Publications by authors named "Yuri Miyamura"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

NFAT indicates nucleocytoplasmic damped oscillation via its feedback modulator.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Sep 28;571:201-209. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Divison of Molecular and Vascular Biology, Institute of Resource Development and Analysis, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan. Electronic address:

Cell signaling and the following gene regulation are tightly regulated to keep homeostasis. NF-κB is a famous key transcription factor for inflammatory cell regulations that obtain a closed feedback loop with IκB. Similarly, we show here, NFAT is also tightly regulated via its downstream target, down syndrome critical region (DSCR)-1. In primary cultured endothelium, either shear stress or VEGF treatment revealed quick NFAT1 nuclear localization following the DSCR-1 transactivation, which in turn induced NFAT1 cytoplasm sequestration. Interestingly, both NFAT and DSCR-1 can be competitive substrates for calcineurin phosphatase and DSCR-1 is known to unstable protein, which caused NFAT1-nucleocytoplasmic damped oscillation via sustained shear stress or VEGF stimulation in endothelial cell (EC)s. To understand the molecular mechanism underlying the NFAT1 oscillation, we built a mathematical model of spatiotemporal regulation of NFAT1 combined with calcineurin and DSCR-1. Theoretically, manipulation of DSCR-1 expression in simulation predicted that DSCR-1 reduction would cause nuclear retention of dephosphorylated NFAT1 and disappearance of NFAT1 oscillation. To confirm this in ECs, DSCR-1 knockdown analysis was performed. DSCR-1 reduction indeed increased dephosphorylated NFAT1 in both the nucleus and cytoplasm, which eventually led to nuclear retention of NFAT1. Taken together, these studies suggest that DSCR-1 is a responsible critical factor for NFAT1 nucleocytoplasmic oscillation in shear stress or VEGF treated ECs. Our mathematical model successfully reproduced the experimental observations of NFAT1 dynamics. Combined mathematical and experimental approaches would provide a quantitative understanding way for the spatiotemporal NFAT1 feedback system.
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September 2021

Loss of Down syndrome critical region-1 leads to cholesterol metabolic dysfunction that exaggerates hypercholesterolemia in ApoE-null background.

J Biol Chem 2021 Jan-Jun;296:100697. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Division of Molecular and Vascular Biology, IRDA, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan. Electronic address:

Down syndrome critical region (DSCR)-1 functions as a feedback modulator for calcineurin-nuclear factor for activated T cell (NFAT) signals, which are crucial for cell proliferation and inflammation. Stable expression of DSCR-1 inhibits pathological angiogenesis and septic inflammation. DSCR-1 also plays a critical role in vascular wall remodeling associated with aneurysm development that occurs primarily in smooth muscle cells. Besides, Dscr-1 deficiency promotes the M1-to M2-like phenotypic switch in macrophages, which correlates to the reduction of denatured cholesterol uptakes. However, the distinct roles of DSCR-1 in cholesterol and lipid metabolism are not well understood. Here, we show that loss of apolipoprotein (Apo) E in mice with chronic hypercholesterolemia induced Dscr-1 expression in the liver and aortic atheroma. In Dscr-1-null mice fed a high-fat diet, oxidative- and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress was induced, and sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) 2 production in hepatocytes was stimulated. This exaggerated ApoE-mediated nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and subsequent hypercholesterolemia. Genome-wide screening revealed that loss of both ApoE and Dscr-1 resulted in the induction of immune- and leukocyte activation-related genes in the liver compared with ApoE deficiency alone. However, expressions of inflammation-activated markers and levels of monocyte adhesion were suspended upon induction of the Dscr-1 null background in the aortic endothelium. Collectively, our study shows that the combined loss of Dscr-1 and ApoE causes metabolic dysfunction in the liver but reduces atherosclerotic plaques, thereby leading to a dramatic increase in serum cholesterol and the formation of sporadic vasculopathy.
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August 2021