Publications by authors named "Yuka Suehiro"

2 Publications

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The potential aroma and flavor compounds in Vitis sp. cv. Koshu and V. vinifera L. cv. Chardonnay under different environmental conditions.

J Sci Food Agric 2019 Mar 3;99(4):1926-1937. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Analytical Research Division, National Research Institute of Brewing, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan.

Background: Koshu, a hybrid of Vitis vinifera L. and V. davidii Foex, is the most popular indigenous cultivar for wine production in Japan. However, little is known about the potential aroma compounds it contains and how environmental factors affect these. In this study, we obtained comprehensive profiles of the volatile (both glycosidically bound and free) and phenolic compounds that occur in koshu berries, and compared these with similar profiles for V. vinifera cv. chardonnay. We then compared the response of these two cultivars to bunch shading and the ripening-related phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA).

Results: Koshu berries contained significantly higher concentrations of phenolic compounds, such as hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives, and some volatile phenols, such as 4-vinyl guaiacol and eugenol, than chardonnay berries, which are thought to contribute to the characteristics of koshu wine. In addition, koshu berries had a distinctly different terpenoid composition from chardonnay berries. Shading reduced the concentration of norisoprenoid in both cultivars, as well as several phenolic compounds, particularly their volatile derivatives in koshu berries. The exogenous application of ABA induced ripening and increased the concentrations of lipid derivatives, such as hexanol, octanol, 1-nonanol, and 1-octen-3-ol. Multivariate and discriminant analyses showed that the potential aroma and flavor compounds in the berries could be discriminated clearly based on cultivar and environmental cues, such as light exposure.

Conclusion: The unique secondary metabolite profiles of koshu and their different responses to environmental factors could be valuable for developing various types of koshu wines and new cultivars with improved quality and cultural characteristics. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.9389DOI Listing
March 2019

Recombinant expression, purification, and characterization of polyphenol oxidase 2 (VvPPO2) from "Shine Muscat" (Vitis labruscana Bailey × Vitis vinifera L.).

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 2017 Dec 11;81(12):2330-2338. Epub 2017 Oct 11.

d Faculty of Life and Environmental Science , Shimane University , Matsue , Japan.

Polyphenol oxidases (PPOs) catalyze browning reactions in various plant organs, therefore controlling the reactions is important for the food industry. PPOs have been assumed to be involved in skin browning of white grape cultivars; however, the molecular mechanism underlying PPO-mediated browning process remains elusive. We have recently identified a new PPO gene named VvPPO2 from "Shine Muscat" (Vitis labruscana Bailey × V. vinifera L.), and have shown that the gene is transcribed at a higher level than the previously identified VvPPO1 in browning, physiologically disordered berry skins at the maturation stage. In this study, we expressed VvPPO2 in Escherichia coli and, using the purified preparation, revealed unique physicochemical characteristics of the enzyme. Our study opens up a way to not only understand the berry skin browning process but also to elucidate the enzymatic maturation process of grape PPOs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09168451.2017.1381017DOI Listing
December 2017
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