Publications by authors named "Yu-Cui Liao"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The value of circulating fibrinogen-to-pre-albumin ratio in predicting survival and benefit from chemotherapy in colorectal cancer.

Ther Adv Med Oncol 2021 28;13:17588359211022886. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Biological Resource Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, No.1 of Minde Road, Nanchang, 330006, China.

Background: To evaluate the prognostic role of circulating fibrinogen-to-pre-albumin (FPR) in colorectal cancer (CRC) with different tumor locations, and its involvement in chemosensitivity and chemoresistance.

Patients And Methods: A total of 2917 eligible CRC patients from multiple centers were enrolled in this prospective study, and 3 years follow-up was carried out to obtain the outcome of these patients. Circulating fibrinogen (Fib), pre-albumin (pAlb), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) were detected, and we calculated FPR according to the detected results. Kaplan-Meier curves, Cox proportional regression, time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curves, Harrell's concordance index, calibration, and decision curves were used to investigate the role of FPR in predicting chemotherapy efficacy and prognosis of CRC patients.

Results: Our results showed that cancer bulk, its infiltrating depth, and the distal metastasis status of CRC determined circulating FPR levels. A high FPR was associated with a significantly inferior prognosis, while the outcomes of right-sided patients with stage III and IV CRC were worse than left-sided cases. Only FPR was found to be a reliable and independent prognostic factor for each stage of CRC. In addition, the prognostic FPR-contained nomograms were superior to the non-FPR nomograms and FPR in predicting the outcomes in both localized and metastatic CRC patients. The circulating FPR was significantly associated with chemotherapeutic efficacy in stage III and IV CRC patients. In particular, low-grade (FPR < 15) and medium-grade (15 ⩽ FPR < 20) FPR patients exhibited a complete response to chemotherapy and attenuated chemosensitivity, respectively; in contrast, high-grade inflammation (FPR ⩾ 20) conferred resistance to the treatment.

Conclusion: Circulating FPR is a robust and independent prognostic factor, a simple and economically-friendly predictor of chemotherapy efficacy within cases of localized and metastatic CRC. FPR-contained nomograms are more effective in predicting the prognosis of these patients. FPR and the nomogram can be recommended for the evaluation of chemotherapy efficacy and to aid decision-making associated with the management of these patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/17588359211022886DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8243139PMC
June 2021

Cancer-elicited inflammation attenuates response and outcome in tyrosine kinase inhibitor naive patients with advanced NSCLC.

Pharmacol Res 2021 Jun 19;170:105734. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Biological Resource Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi, China; Jiangxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Cancer elicited inflammation is the main environmental cause leading to carcinogenesis and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Roles of the inflammatory biomarker in predicting the clinical efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and prognosis of naive patients with advanced NSCLC need to be determined, and the best inflammatory predicted biomarker remains unknown.

Methods: A total of 178 eligible advanced NSCLC patients (124 and 54 cases within discovery and validation cohorts, respectively) who received first-line EGFR-TKI between July of 2014 and October of 2020 were enrolled in the present study. We detected circulating immune cell counting, albumin (Alb), pre-albumin (pAlb), ALP, AST, LDH, GGT, HDL-c, and fibrinogen (Fib) concentrations, and calculated 22 inflammatory ratios and scores. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the impact of these ratios and scores on objective response and disease control rate (ORR and DCR) as well as progression-free survival (PFS) in these patients.

Results: Twenty-five percentage and 24.07% of NSCLC patients were observed objective response to the treatment of first-line EGFR-TKI in discovery and validation cohort, respectively. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression showed that high PLR, NPS, SII, SIS, mSIS, GLR and FPR as well as low PNI were significantly associated with poor PFS in discovery cohort. However, only high SII and FPR were found to be associated with unsatisfactory outcome in validation cohort. Time-dependent areas under ROC of FPR were 0.702 (0.517-0.888) in discovery cohort, and 0.767 (0.613-0.921) in validation cohort, which were extremely higher than the other biomarkers. The patients with FPR-SII combined score 2 harbored worse prognosis compared to the combined score 0 in discovery (p = 0.003, adjusted HR = 2.888, 95%CI = 1.500-5.560) and validation cohort (p = 0.001, adjusted HR = 3.769, 95%CI = 1.676-8.478) as well as overall population (p < 0.001, adjusted HR = 3.109, 95%CI = 1.878-5.147), and its time-dependent AUCs were 0.747 (0.594-0.900) and 0.815 (0.688-0.942) in the two cohorts, respectively, which were significantly higher than the single biomarker in the two cohorts. The patients with high FPR and FPR-SII score harbored worse DCR than the low patients in the two cohorts and overall population, respectively. Moreover, the similar poor survival was observed in advanced high-FPR NSCLC patients with different treatment options, however, the survival of low-FPR patients with treatment of single TKI, radiotherapy or chemotherapy or radio-chemotherapy combined TKI was good compared to the high-FPR patients with radio-chemotherapy combined TKI, and the survival differences were observed between TKI (p < 0.001) or radiotherapy combined TKI (p = 0.014) treated low-FPR patients and the high FPR patients. Additionally, FPR-SII combined score could monitor the progression of the disease in real-time, and the median month of the positive score appearance was significantly earlier than CT/MRI detection (p < 0.001 for 3 months vs. 13 months).

Conclusions: High-grade cancer elicited inflammation could attenuates response and outcome in tyrosine kinase inhibitor naive patients with advanced NSCLC. FPR-SII combined score was the best inflammatory biomarker to monitor and predict the progression of advanced NSCLC patients with treatment of TKI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2021.105734DOI Listing
June 2021

High-Grade Inflammation Attenuates Chemosensitivity and Confers to Poor Survival of Surgical Stage III CRC Patients.

Front Oncol 2021 23;11:580455. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Biological Resource Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, China.

Heterogeneous clinical and molecular characteristics are reported in colorectal cancer (CRC) with different tumor laterality. However, the outcome of left- and right-sided patients with stage I-III CRC and the role of chronic inflammation in survival differences between them remain unclear. A prospective study including 1,181 surgical patients with stage I-III CRC was carried out to investigate the involvement of circulating fibrinogen-to-pre-albumin (Alb) ratio (FPR) and primary tumor sidedness in the clinical outcome of those patients. We further investigated the effect of FPR on adjuvant chemotherapy response and recurrence in stage III patients. Our study showed that the right tumor location was significantly associated with poor recurrence-free survival (RFS) ( = 0.04, adjusted HR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.02-1.94) and overall survival (OS) ( = 0.04, adjusted HR = 1.55, 95% CI = 1.01-2.38) only in the stage III disease. In these patients, T4 stage distribution (83.39 vs. 70.94%, < 0.01) within right-sided cases was significantly higher than left-sided patients. Moreover, preoperative FPR within right-sidedness ( < 0.01), T4 stage ( < 0.05), and large cancer bulk (≥5 cm) ( < 0.05) subgroups was significantly elevated compared to their counterparts, and it was gradually rising following the increased cancer bulk ( trend < 0.01). High-FPR distribution (52.30 vs. 27.00%, < 0.01) within right-sided patients with the stage III disease was significantly higher than that in the left-sided cases. RFS ( < 0.01) and OS ( < 0.01) of the high-FPR patients were extremely inferior to the low-FPR cases, and the significant associations were observed when they were adjusted by other confounders including primary tumor location ( < 0.01, adjusted HR = 1.96, 95% CI = 1.42-2.70 for RFS; < 0.01, adjusted HR = 2.44, 95% CI = 1.59-3.75 for OS). Additionally, RFS of adjuvant chemotherapy-treated high-FPR patients was superior to the patients without chemotherapy ( = 0.01) but was inferior to the low-FPR patients undergoing the treatment, especially in the 5-FU- and XELOX-treated subgroup. These findings indicate that chronic high-grade inflammation weakens chemotherapy efficacy and contributes to the poor prognosis of stage III surgical CRC patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2021.580455DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8103203PMC
April 2021

Role of Chronic Inflammatory Ratios in Predicting Recurrence of Resected Patients with Stage I-III Mucinous Colorectal Adenocarcinoma.

Cancer Manag Res 2021 20;13:3455-3464. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

School of Public Health; Jiangxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Preventive Medicine, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, 330006, People's Republic of China.

Background: Cancer-related inflammation is the main cause of the progression of mucinous colorectal adenocarcinoma (MCA). Circulating fibrinogen-to-pre-albumin ratio (FPR) is associated with the clinical outcome in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the prognostic role of FPR and which is the best inflammatory prognostic biomarker within MCA remain unknown.

Methods: We enrolled 157 patients with stage I-III MCA in this study. Kaplan-Meier curve, Cox regression, and time-dependent receiver operation characteristic curve analysis were performed to assess the prognostic value and efficacy of the neutrophil-to-albumin ratio (NAR), neutrophil-to-pre-albumin ratio (NPAR), albumin-to-alkaline phosphatase ratio (AAPR), albumin-to-globulin ratio (AGR), albumin-to-fibrinogen ratio (AFR), and FPR in these patients.

Results: We found that NAR, NPAR, and FPR were significantly associated with unsatisfactory recurrence-free survival (RFS) in patients with stage I-III MCA, and the predicted efficacy of FPR was superior to that of the other two inflammatory biomarkers. Moreover, patients with a high combined TNM-CA199-FPR score had worse outcomes, with a high predicted efficacy of up to 0.779 (0.703-0.856). Using FPR, the patient was monitored for the recurrence up to two months earlier than that achieved using the common imaging techniques (4 vs 6 median months) in stage I-III MCA patients undergoing radical resection.

Conclusion: FPR is the preferred inflammatory biomarker and commonly used for predicting and monitoring recurrence in stage I-III MCA patients. The combined TNM-CA199-FPR score is an economical, simple, effective, and independent prognostic factor for localized disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S303758DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8068493PMC
April 2021

Combined fibrinogen-to-pre-albumin ratio and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 score is a promising metric to predict progression of metastatic colorectal mucinous adenocarcinoma.

J Clin Lab Anal 2021 May 18;35(5):e23757. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

School of Public Health, Nanchang University, Nanchang, PR China.

Background: Chronic inflammation is a hallmark of colorectal mucinous adenocarcinoma (CMA). Albumin-to-fibrinogen ratio (AFR) and fibrinogen-to-pre-albumin ratio (FPR) were independent prognostic factors for many kinds of solid malignancies. However, the association between the inflammatory scores and progression of metastatic CMA remains unknown.

Methods: Peripheral blood neutrophil count and circulating fibrinogen, albumin, and pre-albumin levels were detected, and neutrophil-to-albumin ratio (NAR), neutrophil-to-pre-albumin ratio(NPAR), AFR, and FPR were calculated in 42 metastatic MCA patients. Kaplan-Meier curve, Cox regression, time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve (tdROC) were selected to investigate the prognostic utility of them in the patients.

Results: Metastatic CMA patients commonly occurred in middle-younger patients (80.95%). NPAR (adjusted hazard ratio (HR)=2.405, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.195-4.842) and FPR (p =0.007, adjusted HR=2.364, 95% CI=1.203-4.645) were significantly associated with poor progression-free survival in these patients. The prognostic prediction area under tdROC (AUROC) of FPR was significantly higher than that of NPAR(0.703 versus 0.537). Moreover, the patients with a high CA19-9-FPR score showed worse outcomes than those with the low score (p <0.001, adjusted HR=7.273, 95% CI=2.721-19.435 for the score 1 versus 0). The prediction AUROC, sensitivity, and specificity of the score were 0.892 (0.788-0.996), 76.32%, and 100.00%, respectively, and its predicted efficacy was better than that of the single biomarkers.

Conclusion: The combined CA19-9-FPR score is an economical, simple, effective, and independent prognostic factor for metastatic MCA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcla.23757DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8128297PMC
May 2021

The Role of Cancer-Elicited Inflammatory Biomarkers in Predicting Early Recurrence Within Stage II-III Colorectal Cancer Patients After Curable Resection.

J Inflamm Res 2021 18;14:115-129. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Biological Resource Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, People's Republic of China.

Background: Smoldering cancer-related inflammation attenuates chemotherapy efficacy and contributes to unsatisfactory outcome for patients of colorectal cancer (CRC). Various inflammation-based biomarkers were reported to predict the survival of the disease, however, it remains unclear which is the best inflammation-based biomarker. The aim of present study was to compare the prognostic role of those biomarkers and to establish superior survival score for post-recurrence survival in radically operative patients with stage II-III CRC.

Patients And Methods: Preoperative peripheral neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, platelet, serum albumin (Alb), pre-Alb, and plasma fibrinogen (Fib) were detected in the discovery and validation cohort which included a total of 1533 stage II-III surgical CRC patients. We calculated and compared fourteen inflammation-based biomarkers for predicting recurrence-free survival (RFS) of the patients with stage II-III CRC.

Results: In this study, the platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte to monocyte (LMR), systemic inflammation response index (SIRI), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), modified systemic inflammation score (mSIS), fibrinogen and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio score (F-NLR), ratio of Alb to Fib (AFR), and ratio of Fib to pre-Alb (FPR) were all related to the RFS of the patients in both discovery and validation cohorts, however, only the LMR, SIRI, PNI, mSIS, F-NLR, AFR and FPR remained independent predictors for RFS in multivariate analysis. Both the C-index of the FPR (0.629 for 36 months) and the areas under the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves (0.625 for 12 months, 0.641 for both 24 and 0.637 months) showed that it was superior to the other inflammation-based prognostic scores for predicting the RFS of stage II-III surgical CRC patients. Moreover, elevated FPR was significantly associated with unsatisfactory RFS regardless of TNM stage and primary tumor location. Stage II low FPR patients showed the best RFS regardless of chemotherapy. The better RFS was observed in chemotherapy-treated stage II high FPR patients than those without the treatment, and the outcomes of patients with treatment of XELOX, capecitabine and XELOX were superior to the other regimens to treat patients in stage III low- and high-FPR populations, respectively. Additionally, the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-FPR combined score one (adjusted HR=2.764, 95% CI=2.129-3.589) and two (adjusted HR=3.543, 95% CI=2.317-5.420) were extremely associated with RFS of these patients, and the predicted AUC of the combined score for 12, 24 and 36 months were 0.657, 0.657 and 0.653 in stage II-III patients, which were superior to the single CEA and FPR, respectively.

Conclusion: In conclusion, FPR is superior to the other inflammatory biomarkers as a useful recurrence indicator in stage II-III surgical CRC patients in terms of prognostic ability; it helps to choose the effective chemotherapy regimen and to increase the predicted efficacy of CEA and the combined CEA and FPR score could effectively predict recurrence of the patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JIR.S285129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7822081PMC
January 2021
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