Publications by authors named "Yuto Hayama"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Renal Involvement as Rare Acute Tubulointerstitial Nephritis in a Patient with Eosinophilic Disorder Treated with Early Add-on Administration of Mepolizumab.

Intern Med 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Japan.

A 39-year-old man presented with peripheral eosinophilia, pulmonary eosinophilic infiltrate, and renal failure due to acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN). He had experienced childhood asthma and was negative for anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA). He was tentatively diagnosed with ANCA-negative eosinophilic granulomatous polyangiitis (EGPA) or idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES). Renal involvement of isolated TIN with eosinophil infiltration is rare in EGPA and HES and does not seem to have a good prognosis in the literature. However, his condition improved well with corticosteroids and mepolizumab. The revised classification of EGPA based on the etiology should dictate the proper treatment in suspected EGPA patients with nonsystemic vasculitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.7490-21DOI Listing
June 2021

Pyuria without Casts and Bilateral Kidney Enlargement Are Probable Hallmarks of Severe Acute Kidney Injury Induced by Acute Pyelonephritis: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Intern Med 2021 Jan 5;60(2):293-298. Epub 2020 Sep 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Japan.

The patient was a 38-year-old man who had experienced nausea and fever for a few days and presented with back pain, oliguria, and pyuria, suggesting acute pyelonephritis (APN). He showed acute kidney injury (AKI) with bilateral kidney enlargement and was using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). AKI-induced by APN was confirmed by kidney biopsy. The AKI was successfully treated with antibiotic therapy. A search of the relevant literature for reports on histopathologically-proven APN-induced severe AKI revealed that the key characteristics were bilateral kidney enlargement with pyuria without casts. Oligoanuria was frequently associated with APN-induced severe AKI, and NSAID use may be a possible risk factor. Prompt antibiotic treatment based on the clinical characteristics of APN-induced AKI can improve the renal outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.5721-20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7872795PMC
January 2021

Cardio-renal protective effect of the xanthine oxidase inhibitor febuxostat in the 5/6 nephrectomy model with hyperuricemia.

Sci Rep 2020 06 9;10(1):9326. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Teikyo University School of Medicine, 2-11-1 Kaga, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8605, Japan.

Although hyperuricemia has been shown to be associated with the progression of cardiovascular disorder and chronic kidney disease (CKD), there is conflicting evidence as to whether xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitors confer organ protection besides lowering serum urate levels. In this study, we addressed the cardio-renal effects of XO inhibition in rodent CKD model with hyperuricemia. Sprague-Dawley rats underwent 5/6 nephrectomy and received a uricase inhibitor oxonic acid for 8 weeks (RK + HUA rats). In some rats, a XO inhibitor febuxostat was administered orally. Compared with control group, RK + HUA group showed a significant increase in albuminuria and renal injury. Febuxostat reduced serum uric acid as well as urinary albumin levels. Histological and immunohistochemical analysis of the kidney revealed that febuxostat alleviated glomerular, tubulointerstitial, and arteriolar injury in RK + HUA rats. Moreover, in the heart, RK + HUA showed individual myofiber hypertrophy and cardiac fibrosis, which was significantly attenuated by febuxostat. We found that renal injury and the indices of cardiac changes were well correlated, confirming the cardio-renal interaction in this model. Finally, NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and the downstream target heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein levels were increased both in the heart and in the kidney in RK + HUA rats, and these changes were alleviated by febuxostat, suggesting that tissue oxidative stress burden was attenuated by the treatment. These data demonstrate that febuxostat protects against cardiac and renal injury in RK + HUA rats, and underscore the pathological importance of XO in the cardio-renal interaction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65706-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7283314PMC
June 2020

Upregulation of renal Na-K-2Cl cotransporter 2 in obese diabetes mellitus via a vasopressin receptor 2-dependent pathway.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2020 04 5;524(3):710-715. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, 173-8605, Japan. Electronic address:

Na-K-2Cl cotransporter 2 (NKCC2) in thick ascending limb (TAL) in the kidney plays a central role in tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) system by sensing NaCl delivery to the distal tubules. Although accumulating data indicate that dysregulated TGF contributes to the progression of diabetic complications, the regulation of NKCC2 in diabetes mellitus (DM) remains unclear. We here show that NKCC2 is overactivated via a vasopressin receptor 2 (V2R)-dependent mechanism in db/db mice, a mouse model of obese DM. Compared with db/+ mice, we found that both aquaporin 2 and NKCC2 levels were significantly increased in the kidney in db/db mice. Immunohistochemical analysis of V2R and NKCC2 in the kidney demonstrated that V2R is present in the TAL, as well as in the collecting duct. Moreover, the administration of tolvaptan, a selective V2R antagonist, sharply decreased aquaporin 2 and NKCC2 in db/db mice, confirming the causal role of V2R signaling in NKCC2 induction in this model. Although tolvaptan reduced aquaporin 2 abundance also in db/+ mice, its effect on NKCC2 was modest compared with db/db mice. In total kidney lysates, uromodulin expression was not altered between db/+ and db/db mice, suggesting that V2R signaling alters NKCC2 without altering uromodulin levels. These data implicate the dysregulation of NKCC2 in the pathophysiology of type 2 DM, and underscore the complex nature of fluid volume disorders in diabetic kidney disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2020.01.142DOI Listing
April 2020