) framework.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Roboflex Avicenna consists of a surgeon's console and a manipulator for the flexible ureterorenoscope. Following experimental evaluation of the prototype (IDEAL stage 1) and receipt of ethical approval, seven surgeons treated 81 patients (mean age: 42 yr [range: 6-68]) with renal calculi (mean volume: 1296±544 mm(3) [range: 432-3100 mm3]) in an observational study (IDEAL stage 2).

Surgical Procedure: Robotic FURS was performed with the Roboflex Avicenna robotic device.

Outcome Measurements And Statistical Analysis: Numerical data were analysed with the Mann-Whitney test, and categorical variables were analysed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact test. P values <0.05 were considered statistically significant.

Results And Limitations: Mean robot docking time was 59.6±45 s. Mean operative time was 74min (range: 40-182). Mean fragmentation speed was 29.1±6.1 mm3/min. Ergonomics based on a validated questionnaire showed significant advantage for robotic FURS (total score: 5.6 vs 31.3; p<0.01). A 10/12F-access sheath was used in 72 patients. Two cases required secondary FURS, one because of malfunction of the flexible digital ureteroscope and another because of larger residual fragments. In the remaining 79 cases, complete stone disintegration was accomplished.

Conclusions: Roboflex Avicenna provides a suitable and safe platform for robotic FURS with significant improvement of ergonomics. Future studies should evaluate its impact on the clinical outcome of FURS.

Patient Summary: Robotic flexible ureteroscopy (FURS) was performed with the Roboflex Avicenna robotic device. Results showed that Roboflex Avicenna provides a suitable and safe platform for robotic FURS with significant improvement of ergonomics.
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December 2014

Comparison of retrograde intrarenal surgery and mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children with moderate-size kidney stones: results of multi-institutional analysis.

Urology 2012 Sep 5;80(3):519-23. Epub 2012 Jun 5.

Kecioren Training and Research Hospital, Department of Urology, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: To compare the outcomes of miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mini-perc) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in children for 10- to 30-mm renal calculi by evaluating operative data, stone-free rates, and associated complications.

Methods: The records of 201 pediatric patients who underwent mini-perc (n = 106) or RIRS (n = 95) for intrarenal stones of 10- to 30-mm size were reviewed retrospectively. The χ(2) test was applied to compare the success rates, postoperative complications, and blood transfusion rates, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the means of hospital stay, fluoroscopy, and operative time for mini-perc and RIRS.

Results: The stone-free rate was 84.2% for the RIRS group and 85.8% for the mini-perc group after a single procedure (P = .745). These percentages increased to 92.6% and 94.3% with adjunctive therapies for RIRS and mini-perc, respectively. Minor complications classified as Clavien I or II occurred in 17% and 8.4% in mini-perc and RIRS, respectively. No major complications (Clavien III-V) occurred in either group. Overall complication rates in mini-perc were higher, but the differences were not statistically significant (P = .07). However, 7 patients in the mini-perc group received blood transfusions, whereas none of the children in the RIRS group were transfused (P = .015). The mean hospital stay, fluoroscopy, and operation times were significantly longer in the mini-perc group.

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that RIRS is an effective alternative to mini-perc in pediatric patients with intermediate-sized renal stones. Operative time, radiation exposure, hospital stay, and morbidities of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) can be significantly reduced with the RIRS technique.
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September 2012

US and MDCT findings in a caudal blind ending bifid ureter with calculi.

Clin Pract 2011 Jul 17;1(3):e77. Epub 2011 Nov 17.

Radiology Department, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ibni Sina Hospital;

Herein we present a rare ureteric duplication anomaly; blind ending bifid ureter with calculi which is asymptomatic unless complicated by infection, reflux, calculi or malignancy. The diagnosis is often missed at intravenous urography (IVU) and US because the ipsilateral ureter and kidney are grossly normal. In this case the diagnosis was established with ultrasound (US) and mainly with multidetector computerized tomography (MDCT) imaging using multiplanar reformats and 3-D reconstructions which were unique to this case. MDCT scans not only revealed the exact diagnosis and anatomic relationships but also ruled out other pathologies included in the differential diagnosis as well, such as ureter and bladder diverticula.
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July 2011

Effect of intralesional interferon-alpha 2b combined with oral vitamin E for treatment of early stage Peyronie's disease: a randomized and prospective study.

Urology 2006 May 11;67(5):1038-42. Epub 2006 Apr 11.

Department of Urology, University of Ankara School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: To compare the efficacy and safety of intralesional interferon-alpha 2b combined with oral vitamin E or intralesional interferon-alpha 2b alone or oral vitamin E alone for the treatment of Peyronie's disease.

Methods: From January 2000 to March 2002, a total of 30 consecutive men with Peyronie's disease were randomized prospectively into three different treatment groups. All the patients were assessed objectively with penile duplex Doppler ultrasonography for plaque size, location, and presence of calcification before and after treatment. Subjective data were obtained by querying about the improvement in penile pain and by using the "global efficacy question" for the assessment of the quality of sexual intercourse at the end of the study. A total of 5.0 x 10(6) U of interferon-alpha 2b was given once per week directly into the plaque for a period of 12 weeks. Patients received 400 IU of vitamin E orally twice daily for 6 months.

Results: At the 6-month follow-up visit, we did not find any statistically significant changes in the objective parameters when compared with the initial findings in each group or among the three groups (P >0.05). We did not observe any clinically significant improvement in the subjective parameters among the three groups (P >0.05). However, all patients who were treated with interferon-alpha 2b experienced brief flu-like side effects.

Conclusions: Our findings indicate that 5 million units of intralesional interferon-alpha 2b injection therapy either alone or in combination with vitamin E does not appear to be clinically effective in the management of early stage Peyronie's disease compared with only oral vitamin E.
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May 2006

Characteristics of sildenafil erections in healthy young men.

Asian J Androl 2005 Dec;7(4):395-8

Department of Urology, University of Ankara, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim: To determine the effect of sildenafil citrate on the nocturnal penile erections (i.e. time to onset, the duration of erection, and the interval between first and second erections) of healthy young men.

Methods: Twenty-two potent men, 23-29 years old, were recruited for the study. All subjects completed three sessions over consecutive nights using the RigiScan monitoring device (Dacomed, Minneapolis, USA). After a first night of adaptation, night 2 records were their baseline values, and on night 3 they received 100 mg of sildenafil citrate. Statistical comparisons were done between the second and third night data.

Results: The mean time to onset of the first erection with sildenafil citrate was (34+/-18) min, whereas it was (74+/-24) min (P 0.0001) without sildenafil citrate. The number of erections observed during the first 5 h after sildenafil citrate medication was 3.6+/-0.5 in contrast to 2.4+/-0.5 with no medication (P=0.001). The interval between first and second erections was shorter with sildenafil citrate: (52+/-26) min vs. (85+/-34) min (P = 0.01). The duration of the last erection was statistically significantly longer with the sildenafil citrate: (64 +/-33) min vs. (42 +/-28) min (P 0.001).

Conclusion: Healthy young men achieved erection within 34 min after sildenafil citrate administration, which is shorter than the 1 h interval proposed by the manufacturer. The interval between the first and second erections was shorter and the duration of the last nocturnal erection was longer.
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December 2005

Long-term results of Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty in 180 adults in the era of endourologic procedures.

Urol Int 2004 ;73(1):11-4

Department of Urology, Ankara University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: The aim of the present study wasto evaluate the long-term results of adult open pyeloplasties performed by the Anderson-Hynes technique in the era of new endourologic procedures.

Materials And Methods: The medical records of 180 adult patients who underwent Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty with a diagnosis of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction, were retrospectively reviewed. Pre- and postoperative results were compared with clinical, radiologic and radionuclide studies. The mean age of the patients was 33.2 (16-65) years. The minimum clinical follow-up time was 12 months and the mean time from the operation was 9.4 years (between 1 and 17 years).

Results: Success was defined as resolution of symptoms and decrease in pyelocaliceal volume and calicectasis. The overall success rate was 91.1%. The success rate was between 93.1 and 100% in patients with grades I-III and 62.5% in patients with grade IV hydronephrosis and contribute to renal function less than 25%. The pyelocaliceal volume returned to normal in 39 (21.7%) patients, significantly decreased in 82 (45.5%), and the flow of contrast media from renal pelvis to ureter improved in 43 (23.9%) and did not change or increased in 16 (8.9%). The failure happened in the first 3 months in 57% of patients and in long-term follow-up in 43% of patients.

Conclusion: Despite newer endoscopic techniques, Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty, with an over 90% success rate remains the gold standard in the treatment of primary UPJ obstruction.
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October 2004

Stratification of penile vascular pathologies in patients with Peyronie's disease and in men with erectile dysfunction according to age: a comparative study.

J Urol 2004 Jul;172(1):259-62

Section of Andrology, Department of Urology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA.

Purpose: Erectile dysfunction (ED) occurs in 20% to 54% of men with Peyronie's disease (PD). We investigated the role of vascular status in the pathophysiology of ED in patients with PD.

Materials And Methods: A total of 509 consecutive men with PD (group 1--impotent 259, 1a, and potent 250, 1b, mean age +/- SD 54.6 +/- 4.4 years) and 507 consecutive men with ED only (group 2--mean age 49.4 +/- 12.4 years) underwent penile duplex ultrasonography (PDU). Detailed sexual and medical history, and focused physical examination were performed in all patients. Patients in the 2, groups were stratified according to age (18 to 80 years) and classified according to PDU results (normal vascular status, arterial insufficiency, veno-occlusive dysfunction [VOD] and mixed vascular pathology).

Results: VOD was observed in 23.1% and 42.8% of patients in groups 1 and 2, respectively (p <0.05). Although VOD was significantly more common in group 2 (ED alone) than in group 1a (PD plus ED) in the third decade (p <0.05), overall PDU results showed no statistical difference for VOD between these 2 groups (p >0.05). Of note, mixed vascular pathologies were significantly higher in group 1a than in group 2 in the third through fifth decades (p <0.05), while arterial insufficiency was more common in the seventh decade (p <0.05).

Conclusions: While many groups have investigated the vascular causes of ED, the exact etiology of ED in men with PD remains controversial. A possible relationship between ED and VOD in patients with PD has been previously reported. The current PDU study demonstrates that for all ages except 30 to 39 years the prevalence of VOD in patients with PD plus ED is similar to that of patients with ED alone.
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July 2004

Increased prostate-specific antigen in subclinical prostatitis: the role of aggressiveness and extension of inflammation.

Urol Int 2003 ;71(2):160-4

Department of Urology, Ankara University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: Subclinical prostatitis is a very frequent histologic finding in pathological examinations of prostate biopsy and prostate surgery material. In this study, we tried to investigate the correlation between the morphological parameters of histological prostatitis and total serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-PSA density (PSAD) to determine if either the extent or aggressiveness of inflammation might affect serum PSA.

Methods: 269 patients who had undergone TURP or transvesical prostatectomy with pathological diagnosis of BPH and prostatitis were included in the study. We retrospectively reviewed and scored the extent and aggressiveness of inflammation in prostate specimens of BPH, according to the scale that has been reported by Irani et al. and then correlated those scores with PSA and PSAD.

Results: When the inflammation grades correlated with PSA and PSAD, the extent of the inflammation did not show a significant correlation with total PSA and PSAD (p > 0.05). However, there was a statistically significant correlation between aggressiveness grades and total PSA and PSAD (p < 0.001). Median PSA levels in grades 0, 1 and 2 of aggressiveness of inflammation were 3.2, 4.2 and 5.8 respectively.

Conclusion: Aggressiveness grade of the inflammation in subclinical prostatitis is the most important morphological factor that is responsible for PSA elevation. We believe that it should be a more accurate guide for the clinician if pathologists report on the aggressiveness grades of the inflammation, especially on initial prostate biopsies, in order to help for timing of the further biopsy.
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November 2003

Comparison of nocturnal penile tumescence monitoring and cavernosal smooth muscle content in patients with erectile dysfunction.

Int Urol Nephrol 2002 ;34(1):117-20

Urology Department, School of Medicine, University of Kirikkale, Turkey.

Purpose: Nocturnal penile tumescence monitoring was compared to cavernosal smooth muscle content in 48 cases of erectile dysfunction.

Materials And Methods: Pre-operatively nocturnal penile tumescence rigidity (NPTR) testing, colour Doppler sonography and if needed pharmaco cavernosometry-cavernosography were evaluated in 48 impotent patients before surgical intervention. The 40 patients whom all those diagnostic tools were abnormal constituted the first group. In the remaining 8 patients, which constitutes the second group, NPTR testing were normal but the other tests were abnormal. 10 potent patients with congenital penile curvature constituted the third group. Cavernous biopsies were obtained during the surgery and biopsies stained immunohistochemically to quantify smooth muscle cells (SMC) by anti-desmin and anti-SMA.

Results: We observed statistical significant difference of corporeal SMC content with regard to first Vs second group and first Vs third group (p < 0.05). However we did not observe statistically significant difference with regard to second vs third group (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: NPTR testing appears to correlate well with corporeal SMC, which is the key structures of erection. We think that with taking into the consideration of its specific reservations, NPTR testing is still one of the best non-invasive tool in the differential diagnosis of erectile dysfunction.
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September 2003