Publications by authors named "Zafar Iqbal Sheikh"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparison Of Efficacy Of 10% Potassium Hydroxide Solution Versus Cryotherapy In Treatment Of Molluscum Contagiosum.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2016 Apr-Jun;28(2):382-385

Pathology, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan.

Background:: Different topical therapies are being used for treating molluscum contagiosum. Potassium hydroxide in varying solution strengths with irritant reaction on the skin can help in eliminating the infection. It is cheap, easily available, can be easily applied at home, with good safety profile and cost effectiveness. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of 10% potassium hydroxide solution versus cryotherapy in treating molluscum contagiosum.

Methodology: This study was a Randomized control trial conducted in the Department of dermatology, Military hospital Rawalpindi. Study included 120 randomly selected patients with molluscum contagiosum divided equally into two groups. Group A were treated with 10% potassium hydroxide aqueous solution applied daily to the lesions twice daily for 6 weeks while Group B received weekly cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen. The status of lesions was documented weekly for 6 weeks.

Results: Of the 120 patients enrolled, 67 (55.8%) were male and 53 (44.2%) were female. Mean age of patients was 20.53(±8.17) years. At base line Molluscum contagiosum lesion ranged from minimum of 2 lesions to maximum of 26 lesions with a mean of 8.95 (SD ±4.45) lesions. Of 120 patients, complete clearance was observed in 98(81.6%) of patients, 48(80%) patients had lesion clearance in Group A and 50 (83.3%) patients had lesion clearance was observed in Group B. No statistical significance was observed in the lesion clearance between the two groups (p-0.63).

Conclusions: The efficacy of 10% potassium hydroxide solution and cryotherapy is statistically same over 6 weeks of treatment. Thus less expensive, easily available and cosmetically more acceptable potassium hydroxide solution can be used instead of cryotherapy in treating molluscum contagiosum.
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December 2017

Efficacy of clarithromycin in pityriasis rosea.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2014 Nov;24(11):802-5

Department of Dermatology, Avicenna Medical College, Lahore.

Objective: To determine the efficacy of clarithromycin in the treatment of Pityriasis Rosea (PR).

Study Design: Double blind randomized controlled trial.

Place And Duration Of Study: Dermatology OPD, Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from July 2008 to July 2009.

Methodology: Patients aged above 10 years, diagnosed with PR, were randomly assigned to two groups of 30 each to receive either clarithromycin or similar-looking placebo for one week. Neither the patient nor the treating physician knew to which group the patient belonged. Patients were assessed at 1, 2, 4 and 6 weeks after presentation and compared for complete, partial or no response.

Results: Among the 60 patients, no significant difference was found between the two groups at 2 weeks after presentation (p = 0.598). In the placebo group, complete response was seen in 20 (66.7%), partial response in 3 (10.0%) while no response was seen in 7 (23.3%). In clarithromycin group, there was complete response in 23 (76.7%), partial response in 3 (10.0%) and no response in 4 (13.3%) patients.

Conclusion: Clarithromycin is not effective in treatment of pityriasis rosea.
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November 2014

Frequency of HCV infection in different dermatological disorders.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2012 Apr-Jun;24(2):58-61

Department of Dermatology, Combined Military Hospital, Malir Cantt, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Background: Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) has estimated affected nearly 3% of the world population. Studies in Pakistan have shown a somewhat higher prevalence. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of hepatitis C virus infection in patients with dermatological disorders, known to be associated with HCV infection.

Method: This was a descriptive study, conducted at Departments of Dermatology, Military Hospital, Rawalpindi and PNS Shifa, Karachi from September 2003 to November 2005. There were 355 patients of the dermatologic disorders mentioned above. HCV status was determined by the presence of anti-HCV antibodies in the serum, by third generation ELISA.

Results: In this study 14% of lichen planus, 8% of generalised pruritus, 7.8% of urticaria, 8.7% of prurigo, and 50% of porphyria cutanea tarda patients had underlying HCV infection. None of the patients of leukocytoclastic vasculitis, erythema multiforme or erythema nodosum had anti-HCV antibodies. No patient of mixed cryoglobulinaemia or polyarteritis nodosa was seen during the study period.

Conclusions: Patients of lichen planus, generalised pruritus, urticaria, prurigo, and porphyria cutanea tarda have increased frequency of HCV infection compared to normal population of our country. In contrast, none of the patients of leukocytoclastic vasculitis, erythema multiforme or erythema nodosum had HCV infection.
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February 2014