Publications by authors named "Yousef Yousefzadeh"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Fetomaternal Immune Tolerance: Crucial Mechanisms of Tolerance for Successful Pregnancy in Humans.

Immunol Invest 2021 Apr 8:1-18. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

For many years, the question of how the maternal immune system tolerates the foreign fetus has remained unanswered, and numerous studies have considerably attempted to elucidate underlying mechanisms for fetomaternal tolerance. This review aimed at discussing various significant mechanisms in fetomaternal compatibility. At the fetomaternal interface, in addition to having efficient control against infections, innate and adaptive maternal immune systems selectively prevent fetal rejection. In general, understanding the complex mechanisms of fetomaternal tolerance is critical for immunologic tolerance induction and spontaneous abortion prevention in high-risk populations. Different cells and molecules, such as regulatory T-cells, dendritic cells, decidua cells, IDO, Class I HLA molecules, TGF-β, and IL-10, induce maternal immune tolerance in the fetus in numerous ways. The findings on fetomaternal immune tolerance have remained controversial and require further research.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08820139.2021.1909061DOI Listing
April 2021

Exosomes: Emerging biomarkers and targets in folliculogenesis and endometriosis.

J Reprod Immunol 2020 11 21;142:103181. Epub 2020 Jul 21.

Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Endocrine Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address:

An appropriate connection of the cells in the ovary follicles is vital for a healthy ovule maturation and fertilization, and also for endometrium preparation for implantation that can cause endometriosis. Cellular communication within the follicle and endometrial epithelium involve many signaling molecules. Recent studies indicate that cellular communication can be enclosed by secretion and absorption of small membrane carriers which are named extracellular vesicles including exosomes and microvesicles. Understanding and defining these EVs (Extracellular vesicles) population are important for future studies and clinical translation. Here, we describe the various important cargos which are carried by exosomes during folliculogenesis and endometriosis. Additionally, the current knowledge of exosomes and their cargo within the FF (Follicular fluid) during the folliculogenesis and also in the intrauterine cavity which are involved in endometriosis lesions have also been summarized. Considering the potential importance of this form of the cell to cell communication in the reproductive system, the vital issues under discussion lead to a new insight in this rapidly expanding field and it may be an interesting approach for diagnostic, prognostic and especially therapeutic strategies in the field of infertility and assisted reproductive technology (ART).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jri.2020.103181DOI Listing
November 2020

Tumor associated macrophages in the molecular pathogenesis of ovarian cancer.

Int Immunopharmacol 2020 Jul 16;84:106471. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address:

The tumor microenvironment is a critical factor that enhances cancer progression, drug resistance, and failure of therapeutic approaches. Several cellular and non-cellular factors are involved in cancer promotion. Among the several cell populations in the tumor microenvironment, macrophages, as one of the most abundant innate immune cells within the tumor milieu, have attracted extensive attention among several researchers because of their critical role in innate pathophysiology of multiple disorders, as well as ovarian cancer. High plasticity and consequent high ability to adapt to environmental alternations by adjusting their cellular metabolism and immunological phenotype is the notable characteristic of macrophages. Therefore, the critical function of tumor-associated macrophages in ovarian cancer is highlighted in the growing body of recent studies. In this article, we will comprehensively focus on significant impacts of the macrophages on ovarian cancer progression, by discussing the role of macrophages as one of the fundamental immune cells present in tumor milieu, in metabolic reprogramming of transformed cells, and involvement of these cells in the ovarian cancer initiation, progression, invasion, and angiogenesis. Moreover, we will summarise recent studies evaluating the effects of targeting macrophages in ovarian cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2020.106471DOI Listing
July 2020

MicroRNAs: Small molecules with a large impact on pre-eclampsia.

J Cell Physiol 2020 04 9;235(4):3235-3248. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

As critical mediators in biological processes, microRNAs (miRNAs) which are small and endogenous noncoding RNAs have been associated with disease progression, cell proliferation, and development. Pre-eclampsia (PE), a pregnancy-related disorder with no early markers or symptoms is recognized as the main reason for fetal and maternal mortality and morbidity in the initial steps or even during pregnancy, worldwide. Clinical symptoms usually appear in the third trimester of the pregnancy. Although numerous research have unraveled several aspects of placenta development abnormalities associated with abnormal trophoblastic invasion and angiogenesis modification, many questions about the PE pathogenesis remains unanswered. A large number of studies have shown the important role of miRNAs as potential biomarkers in the PE prognosis and diagnosis. Here, the latest investigations about the PE and placental miRNAs expression, as well as, the crucial role of miRNA molecules including miR-210 and miR-155 which are deregulated in patients with PE, will be argued.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.29286DOI Listing
April 2020

Vaccination of diffuse large B- cell lymphoma patients with antigen-primed dendritic cells.

Acta Med Iran 2013 May 30;51(5):284-8. Epub 2013 May 30.

Department of Immunology, Immonogenetic Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen presenting cells that have a potential role in the initiating of immune responses. The cell vaccination is a new strategy in treatment of infectious diseases and cancers. In this study, we have generated monocyte-derived dendritic cells of lymphoma patient's peripheral blood mononuclear cells then; these cells were used as vaccine in lymphoma patients. We generated dendritic cell vaccine from lymphoma patient's blood monocytes with human interleukin-4, granulocyte monocyte colony stimulating factor and then, antigen-primed Dcs were administrated subcutaneously close to the inguinal lymph nodes after maturation of dendritic cells. After 7 days, we analyzed immune response in lymphoma patients with determining of LDH, Beta 2 Microglobulin, CD4+T cell percent, CD8+ Tcell percent and Tumor size before and after vaccination. Furthermore, phenotypic and functional analysis of dendritic cells was performed using anti CD83-FITC monoclonal antibodies. Before vaccination, the mean ± SD of LDH was 530.62±140.65 but after vaccination it was 459±109.45 that significantly different between experimental groups (P=0.002). In addition, the CD8+ T cells percentage significantly different between two groups (P=0.002). We concluded that the use of dendritic cell probably is one of the suitable noninvasive treatments for lymphoma patients that they have not response to chemical drugs.
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May 2013

MICB gene expression on peripheral blood mononuclear cells and susceptibility to multiple sclerosis in north of Iran.

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2011 Dec;10(4):261-5

Microbiology and Immunology Department, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune multifactorial degenerative disease with detrimental affliction on central nervous system. MHC class I chain- related geneA,B(MICA and MICB) are nonclassical human leukocyte antigens that can affect on some diseases and also on transplantation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the MICA and MICB MRNA expression in multiple sclerosis patients. In this study, we evaluated MICA and MICB MRNA expression in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells by reverse transcryptase-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) in MS patients and normal controls. The results of this study showed that 32.6% of patients with progressive clinical outcome over expressed MICB genes in comparison with controls ( p=0.002). It is concluded that the high expression of MICB gene in MS patients is an important criterion of MS disease that it may be due to the interaction between MICB and its receptor on CD8+T or NK cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/010.04/ijaai.261265DOI Listing
December 2011

Comparison of several maturation inducing factors in dendritic cell differentiation.

Iran J Immunol 2010 Jun;7(2):83-7

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background: Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen presenting cells that have an important role in the initiation of immune response. The use of maturation factors in dendritic cell differentiation provides a promising approach in immunotherapy.

Objective: In this study, we compared tumor necrosis factor-α, polyribocytidylic acid, lipopolysacharide and CpG oligonucleotides in inducing dendritic cell maturation.

Methods: We generated immature dendritic cells with GM-CSF in combination with IL-4 from peripheral blood mononuclear adherent cells and used tumor necrosis factor-α, polyribocytidylic acid, lipopolysacharide and CpG for the induction of dendritic cell maturation. CD83 maturation marker on the dendritic cells was analyzed by flowcytometry after 7 days. In addition, mixed leukocyte reaction between dendritic cells and T cells was performed by MTT proliferation assay.

Results: Flow cytometry results demonstrated a comparable high level of CD83 expression on the mature dendritic cells generated by TNF-α, CpG, Poly I:C, and LPS treatment of the immature dendritic cells. However, a significantly poorer proliferation of lymphocytes cocultured with the Poly I:C-treated DCs was observed compared to the CpG-treated DCs in mixed leukocyte reaction (p=0.026). Conversely, a significantly stronger proliferation of lymphocytes was observed when cocultured with TNF-α-treated DCs compared to the LPS-treated DCs (p=0.025).

Conclusion: Our results indicated that all of studied maturation inducing factors can be used in DC maturation but TNF-α and CpG were the preferred in vitro maturation factors. It is concluded that maturation of dendritic cells by CpG motif and TNF-α can be used to regulate immune responses.
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http://dx.doi.org/IJIv7i2A3DOI Listing
June 2010