Publications by authors named "Yusuke Hori"

111 Publications

Gender-specific analysis for the association between trunk muscle mass and spinal pathologies.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 9;11(1):7816. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahimachi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan.

We investigated the relationship between trunk muscle mass and spinal pathologies by gender. This multicenter cross-sectional study included patients aged ≥ 30 years who visited a spinal outpatient clinic. Trunk and appendicular muscle mass were measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), visual analog scale (VAS) score for low back pain, sagittal vertical axis (SVA), and EuroQol 5 Dimension (EQ5D) score were investigated to evaluate spinal pathology. The association between trunk muscle mass and these parameters was analyzed by gender using a non-linear regression model adjusted for patients' demographics. We investigated the association between age and trunk muscle mass. We included 781 men and 957 women. Trunk muscle mass differed significantly between men and women, although it decreased with age after age 70 in both genders. Lower trunk muscle mass was significantly associated with ODI, SVA, and EQ5D score deterioration in both genders; its association with VAS was significant only in men. Most parameters deteriorated when trunk muscle mass was < 26 kg in men and < 19 kg in women. Lower trunk muscle mass was associated with lumbar disability, spinal imbalance, and poor quality of life in both genders, with significant difference in muscle mass.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-87334-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8035169PMC
April 2021

Trunk Muscle Mass Measured by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Reflecting the Cross-Sectional Area of the Paravertebral Muscles and Back Muscle Strength: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of a Prospective Cohort Study of Elderly Population.

J Clin Med 2021 Mar 12;10(6). Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka 545-8585, Japan.

Trunk muscles play an important role in supporting the spinal column. A decline in trunk muscle mass, as measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (TMM-BIA), is associated with low back pain and poor quality of life. The purpose of this study was to determine whether TMM-BIA correlates with quantitative and functional assessments traditionally used for the trunk muscles. We included 380 participants (aged ≥ 65 years; 152 males, 228 females) from the Shiraniwa Elderly Cohort (Shiraniwa) study, for whom the following data were available: TMM-BIA, lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and back muscle strength (BMS). We measured the cross-sectional area (CSA) and fat-free CSA of the paravertebral muscles (PVM), including the erector spinae (ES), multifidus (MF), and psoas major (PM), on an axial lumbar MRI at L3/4. The correlation between TMM-BIA and the CSA of PVM, fat-free CSA of PVM, and BMS was investigated. TMM-BIA correlated with the CSA of total PVM and each individual PVM. A stronger correlation between TMM-BIA and fat-free CSA of PVM was observed. The TMM-BIA also strongly correlated with BMS. TMM-BIA is an easy and reliable way to evaluate the trunk muscle mass in a clinical setting.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm10061187DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8001452PMC
March 2021

Fatal Embolic ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Secondary to Healed-Phase Mitral Valve Infective Endocarditis.

Int Heart J 2021 Mar 17;62(2):432-436. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine.

Embolic myocardial infarction (MI) caused by infective endocarditis (IE) is rare, but it is increasingly recognized as an important complication. This complication typically occurs in patients with aortic valve endocarditis during the acute phase of the infection. It is also known to have a high mortality rate; however, the best practice for its management is unclear owing to scarce available data. In addition, most cases of embolic acute MI (AMI) caused by IE are indirectly diagnosed with a combination of angiographic examination such as coronary angiography or cardiac computed tomography. Herein, we report a case of fatal embolic ST-elevation MI (STEMI) caused by mitral valve IE during the healed phase, which was clearly proven by the pathology findings.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1536/ihj.20-548DOI Listing
March 2021

Using artificial intelligence to diagnose fresh osteoporotic vertebral fractures on magnetic resonance images.

Spine J 2021 Mar 13. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka 545-8585, Japan.

Background Context: Accurate diagnosis of osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) is important for improving treatment outcomes; however, the gold standard has not been established yet. A deep-learning approach based on convolutional neural network (CNN) has attracted attention in the medical imaging field.

Purpose: To construct a CNN to detect fresh OVF on magnetic resonance (MR) images.

Study Design/setting: Retrospective analysis of MR images PATIENT SAMPLE: This retrospective study included 814 patients with fresh OVF. For CNN training and validation, 1624 slices of T1-weighted MR image were obtained and used.

Outcome Measure: We plotted the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and calculated the area under the curve (AUC) in order to evaluate the performance of the CNN. Consequently, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the diagnosis by CNN and that of the two spine surgeons were compared.

Methods: We constructed an optimal model using ensemble method by combining nine types of CNNs to detect fresh OVFs. Furthermore, two spine surgeons independently evaluated 100 vertebrae, which were randomly extracted from test data.

Results: The ensemble method using VGG16, VGG19, DenseNet201, and ResNet50 was the combination with the highest AUC of ROC curves. The AUC was 0.949. The evaluation metrics of the diagnosis (CNN/surgeon 1/surgeon 2) for 100 vertebrae were as follows: sensitivity: 88.1%/88.1%/100%; specificity: 87.9%/86.2%/65.5%; accuracy: 88.0%/87.0%/80.0%.

Conclusions: In detecting fresh OVF using MR images, the performance of the CNN was comparable to that of two spine surgeons.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2021.03.006DOI Listing
March 2021

Therapeutic Angiogenesis Using Bone Marrow-Derived Mononuclear Cell Implantation for Patients With Critical Limb-Threatening Ischemia Caused by Thromboangiitis Obliterans - Study Protocol for a Multicenter Prospective Interventional Trial.

Circ Rep 2020 Sep 15;2(10):630-634. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine Kyoto Japan.

Patients with thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) can develop critical limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) and require limb amputation. Smoking cessation and exercise therapy are recommended as standard treatments, and revascularization by bypass surgery or endovascular therapy (EVT) is required for patients with CLTI. However, there are many cases in which revascularization is difficult because of vascular characteristics, and the patency rate after revascularization remains unsatisfactory. Therapeutic angiogenesis using bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell (BM-MNC) implantation is used clinically, with many trials demonstrating long-term efficacy and safety of the technique in patients with CLTI, especially that caused by TAO. To expand the use of BM-MNCs implantation in clinical practice, further evidence is required in patients with CLTI caused by TAO. This trial is a multicenter, prospective, non-randomized interventional trial of an Advanced Medicine B treatment approach. We aim to enroll 25 patients aged 20-80 years with Fontaine classification Stage III or IV, who will undergo BM-MNC implantation. The primary endpoint is the improvement in skin perfusion pressure of the target limb 180 days after BM-MNC implantation, whereas secondary endpoints are improvements in rest pain or ulcer size. We will also investigate rates of major or minor amputation, survival, and adverse events during follow-up. BM-MNC implantation is expected to be an efficacious and feasible treatment for patients with CLTI caused by TAO.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1253/circrep.CR-20-0086DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7932848PMC
September 2020

Biglycan expression and its function in human ligamentum flavum.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 1;11(1):4867. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi Machi, Abeno-Ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan.

Hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum (LF) is a major cause of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), and the pathology involves disruption of elastic fibers, fibrosis with increased cellularity and collagens, and/or calcification. Previous studies have implicated the increased expression of the proteoglycan family in hypertrophied LF. Furthermore, the gene expression profile in a rabbit experimental model of LF hypertrophy revealed that biglycan (BGN) is upregulated in hypertrophied LF by mechanical stress. However, the expression and function of BGN in human LF has not been well elucidated. To investigate the involvement of BGN in the pathomechanism of human ligamentum hypertrophy, first we confirmed increased expression of BGN by immunohistochemistry in the extracellular matrix of hypertrophied LF of LSS patients compared to LF without hypertrophy. Experiments using primary cell cultures revealed that BGN promoted cell proliferation. Furthermore, BGN induces changes in cell morphology and promotes myofibroblastic differentiation and cell migration. These effects are observed for both cells from hypertrophied and non-hypertrophied LF. The present study revealed hyper-expression of BGN in hypertrophied LF and function of increased proteoglycan in LF cells. BGN may play a crucial role in the pathophysiology of LF hypertrophy through cell proliferation, myofibroblastic differentiation, and cell migration.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-84363-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7921587PMC
March 2021

Expression and function of fibroblast growth factor 1 in the hypertrophied ligamentum flavum of lumbar spinal stenosis.

J Orthop Sci 2021 Feb 23. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Fibrosis is one of the main pathologies caused by hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum (LF), which leads to lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). The fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family is a key mediator of fibrosis. However, acidic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-1) expression and function are not well understood in LF. This study sought to evaluate FGF-1 expression in the hypertrophied and non-hypertrophied human LF, and to investigate its function using primary human LF cell cultures.

Methods: We obtained hypertrophied lumbar LF from LSS patients and non-hypertrophied lumbar LF from control patients during surgery. Immunohistochemistry and qPCR were performed to evaluate FGF-1 expression in LF tissue. The function of FGF-1 and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) was also investigated using primary LF cell culture. The effects on cell morphology and cell proliferation were examined using a crystal violet staining assay and MTT assay, respectively. Immunocytochemistry, western blotting, and qPCR were performed to evaluate the effect of FGF-1 on TGF-β1-induced myofibroblast differentiation and fibrosis.

Results: Immunohistochemistry and qPCR showed higher FGF-1 expression in hypertrophied LF compared to control LF. Crystal violet staining and MTT assay revealed that FGF-1 decreases LF cell size and inhibits their proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, whereas TGF-β1 increases cell size and promotes proliferation. Immunocytochemistry and western blotting further demonstrated that TGF-β1 increases, while FGF-1 decreases, α-SMA expression in LF cells. Moreover, FGF-1 also caused downregulation of collagen type 1 and type 3 expression in LF cells.

Conclusion: FGF-1 is highly upregulated in the LF of LSS patients. Meanwhile, in vitro, FGF-1 exhibits antagonistic effects to TGF-β1 by inhibiting cell proliferation and decreasing LF cell size as well as the expression of fibrosis markers. These results suggest that FGF-1 has an anti-fibrotic role in the pathophysiology of LF hypertrophy.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2021.01.004DOI Listing
February 2021

Xerostomia aggravates ligation-induced peri-implantitis: A preclinical in vivo study.

Clin Oral Implants Res 2021 Feb 24. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Division of Oral Reconstruction and Rehabilitation, Kyushu Dental University, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Objectives: Previous studies have indicated that xerostomia is a critical factor affecting periodontitis; nonetheless, it is controversial whether xerostomia impairs peri-implant tissue. The objective of this experimental study was to evaluate the effect of xerostomia on the peri-implant hard and soft tissues in the rat model.

Materials And Methods: Implants were placed in bilateral maxillae of male Wistar rats. The animals underwent submandibular and sublingual gland resection on both sides (DRY group) or sham operation (CTR group). Silk ligatures were placed around one side of abutments, which were randomly selected in each animal. The effects of xerostomia were assessed using micro-CT, histological analysis, real-time PCR, and 16S rRNA-based metagenomic analysis.

Results: Ligation with silk thread caused bone resorption around implants. Although xerostomia itself did not induce bone resorption, it significantly enhanced silk ligature-mediated bone resorption around implants. Histological analysis and real-time PCR indicated that xerostomia induced inflammation and osteoclastogenesis around implants with silk ligatures. Furthermore, it altered the microbiota of the plaque on the silk thread around implants.

Conclusion: Xerostomia accelerates mucosal inflammation and osteoclastogenesis, which aggravates bone resorption around implants.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/clr.13727DOI Listing
February 2021

Endovascular Treatment for Vascular Access Venous Hypertension with Complicated Venous Drainage Routes in a Hemodialysis Patient: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Feb 25;22:e927625. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyoto Chubu Medical Center, Nantan, Kyoto, Japan.

BACKGROUND Vascular access (VA) venous hypertension is a major complication for patients with long-term arteriovenous access in the upper extremities. Endovascular treatment (EVT) is the first option for treating it. A possible cause of VA venous hypertension is stenosis at a site downstream of the arteriovenous fistula. We report a case of VA venous hypertension with complex venous drainage routes. CASE REPORT A 68-year-old woman had worsening VA venous hypertension that led to difficulties in the venous blood return during hemodialysis. The cephalic vein distal to the arteriovenous fistula branched into 3 routes. The most proximal branch was occluded just before the junction to the subclavian vein at the level of the first rib. The pressure gradient between the brachial artery and the VA vein was 30 mmHg. Therefore, we performed an EVT for the occlusion and deployed a 3.0-mm balloon-expandable bare-metal stent, achieving good vascular patency with favorable blood flow. When the outside of the implanted stent was stained with contrast media, the appearance suggested the formation of varices that could have lowered the pressure at that lesion. The pressure gradient between the brachial artery and the VA vein had increased to 80 mmHg, which indicated an improvement of the VA venous hypertension. CONCLUSIONS EVT was effective for an occluded cephalic arch in a hemodialysis patient showing VA venous hypertension, despite the presence of collateral venous routes. VA venous hypertension can be life-threatening for hemodialysis patients. Therefore, it is essential that physicians who use vascular access interventional therapy should determine the cause of the VA venous hypertension and resolve it.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.927625DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7925706PMC
February 2021

Risk factors of the poor long-term prognosis of osteoporotic vertebral fractures: A multicenter cohort study.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2021 Jan-Apr;29(1):2309499021994969

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan.

Introduction: The presence of existing osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) increases the mortality risk. However, the influence of the characteristics of OVF is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the influence of new OVF on patients' long-term prognosis using our past cohort study.

Method: This is an extension study of our cohort study carried out between 2005 and 2007. In the present extension study, of 420 patients, 197 whose contact information was available at the 6-month follow-up were included in the telephone survey in 2018. Five patients refused to participate in the survey, and 82 could not be contacted. Eventually, 110 patients were enrolled. Of the Demographic data, radiological findings, medical history, and clinical outcome were investigated at injury onset and at the 6-month follow-up. A proportional hazard model was used to investigate the risk factors for mortality.

Results: Among 110 patients, 33 died. Male sex and low body mass index (BMI <18.5 kg/m) were significant risk factors for mortality [hazard ratio (HR) = 6.40, 1.01-40.50; 5.24, 1.44-19.04, respectively]. The history of stroke and liver disease increased the risk of mortality (HR = 13.37, 1.93-92.7; 6.62, 1.15-38.14, respectively). As regards radiological findings, local kyphosis progression per 1° or ≥7° were significant risk factors of mortality (HR = 1.20, 1.06-1.36; 5.38, 1.81-16.03, respectively).

Conclusions: A telephone survey at 12 years after the occurrence of OVF analyzed risk factors for mortality and showed that a progression of local kyphosis in fractures between injury onset and 6 months after injury was a risk factor of poor prognosis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499021994969DOI Listing
February 2021

Comparative Study of the Spinopelvic Alignment in Patients With Idiopathic Lumbar Scoliosis Between Adulthood and Adolescence.

World Neurosurg 2021 Feb 16. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Understanding the natural history of the spinopelvic alignment in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is important in developing surgical strategies for patients with adult idiopathic lumbar scoliosis (AdLS). Because it is challenging to follow individuals without any treatments, we sought to estimate its natural history by comparing radiographic characteristics of patients with AIS and AdLS.

Methods: We included patients with Lenke 5 AIS and patients with AdLS who were diagnosed with Lenke 5 AIS in adolescence. The Cobb angle of the curve and spinopelvic parameters were measured by whole spine radiographs. The AdLS patients were divided into 2 groups according to age <50 years (AdLS<50) or ≥50 years (AdLS≥50). Radiographic parameters were compared among the AIS, AdLS<50, and AdLS≥50 groups. The relationship between age and each parameter was analyzed using nonlinear regression analysis.

Results: We analyzed 40 patients with AIS (all female, mean age 16.8 ± 3.2 years) and 35 patients with AdLS (34 female and 1 male, mean age 55.4 ± 12.1 years). Thoracolumbar/lumbar curve and thoracolumbar kyphosis was significantly greater in the AdLS<50 group compared with the AIS group, without progression after age 50 years. Lumbar lordosis and pelvic tilt deteriorated linearly with age. AIS and AdLS<50 patients maintained sagittal balance, which deteriorated in AdLS≥50 patients.

Conclusions: Our results may predict the following natural course of Lenke 5 AIS: (1) progression of scoliotic deformity of thoracolumbar/lumbar curve with increased thoracolumbar kyphosis; (2) subsequent lumbar hypolordosis followed by pelvic retroversion; and (3) sagittal imbalance after failure of compensation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2021.02.031DOI Listing
February 2021

Expression and function of FGF9 in the hypertrophied ligamentum flavum of lumbar spinal stenosis patients.

Spine J 2021 Feb 10. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Background Context: Ligamentum flavum (LF) hypertrophy plays a dominant role in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). A previous study found that fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) was upregulated with mechanical stress in rabbit LF. However, the expression and function of FGF9 are not well understood in human LF.

Purpose: To evaluate FGF9 expression and function in human LF with and without hypertrophy.

Study Design: This study employed a basic research study design utilizing human LF tissue for histological analyses.

Patient Samples: Hypertrophied LF tissue sample from patients with LSS, and nonhypertrophied (control) LFs from patients with lumbar disc herniation or other diseases were obtained during surgery.

Methods: LF specimens were histologically analyzed for FGF9 and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) by immunohistochemistry. The number of total and FGF9 immuno-positive cells and blood vessels were counted and compared between LF with and without hypertrophy. For functional analysis, the effect of FGF9 on cell proliferation and migration was examined using a primary cell culture of human LF.

Results: Histological studies revealed that the total cell number was significantly higher in the LF of patients with LSS than in the LF of control patients. Immunohistochemistry showed that the percentage of FGF9-positive cells was significantly higher in the LF of patients with LSS than in the controls, and it positively correlated with patients' age, regardless of disease. Double immune-positive cells for FGF9 and VEGF-A were often observed in vascular endothelial cells and fibroblasts in the fibrotic area of hypertrophied LF, and the number of double positive vessels was significantly higher in LF of LSS patients than in the LF of controls. Primary cell culture of human LF revealed that FGF9 promoted the proliferation and migration of LF cells.

Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that FGF9 expression is highly upregulated in hypertrophied human LF. FGF9 potentially plays a pivotal role in the process of hypertrophy of LF, which is associated with mechanical stress, through cell proliferation and migration.

Clinical Significance: The results from this study partially reveal the molecular mechanisms of LF hypertrophy and suggest that FGF9 may be involved in the process of LF degeneration in elderly patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2021.02.004DOI Listing
February 2021

Classification and prognostic factors of residual symptoms after minimally invasive lumbar decompression surgery using a cluster analysis: a 5-year follow-up cohort study.

Eur Spine J 2021 Apr 8;30(4):918-927. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan.

Purpose: Residual symptoms indicating incomplete remission of lower leg numbness or low back pain may occur after spine surgery. The purpose was to elucidate the pattern of residual symptoms 5 years after minimally invasive lumbar decompression surgery using a cluster analysis.

Methods: The study comprised 193 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) (108 men, 85 women) ranging in age from 40 to 86 years (mean, 67.9 years). Each patient underwent 5-year follow-up. The Japanese Orthopedic Association score and visual analog scale scores for low back pain, leg pain, and leg numbness at 5 years were entered into the cluster analysis to characterize postoperative residual symptoms. Other clinical data were analyzed to detect the factors significantly related to each cluster.

Results: The analysis yielded four clusters representing different patterns of residual symptoms. Patients in cluster 1 (57.0%) were substantially improved and had few residual symptoms of LSS. Patients in cluster 2 (11.4%) were poorly improved and had major residual symptoms. Patients in cluster 3 (17.6%) were greatly improved but had mild residual low back pain. Patients in cluster 4 (14.0%) were improved but had severe residual leg numbness. Prognostic factors of cluster 2 were a short maximum walking distance, motor weakness, resting lower leg numbness, cofounding scoliosis, and high sagittal vertical axis.

Conclusions: This is the first study to identify specific patterns of residual symptoms of LSS after decompression surgery. Our results will contribute to acquisition of preoperative informed consent and identification of patients with the best chance of postoperative improvement.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-021-06754-yDOI Listing
April 2021

Relationship of back muscle and knee extensors with the compensatory mechanism of sagittal alignment in a community-dwelling elderly population.

Sci Rep 2021 Jan 26;11(1):2179. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan.

Compensatory mechanisms, such as a decrease in thoracic spine kyphosis and posterior tilting or rotation of the pelvis, aim to achieve optimal alignment of the spine. However, the effect of muscle strength on these compensatory mechanisms has not been elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the impact of back muscle and lower extremity strength on compensatory mechanisms in elderly people. Overall, 409 community-dwelling elderly participants (164 men, 245 women) were included. Age, disc degeneration, and 2 or more vertebral fractures showed a significant increase of risk for sagittal vertical axis (SVA) deterioration. Conversely, stronger back, hip flexor, and knee extensor muscles reduced the risk for SVA deterioration. To investigate the association of each muscle's strength with compensatory mechanisms, 162 subjects with pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis > 10° were selected. The linear regression model for thoracic kyphosis demonstrated a negative correlation with back muscle strength and positive correlation with vertebral fracture. The regression analysis for pelvic tilt demonstrated a positive correlation with knee extensor strength. Back, hip flexor, and knee extensor muscle strength were associated with sagittal spinal alignment. Back muscle strength was important for the decrease in thoracic kyphosis, and knee extensor strength was associated with pelvic tilt.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-82015-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7838190PMC
January 2021

Presence of sarcopenia does not affect the clinical results of balloon kyphoplasty for acute osteoporotic vertebral fracture.

Sci Rep 2021 Jan 8;11(1):122. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan.

Sarcopenia has been associated with poor clinical outcomes in several diseases. Herein, the clinical results of balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) for acute osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) treatment were assessed and compared between sarcopenia and non-sarcopenia patients. Sixty patients who underwent BKP for treatment of acute OVF with poor prognostic factors between April 2016 and September 2017 and were assessed for sarcopenia were enrolled. Clinical results (back pain on visual analogue scale [VAS]; short-form [SF] 36; vertebral deformity; activities of daily living levels; and incidence of adjacent vertebral fractures) were compared between the two groups at 6 months post-BKP. Data analysis revealed that back pain on VAS, SF-36 scores, and vertebral deformity improved from baseline to 6 months after BKP. Thirty-nine patients (65.0%) were diagnosed with sarcopenia and demonstrated a lower body mass index (21.2 vs. 23.3 kg/m, p = 0.02), skeletal muscle mass index (5.32 vs. 6.55 kg/m, p < 0.01), hand-grip strength (14.7 vs. 19.2 kg, p = 0.01), and bone mineral density of the femoral neck (0.57 vs. 0.76 g/cm, p < 0.01) than those of patients without sarcopenia. However, no significant differences were observed in the clinical results between these groups. Therefore, BKP's clinical results for the treatment of acute OVF are not associated with sarcopenia.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-80129-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7794449PMC
January 2021

Impact of paravertebral muscle in thoracolumbar and lower lumbar regions on outcomes following osteoporotic vertebral fracture: a multicenter cohort study.

Arch Osteoporos 2021 01 3;16(1). Epub 2021 Jan 3.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan.

We investigated the effect of paravertebral muscle (PVM) on poor prognosis in osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) and remaining lower back pain (LBP) in the thoracolumbar and lower lumbar regions. Additional OVF occurrence in the thoracolumbar and remaining LBP in the lumbar region was significantly related to PVM fat infiltration percentage.

Purpose: Paravertebral muscle (PVM) is an important component of the spinal column. However, its role in the healing process after osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) is unclear. This study aimed to clarify the effect of PVM in thoracolumbar and lower lumbar regions on OVF clinical and radiological outcomes.

Methods: This was a multicenter prospective cohort study from 2012 to 2015. Patients ≥ 65 years old who presented within 2 weeks after fracture onset were followed up for 6 months. PVM was measured at the upper edge of the L1 and L5 vertebral body in the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2-axial position at registration. The cross-sectional area (CSA), relative CSA (rCSA), and fat infiltration percentage (FI%) were measured. Severe vertebral compression, delayed union, new OVF, and remaining low back pain (LBP) were analyzed.

Results: Among 153 patients who were followed up for 6 months, 117 with measurable PVM were analyzed. Their average age was 79.1 ± 7.2 years, and 94 were women (80.3%). There were 48 cases of severe vertebral compression, 21 delayed unions, 11 new OVF, and 27 remaining LBP. Among all poor prognoses, only the FI% of the PVM was significantly associated with new OVF (p = 0.047) in the thoracolumbar region and remaining LBP (p = 0.042) in the lumbar region.

Conclusion: The occurrence of additional OVF in the thoracolumbar region and remaining LBP in the lumbar region was significantly related to the FI% of the PVM. Physicians should be aware that patients with such fatty degeneration shown in acute MRI may require stronger treatment.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11657-020-00866-6DOI Listing
January 2021

Long-term, Time-course Evaluation of Ligamentum Flavum Hypertrophy Induced by Mechanical Stress: An Experimental Animal Study.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2021 May;46(9):E520-E527

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Study Design: Experimental animal study.

Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify chronological effects of mechanical stress on ligamentum flavum (LF) using a long-term fusion rabbit model.

Summary Of Background Data: LF hypertrophy is a major pathology of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), but its mechanism remains unclear. We previously demonstrated mechanical-stress-induced LF hypertrophy with a rabbit model. However, we only investigated LFs at a single time point in the short-term; the effects of long-term mechanical stress have not been elucidated.

Methods: Eighteen-week-old male New Zealand White rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: the mechanical stress group underwent L2-3 and L4-5 posterolateral fusion and resection of the L3-4 supraspinal muscle, whereas the control group underwent only surgical exposure. Rabbits were sacrificed 16 and 52 weeks after the procedure. Axial specimens of LFs at L3-4 were evaluated histologically. Immunohistochemistry for alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) was performed to assess the numbers of vessels and myofibroblasts.

Results: In the mechanical stress group, LFs at the L3-4 level exhibited hypertrophy with elastic fiber disruption and cartilage matrix production at 16 and 52 weeks. A trend test indicated that mechanical stress induced LF hypertrophy, elastic fiber disruption, and cartilage matrix production in a time-dependent manner, with the lowest levels before treatment and the highest at 52 weeks. Immunostaining for α-SMA showed similar numbers of vessels in both groups, whereas the percentage of myofibroblasts was significantly larger at 16 and 52 weeks in the mechanical stress group than in the control group.

Conclusion: We demonstrated that long-term mechanical stress caused LF hypertrophy with progressive elastic fiber disruption and cartilage matrix production accompanied by enhanced myofibroblasts. In addition, the reported rabbit model could be extended to elucidate the mechanism of LF hypertrophy and to develop new therapeutic strategies for LSS by preventing LF hypertrophy.Level of Evidence: SSSSS.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003832DOI Listing
May 2021

Time Course of Physical and Mental Well-being Improvements After Cervical Surgery.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2021 Mar;46(5):E303-E309

Department of Orthopedics, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Objective: To elucidate the postoperative time course of improvements in physical and mental well-being in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).

Summary Of Background Data: Spinal surgeons should understand the postoperative course in detail. However, data are still needed regarding the time course of improvements in well-being, a fundamental aspect of human life, after cervical surgery for CSM.

Methods: One hundred consecutive patients who underwent laminoplasty for CSM, with complete clinical data preoperatively and 3 months and 2 years postoperatively, were enrolled. The Short Form-36 physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores were used as parameters of physical and mental well-being, respectively, and 4.0 was defined as the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for both parameters.

Results: On average, PCS and MCS scores were significantly improved after surgery (P < 0.001, P=0.004, respectively). Moreover, 64 and 48 patients achieved meaningful improvement (>MCID) in PCS and MCS scores at 3 months postoperatively, with maintained improvement (to 2 yr) in 46/64 (71.9%) and 34/48 patients (70.8%), respectively (PCS vs. MCS: P = 0.912). Additionally, 15 of 36 patients (41.7%) and 8 of 52 patients (15.4%) achieved late improvement (meaningful improvement at 2 yr but not at 3 months) in PCS and MCS scores, respectively (PCS vs. MCS: P = 0.007). In multivariate regression analysis, improvement in cJOA score was significantly associated with PCS improvement, but not MCS improvement, at both 3 months and 2 years (P = 0.001, P > 0.001, respectively).

Conclusion: The overall outcome of physical well-being improvement is decided within 3 months postoperatively, in proportion to the recovery in myelopathy, with a relatively high chance of meaningful improvement over the next 21 months. The outcome of improvement in mental well-being is decided within 3 months postoperatively, independently from the recovery in myelopathy, with a low chance of meaningful improvement over the next 21 months.Level of Evidence: 3.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003787DOI Listing
March 2021

Posterior vertebral column resection with short-segment fusion for the patients with congenital kyphoscoliosis.

J Pediatr Orthop B 2020 Nov;29(6):572-579

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

The purpose of this study was to assess the surgical outcomes of posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) with short-segment fusion for pediatric patients with congenital kyphoscoliosis (CKS). The medical records of 12 consecutive pediatric patients with CKS due to hemivertebrae located in thoracolumbar and lumbar area that had undergone PVCR and presented for follow-up at a minimum of 2 years were retrospectively reviewed. The mean follow-up period was 56.2 months, and the mean age at the surgery was 9.2 years. We evaluated radiographic parameters using plain radiographs, and evaluated segmental correction using computed tomography imaging. The mean values of the preoperative Cobb angle (cranial curve, main curve, and caudal curve) were 16.0°, 41.3°, and 25.0°, respectively. The main curve was reduced 5.4° after surgery and was maintained at 6.3° at the time of the most recent follow-up. The overall correction rate of main curve was 86.6%. Spontaneous correction rate in the cranial curve and caudal curve were calculated as 55.9 and 80.8%, respectively. The mean segmental scoliosis in the osteotomized segments and fused segments at preoperative/postoperative/final follow-up (FFU) were 40.8°/7.8°/9.2° and 34.3°/3.9°/5.1°, respectively. The mean segmental kyphosis in the osteotomized segments and fused segments at the preoperative/postoperative/FFU were 36.0°/3.8°/4.0° and 27.5°/-1.3°/0.7°, respectively. Our data indicate that PVCR with short-segment fusion for CKS can provide good correction in the main curve and spontaneous correction in the compensatory curves after a minimum 2-year follow-up. Further investigation over the long term is mandatory for pediatric patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPB.0000000000000729DOI Listing
November 2020

Factors related to postoperative coronal imbalance in adult lumbar scoliosis.

J Neurosurg Spine 2020 Sep 4:1-7. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Objective: The object of this study was to analyze the prevalence of postoperative coronal imbalance (CIB) and related factors in patients with adult lumbar scoliosis.

Methods: This was a retrospective single-center study of data from patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) who had undergone corrective surgery performed by a single surgeon between 2009 and 2017. The inclusion criteria were as follows: 1) age at surgery > 40 years, 2) Cobb angles of the thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve > 40°, 3) upper instrumented vertebra of T9 or T10, 4) lowest instrumented vertebra of L5 or the pelvis, and 5) minimum 2-year follow-up period. Radiographic parameters were measured before surgery, 2 weeks after surgery, and at the latest follow-up. Curve flexibility was also assessed using side bending radiographs. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the 22-Item Scoliosis Research Society Outcomes Questionnaire (SRS-22) and the SF-36. CIB was considered to have occurred if the C7 plumbline was more than 2.5 cm lateral to the central sacral vertical line (i.e., coronal vertical axis [CVA] > 2.5 cm) at the final follow-up. Parameters between the patients with (CIB group) and without (coronal balance [CB] group) CIB were compared, and factors related to CIB were evaluated.

Results: From among 66 consecutively treated ASD patients, a total of 37 patients (mean age at surgery 66.3 years, average follow-up 63 months) met the study inclusion criteria. CIB was found in 6 patients at the final follow-up (16.2%), and the CVA of all patients in the CIB group shifted to the convex side of the TL/L curve. A comparative analysis between the CB and CIB groups, respectively, at the final follow-up indicated the following factors were related to CIB: lumbosacral (LS) curve, 11.0°/16.5° (p = 0.02); LS correction rate (CR), 61%/47% (p = 0.02); and CR ratio (LS vs TL/L), 0.93/0.67 (p = 0.0002). Regarding clinical outcomes, the satisfaction domain of the SRS-22 (CB 4.4 vs CIB 3.5) showed a significant difference between the CIB and CB groups (p = 0.02), and patients in the CB group tended to score better on the pain domain (CB 4.3 vs CIB 3.7), but the difference was not significant (p = 0.06).

Conclusions: Postoperative CIB negatively impacted patients' HRQOL. An imbalanced correction ratio between the TL/L and LS curves may cause postoperative CIB. Therefore, adequate correction of the LS curve may prevent postoperative CIB.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2020.6.SPINE20670DOI Listing
September 2020

Residual numbness of the upper extremity after cervical surgery in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy.

J Neurosurg Spine 2020 Jul 31:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Objective: Although numbness is one of the chief complaints of patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM), preoperative factors relating to residual numbness of the upper extremity (UE) and impact of the outcomes on cervical surgery are not well established. The authors hypothesized that severe preoperative UE numbness could be a risk factor for residual UE numbness after surgery and that the residual UE numbness could have a negative impact on postoperative outcomes. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the preoperative factors that are predictive of residual UE numbness after cervical surgery and demonstrate the effects of residual UE numbness on clinical scores and radiographic parameters.

Methods: The study design was a retrospective cohort study. The authors analyzed data of 103 patients who underwent cervical laminoplasty from January 2012 to December 2014 and were followed up for more than 2 years postoperatively. The patients were divided into two groups: the severe residual-numbness group (postoperative visual analog scale [VAS] score for UE numbness > 40 mm) and the no/mild residual-numbness group (VAS score ≤ 40 mm). The outcome measures were VAS score, Japanese Orthopaedic Association scores for cervical myelopathy, physical and mental component summaries of the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), radiographic film parameters (C2-7 sagittal vertical axis, range of motion, C2-7 lordotic angle, and C7 slope), and MRI findings (severity of cervical canal stenosis, snake-eye appearance, severity of foraminal stenosis). Following univariate analysis, which compared the preoperative factors between groups, the variables with p values < 0.1 were included in the multivariate linear regression analysis. Additionally, the changes in clinical scores and radiographic parameters after 2 years of surgery were compared using a mixed-effects model.

Results: Among 103 patients, 42 (40.8%) had residual UE numbness. In the multivariate analysis, sex and preoperative UE pain were found to be independent variables correlating with residual UE numbness (p = 0.017 and 0.046, respectively). The severity of preoperative UE numbness did not relate to the residual UE numbness (p = 0.153). The improvement in neck pain VAS score and physical component summary of the SF-36 was significantly low in the severe residual-numbness group (p < 0.001 and 0.040, respectively).

Conclusions: Forty-one percent of the CSM patients experienced residual UE numbness for at least 2 years after cervical posterior decompression surgery. Female sex and preoperative severe UE pain were the predictive factors for residual UE numbness. The patients with residual UE numbness showed less improvement of neck pain and lower physical status compared to the patients without numbness.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2020.4.SPINE191566DOI Listing
July 2020

Dogs and cats prioritize human action: choosing a now-empty instead of a still-baited container.

Anim Cogn 2021 Jan 23;24(1):65-73. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University, Yoshida-honmachi, Sakyo, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan.

Dogs and cats are sensitive to human social signals such as pointing, gazing and facial expressions. Previous studies have demonstrated that dogs show over-reliance on human actions in the presence of conflicting physical cues. However, it is still unclear whether this tendency is specific to dogs, or shared with other domesticated animals. Here, we compared the behavior of dogs and cats in a two-choice task after they saw a person taking and pretending to eat food from a baited container. After one experimenter showed the dogs (Experiment 1) or cats (Experiment 2) two opaque containers, each containing a piece of the food, another (the demonstrator) removed food from one container and ate it (Eating condition), or simply picked up the food and returned it to the container (Showing condition). We recorded which container the subjects approached first after the demonstration. Both dogs and cats were less likely to choose the container associated with the human in the Eating than the Showing condition, although choice for this container was above chance in both conditions. In Experiment 3, we confirmed that dogs and cats naturally chose a baited over an empty container. These results suggest that both species' reasoning abilities might be influenced by a bias for prioritizing specific human actions. Although dogs and cats have different domestication histories, their social awareness of humans appears similar, possibly because they both share their environment with humans.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10071-020-01416-wDOI Listing
January 2021

Surgical Outcomes of Multilevel Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion versus Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion for the Correction of Adult Spinal Deformity: A Comparative Clinical Study.

Asian Spine J 2020 Aug 23;14(4):421-429. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Study Design: A retrospective case control study.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the surgical outcomes of multilevel lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) and multilevel posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in the surgical treatment of adult spinal deformity (ASD) and to evaluate the sagittal plane correction by combining LIF with posterior-column osteotomy (PCO).

Overview Of Literature: The surgical outcomes between multilevel LIF and multilevel PLIF in ASD patients remain unclear.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 31 ASD patients who underwent multilevel LIF combined with PCO (LIF group, n=14) or multilevel PLIF (PLIF group, n=17) and with a minimum 2-year follow-up. In the comparison between LIF and PLIF groups, their mean age at surgery was 69.4 vs. 61.8 years while the mean follow-up period was 29.2 vs. 59.3 months. We evaluated the transition of pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis (PI-LL) and disc angle (DA) in the LIF group, in fulcrum backward bending (FBB), after LIF and after posterior spinal fusion (PSF) with PCO. The spinopelvic radiographic parameters were compared between LIF and PLIF groups.

Results: Compared with the PLIF group, the LIF group had less blood loss and comparable surgical outcomes with respect to radiographic data, health-related quality of life scores and surgical time. In the LIF group, the mean DA and PI-LL were unchanged after LIF (DA, 5.8°; PI-LL, 15°) compared with the values using FBB (DA, 4.3°; PI-LL, 15°) and improved significantly after PSF with PCO (DA, 8.1°; PI-LL, 0°).

Conclusions: In the surgical treatment of ASD, multilevel LIF is less invasive than multilevel PLIF and combination of LIF and PCO would be necessary for optimal sagittal correction in patients with rigid deformity.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0357DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7435311PMC
August 2020

Prognostic Value of Left Ventricular Dyssynchrony Assessed with Nuclear Cardiology in Patients with Known or Suspected Stable Coronary Artery Disease with Preserved Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction.

Int Heart J 2020 Jul 18;61(4):685-694. Epub 2020 Jul 18.

Department of Cardiology, Nihon University School of Medicine.

Left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony assessed with phase analysis of electrocardiogram (ECG) -gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is useful for predicting major cardiac events (MCEs) in patients with cardiac dysfunction. However, there is no report on its usefulness in Japanese patients with known or suspected stable coronary artery disease (CAD) with preserved LV ejection fraction (LVEF).We retrospectively investigated 3,374 consecutive patients with known or suspected CAD who underwent rest Tl and stress Tc-tetrofosmin ECG-gated SPECT MPI and had preserved LVEF (≥ 45%), and followed them up to confirm their prognosis for three years. The composite endpoint was the onset of MCEs consisting of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina pectoris, and severe heart failure requiring hospitalization. LV mechanical dyssynchrony was evaluated with phase analysis with the Heart Risk View-F software to obtain the phase bandwidth and standard deviation.During the follow-up, 179 patients experienced MCEs: cardiac death (n = 42); non-fatal MI (n = 34); unstable angina pectoris (n = 54); and severe heart failure (n = 49). Results of the multivariate analysis showed age, a history of MI, diabetes mellitus, summed stress score, and stress phase bandwidth to be independent predictors for MCEs. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, prognoses were significantly stratified with the tertiles of stress phase bandwidth.LV mechanical dyssynchrony assessed with ECG-gated SPECT MPI is useful for predicting a prognosis and stratifying the risk of MCEs in Japanese patients with known or suspected stable CAD with preserved LVEF.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1536/ihj.20-008DOI Listing
July 2020

Earlier radiosurgery leads to better pain relief and less medication usage for trigeminal neuralgia patients: an international multicenter study.

J Neurosurg 2020 Jul 3:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

1Department of Neurosurgery, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York.

Objective: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a chronic pain condition that is difficult to control with conservative management. Furthermore, disabling medication-related side effects are common. This study examined how stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) affects pain outcomes and medication dependence based on the latency period between diagnosis and radiosurgery.

Methods: The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with type I TN at 12 Gamma Knife treatment centers. SRS was the primary surgical intervention in all patients. Patient demographics, disease characteristics, treatment plans, medication histories, and outcomes were reviewed.

Results: Overall, 404 patients were included. The mean patient age at SRS was 70 years, and 60% of the population was female. The most common indication for SRS was pain refractory to medications (81%). The median maximum radiation dose was 80 Gy (range 50-95 Gy), and the mean follow-up duration was 32 months. The mean number of medications between baseline (pre-SRS) and the last follow-up decreased from 1.98 to 0.90 (p < 0.0001), respectively, and this significant reduction was observed across all medication categories. Patients who received SRS within 4 years of their initial diagnosis achieved significantly faster pain relief than those who underwent treatment after 4 years (median 21 vs 30 days, p = 0.041). The 90-day pain relief rate for those who received SRS ≤ 4 years after their diagnosis was 83.8% compared with 73.7% in patients who received SRS > 4 years after their diagnosis. The maximum radiation dose was the strongest predictor of a durable pain response (OR 1.091, p = 0.003). Early intervention (OR 1.785, p = 0.007) and higher maximum radiation dose (OR 1.150, p < 0.0001) were also significant predictors of being pain free (a Barrow Neurological Institute pain intensity score of I-IIIA) at the last follow-up visit. New sensory symptoms of any kind were seen in 98 patients (24.3%) after SRS. Higher maximum radiation dose trended toward predicting new sensory deficits but was nonsignificant (p = 0.075).

Conclusions: TN patients managed with SRS within 4 years of diagnosis experienced a shorter interval to pain relief with low risk. SRS also yielded significant decreases in adjunct medication utilization. Radiosurgery should be considered earlier in the course of treatment for TN.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2020.4.JNS192780DOI Listing
July 2020

The Severity of Cervical Disc Degeneration Does Not Impact 2-year Postoperative Outcomes in Patients With Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Who Underwent Laminoplasty.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2020 Sep;45(18):E1142-E1149

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of cervical disc degeneration (CDD) severity on 2-year postoperative outcomes following laminoplasty.

Summary Of Background Data: The impact of CDD on postoperative outcomes of cervical laminoplasty has not been well established.

Methods: A total of 144 patients who underwent open-door laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) were enrolled. Six cervical discs were independently analyzed for degeneration severity using a previously reported grading system (grade 0: none, grade 3: severest). The relationship between the segmental range of motion (ROM) and the severity of CDD was evaluated. Subsequently, after dividing overall patients into mild and severe CDD groups by the average of CDD scores, the mixed-effect model was applied to assess 2-year postoperative outcomes, including physician-assessed myelopathy scores, patient-reported outcomes, and preoperative radiographic parameters. Finally, as additional analysis, the severe CDD group was further divided into two groups: group 1 included patients with a grade 3 CDD change in their most stenotic level and group 2 included the others. The 2-year postoperative myelopathy score was compared between groups 1 and 2.

Results: The cervical segments with grade 3 CDD showed significantly smaller ROM compared with those with grade 0, 1, or 2 CDD (P < 0.01). There were no significant differences in postoperative improvements in myelopathy, pain, patient-reported physical and mental status, and radiographic parameters, except for quality of life (QOL) scores between CDD groups. A significant (P = 0.02) postoperative improvement in QOL scores was noted in the severe CDD group. In an additional analysis, myelopathy score at 2 years postoperatively was significantly higher in group 1 than group 2 (P = 0.041).

Conclusion: The severity of CDD did not negatively impact 2-year postoperative laminoplasty outcomes. The postulated reason is that the decreased segmental instability in the level with severe CDD may affect surgical outcomes positively.

Level Of Evidence: 3.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000003528DOI Listing
September 2020

Impact of Therapeutic Angiogenesis Using Autologous Bone Marrow-derived Mononuclear Cell Implantation in Patients with No-option Critical Limb Ischemia.

Ann Vasc Dis 2020 Mar;13(1):13-22

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan.

Recently, the limb salvage rate of patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) has been improved due to the development of revascularization and wound care treatment. However, many patients with CLI are refractory to standard treatments, including revascularization such as endovascular treatment or surgical bypass. Establishment of a new cell therapy is required to improve the limb salvage rate and prognosis in patients with CLI. In 1997, endothelial progenitor cells were found to be derived from the bone marrow to circulate as CD34 surface antigen positive cells in peripheral blood and to affect therapeutic angiogenesis in ischemic tissues. Later, therapeutic angiogenesis using autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell (BM-MNC) implantation was performed for patients with no-option CLI in clinical practice. Several reports showed the safety and efficacy of the BM-MNC implantation in patients with CLI caused by arteriosclerosis obliterans, thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO), and collagen diseases. In particular, in patients with CLI caused by TAO, limb salvage rate was significantly improved compared with standard treatments. The BM-MNC implantation may be feasible and safe in patients with no-option CLI. Here, we review the efficacy of BM-MNC implantation in no-option CLI, with a focus on therapeutic angiogenesis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3400/avd.ra.20-00002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7140169PMC
March 2020

Predictors of dropout from cohort study due to deterioration in health status, with focus on sarcopenia, locomotive syndrome, and frailty: From the Shiraniwa Elderly Cohort (Shiraniwa) study.

J Orthop Sci 2021 Jan 19;26(1):167-172. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Conditions of the elderly like sarcopenia, locomotive syndrome, and frailty have been attracting attention recently. However, the relationship of these 3 conditions and the difference in the magnitude of influence each has on deterioration in health status remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and relationship of sarcopenia, locomotive syndrome, and frailty, and to clarify their influence on the dropout from cohort study due to deterioration in health status.

Methods: The 1st survey of the Shiraniwa Elderly Cohort (Shiraniwa) study was conducted in 2016. We examined 409 participants (aged ≥ 65 years; 164 males, 245 females) and assessed sarcopenia, locomotive syndrome, and frailty. Those who could not attend the 2nd survey (2017) due to deterioration in health status were defined as the Dropout group. We investigated the predictors of Dropout using multiple logistic regression analysis.

Results: The prevalence of sarcopenia, locomotive syndrome stage 2, and frailty were 4.4%, 40.1%, and 14.2%, respectively; 89.7% of participants with frailty were also diagnosed with locomotive syndrome stage 2. From the results of the 2nd survey, 46 people were classified into the Dropout group. Independent predictors of the Dropout were locomotive syndrome stage 2 (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 2.42, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11-5.31) and frailty (adjusted OR: 3.37, 95%CI: 1.56-7.30).

Conclusions: Locomotive syndrome stage 2 was the most common condition in the elderly, and most people with frailty also had locomotive syndrome stage 2. Locomotive syndrome stage 2 and frailty independently influenced the dropout from cohort study due to deterioration in health status. These results suggest that screening for locomotive syndrome is useful for early detection of the elderly with a risk of deterioration in health status, and screening for frailty may contribute to detecting the elderly with higher risk of deterioration in health status.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2020.02.006DOI Listing
January 2021

Prognostic Significance of the Residual SYNTAX Score and Ischemic Reduction Detected with Nuclear Cardiology for Prediction of Major Cardiac Events after Revascularization.

Intern Med 2020 Jun 12;59(11):1361-1371. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Department of Cardiology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Japan.

Objective There is no report on the risk stratification of major cardiac events (MCEs) with a combination of the Synergy between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score and ischemic reduction detected with rest Tl and stress Tc-tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT) after revascularization in Japanese patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods This was a retrospective study. The patients were followed up to confirm their prognosis for at least one year. Ischemia was evaluated based on the summed difference scores converted to the percentage of the total myocardium Safety Data Sheet (SDS%). The SYNTAX score and SDS% were calculated before and after revascularization. The endpoint was the occurrence of MCEs. Patients Study subjects were 293 patients who had a ≥75% stenotic lesion detected with coronary angiography following confirmation of ≥5% ischemia with SPECT, underwent revascularization, and thereafter received a re-evaluation with SPECT and coronary angiography. Results During the follow-up, 25 patients experienced MCEs of cardiac death (n=2), non-fatal myocardial infarction (n=3), and unstable angina pectoris (n=20). A receiver operating characteristic analysis indicated that the best cut-off values of the residual SYNTAX score and ΔSDS% were 12 and 5%, respectively, for the prediction of MCEs. The patients with a low residual SYNTAX score (<12) and high ΔSDS% (≥5%) had the best prognosis, while those with a high residual SYNTAX score (≥12) and low ΔSDS% (<5%) had the worst prognosis. Conclusion The combination of the residual SYNTAX score and ischemic reduction detected with nuclear cardiology is useful for predicting MCEs after revascularization.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.3397-19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7332621PMC
June 2020

Characteristic radiological findings for revision surgery after balloon kyphoplasty.

Sci Rep 2019 12 6;9(1):18513. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) sometimes fails to improve patients' outcomes, with revision surgery, using anterior or posterior reconstruction, being required. The purpose of this study was to investigate the radiological risk factors of failure after BKP in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs). This case-control study included 105 patients treated with single BKP and 14 patients  who required revision BKP. We evaluated radiological findings differentiating both groups, using plain radiography and computed tomography, before BKP. Angular flexion-extension motion was significantly greater in the revision than BKP group. While the frequency of pedicle fracture and posterior wall injury was not different between the groups, a split type fracture was more frequent in the revision group. Split type fracture had the highest adjusted odds ratio (OR) for revision (16.5, p = 0.018). Angular motion ≥14° increased the risk for revision surgery by 6-fold (p = 0.013), with endplate deficit having an OR of revision of 5.0 (p = 0.032). The revision rate after BKP was 3.8%, with split type fracture, greater angular motion and large endplate deficit being risk factors for revision. Treatment strategies for patients with these risk factors should be carefully evaluated, considering the inherent difficulties in performing revision surgery after BKP.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-55054-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6898586PMC
December 2019