Publications by authors named "You-Zuo Chen"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Systematic Analysis of Phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate-Interacting Proteins Using Yeast Proteome Microarrays.

Anal Chem 2021 01 11;93(2):868-877. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Department of Food Safety/Hygiene and Risk Management, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan.

We used yeast proteome microarrays (∼5800 purified proteins) to conduct a high-throughput and systematic screening of PI5P-interacting proteins with PI5P-tagged fluorescent liposomal nanovesicles. Lissamine rhodamine B-dipalmitoyl phosphatidylethanol was incorporated into the liposome bilayer to provide the nanovesicles with fluorescence without any encapsulants, which not only made the liposome fabrication much easier without the need for purification but also improved the chip-probing quality. A special chip assay was washed very gently without the traditional spin-dry step. Forty-five PI5P-interacting proteins were identified in triplicate with this special chip assay. Subsequently, we used flow cytometry to validate these interactions, and a total of 41 PI5P-interacting proteins were confirmed. Enrichment analysis revealed that these proteins have significant functions associated with ribosome biogenesis, rRNA processing, ribosome binding, GTP binding, and hydrolase activity. Their component enrichment is located in the nucleolus. The InterPro domain analysis indicated that PI5P-interacting proteins are enriched in the P-loop containing nucleoside triphosphate hydrolases domain (P-loop). Additionally, using the MEME program, we identified a consensus motif (IVGPAGTGKSTLF) that contains the Walker A sequence, a well-known nucleotide-binding motif. Furthermore, using a quartz crystal microbalance, both the consensus motif and Walker A motif showed strong affinities to PI5P-containing liposomes but not to PI5P-deprived liposomes or PI-containing liposomes. Additionally, the glycine (G6) and lysine (K7) residues of the Walker A motif (-GPAGTGKS-) were found to be critical to the PI5P-binding ability. This study not only identified an additional set of PI5P-interacting proteins but also revealed the strong PI5P-binding affinity ( = 1.81 × 10 M) of the Walker A motif beyond the motif's nucleotide-binding characteristic.
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January 2021

Comprehensive identification of microRNA arm selection preference in lung cancer: miR-324-5p and -3p serve oncogenic functions in lung cancer.

Oncol Lett 2018 Jun 24;15(6):9818-9826. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Department of Medical Education and Research, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung 813, Taiwan, R.O.C.

MicroRNA (miRNA/miR) dysfunction is a hallmark of lung cancer, and results in the dysregulation of tumor suppressors and oncogenes during lung cancer progression. Selection of the 5p and 3p arms of miRNA is a mechanism that improves the modulation of miRNA biological functions and complicates the regulatory network in human types of cancer. However, the involvement of arm selection preference of miRNA in lung cancer remains unclear. In the present study, changes in miRNA arm selection preference were comprehensively identified in lung cancer and corresponding adjacent normal tissues by analyzing The Cancer Genome Atlas. Arm selection was revealed to be consistent in the majority of miRNAs in lung cancer. Only a few miRNAs had significantly altered arm selection preference in lung cancer. Among these, the biological functions of the individual arms of miR-324 were investigated further. The data revealed that miR-324-5p and -3p were significantly overexpressed in lung cancer cells. Ectopic expression of miR-324-5p significantly promoted cell proliferation and invasion in lung cancer cells, while miR-324-3p overexpression significantly increased cell proliferation but did not alter the invasion of lung cancer cells. In conclusion, the arm selection preference of miRNA may be an additional mechanism through which biological functions are modulated. The results of the present study provide a novel insight into the underlying mechanisms of lung cancer and may direct research into future therapies.
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June 2018

Linc00659, a long noncoding RNA, acts as novel oncogene in regulating cancer cell growth in colorectal cancer.

Mol Cancer 2018 03 10;17(1):72. Epub 2018 Mar 10.

Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, 813, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers and causes of cancer-related death worldwide. In patients with CRC, metastasis is a crucial problem that leads to treatment failure and is the primary cause of the lethality of colon cancer. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently emerged as critical molecules in the development, cell growth, apoptosis, and metastasis of CRC.

Method: We investigated the transcriptome profiles of human lncRNAs in the primary tumor tissues and in the corresponding normal mucosa of two patients with CRC by using a microarray approach. The expression levels of lncRNAs were verified in colon cancer by real-time PCR. Using bioinformatics approach to illustrate putative biological function of Linc00659 in colon cancer. The effects of Linc00659 on cell growth, proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis were studies by in vitro assays.

Results: Our data revealed that compared with adjacent normal tissues, 201 lncRNAs were deregulated (fold change ≥ 4 or ≤ 0.25) in CRC tissues. Among them, the expression levels of Linc00659 were significantly increased in colon cancer, and high expression levels were correlated with poor survival in patients with CRC. Bioinformatics analysis results indicated that Linc00659 was significantly coexpressed with cycle-related genes in CRC. Linc00659 expression knockdown could significantly suppress colon cancer cell growth by impairing cell cycle progression. In addition, our results showed that Linc00659 expression knockdown could accelerate cell apoptosis in colon cancer cells treated with chemotherapy drugs. Meanwhile, our results also demonstrated that silencing of Linc00659 expression leads to cell growth inhibition and induced apoptosis, possibly by suppressing PI3K-AKT signaling in colon cancer.

Conclusion: Linc00659 is a novel oncogenic lncRNA involved in colon cancer cell growth by modulating the cell cycle. Our findings give an insight into lncRNA regulation and provide an application for colon cancer therapy.
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March 2018