Publications by authors named "Yu-Liang Chao"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Characteristics of patients with analytically confirmed γ-hydroxybutyric acid/γ-butyrolactone (GHB/GBL)-related emergency department visits in Taiwan.

J Formos Med Assoc 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine and National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Forensic and Clinical Toxicology Center, College of Medicine and National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

The recreational drug γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is a central nervous system depressant, and can produce euphoria at low doses. GHB is a controlled substance in Taiwan. However, the organic solvents γ-butyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4-butanediol (BD), which are unregulated, may be used as an alternative source of GHB. There is no clinical report of analytically confirmed GHB use in Taiwan. We retrospective reviewed the clinical characteristics from the medical charts between May 2017 and April 2020. The urine samples of patients presented to the emergency departments with drug-related complaints were sent for toxicological analysis. Patients with urine samples detected GHB >10 μg/mL by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry were included. Overall, 11 men and one woman with an average age of 35.3 ± 8.7 years were included. Most patients co-ingested amphetamine (n = 6) and initially presented with depressed consciousness levels (n = 7). One patient presented with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and one with respiratory depression. All patients regained consciousness within 6 h of admission. All patients used GBL to evade conviction. Although patients recovered with supportive care, respiratory failure and cardiac arrest occurred after GHB/GBL use. It is important to legislate GBL and BD as controlled chemical substances in Taiwan.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2021.03.030DOI Listing
April 2021

Association between risk factors, molecular features and CpG island methylator phenotype colorectal cancer among different age groups in a Taiwanese cohort.

Br J Cancer 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) represents a carcinogenesis pathway of colorectal cancer (CRC) and the association between CIMP CRC, molecular features and risk factors in East Asian population is less studied.

Methods: We prospectively enrolled newly diagnosed CRC patients at the National Taiwan University Hospital. Clinicopathological data and risk factors for CRC were collected during interview. The tumour samples were subjected to CIMP, RAS/BRAF mutation and microsatellite instability tests. CIMP-high was determined when ≧3 methylated loci of p16, MINT1, MINT2, MINT31 and MLH1 were identified. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between risk factors and CIMP-high CRC.

Results: Compared with CIMP-low/negative CRC, CIMP-high CRC was associated with more stage IV disease, BRAF V600E mutation and high body mass index (BMI ≧ 27.5 kg/m) in younger patients (age < 50 y), and more right-sided tumour, BRAF V600E mutation, MSI-high and colorectal polyp in elder patients (age ≧ 50 y). Multivariate analyses showed that BMI ≧27.5 kg/m was significantly associated with CIMP-high CRC in younger patients.

Conclusions: We identified distinct clinicopathological features for CIMP-high CRC among different age groups in Taiwan. Our data suggest the association between BMI ≧27.5 kg/m and CIMP-high CRC in patients younger than 50 years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41416-021-01300-5DOI Listing
April 2021