Publications by authors named "Yue Hei"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Tail-vein injection of MSC-derived small extracellular vesicles facilitates the restoration of hippocampal neuronal morphology and function in APP / PS1 mice.

Cell Death Discov 2021 Sep 4;7(1):230. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Mini-invasive Neurosurgery and Translational Medical Center, Xi'an Central Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 161, West 5th Road, Xincheng District, 710003, Xi'an, P.R. China.

Mesenchymal stem-cell-derived small extracellular vesicles (MSC-EVs), as a therapeutic agent, have shown great promise in the treatment of neurological diseases. To date, the neurorestorative effects and underlying mechanism of MSC-EVs in Alzheimer's disease (AD) are not well known. Herein, we aimed to investigate the action of MSC-EVs on the neuronal deficits in β-amyloid protein (Aβ)-stimulated hippocampal neurons, or AD cell (SHSY5Y cell lines) and animal (APPswe / PS1dE9 mice) models. In the present study, the cell and AD models received a single-dose of MSC-EVs, and were then assessed for behavioral deficits, pathological changes, intracellular calcium transients, neuronal morphology alterations, or electrophysiological variations. Additionally, the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2, a key mediator of neuronal injury in AD) signaling pathway was probed by western blotting in vitro and in vivo models of AD. Our results showed that MSC-EVs therapy improved the cognitive impairments and reduced the hippocampal Aβ aggregation and neuronal loss in AD mice. Markedly, EV treatment restored the calcium oscillations, dendritic spine alterations, action potential abnormalities, or mitochondrial changes in the hippocampus of AD models. Also, we found that the Nrf2 signaling pathway participated in the actions of MSC-EVs in the cell and animal models. Together, these data indicate that MS-EVs as promising nanotherapeutics for restoration of hippocampal neuronal morphology and function in APP / PS1 mice, further highlighting the clinical values of MSC-EVs in the treatment of AD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41420-021-00620-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8418600PMC
September 2021

Long non‑coding RNA NEAT1 regulates glioma cell proliferation and apoptosis by competitively binding to microRNA‑324‑5p and upregulating KCTD20 expression.

Oncol Rep 2021 07 13;46(1). Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710032, P.R. China.

Previous studies have demonstrated that long non‑coding RNAs (lncRNAs) serve a key role in the development and progression of several types of cancer, including glioma. The lncRNA nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) contributes to cancer growth through its effects on cell proliferation, migration, invasion and drug resistance. However, the exact regulatory mechanisms via which NEAT1 acts in glioma are unclear. In the present study, the expression levels and function of NEAT1 in glioma tissues and cell lines were examined and . By reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR and fluorescence hybridization analysis, NEAT1 expression was upregulated in glioma tissues compared with in adjacent normal brain tissues, and elevated NEAT1 levels were associated with poor prognosis. Cell Counting Kit‑8, colony formation, ethynyldeoxyuridine, flow cytometry and western blotting assays were performed to detect the effects of NEAT1 on cell biological behavior. Knockdown of NEAT1 in glioma cell lines was associated with cell cycle arrest at the G/G phase, decreased proliferation and elevated apoptosis , and resulted in reduced tumor growth and increased survival in a mouse xenograft model of glioma. Using bioinformatics analysis, RNA immunoprecipitation experiments and luciferase reporter assays, it was demonstrated that NEAT1 may competitively bind to microRNA (miR)‑324‑5p, thus blocking its interaction with target mRNAs. Potassium channel tetramerization protein domain containing 20 (KCTD20) was identified as a specific miR‑324‑5p target. Accordingly, the inhibition of NEAT1 resulted in the downregulation of KCTD20 through competitive binding with miR‑324‑5p, decreased cell proliferation and increased apoptosis. Concomitant NEAT1 knockdown and inhibition of miR‑324‑5p partially reversed the effects of NEAT1 knockdown on cell proliferation and apoptosis, and further regulated KCTD20 expression. Collectively, the present findings demonstrated that NEAT1 acted as a competing endogenous RNA for miR‑324‑5p, and identified the NEAT1/miR‑324‑5p/KCTD20 axis as a novel regulatory axis and a potential therapeutic target for human glioma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/or.2021.8076DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8129970PMC
July 2021

Toll-Like Receptor 2 Attenuates Traumatic Brain Injury-Induced Neural Stem Cell Proliferation in Dentate Gyrus of Rats.

Neural Plast 2020 17;2020:9814978. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xijing Hospital, Air Force Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi, China.

It was not clear how and whether neural stem cells (NSCs) responded to toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) in the inflammatory environment after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The current study investigated the correlation of TLR2 and NSC proliferation in the dentate gyrus (DG) using the TBI model of rats. Immunofluorescence (IF) was used to observe the expression of BrdU, nestin, and TLR2 in the DG in morphology. Proliferating cells in the DG were labelled by thymidine analog 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU). Three-labelled BrdU, nestin, and DAPI was used for the identification of newly generated NSCs. Western blotting and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to observe the expression of TLR2 from the level of protein and mRNA. We observed that BrdU/nestin/DAPI cells accounted for 84.30% ± 6.54% among BrdU cells; BrdU and nestin cells in the DG were also TLR2 cells. BrdU cells and the expression of TLR2 (both protein and mRNA levels) both elevated immediately at 6 hours (h), 24 h, 3 days (d), and 7 d posttrauma and peaked in 3 d. Results indicated that TLR2 was expressed on proliferating cells in the DG (NSCs possibly) and there was a potential correlation between increased TLR2 and proliferated NSCs after TBI. Taken together, these findings suggested that TLR2 was involved in endogenous neurogenesis in the DG after TBI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9814978DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7448220PMC
August 2021

MSC-derived exosomes protect against oxidative stress-induced skin injury via adaptive regulation of the NRF2 defense system.

Biomaterials 2020 10 28;257:120264. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Mini-invasive Neurosurgery and Translational Medical Center, Xi'an Central Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 161, West 5th Road, Xincheng District, Xi'an, 710003, PR China. Electronic address:

Oxidative stress is a major cause of skin injury induced by damaging stimuli such as UV radiation. Currently, owing to their immunomodulatory properties, mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (MSC-Exo), as a nanotherapeutic agent, have attracted considerable attention. Here, we investigated the therapeutic effects of MSC-Exo on oxidative injury in HO-stimulated epidermal keratinocytes and UV-irradiated wild type and nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) knocked down cell and animal models. Our findings showed that MSC-Exo treatment reduced reactive oxygen species generation, DNA damage, aberrant calcium signaling, and mitochondrial changes in HO-stimulated keratinocytes or UV-irradiated mice skin. Exosome therapy also improved antioxidant capacities shown by increased ferric ion reducing antioxidant power and glutathione peroxidase or superoxide dismutase activities in oxidative stress-induced cell and skin injury. In addition, it alleviated cellular and histological responses to inflammation and oxidation in cell or animal models. Furthermore, the NRF2 signaling pathway was involved in the antioxidation activity of MSC-Exo, while Nrf2 knockdown attenuated the antioxidant capacities of MSC-Exo in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that these effects are partially mediated by the NRF2 signaling pathway. These results indicate that MSC-Exo can repair oxidative stress-induced skin injury via adaptive regulation of the NRF2 defense system. Thus, MSC-Exo may be used as a potential dermatological nanotherapeutic agent for treating oxidative stress-induced skin diseases or disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2020.120264DOI Listing
October 2020

Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes as a nanotherapeutic agent for amelioration of inflammation-induced astrocyte alterations in mice.

Theranostics 2019 14;9(20):5956-5975. Epub 2019 Aug 14.

Mini-invasive Neurosurgery and Translational Medical Center, Xi'an Central Hospital, No. 161, West 5th Road, Xincheng District, Xi'an, 710003, P.R. China.

Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (MSC-Exo) have robust anti-inflammatory effects in the treatment of neurological diseases such as epilepsy, stroke, or traumatic brain injury. While astrocytes are thought to be mediators of these effects, their precise role remains poorly understood. To address this issue, we investigated the putative therapeutic effects and mechanism of MSC-Exo on inflammation-induced alterations in astrocytes. : Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated hippocampal astrocytes in primary culture were treated with MSC-Exo, which were also administered in pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE) mice. Exosomal integration, reactive astrogliosis, inflammatory responses, calcium signaling, and mitochondrial membrane potentials (MMP) were monitored. To experimentally probe the molecular mechanism of MSC-Exo actions on the inflammation-induced astrocytic activation, we inhibited the nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2, like 2 (Nrf2, a key mediator in neuroinflammation and oxidative stress) by sgRNA (in vitro) or ML385 (Nrf2 inhibitor) in vivo. : MSC-Exo were incorporated into hippocampal astrocytes as well as attenuated reactive astrogliosis and inflammatory responses in vitro and in vivo. Also, MSC-Exo ameliorated LPS-induced aberrant calcium signaling and mitochondrial dysfunction in culture, and SE-induced learning and memory impairments in mice. Furthermore, the putative therapeutic effects of MSC-Exo on inflammation-induced astrocytic activation (e.g., reduced reactive astrogliosis, NF-κB deactivation) were weakened by Nrf2 inhibition. : Our results show that MSC-Exo ameliorate inflammation-induced astrocyte alterations and that the Nrf2-NF-κB signaling pathway is involved in regulating astrocyte activation in mice. These data suggest the promising potential of MSC-Exo as a nanotherapeutic agent for the treatment of neurological diseases with hippocampal astrocyte alterations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/thno.33872DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6735367PMC
August 2020

High-Mobility Group Box 1 Neutralization Prevents Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion-Induced Optic Tract Injuries in the White Matter Associated with Down-regulation of Inflammatory Responses.

Cell Mol Neurobiol 2019 Oct 13;39(7):1051-1060. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, No.17 Changle West Road, Xi'an, 710032, People's Republic of China.

Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH)-induced white matter lesions (WMLs) are region-specific with the optic tract (OT) displaying the most severe damages and leading to visual-based behavioral impairment. Previously we have demonstrated that anti-high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) neutralizing antibody (Ab) prevents CCH-induced hippocampal damages via inhibition of neuroinflammation. Here we tested the protective role of the Ab on CCH-induced OT injuries. Rats were treated with permanent occlusion of common carotid arteries (2-VO) or a sham surgery, and then administered with PBS, anti-HMGB1 Ab, or paired control Ab. Pupillary light reflex examination, visual water maze, and tapered beam-walking were performed 28 days post-surgery to investigate the behavioral deficits. Meanwhile, WMLs were measured by Klüver-Barrera (KB) and H&E staining, and glial activation was further assessed to evaluate inflammatory responses in OT. Results revealed that anti-HMGB1 Ab ameliorated the morphological damages (grade scores, vacuoles, and thickness) in OT area and preserved visual abilities. Additionally, the increased levels of inflammatory responses and expressions of TLR4 and NF-κB p65 and phosphorylated NF-κB p65 (p-p65) in OT area were partly down-regulated after anti-HMGB1 treatment. Taken together, these findings suggested that HMGB1 neutralization could ease OT injuries and visual-guided behavioral deficits via suppressing inflammatory responses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10571-019-00702-7DOI Listing
October 2019

High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) antagonist BoxA suppresses status epilepticus-induced neuroinflammatory responses associated with Toll-like receptor 2/4 down-regulation in rats.

Brain Res 2019 08 12;1717:44-51. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Mini-invasive Neurosurgery and Translational Medical Center, Xi'an Central Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, West 5th Road, Xincheng District, Xi'an 710003, PR China. Electronic address:

It has been generally accepted that inflammatory responses induced by status epilepticus (SE) in the brain are associated with microglial activation. One important regulator of microglial activation is high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) protein. HMGB1 exerts its influence on microglia via various pathways including Toll-like receptor (TLR) subtypes 2 and 4. To explore the HMGB1 role in the SE-induced microglial activation and the involvement of TLRs we conducted in vivo and ex vivo experiments using the HMGB1 antagonist BoxA. Blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, brain water content, hippocampal neuroinflammation and neuronal apoptosis were measured 24 h after the pilocarpine induction of status epilepticus (SE) in Sprague-Dawley rats treated with BoxA. In ex vivo experiments, post-SE microglia cells were isolated from the hippocampal CA1 area and subjected to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation followed by inflammatory cytokine IL-1β and IL-6 by qPCR and HMGB1, TLR2, TLR3 by Western blotting. A significant down-regulation of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α but not HMGB1 was found in BoxA-treated compared to untreated animals. These changes were associated with decreased BBB permeability, reduced hippocampal neuronal apoptosis and reduction in hippocampal microglial activation. We conclude that BoxA-induced suppression of HMGB1-mediated neuroinflammatory responses is associated with TLR-2 and 4 down-regulation and should be explored as a potential therapeutic target.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2019.04.007DOI Listing
August 2019

Neuregulin1 attenuates cognitive deficits and hippocampal CA1 neuronal apoptosis partly via ErbB4 receptor in a rat model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion.

Behav Brain Res 2019 06 28;365:141-149. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, No.17 Changle West Road, Xi'an, 710032, PR China. Electronic address:

Neuregulin1 (NRG1) is an effective neuroprotectant. Previously we demonstrated that the expression of hippocampal NRG1/ErbB4 gradually decreased and correlates with neuronal apoptosis during chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH). Here we aimed to further investigate the protective role of NRG1 in CCH. AG1478, an ErbB4 inhibitor, was used to explore the involvement of ErbB4 receptors in NRG1's action. Permanent bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (2VO) or sham operation was performed in Sprague-Dawley rats. NRG1 (100 μM) and AG1478 (50 mM) was administered intraventricularly. Eight weeks post-surgery, cognitive impairment was analyzed using Morris water maze (MWM) and radial arm water maze (RAWM) tests, followed by histological assessment of the survival and apoptosis of hippocampal CA1 neurons using NeuN and TUNEL immunostaining respectively. Expression of apoptosis-related proteins and ErbB4 activation (pErbB4/ErbB4) was evaluated by Western blotting. The results showed that NRG1 significantly improved the performances in MWM (spatial learning and memory) and RAWM (spatial working and reference memory), attenuated hippocampal CA1 neuronal loss and apoptosis, upregulated the expression of pErbB4/ErbB4 and the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, and downregulated the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins of Cleaved (Cl)-caspase3 and Bax. In addition, the protective effects of NRG1 could be partly abolished by AG1478. Taken together, our study suggested that NRG1 ameliorates cognitive impairment and neuronal apoptosis partly via ErbB4 receptors in rats with CCH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2019.02.046DOI Listing
June 2019

The Expression of Hippocampal NRG1/ErbB4 Correlates With Neuronal Apoptosis, but Not With Glial Activation During Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion.

Front Aging Neurosci 2018 23;10:149. Epub 2018 May 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.

Permanent bilateral common carotid occlusion (2VO) is well-established to investigate the chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH)-induced cognitive deficits. Besides, previous studies suggested that disturbance of Neuregulin1 (NRG1)/ErbB4 signaling is associated with cognitive impairments, as well as neuronal apoptosis and neuroinflammation in CNS. However, the expression pattern of hippocampal NRG1/ErbB4 has not been systematically investigated during CCH. Here, we aim to investigate the temporal changes of hippocampal NRG1/ErbB4 during CCH and their possible relationship with neuronal apoptosis and glial activation. Morris water maze (MWM) and Radial arm water maze (RAWM) tests were used to analyze cognitive impairment in 2VO rats at 28 days post-surgery, and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), western blotting and immunostaining were performed at different time points (24 h, 7 days, 14 days, 28 days) to detect the expression pattern of NRG1/ErbB4 and the distribution of ErbB4. Neuronal nuclei (NeuN), NeuN/TUNEL, Iba1 and GFAP immunostaining and caspase activity in hippocampal CA1 subarea were assessed during CCH as well. We found that the expression of NRG1 and phosphorylated ErbB4 (pErbB4)/ErbB4 changed in a time-dependent manner (up-regulated in the acute phase and then decreased in the chronic phase of CCH). Besides, ErbB4-expressed neurons and selective types of GABAergic cells decreased after CCH, but the distribution pattern of ErbB4 remained unchanged. In addition, the expression of hippocampal NRG1/ErbB4 positively correlated with the level of neuronal apoptosis (both NeuN/TUNEL immunostaining and caspase-3 activity), but not with glial activation according to Pearson's correlation. These findings indicated that hippocampal NRG1/ErbB4 may be involved in the pathogenesis of CCH, especially neuronal apoptosis during CCH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2018.00149DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974051PMC
May 2018

HMGB1 Neutralization Attenuates Hippocampal Neuronal Death and Cognitive Impairment in Rats with Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion via Suppressing Inflammatory Responses and Oxidative Stress.

Neuroscience 2018 07 17;383:150-159. Epub 2018 May 17.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, No. 17 Changle West Road, Xi'an 710032, PR China. Electronic address:

High-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) acts as a proinflammatory molecule once released into the extracellular space and inhibition of HMGB1 signaling has been reported be neuroprotective in neurodegenerative diseases. Besides, chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) causes cognitive impairment in neurodegenerative diseases. Here we tested the protective role of HMGB1 inhibition using anti-HMGB1 neutralizing antibody (Ab) against CCH in rats after bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (2VO). 169 male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent 2VO or sham operation. PBS, anti-HMGB1 Ab (1 mg/kg), or control IgG Ab (1 mg/kg) was intravenously administered post-operation. HMGB1 translocation, blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability and glial activation were evaluated at 3 d, as well as the levels of inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress. NeuN immunostaining and Morris Water Maze (MWM) were performed at 3 d, 4 w and 12 w. We found that anti-HMGB1 neutralizing Ab inhibited HMGB1 translocation in hippocampal CA1 subarea and improved hippocampal HMGB1 level. Besides, anti-HMGB1 Ab preserved BBB integrity and reduced glial activation, in association with the related changes in oxidative stress (increased activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), and decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) production) and inflammatory cytokines (increased gene expression of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF) at 3 d. Additionally, anti-HMGB1 neutralizing Ab improved hippocampal CA1 neuronal survival and behavioral outcomes in the chronic phase (4 w and 12 w). Taken together, these findings suggest that HMGB1 neutralization suppresses hippocampal inflammatory responses and oxidative stress in the acute phase, and these changes exert long-lasting beneficial effects in the chronic phase of CCH.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.05.010DOI Listing
July 2018

Upregulation of seladin-1 and nestin expression in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation via the ERK1/2 and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways in an Alzheimer's disease model.

Oncol Lett 2018 May 7;15(5):7443-7449. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710032, P.R. China.

The aim of the present study was to determine the roles of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BM-MSC) transplantation in a model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and determine the underlying mechanism. The expression of selective Alzheimer's disease indicator-1 (Seladin-1) and nestin was detected using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 inhibitors, LY294002 and PD98059, were employed to evaluate the molecular mechanism. The results indicated that the mRNA and protein expression of Seladin-1 and nestin was lower in the AD group when compared with the control group. BM-MSC transplantation reversed this decrease in expression, potentially by increasing the protein expression of phosphorylated (p)-protein kinase B (Akt) and p-ERK1/2. In addition, LY294002 (the PI3K inhibitor) and/or PD98059 (the ERK1/2 inhibitor) blocked the enhancement of BM-MSC transplantation on the expression of Seladin-1 and nestin in the hippocampus. These results indicated that BM-MSC transplantation enhanced Seladin-1 and nestin expression potentially via a mechanism associated with the activation of the PI3K/Akt and ERK1/2 signaling pathways. The present study offers preliminary evidence that treatment with BM-MSCs may represent a potential therapeutic approach against brain lesions in AD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7543DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5920825PMC
May 2018

D-allose protects the blood brain barrier through PPARγ-mediated anti-inflammatory pathway in the mice model of ischemia reperfusion injury.

Brain Res 2016 07 19;1642:478-486. Epub 2016 Apr 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, No.15 Changle West Road, Xincheng District, Xi'an 710032, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address:

Our early experiments confirmed that D-allose was closely involved in the blood brain barrier (BBB) protection from ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury, but the regulatory mechanism is not fully defined. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of D-allose in the protection of BBB integrity and the relevant mechanisms involved in the mice model of middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion (MCAO/Rep). D-allose was intravenously injected via a tail vein (0.2mg/g and 0.4mg/g, 1h before ischemia), GW9662 was intraperitoneal injected to the mice (4mg/kg) before inducing ischemia 24h. Pretreatment with D-allose ameliorated the neurological deficits, infarct volume and brain edema in brains of MCAO/Rep mice. D-allose inhibited cell apoptosis in the mice model of MCAO/Rep. We observed that D-allose remarkably decreased BBB permeability and prevented the reduction of ZO-1, Occludin and Claudin-5 in mice brains with MCAO/Rep injury. D-allose also repressed the levels of TNF-α, NF-κB, interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-8 in inflammatory responses. The increases of intercellular adhesion molecular-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and CD11b/CD18 were significantly inhibited by D-allose during the MCAO/Rep injury. And D-allose decreased the L-selectin and P-selectin levels after MCAO/Rep. Moreover, D-allose induced up-regulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), and down-regulation of TNF-α and NF-κB after MCAO/Rep, which were abolished by utilization of GW9662. In conclusion, we provided evidences that D-allose may has therapeutic potential against brain IR injury through attenuating BBB disruption and the inflammatory response via PPARγ-dependent regulation of NF-κB.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2016.04.038DOI Listing
July 2016

MRI tracking of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells labeled with ultra-small superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in a rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy.

Neurosci Lett 2015 Oct 25;606:30-5. Epub 2015 Aug 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, No.17 Changle West Road, Xi'an 710032, PR China. Electronic address:

Transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) is a promising approach for treatment of epilepsy. To our knowledge, there is little research on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tracking of BMSCs labeled with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanoparticles in a rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). In this study, BMSCs were pre-labeled with USPIO nanoparticles, and then the cell apoptosis, proliferation, surface antigens, and multipotency were investigated. Lithium chloride-pilocarpine induced TLE models were administered by USPIO-labeled BMSCs (U-BMSCs), BMSCs, and saline through lateral ventricle injection as the experimental group, control I group and control II group, respectively, followed by MRI examination, electroencephalography (EEG) and Prussian blue staining. The cell experimental results showed that the labeled USPIO did not affect the biological characteristics and multiple potential of BMSCs. The U-BMSCs can be detected using MRI in vitro and in vivo, and observed in the hippocampus and adjacent parahippocampal cortical areas of the epileptic model. Moreover, electroencephalographic results showed that transplanted U-BMSCs, as well as BMSCs, were capable of reducing the number of epileptiform waves significantly (P<0.01) compared with control II group. All of these findings suggest that it is feasible to track transplanted BMSCs using MRI in a rat model of TLE, and support that USPIO labeling is a valuable tool for cell tracking in the study of seizure disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2015.08.040DOI Listing
October 2015
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