Publications by authors named "Yunjing Hou"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Interactive regulation of laryngeal cancer and neuroscience.

Biochim Biophys Acta Rev Cancer 2021 Jun 12;1876(1):188580. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Pathology, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin 150081, China. Electronic address:

Nerve fibres are distributed throughout the body along with blood and lymphatic vessels. The intrinsic morphological characteristics of nerves and the general characteristics of secretions in the tumour microenvironment provide a solid theoretical basis for exploring how neuronal tissue can influence the progression of laryngeal cancer (LC). The central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) jointly control many aspects of cancer and have attracted widespread attention in the study of the progression, invasion and metastasis of tumour tissue banks. Stress activates the neuroendocrine response of the human hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. LC cells induce nerve growth in the microenvironment by releasing neurotrophic factors (NTFs), and they can also stimulate neurite formation by secreting axons and axon guides. Conversely, nerve endings secrete factors that attract LC cells; this is known as perineural invasion (PNI) and promotes the progression of the associated cancer. In this paper, we summarize the systematic understanding of the role of neuroregulation in the LC tumour microenvironment (TME) and ways in which the TME accelerates nerve growth, which is closely related to the occurrence of LC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbcan.2021.188580DOI Listing
June 2021

Ciliated Muconodular Papillary Tumors of the Lung: Distinct Molecular Features of an Insidious Tumor.

Front Genet 2020 29;11:579737. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Department of Pathology, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, China.

Introduction: Ciliated muconodular papillary tumors (CMPTs) are rare special peripheral pulmonary nodule composed of different cell proportions, characterized by papillary structures and significant alveolar mucus. Because of their rarity, underrecognized processes, the full range clinical course and histogenesis of CMPTs remains uncertain.

Methods: Molecular features of 5 CMPTs cases (one case with mucinous adenocarcinoma simultaneously) were observed by whole exon gene detection. The histological features of CMPTs and the development trends of three major constituent cells were studied by immunohistochemistry and PCR.

Results: NGS revealed 77 gene mutations in the patient's tumor tissue and 31 mutations in the border tissue. TMB of CMPT tends to TMB of cancer tissues, and both are higher than normal tissues, CMPT share the same phylogenetic tree with cancer tissues. Moreover, PDL1, B7H3, and B7H4 were overexpressed in high columnar cells and eosinophilic ciliated cells of CMPT, tends to cancer tissues, while LAG3 and siglec15 were not found in CMPT.

Conclusion: The high prevalence of driver gene mutations in CMPTs, similar TMB and phylogenetic tree with cancer tissues indicate their malignant potential. Distinct molecular and immune check point features of each component support the notion that ciliated columnar cells in CMPT are insidious with immune escape.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2020.579737DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7550676PMC
September 2020

Analysis of microbial changes in the tonsillar formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue of Chinese patients with IgA nephropathy.

Pathol Res Pract 2020 Nov 15;216(11):153174. Epub 2020 Aug 15.

Department of pathology, Harbin Medical University, Heilongjiang, Harbin, 150081, PR China; Department of pathology, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Heilongjiang, Harbin, 150081, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is a prevalent chronic glomerular disease contribution to end-stage renal failure (ESRD). The tonsillar microbiota is closely associated with IgAN diseases based on the mucosal immune response. However, the composition and function of in tonsillar microbiota in participant patients with IgAN remains unknown. In this study, we detected the tonsillar microbiota changes of IgAN patients in Heilongjiang province located in northeast China.

Material And Methods: We collected from 21 patients with IgAN and 16 patients with chronic tonsillitis (CT) who had undergone tonsillectomy previously. Histological review of all samples from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue were performed. Extracted DNA from FFPE tissue blocks, after that V4 regions of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequencing and comparative analyses of tonsillar flora between two groups were performed. The statistical analysis used the SPSS version of 21.

Results: Visualization of microorganisms by Gram and Warthin-Starry (WS) silver stains, preliminarily observed the morphological characteristics of microbiome in FFPE tissue cases, such as bacteria or fungi. Tonsillar FFPE samples from the IgAN patients and CT controls showed significant differences in tonsillar microbial certain compositions and functions. We found that there were eight dominant genera that can be available to distinguish IgAN patients from CT controls. Compared with CT controls, at genus level, the relative abundances of Methylocaldum and unclassified_f_Prevotellaceae were significantly higher, while the abundances of Anaerosphaera, Halomonas, Trichococcus, Peptostreptococcus, norank_f_Synergistaceae and unclassified_k_norank_d_Bacteria were significantly lower in IgAN patients. Principal co-ordinates analysis (PCOA) distinguished IgAN patients from CT controls, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves analysis confirmed that the diagnosis of disease has certain diagnostic significance. In addition, Functional analysis revealed that partly Enzymes and KOs were increased in the IgAN patients.

Conclusions: Histological screening results were very helpful for further gene sequencing, not only to supplement the observation of bacterial morphology and structure, but also to prepare for subsequent gene sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. We elucidated subtle relevance between changes in tonsillar microbiota and IgAN patients, which can be utilized to predict the incidence of IgAN disease. In addition, we predicted that some enzymes, and KOs were closely related to IgAN.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prp.2020.153174DOI Listing
November 2020
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