Publications by authors named "You-Xing Shi"

4 Publications

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Histologic and biomechanical evaluation of the thoracolumbar fascia graft for massive rotator cuff tears in a rat model.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2021 Nov 11. Epub 2021 Nov 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Army Military Medical University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Fascial autografts, which are easily available grafts, have provided a promising option in patients with massive rotator cuff tears. However, no fascial autografts other than the fascia lata have been reported, and the exact healing process of the fascia-to-bone interface is not well understood. The objective of this study is to histologically and biomechanically evaluate the effect of the thoracolumbar fascia (TLF) on fascia-to-bone healing.

Methods: A total of 88 rats were used in this study. Eight rats were killed at the beginning to form an intact control group, and the other rats were divided randomly into 2 groups (40 rats per group): the TLF augmentation group (TLF group) and the repair group (R group). The right supraspinatus was detached, and a 3 × 5 mm defect of the supraspinatus was created. The TLF was used to augment the torn supraspinatus in the TLF group, whereas in the R group, the torn supraspinatus was repaired in only a transosseous manner. Histology and biomechanics were assessed at 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 weeks postoperatively.

Results: The modified tendon maturation score of the TLF group was higher than that of the R group at 8 weeks (23.00 ± 0.71 vs. 24.40 ± 0.89, P = .025) and 16 weeks (24.60 ± 0.55 vs. 26.40 ± 0.55, P ≤ .001). The TLF group showed a rapid vascular reaction, and the peak value appeared at 1 week. Later, the capillary density decreased, and almost no angiogenesis was observed at 8 weeks postoperatively. Immunohistochemistry results demonstrated a significantly higher percentage of collagen I in the TLF group at 4, 8, and 16 weeks (24.78% ± 2.76% vs. 20.67% ± 2.11% at 4 weeks, P = .046; 25.46% ± 1.77% vs. 21.49% ± 2.33% at 8 weeks, P = .026; 34.77% ± 2.25% vs. 30.01% ± 3.17% at 16 weeks, P = .040) postoperatively. Biomechanical tests revealed that the ultimate failure force in the TLF group was significantly higher than that in the R group at the final evaluation (29.13 ± 2.49 N vs. 23.10 ± 3.47 N, P = .022).

Conclusions: The TLF autograft can promote a faster biological healing process and a better fixation strength. It could be used as an alternative reinforcement or bridging patch when the fascia lata is not appropriate or available for superior capsule reconstruction (SCR).
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November 2021

MiR-6924-5p-rich exosomes derived from genetically modified Scleraxis-overexpressing PDGFRα(+) BMMSCs as novel nanotherapeutics for treating osteolysis during tendon-bone healing and improving healing strength.

Biomaterials 2021 12 5;279:121242. Epub 2021 Nov 5.

Department of Orthopedics/Sports Medicine Center, State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burn and Combined Injury, First Affiliated Hospital of Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, 400000, China. Electronic address:

Osteolysis at the tendon-bone interface can impair pullout strength during tendon-bone healing and lead to surgery failure, but the effects of clinical treatments are not satisfactory. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived exosomes have been used as potent and feasible natural nanocarriers for drug delivery and have been proven to enhance tendon-bone healing strength, indicating that MSC-derived exosomes could be a promising therapeutic strategy. In this study, we explored Scleraxis (Scx) dynamically expressed in PDGFRα(+) bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) during natural tendon-bone healing. Then, we investigated the role of PDGFRα(+) BMMSCs in tendon-bone healing after Scx overexpression as well as the underlying mechanisms. Our data demonstrated that Scx-overexpressing PDGFRα(+) BMMSCs (BMMSC) could efficiently inhibit peritunnel osteolysis and enhance tendon-bone healing strength by preventing osteoclastogenesis in an exosomes-dependent manner. Exosomal RNA-seq revealed that the abundance of a novel miRNA, miR-6924-5p, was highest among miRNAs. miR-6924-5p could directly inhibit osteoclast formation by binding to the 3'-untranslated regions (3'UTRs) of OCSTAMP and CXCL12. Inhibition of miR-6924-5p expression reversed the prevention of osteoclastogenic differentiation by BMMSC derived exosomes (BMMSC-exos). Local injection of BMMSC-exos or miR-6924-5p dramatically reduced osteoclast formation and improved tendon-bone healing strength. Furthermore, delivery of miR-6924-5p efficiently inhibited the osteoclastogenesis of human monocytes. In brief, our study demonstrates that BMMSC-exos or miR-6924-5p could serve as a potential therapy for the treatment of osteolysis during tendon-bone healing and improve the outcome.
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December 2021

Initial stability and stress distribution of ankle arthroscopic arthrodesis with three kinds of 2-screw configuration fixation: a finite element analysis.

J Orthop Surg Res 2018 Oct 20;13(1):263. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Southwest Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Gaotanyan Str. 30, Chongqing city, 400038, People's Republic of China.

Background: Arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis (AAA) is recognized as the standard treatment for the end-stage ankle arthritis. Two-screw configuration fixation is a typical technique for AAA; however, no consensus has been reached on how to select most suitable inserted position and direction. For better joint reduction, we developed a new configuration (2 home run-screw configuration: 2 screws are inserted from the lateral-posterior and medial-posterior malleolus into the talar neck) and investigated whether it turned out to be better than the other commonly used 2-screw configurations.

Methods: In this study, we investigated three kinds of 2-screw configurations: 2 "home run"-screw configuration (group A), crossed transverse configuration (the screw is inserted from the medial malleolus into the anterior talus and the other from the lateral tibia maintains posterior talus, group B), and 2 parallel screw configuration (2 parallel screws are inserted from the posteromedial side of the tibia into talus, group C). The effects of the above three insertions on the loading stress of the tibio-talar joint were comparatively analyzed with a three-dimensional finite element model.

Results: Group A was better than groups B and C in respect of stress distribution uniformity and superior to both groups B and C in anti-flexion strength and anti-internal rotation strength. Group A was slightly worse than group C but better than group B in anti-dorsiflexion and anti-valgus and varus strength.

Conclusions: Two "home run"-screw configuration facilitates the reduction of anterior talus dislocation of end-stage ankle arthritis. Our finite element analysis demonstrates the configuration is superior to crossed transverse and parallel configuration for arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis in terms of stress distribution and initial stability.
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October 2018

Interleukin-15 facilitates muscle regeneration through modulation of fibro/adipogenic progenitors.

Cell Commun Signal 2018 07 20;16(1):42. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Gaotanyan Str. 30, Chongqing city, 400038, People's Republic of China.

Background: Chronic muscle injury is characteristics of fatty infiltration and fibrosis. Recently, fibro/adipogenic progenitors (FAPs) were found to be indispensable for muscular regeneration while were also responsible for fibrosis and fatty infiltration in muscle injury. Many myokines have been proven to regulate the adipose or cell proliferation. Because the fate of FAPs is largely dependent on microenvironment and the regulation of myokines on FAPs is still unclear. We screened the potential myokines and found Interleukin-15 (IL-15) may regulate the fatty infiltration in muscle injury. In this study, we investigated how IL-15 regulated FAPs in muscle injury and the effect on muscle regeneration.

Methods: Cell proliferation assay, western blots, qRT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, flow cytometric analysis were performed to investigate the effect of IL-15 on proliferation and adipogensis of FAPs. Acute muscle injury was induced by injection of glycerol or cardiotoxin to analyze how IL-15 effected on FAPs in vivo and its function on fatty infiltration or muscle regeneration.

Results: We identified that the expression of IL-15 in injured muscle was negatively associated with fatty infiltration. IL-15 can stimulate the proliferation of FAPs and prevent the adipogenesis of FAPs in vitro and in vivo. The growth of FAPs caused by IL-15 was mediated through JAK-STAT pathway. In addition, desert hedgehog pathway may participate in IL-15 inhibiting adipogenesis of FAPs. Our study showed IL-15 can cause the fibrosis after muscle damage and promote the myofiber regeneration. Finally, the expression of IL-15 was positively associated with severity of fibrosis and number of FAPs in patients with chronic rotator cuff tear.

Conclusions: These findings supported the potential role of IL-15 as a modulator on fate of FAPs in injured muscle and as a novel therapy for chronic muscle injury.
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July 2018