Publications by authors named "Yumi Iida"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

AMBRA1 controls antigen-driven activation and proliferation of naïve T cells.

Int Immunol 2020 Sep 10. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Department of Immunology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Kanagawa, Japan.

AMBRA1 is a member of the BECN1 (BECLIN1) complex protein, and it plays a role in autophagy, cell death, tumorigenesis, and proliferation. We recently reported that on TCR stimulation, AMBRA1 controlled both autophagy and the cell cycle with metabolic regulation. Accumulating evidence has shown that autophagy and metabolic control are pivotal for T cell activation, clonal expansion, and effector/memory cell fate decision. However, it is unknown whether AMBRA1 is involved in T cell function under physiological conditions. We found that T cells in Ambra1-conditional knockout (cKO) mice induced exacerbated graft versus host response when they were transplanted into allogeneic BALB/c mice. Furthermore, Ambra1-deficient T cells showed increased proliferation and cytotoxic capability towards specific antigens in response to in vivo stimulation using allogeneic spleen cells. This enhanced immune response mainly contributed to naïve T cell hyperactivity. The T cell hyperactivity observed in this study were similar to those in some metabolic factor-deficient mice, but not those in other pro-autophagic factor-deficient mice. Under the static condition, however, naïve T cells were reduced in Ambra1-cKO mice, as same as in pro-autophagic factor-deficient mice. Collectively, these results suggested that AMBRA1 was involved in regulating T cell-mediated immune responses through autophagy-dependent and -independent mechanisms.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/intimm/dxaa063DOI Listing
September 2020

Podoplanin is indispensable for cell motility and platelet-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-related gene expression in esophagus squamous carcinoma TE11A cells.

Cancer Cell Int 2020 23;20:263. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1193 Japan.

Background: The transmembrane glycoprotein podoplanin (PDPN) is upregulated in some tumors and has gained attention as a malignant tumor biomarker. PDPN molecules have platelet aggregation-stimulating domains and, are therefore, suggested to play a role in tumor-induced platelet activation, which in turn triggers epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and enhances the invasive and metastatic activities of tumor cells. In addition, as forced PDPN expression itself can alter the propensity of certain tumor cells in favor of EMT and enhance their invasive ability, it is also considered to be involved in the cell signaling system. Nevertheless, underlying mechanisms of PDPN in tumor cell invasive ability as well as EMT induction, especially by platelets, are still not fully understood.

Methods: Subclonal TE11A cells were isolated from the human esophageal squamous carcinoma cell line TE11 and the effects of anti-PDPN neutralizing antibody as well as PDPN gene knockout on platelet-induced EMT-related gene expression were measured. Also, the effects of PDPN deficiency on cellular invasive ability and motility were assessed.

Results: PDPN-null cells were able to provoke platelet aggregation, suggesting that PDPN contribution to platelet activation in these cells is marginal. Nevertheless, expression of platelet-induced EMT-related genes, including vimentin, was impaired by PDPN-neutralizing antibody as well as PDPN deficiency, while their effects on TGF-β-induced gene expression were marginal. Unexpectedly, PDPN gene ablation, at least in either allele, engendered spontaneous N-cadherin upregulation and claudin-1 downregulation. Despite these seemingly EMT-like alterations, PDPN deficiency impaired cellular motility and invasive ability even after TGF-β-induced EMT induction.

Conclusions: These results suggested that, while PDPN seems to function in favor of maintaining the epithelial state of this cell line, it is indispensable for platelet-mediated induction of particular mesenchymal marker genes as well as the potentiation of motility and invasion capacity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12935-020-01328-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310449PMC
June 2020

Monitoring the autophagy-endolysosomal system using monomeric Keima-fused MAP1LC3B.

PLoS One 2020 8;15(6):e0234180. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Molecular Neuropathobiology Laboratory, Department of Molecular Life Sciences, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Kanagawa, Japan.

The autophagy-endolysosomal pathway is an evolutionally conserved degradation system that is tightly linked to a wide variety of physiological processes. Dysfunction of this system is associated with many pathological conditions such as cancer, inflammation and neurodegenerative diseases. Therefore, monitoring the cellular autophagy-endolysosomal activity is crucial for studies on the pathogenesis as well as therapeutics of such disorders. To this end, we here sought to create a novel means exploiting Keima, an acid-stable fluorescent protein possessing pH-dependent fluorescence excitation spectra, for precisely monitoring the autophagy-endolysosomal system. First, we generated three lines of transgenic (tg) mouse expressing monomeric Keima-fused MAP1LC3B (mKeima-LC3B). Then, these tg mice were subjected to starvation by food-restriction, and also challenged to neurodegeneration by genetically crossing with a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; i.e., SOD1H46R transgenic mouse. Unexpectedly, despite that a lipidated-form of endogenous LC3 (LC3-II) was significantly increased, those of mKeima-LC3B (mKeima-LC3B-II) were not changed under both stressed conditions. It was also noted that mKeima-LC3B-positive aggregates were progressively accumulated in the spinal cord of SOD1H46R;mKeima-LC3B double-tg mice, suggestive of acid-resistance and aggregate-prone natures of long-term overexpressed mKeima-LC3B in vivo. Next, we characterized mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) derived from mKeima-LC3B-tg mice. In contrast with in vivo, levels of mKeima-LC3B-I were decreased under starved conditions. Furthermore, when starved MEFs were treated with chloroquine (CQ), the abundance of mKeima-LC3B-II was significantly increased. Remarkably, when cultured medium was repeatedly changed between DMEM (nutrient-rich) and EBSS (starvation), acidic/neutral signal ratios of mKeima-LC3B-positive compartments were rapidly and reversibly shifted, which were suppressed by the CQ treatment, indicating that intraluminal pH of mKeima-LC3B-positive vesicles was changeable upon nutritional conditions of culture media. Taken together, although mKeima-LC3B-tg mice may not be an appropriate tool to monitor the autophagy-endolysosomal system in vivo, mKeima-LC3B must be one of the most sensitive reporter molecules for monitoring this system under in vitro cultured conditions.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0234180PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7279612PMC
August 2020

Dipeptidyl dipeptidase-4 inhibitor recovered ischemia through an increase in vasculogenic endothelial progenitor cells and regeneration-associated cells in diet-induced obese mice.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(3):e0205477. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Regenerative Medical Science, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Japan.

Metabolic syndrome (MS), overlapping type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and/or hypertension, owing to high-fat diet, poses risk for cardiovascular disease. A critical feature associated with such risk is the functional impairment of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Dipeptidyl dipeptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4 i) not only inhibit degradation of incretins to control blood glucose levels, but also improve EPC bioactivity and induce anti-inflammatory effects in tissues. In the present study, we investigated the effects of such an inhibitor, MK-06266, in an ischemia model of MS using diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. EPC bioactivity was examined in MK-0626-administered DIO mice and a non-treated control group, using an EPC colony-forming assay and bone marrow cKit+ Sca-1+ lineage-cells, and peripheral blood-mononuclear cells. Our results showed that, in vitro, the effect of MK-0626 treatment on EPC bioactivities and differentiation was superior compared to the control. Furthermore, microvascular density and pericyte-recruited arteriole number increased in MK-0626-administered mice, but not in the control group. Lineage profiling of isolated cells from ischemic tissues revealed that MK-0626 administration has an inhibitory effect on unproductive inflammation. This occurred via a decrease in the influx of total blood cells and pro-inflammatory cells such as neutrophils, total macrophages, M1, total T-cells, cytotoxic T-cells, and B-cells, with a concomitant increase in number of regeneration-associated cells, such as M2/M ratio and Treg/T-helper. Laser Doppler analysis revealed that at day 14 after ischemic injury, blood perfusion in hindlimb was greater in MK-0626-treated DIO mice, but not in control. In conclusion, the DPP-4 i had a positive effect on EPC differentiation in MS model of DIO mice. Following ischemic injury, DPP-4 i sharply reduced recruitment of pro-inflammatory cells into ischemic tissue and triggered regeneration and reparation, making it a promising therapeutic agent for MS treatment.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0205477PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424405PMC
November 2019

AMBRA1 is involved in T cell receptor-mediated metabolic reprogramming through an ATG7-independent pathway.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2017 09 5;491(4):1098-1104. Epub 2017 Aug 5.

Department of Host Defense Mechanism, Japan. Electronic address:

Metabolic reprogramming contributes to dynamic alteration of cell functions and characteristics. In T cells, TCR-mediated signaling evokes metabolic reprogramming and autophagy. AMBRA1 is known to serve in the facilitation of autophagy and quality control of mitochondria, but the role of AMBRA1 in T cell metabolic alteration is unknown. Here, we show that AMBRA1, but not ATG7, plays a role in TCR-mediated control of glycolytic factors and mitochondrial mass, while both AMBRA1 and ATG7 are required for autolysosome formation. Our results suggested that AMBRA1 is a core factor that controls both autophagy and metabolic regulation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.08.019DOI Listing
September 2017

A Combination of Mitochondrial Oxidative Stress and Excess Fat/Calorie Intake Accelerates Steatohepatitis by Enhancing Hepatic CC Chemokine Production in Mice.

PLoS One 2016 8;11(1):e0146592. Epub 2016 Jan 8.

Center for Matrix Biology and Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokai University, Isehara, Kanagawa, Japan.

Mitochondrial oxidative stress is considered as a key accelerator of fibrosis in various organs including the liver. However, the production of oxidative stress and progression of liver fibrosis may merely represent the independent consequences of hepatocellular injury caused by the primary disease. Because of a lack of appropriate experimental models to evaluate the sole effects of oxidative stress, it is virtually unknown whether this stress is causatively linked to the progression of liver fibrosis. Here, we examined the direct effects of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the progression of high fat/calorie diet-induced steatohepatitis using Tet-mev-1 mice, in which a mutated succinate dehydrogenase transgene impairs the mitochondrial electron transport and generates an excess amount of ROS in response to doxycycline administration. Wild type and Tet-mev-1 mice that had been continuously given doxycycline-containing water were subsequently fed either normal chow or a cholesterol-free high-fat/high-sucrose diet for 4 months at approximately 1 or 2 years of age. Histopathological examinations indicated that neither the mitochondrial ROS induced in Tet-mev-1 mice nor the feeding of wild type animals with high-fat/high-sucrose diet alone caused significant liver fibrosis. Only when the Tet-mev-1 mice were fed a high-fat/high-sucrose diet, it induced lipid peroxidation in hepatocytes and enhanced hepatic CC chemokine expression. These events were accompanied by increased infiltration of CCR5-positive cells and activation of myofibroblasts, resulting in extensive liver fibrosis. Interestingly, this combinatorial effect of mitochondrial ROS and excess fat/calorie intake on liver fibrosis was observed only in 2-year-old Tet-mev-1 mice, not in the 1-year-old animals. Collectively, these results indicate that mitochondrial ROS in combination with excess fat/calorie intake accelerates liver fibrosis by enhancing CC chemokine production in aged animals. We have provided a good experimental model to explore how high fat/calorie intake increases the susceptibility to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in aged individuals who have impaired mitochondrial adaptation.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0146592PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4706441PMC
July 2016

Vasculogenic conditioning of peripheral blood mononuclear cells promotes endothelial progenitor cell expansion and phenotype transition of anti-inflammatory macrophage and T lymphocyte to cells with regenerative potential.

J Am Heart Assoc 2014 Jun 25;3(3):e000743. Epub 2014 Jun 25.

Department of Regenerative Medicine Science, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Japan (H.M., T.S., A.S., T.A.) Vascular Regeneration Research Group, Institute of Biomedical Research and Innovation IBRI, Kobe, Japan (H.A., A.K., T.A.).

Background: Cell-based therapies involving mononuclear cells (MNCs) have been developed for vascular regeneration to treat ischemic diseases; however, quality control of therapeutic MNCs has not been evaluated. We investigated the therapeutic potential of peripheral blood (PB) MNCs, operated by recently developed quality and quantity (QQ) culture of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs).

Methods And Results: PBs were collected from healthy volunteers; peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) isolated from these PBs were subjected to QQ culture for 7 days with medium containing stem cell factor, thrombopoietin, Flt-3 ligand, vascular endothelial growth factor, and interleukin-6. The resulting cells (QQMNCs) in EPC colony-forming assay generated significantly more definitive EPC colonies than PBMNCs. In flow cytometry, macrophages and helper T lymphocytes of QQMNCs became phenotypically polarized into angiogenic, anti-inflammatory, and regenerative subsets: classical M1 to alternative M2; T helper (Th)1 to Th2; angiogenic or regulatory T-cell expansion. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay revealed the predominant proangiogenic gene expressions in QQMNCs versus PBMNCs. Using murine ischemic hindlimb models, the efficacy of QQMNC intramuscular transplantation (Tx) was compared to that of PBMNCTx, cultured "early EPC" Tx (eEPCTx), and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor mobilized CD34(+) cell Tx (GmCD34Tx). Laser Doppler imaging revealed the blood perfusion recovery in ischemic hindlimbs after QQMNCTx superior to after PBMNCTx and eEPCTx, but also earlier than after GmCD34Tx. Histological evaluations and qRT-PCR assays in ischemic hindlimbs demonstrated that QQMNCTx, similarly to GmCD34Tx, enhanced angiovasculogenesis and myogenesis, whereas it preponderantly inhibited inflammation and fibrosis versus PBMNCTx and eEPCTx.

Conclusions: QQ culture potentiates the ability of PBMNCs to promote regeneration of injured tissue; considering the feasible cell preparation, QQ culture-treated PBMNCs may provide a promising therapeutic option for ischemic diseases.

Clinical Trial Registration Url: irb.med.u-tokai.ac.jp/d/2/monthly/2010.html; IRB No.: 10R-020.URL: irb.med.u-tokai.ac.jp/d/2/monthly/201312.html; IRB No.: 13R228.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.113.000743DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4309104PMC
June 2014

Reduction of immunocompetent T cells followed by prolonged lymphopenia in severe sepsis in the elderly.

Crit Care Med 2013 Mar;41(3):810-9

Institute of Innovative Science and Technology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Kanagawa, Japan.

Objective: To investigate the immunological changes caused by severe sepsis in elderly patients.

Design: One-year, prospective observational study.

Setting: Emergency department and intensive care unit of a single university hospital.

Patients: Seventy-three patients with severe sepsis and 72 healthy donors.

Measurements And Main Results: In elderly septic patients (aged 65 yr and over), 3-month survival was significantly reduced compared with that for adult patients (18-64 yr) (60% vs. 89%, p < 0.01). We found that lymphopenia was prolonged for at least 21 days in elderly nonsurvivors of sepsis, while the number of lymphocytes recovered in both adult and elderly survivors of sepsis. In order to examine the immunological status of septic patients, blood samples were collected within 48 hrs of diagnosis of severe sepsis, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were purified for flow cytometric analysis. T cell levels were significantly reduced in both adult and elderly septic patients, compared with those in healthy donors (56% and 57% reduction, respectively). Interestingly, the immunocompetent CD28+ subset of CD4+ T cells decreased, whereas the immunosuppressive PD-1+ T cells and the percentage of regulatory T cells (CD4+ T cells that are both Foxp3+ and CD25+) increased in elderly patients, especially nonsurvivors, presumably reflecting the initial signs of immunosuppression.

Conclusion: Reduction of immunocompetent T cells followed by prolonged lymphopenia may be associated with poor prognosis in elderly septic patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0b013e318274645fDOI Listing
March 2013

Reciprocal control of G1-phase progression is required for Th-POK/Runx3-mediated CD4/8 thymocyte cell fate decision.

J Immunol 2012 Nov 26;189(9):4426-36. Epub 2012 Sep 26.

Department of Immunology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa 259-1193, Japan.

After receiving a TCR-mediated differentiation signal, CD4 and CD8 double-positive thymocytes diverge into CD4 or CD8 single-positive T cells, for which Th-POK and Runx3 have been identified as pivotal transcription factors, respectively. The cross-antagonistic regulation of Th-POK and Runx3 seems to be essential for CD4/8 thymocyte lineage commitment. However, the process for determining which pivotal factor acts dominantly has not been established. To explore the determining process, we used an in vitro culture system in which CD4 or CD8 single-positive cells are selectively induced from CD4/8 double-positive cells. Surprisingly, we found that control of G(1) cell cycle phase progression is critical for the determination. In the CD4 pathway, sustained TCR signal, as well as Th-POK, induces G(1)-phase extension and represses CD8 expression in a G(1) extension-dependent manner. In the CD8 pathway, after receiving a transient TCR signal, the IL-7R signal, as well as Runx3, antagonizes TCR signal-mediated G(1) extension and CD8 repression. Importantly, forced G(1) extension cancels the functions of Runx3 to repress Th-POK and CD4 and to reactivate CD8. In contrast, it is suggested that forced G(1) progression inhibits Th-POK function to repress CD8. Collectively, Th-POK and Runx3 are reciprocally involved in the control of G(1)-phase progression, on which they exert their functions dependently. These findings may provide novel insight into how CD4/CD8 cell lineages are determined by Th-POK and Runx3.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1102748DOI Listing
November 2012

A kinase-independent role for Aurora A in the assembly of mitotic spindle microtubules in Caenorhabditis elegans embryos.

Nat Cell Biol 2011 Jun 15;13(6):708-14. Epub 2011 May 15.

Laboratory for Developmental Genomics, RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology, Kobe 650-0047, Japan.

The assembly of a functional mitotic spindle is crucial for achieving successful mitosis. Aurora A kinase is one of the key regulators of mitotic events, including mitotic entry, centrosome maturation and spindle bipolarity. Caenorhabditis elegans Aurora A (AIR-1) is responsible for the assembly of γ-tubulin-independent microtubules in early embryos; however, the mechanism by which AIR-1 contributes to microtubule assembly during mitosis has been unclear. Here we show by live-cell imaging and RNA-mediated interference (RNAi)-based modulation of gene activity that AIR-1 has a crucial role in the assembly of chromatin-stimulated microtubules that is independent of the γ-tubulin complex. Surprisingly, the kinase activity of AIR-1 is dispensable for this process. Although the kinase-inactive form of AIR-1 was detected along the microtubules as well as on centrosomes, the kinase-active form of AIR-1 was restricted to centrosomes. Thus, we propose that AIR-1 has a kinase-dependent role at centrosomes and a kinase-independent role for stabilizing spindle microtubules and that coordination of these two roles is crucial for the assembly of mitotic spindles.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncb2242DOI Listing
June 2011

Imaging of mitotic spindle dynamics in Caenorhabditis elegans embryos.

Methods Cell Biol 2010 ;97:359-72

Laboratory for Developmental Genomics, RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology, Kobe 650-0047, Japan.

Development of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is highly reproducible, and the cell division patterns are virtually invariant. Transparency of the eggshell and cells enables the observation of intracellular events with a high temporal and spatial resolution. These unique features, along with the sophisticated genetic techniques, make this organism one of the most attractive model systems for dissecting regulatory mechanisms of dynamic cellular behaviors, such as mitosis, at an organismal level. In this chapter, we describe immunofluorescence and live imaging methods for analyzing mitotic spindle regulation. In particular, we present the use of double- or triple-labeled fluorescent strains for high-resolution two-dimensional and three-dimensional live imaging to analyze dynamic behaviors of mitotic spindles.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0091-679X(10)97019-2DOI Listing
December 2010

Variables associated with the need for support in mental health check-up of new undergraduate students.

Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2008 Feb;62(1):98-102

Department of Psychiatry, Health Service Center, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Aims: Frequent onset of several mental disorders starts around undergraduate age for university students. Mental health check-ups of the new students might help provide them with useful supports for improving their mental health. However, few studies have examined the validity of the check-up methods.

Methods: Whether the scores of a five-factor personality inventory (NEO-FFI) at matriculation predict the needs of mental care and treatment during the first year of the undergraduate course were examined in 8287 new students of a university in Tokyo.

Results: Logistic regression showed that high neuroticism, low extraversion and high openness of NEO-FFI, majoring in literature/philosophy/ psychology and living out of home were associated with need for mental care/treatment, in addition to the previous use of mental care services.

Conclusions: Personality inventory such as five-factor ones may be a useful supplemental tool for mental health check-up at matriculation to predict future needs of mental support in undergraduate university students. Students who smoke, live alone out of home and major in subjects such as philosophy might need to be more carefully supported than other students.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1819.2007.01781.xDOI Listing
February 2008

Caenorhabditis elegans geminin homologue participates in cell cycle regulation and germ line development.

J Biol Chem 2005 May 4;280(20):19689-94. Epub 2005 Apr 4.

Cellular Physiology Laboratory, Discovery Research Institute, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan.

Cdt1 is an essential component for the assembly of a pre-replicative complex. Cdt1 activity is inhibited by geminin, which also participates in neural development and embryonic differentiation in many eukaryotes. Although Cdt1 homologues have been identified in organisms ranging from yeast to human, geminin homologues had not been described for Caenorhabditis elegans and fungi. Here, we identify the C. elegans geminin, GMN-1. Biochemical analysis reveals that GMN-1 associates with C. elegans CDT-1, the Hox protein NOB-1, and the Six protein CEH-32. GMN-1 inhibits not only the interaction between mouse Cdt1 and Mcm6 but also licensing activity in Xenopus egg extracts. RNA interference-mediated reduction of GMN-1 is associated with enlarged germ nuclei with aberrant nucleolar morphology, severely impaired gametogenesis, and chromosome bridging in intestinal cells. We conclude that the Cdt1-geminin system is conserved throughout metazoans and that geminin has evolved in these taxa to regulate proliferation and differentiation by directly interacting with Cdt1 and homeobox proteins.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.C500070200DOI Listing
May 2005
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