Publications by authors named "Yuanyin Li"

2 Publications

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Improving accuracy of Tay Sachs carrier screening of the non-Jewish population: analysis of 34 carriers and six late-onset patients with HEXA enzyme and DNA sequence analysis.

Pediatr Res 2010 Feb;67(2):217-20

Molecular Genetics Department, Quest Diagnostics Nichols Institute, San Juan Capistrano, California 92690, USA.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether combining different testing modalities namely beta-hexosaminidase A (HEXA) enzyme analysis, HEXA DNA common mutation assay, and HEXA gene sequencing could improve the sensitivity for carrier detection in non-Ashkenazi (AJ) individuals. We performed a HEXA gene sequencing assay, a HEXA DNA common mutation assay, and a HEXA enzyme assay on 34 self-reported Tay-Sachs disease (TSD) carriers, six late-onset patients with TSD, and one pseudodeficiency allele carrier. Sensitivity of TSD carrier detection was 91% for gene sequencing compared with 91% for the enzyme assay and 52% for the DNA mutation assay. Gene sequencing combined with enzyme testing had the highest sensitivity (100%) for carrier detection. Gene sequencing detected four novel mutations, three of which are predicted to be disease causing [118.delT, 965A-->T (D322V), and 775A-->G (T259A)]. Gene sequencing is useful in identifying rare mutations in patients with TSD and their families, in evaluating spouses of known carriers for TSD who have indeterminate enzyme analysis and negative for common mutation analysis, and in resolving ambiguous enzyme testing results.
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February 2010

Development of a novel, accurate, automated, rapid, high-throughput technique suitable for population-based carrier screening for Fragile X syndrome.

Genet Med 2007 Apr;9(4):199-207

Quest Diagnostics, Nichols Institute, San Juan Capistrano, California 92690, USA.

Purpose: To develop a high-throughput, automated, accurate method suitable for population-based carrier detection of fragile X syndrome.

Methods: We developed a new method called capillary Southern analysis that allows automated high-throughput screening for expanded fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) alleles. Initially samples are analyzed by a multiplex polymerase chain reaction that contains an internal control to establish gender. All females heterozygous for two normal alleles are reported as normal without further analysis. All females homozygous at the FMR1 locus (24% of all analysis) are then analyzed by capillary Southern analysis. Theoretically this method can detect expansion as high as 2000 CGG repeats, although in our series the largest nonmosaic FMR1 present was 950 CGG repeats. After assay development, we performed capillary Southern analysis on 995 female and 557 male samples submitted for fragile X syndrome testing by polymerase chain reaction and Southern blot.

Results: The polymerase chain reaction/capillary Southern analysis technique identified 100% of six female premutation carriers, seven full mutation carrier females, one premutation male, and five affected males. There was only one discrepancy between analysis by polymerase chain reaction/Southern blot and analysis by polymerase chain reaction/capillary Southern analysis. A single female sample appeared to be heterozygous for a premutation allele by polymerase chain reaction/capillary Southern analysis but was negative by Southern blot. It is possible this patient is a mosaic for the premutation allele, but because samples were deidentified, we were unable to determine whether this was a true false positive.

Conclusion: We have developed an automated, high-throughput technique capable of detecting carriers of fragile X syndrome with 100% sensitivity and at least 99.5% specificity. This should allow population-based carrier detection for the most commonly inherited form of mental retardation.
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April 2007