Publications by authors named "Youzhou Chen"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Characteristics and long-term mortality of patients with ST-elevation or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction after orthopaedic surgery.

J Int Med Res 2021 Mar;49(3):300060521992995

Department of Cardiology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and long-term mortality of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) after orthopaedic surgery.

Methods: This retrospective, single-centre study enrolled patients that underwent inpatient orthopaedic surgery from 2009 to 2017 in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. The patients were screened for a cardiac troponin I elevation and fulfilled the Fourth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction within 30 days of surgery.

Results: A total of 180 patients that developed perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) were included in the study. Among them, 14 patients (7.8%) were classified as STEMI, and 166 (92.2%) had NSTEMI. Compared with those with NSTEMI, STEMI patients had significantly higher 30-day and long-term mortality rates (50.0% versus 5.4%; 71.4% versus 22.3%; respectively). Multivariate Cox regression model analysis among the entire cohort demonstrated that STEMI (hazard ratio [HR] 5.78, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.50, 13.38) and prior MI (HR 2.35, 95% CI 1.02, 5.38) were the most significant independent predictors of long-term mortality.

Conclusion: Perioperative MI after orthopaedic surgery was associated with a high mortality rate. STEMI was independently associated with a significant increase in short- and long-term mortality.
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March 2021

Clinical characterization and outcome of prolonged heart rate-corrected QT interval among children with syndactyly.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Oct;99(42):e22740

Department of Cardiology, Beijing Jishuitan Hosptial, No. 31 East Street, Xinjiekou, XiCheng.

Prolonged heart rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval is an independent risk factor for sudden cardiac death, which is the hallmark of Timothy syndrome (TS). There are little data on children with syndactyly and QTc prolongation.To evaluate the characteristics and long-term outcomes in children with syndactyly, and to attempt to identify TS in patients with syndactyly and QTc prolongation.This is a retrospective case-control study of children with syndactyly who visited Beijing Jishuitan Hospital between July 2003 and February 2013. The patients with prolonged QTc intervals are matched 1:4 with patients without prolongation. Genetic testing of the CACNA1C gene is routinely performed in patients with QTc prolongation.The mean age at admission is 3.4 ± 2.3 years. Compared with the normal QTc group, those with QTc prolongation showed higher frequencies of congenital heart disease (11.8% vs 1.5%, P = .042), mental retardation and facial dysmorphia (11.8% vs 0, P = .004), and T wave alternans (23.5% vs 4.4%, P = .01). In the multivariable analysis, only T wave alternans (OR = 10.61, 95%CI: 1.39-81.16, P = .023) is independently associated with QTc prolongation in patients with syndactyly. One child with QTc prolongation had a mutation in the CACNA1C gene. No patients with prolonged QTs interval met the threshold for TS.Children with syndactyly and prolonged QTc interval had more multisystem diseases and electrocardiography abnormalities. T wave alternans is independently associated with QTc prolongation in patients with syndactyly.
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October 2020

Sex differences in the association of abdominal adipose tissue and anthropometric data with untreated hypertension in a Chinese population.

Biol Sex Differ 2020 07 17;11(1):38. Epub 2020 Jul 17.

Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Inova Fairfax Hospital, 3300 Gallows Road, Falls, Church, VA, 22042, USA.

Background: There are inconsistent interpretations of the interrelationship of adiposity, anthropometric indices, and blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients. Additionally, whether these relationships differ between sexes is unknown. We aimed to elucidate the associations of adiposity indices measured using quantitative computed tomography (QCT) with BP and hypertension and to determine the effect of sex on the interrelationship of these parameters in a Chinese population.

Methods: Abdominal adipose fat, including the visceral adipose tissue (VAT) area and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) area, was measured by QCT in 1488 patients (514 men, 974 women). Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), and systolic (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were measured. Pearson correlation coefficients, multivariate analyses, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to assess the relationship and potential of adiposity indices to BP and risk of hypertension within sex groups.

Results: Men had significantly greater VAT area but less SAT area than women in hypertensive group. VAT, SAT, and WC were more highly correlated with SBP in men than in women. After controlling for body weight, height, and age, VAT area and WC were positively associated with SBP (VAT: β = 0.309, p < 0.001; WC: β = 0.148, p = 0.001) and DBP (VAT: β = 0.099, p = 0.034; WC: β = 0.198, p = 0.001) in women. VAT area was positively associated with SBP (β = 0.444, p < 0.001) and DBP (β = 0.146, p = 0.021) in men. WC had a significant correlation with an increased risk of hypertension in women but a borderline association in men (p = 0.059) when adjusted for VAT area and SAT area.

Conclusions: The association of abdominal adiposity with hypertension differs qualitatively by sex. WC may be an important determinant of hypertension and may be used for risk stratification for hypertension among Chinese individuals.
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July 2020

Predictive Values of N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide and Cardiac Troponin I for Myocardial Fibrosis in Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy.

PLoS One 2016 14;11(1):e0146572. Epub 2016 Jan 14.

State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Cardiology, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Background: Both high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T and B-type natriuretic peptide are useful in detecting myocardial fibrosis, as determined by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), in patients with non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. However, their values to predict myocardial fibrosis in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) remain unclear. We investigated the role of N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) to identify LGE-CMR in patients with HOCM.

Methods: Peripheral concentrations of NT-proBNP and cTnI were determined in patients with HOCM (n = 163; age = 47.2 ± 10.8 years; 38.7% females). Contrast-enhanced CMR was performed to identify and quantify myocardial fibrosis.

Results: LGE was detected in 120 of 163 patients (73.6%). Patients with LGE had significantly higher levels of NT-proBNP and cTnI than those without LGE (1386.2 [904.6-2340.8] vs. 866.6 [707.2-1875.2] pmol/L, P = 0.003; 0.024 [0.010-0.049] vs. 0.010 [0.005-0.021] ng/ml, P <0.001, respectively). The extent of LGE was positively correlated with log cTnI (r = 0.371, P <0.001) and log NT-proBNP (r = 0.211, P = 0.007). On multivariable analysis, both log cTnI and maximum wall thickness (MWT) were independent predictors of the presence of LGE (OR = 3.193, P = 0.033; OR = 1.410, P < 0.001, respectively), whereas log NT-proBNP was not. According to the ROC curve analysis, combined measurements of MWT ≥21 mm and/or cTnI ≥0.025 ng/ml indicated good diagnostic performance for the presence of LGE, with specificity of 95% or sensitivity of 88%.

Conclusions: Serum cTnI is an independent predictor useful for identifying myocardial fibrosis, while plasma NT-proBNP is only associated with myocardial fibrosis on univariate analysis. Combined measurements of serum cTnI with MWT further improve its value in detecting myocardial fibrosis in patients with HOCM.
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July 2016

17β-estradiol prevents cardiac diastolic dysfunction by stimulating mitochondrial function: a preclinical study in a mouse model of a human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy mutation.

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2015 Mar 23;147:92-102. Epub 2014 Dec 23.

Department of Cardiology, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, China. Electronic address:

Objective: We investigated the effect of ovariectomy (OVX) and 17β-estradiol (E2) replacement on both mitochondrial and myocardial function in cTnT-Q92 transgenic mice generated by cardiac-restricted expression of a human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) mutation.

Methods: The cTnT-Q92 mice were ovariectomized at twenty weeks of age and were treated with either placebo (OVX group) or E2 (OVX+E2 group) for twelve weeks before being sacrificed. Wild-type and cTnT-Q92 female mice receiving sham operation were used as controls. Indices of diastolic function such as mitral early (E) and late (A) inflow as well as isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) were measured by echocardiography. A Clark-type electrode was used to detect respiratory control, and ATP levels were determined at the mitochondrial level using HPLC. Key components related to mitochondrial energy metabolism, such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), PPARγ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) and nuclear respiratory factor-1 (NRF-1), were also analyzed using Western blot and RT-PCR. The levels of oxidative stress markers were determined by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA) using the thiobarbituric acid assay.

Results: The cTnT-Q92 mice had impaired diastolic function compared with wild-type mice (E/A ratio, 1.39 ± 0.04 vs. 1.21 ± 0.01, p<0.001; IVRT, 19.17 ± 0.85 vs. 22.15 ± 1.43 ms, p=0.028). In response to ovariectomy, cardiac function further decreased compared with that observed in cTnT-Q92 mice that received the sham operation (E/A ratio, 1.15 ± 0.04 vs. 1.21 ± 0.01, p<0.001; IVRT, 28.31 ± 0.39 vs. 22.15 ± 1.43 ms, p=0.002). Myocardial energy metabolism, as determined by ATP levels (3.49 ± 0.31 vs. 5.07 ± 0.47 μmol/g, p<0.001), and the mitochondrial respiratory ratio (2.04 ± 0.10 vs. 2.63 ± 0.11, p=0.01) also decreased significantly. By contrast, myocardial concentrations of MDA increased significantly in the OVX group, and PGC-1α, PPARα and NRF-1decreased significantly. E2 supplementation significantly elevated myocardial ATP levels (4.55 ± 0.21 vs. 3.49 ± 0.31 μmol/g, p=0.003) and mitochondrial respiratory function (3.93 ± 0.05 vs. 2.63 ± 0.11, p=0.001); however, it reduced the MDA level (0.21 ± 0.02 vs. 0.36 ± 0.03 nmol/g, p<0.001), which subsequently improved diastolic function (E/A ratio, 1.35 ± 0.06 vs. 1.15 ± 0.04, p<0.001; IVRT, 18.22 ± 1.16 vs. 28.31 ± 0.39 ms, p=0.007).

Conclusions: Our study has shown that 17β-estradiol improved myocardial diastolic function, prevented myocardial energy dysregulation, and reduced myocardial oxidative stress in cTnT-Q92 mice.
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March 2015