Publications by authors named "Ysoline Beigneux"

4 Publications

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7 Tesla MRI will soon be helpful to guide clinical practice in multiple sclerosis centres - Yes.

Mult Scler 2021 Mar 6;27(3):360-362. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Sorbonne Université, Institut du Cerveau (ICM), Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP), INSERM, CNRS, CIC Neuroscience, Department of Neurology, Hôpital de la Pitié Salpêtrière, Paris, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1352458520972270DOI Listing
March 2021

Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Multiple Sclerosis.

JAMA Neurol 2020 09;77(9):1079-1088

Service de Neurologie, Clinical Investigation Center Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale 1434, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.

Importance: Risk factors associated with the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are unknown. Disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) may modify the risk of developing a severe COVID-19 infection, beside identified risk factors such as age and comorbidities.

Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with MS and COVID-19 and identify factors associated with COVID-19 severity.

Design, Setting, And Participants: The Covisep registry is a multicenter, retrospective, observational cohort study conducted in MS expert centers and general hospitals and with neurologists collaborating with MS expert centers and members of the Société Francophone de la Sclérose en Plaques. The study included patients with MS presenting with a confirmed or highly suspected diagnosis of COVID-19 between March 1, 2020, and May 21, 2020.

Exposures: COVID-19 diagnosed with a polymerase chain reaction test on a nasopharyngeal swab, thoracic computed tomography, or typical symptoms.

Main Outcomes And Measures: The main outcome was COVID-19 severity assessed on a 7-point ordinal scale (ranging from 1 [not hospitalized with no limitations on activities] to 7 [death]) with a cutoff at 3 (hospitalized and not requiring supplemental oxygen). We collected demographics, neurological history, Expanded Disability Severity Scale score (EDSS; ranging from 0 to 10, with cutoffs at 3 and 6), comorbidities, COVID-19 characteristics, and outcomes. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the association of collected variables with COVID-19 outcomes.

Results: A total of 347 patients (mean [SD] age, 44.6 [12.8] years, 249 women; mean [SD] disease duration, 13.5 [10.0] years) were analyzed. Seventy-three patients (21.0%) had a COVID-19 severity score of 3 or more, and 12 patients (3.5%) died of COVID-19. The median EDSS was 2.0 (range, 0-9.5), and 284 patients (81.8%) were receiving DMT. There was a higher proportion of patients with a COVID-19 severity score of 3 or more among patients with no DMT relative to patients receiving DMTs (46.0% vs 15.5%; P < .001). Multivariate logistic regression models determined that age (odds ratio per 10 years: 1.9 [95% CI, 1.4-2.5]), EDSS (OR for EDSS ≥6, 6.3 [95% CI. 2.8-14.4]), and obesity (OR, 3.0 [95% CI, 1.0-8.7]) were independent risk factors for a COVID-19 severity score of 3 or more (indicating hospitalization or higher severity). The EDSS was associated with the highest variability of COVID-19 severe outcome (R2, 0.2), followed by age (R2, 0.06) and obesity (R2, 0.01).

Conclusions And Relevance: In this registry-based cohort study of patients with MS, age, EDSS, and obesity were independent risk factors for severe COVID-19; there was no association found between DMTs exposure and COVID-19 severity. The identification of these risk factors should provide the rationale for an individual strategy regarding clinical management of patients with MS during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaneurol.2020.2581DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320356PMC
September 2020

Secondary hypersomnia as an initial manifestation of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2020 Feb 25;38:101869. Epub 2019 Nov 25.

Département de neurologie, Hôpital de la pitié salpêtrière, APHP, Sorbonne Université, Paris 75013, France.

The identification of AQP4-IgG, a specific and pathogenic antibody of NMO/SD has led to a broadening of the clinical spectrum of manifestations of NMO/SD including the presence of encephalic symptoms. Lesions are often distributed on peri‑ependymal area and sometimes affected the diencephalon leading to sleep disorders. We report a case of hypersomnia with polysomnographic documentation during the first attack of NMO/SD. Brain MRI revealed bilateral hypothalamic lesions around the third ventricle, whereas optic nerves and spinal cord were intact. The record of the nocturnal video-polysomnography followed by multiple sleep latency tests (MSLT) revealed an abnormal shortened sleep period with a single sleep onset in REM allowing secondary central hypersomnia diagnosis. The recovery of hypersomnia was complete within few months without psychostimulant treatment and the diencephalic lesion disappeared. Thus, diencephalic form of NMO/SD seems to cause narcolepsy or non-narcoleptic central hypersomnia and have a good recovery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2019.101869DOI Listing
February 2020

Coronary Artery Calcium Score Improves the Prediction of Occult Coronary Artery Stenosis in Ischemic Stroke Patients.

J Am Heart Assoc 2016 10 31;5(11). Epub 2016 Oct 31.

Department of Neurology, Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne, Université Paris Descartes DHU Neurovasc Sorbonne Paris Cité, INSERM U894, Paris, France

Background: Coronary heart disease is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in stroke patients. The coronary artery calcium score (CACS) has emerged as a robust and noninvasive predictor of coronary events. We assessed the predictive ability of CACS to identify stroke patients with severe (≥50%) occult coronary artery stenosis in a stroke/transient ischemic attack population, in addition to the PRECORIS score, based on Framingham Risk Score and presence of cervicocephalic artery stenosis, which was derived and validated for that purpose.

Methods And Results: We enrolled consecutive patients aged 45 to 75 years referred to our stroke unit with noncardioembolic ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, and no prior history of coronary disease. The presence of coronary stenosis was assessed with 64-section computed tomography coronary angiography, and all patients had a detailed etiological work-up. CACS was determined from computed tomography measurement using the Agatson score. The predictive value of CACS was assessed by logistic regression and reclassification method. Among 300 patients included in the study, 274 had computed tomography coronary angiography. Fifty patients (18%) had at least 1 coronary artery stenosis ≥50%. In multivariable analysis, after adjustment for the PRECORIS score, CACS was strongly associated with the presence of occult coronary artery stenosis (odds ratio=14.8 [1.8-120.3] for CACS [1-100] and 70.9 [8.9-562.0] for CACS >100). When CACS was added to the standard model, model fit was improved (P<0.001), Net Reclassification Improvement was 28.2% (P<0.001), and Integrated Discrimination Index was 18.2% (P<0.001).

Conclusions: In stroke/transient ischemic attack patients, CACS improves the prediction of occult coronary stenosis beyond classical risk factors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.116.003770DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5210322PMC
October 2016