Publications by authors named "Yoshio Sugino"

51 Publications

[Risk Factors for Recurrence in Patients with Pathological Lymph Node-Positive Prostate Cancer after Extended Lymph Node Dissection in Laparoscopic and Robotic-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2021 Mar;67(3):83-90

The Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.

From April 2007 to April 2018, we performed lymph node dissection in 305 cases of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and 202 cases of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy at our hospital, and there were 68 cases with positive lymph node metastasis (pN1). Of these 68 cases, we examined retrospectively 62 cases in which extended lymph node dissection (ELND) was performed. The median number of removed lymph nodes was 25 (interquartile range [IQR] ; 18-34) and the median number of metastatic lymph nodes was 1 (IQR ; 1-3). Postoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) recurrence was observed in 40 of the 62 patients. The median time to PSA recurrence was 24 months. After univariate analysis, PSA at initial diagnosis (iPSA) of 10 ng/ml or more, pathological Gleason score (pGS) of 8 or more, total number of lymph node metastases of 2 or more, and positive surgical margin (RM+) were found to be riskfactors of PSA recurrence. In multivariate analysis, iPSA of 10 ng/ml or more, pGS of 8 or more and RM+ were independent riskfactors of PSA recurrence (p<0.05). In the cases without riskfactors such as iPSA≥10, pGS≥8, and RM+, immediate postoperative adjuvant therapy may be avoided even with pN1.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_67_3_83DOI Listing
March 2021

[Simple Methods to Prevent Postoperative Inguinal Hernia after Extraperitoneal and Transperitoneal Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2020 Oct;66(10):331-335

The Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.

Herein we present simple methods to prevent postoperative inguinal hernia (IH) after extraperitoneal and transperitoneal robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Among 275 patients who underwent RARP between January 2014 and December 2016 at our institution, we evaluated 143 and 115 patients who underwent extraperitoneal-RARP (e-RARP) and transperitoneal-RARP (t-RARP), respectively, after excluding those with intraoperative detection of IH (17 patients). In the e-RARP group, all 143 patients (286 groins) underwent an IH prevention procedure. In the t-RARP group, the first 22 patients (44 groins) did not undergo an IH prevention procedure, whereas 29 patients (37 groins) with patent processus vaginalis (PPV) among the last 93 patients underwent the procedure. The IH prevention procedure during e-RARP included release of the vas deferens from the peritoneum and spermatic cord, and peritoneal dissection of the spermatic cord at the internal inguinal ring. The IH prevention procedure during t-RARP included release of the vas deferens from the peritoneum and spermatic cord, complete circumferential dissection of the peritoneum around the PPV at the level of the internal inguinal ring, and ligation of the PPV with a Hem-o- Loc○R clip. In the e-RARP group, postoperative IH occurred in 3 of the 143 patients (1.9%) during the follow-up period of 22.0±9.2 months. In the first subgroup of t-RARP, postoperative IH developed in 4 of the 22 patients (18%) during the follow-up period of 33.1±12.1 months, whereas in the last t-RARP group, postoperative IH developed in 3 of the 93 patients (3.3%) during the follow-up period of 20.1±8.6 months. Different IH prevention procedures performed in patients undergoing e-RARP and t-RARP were simple and effective in preventing postoperative IH.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_66_10_331DOI Listing
October 2020

[Necessity of Pelvic Drain Placement after Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2020 Sep;66(9):283-287

The Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.

Sixty eight patients had robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) from January 2016 to April 2017 with estimated blood loss of less than 500 ml. We compared the postoperative complication rates and the length of hospital stay between 34 of these patients who had pelvic drain placement (PD group), and the remaining 34 patients who had no drain placement (ND group). The approach was intraperitoneal in 25 patients in each group. The PD and ND groups were comparable for age (69.5 vs 70 yrs, P=0.459), clinical Gleason Score (6/7/≧8) 2/17/15 vs 3/8/23 (P=0.077), clinical stage (1c/2/3) 3/25/6 vs 1/25/8 (p=0. 539), operative time (311 vs 309 min, P=0.868), and estimated blood loss (p=0.166). The PD group had significantly higher median PSA level than the ND group (8.01 vs 6.25 ng/ml, P=0.023). Incidence of 30- day overall complications in the PD group (35 events) was lower than that in the ND group (38 events). All complications were classified as Clavien Dindo grade I. The postoperative hospital stay was 8 days in the PD group and 7 days in the ND group, showing no prolongation in the ND group. Pelvic drainage may be omitted after RARP without increasing postoperative complications or prolonging the hospital stay.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_66_9_283DOI Listing
September 2020

Atypical oncologic failure after laparoscopic and robot-assisted radical cystectomy at a single institution.

Int J Clin Oncol 2020 Jul 18;25(7):1385-1392. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, 2-1-1 Minatojima-Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0047, Japan.

Background: The incidence of atypical oncologic failure in patients with bladder cancer, including peritoneal carcinomatosis, and recurrences at the port site and soft tissue after laparoscopic and robot-assisted radical cystectomy are not well characterized.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 52, 51, and 12 patients who underwent open, laparoscopic, and robot-assisted radical cystectomy, respectively, for bladder cancer from 2007 to 2018 at our institution. We identified techniques associated with atypical oncologic failure.

Results: The median follow-up period was 29 months. Among the 115 patients, 29 (25%) experienced oncological recurrences, and 7 (6%), 12 (10%), and 23 (20%) had atypical, local, and distant recurrences, respectively. The laparoscopic and robot-assisted radical cystectomy groups had significantly higher incidences of total atypical oncologic failure than the open radical cystectomy group (p = 0.013), including six, one, and two patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, port site carcinomatosis, and soft tissue involvement, respectively. All 7 patients with atypical oncologic failure died of cancer; the median time from surgery to death was 9.3 months. All these patients were cT ≧ 3 and had grade 3 disease. In three patients (43%), the pathological tissue contained variants other than urothelial carcinoma. Five (71%) were among the initial twenty patients. Four patients (57%) had histories of intraoperative urine spillage or bladder perforation during transurethral resection.

Conclusions: Patients with cT ≧ 3 stage, with pathological variants other than urothelial carcinoma, and those undergoing procedures that lead to extravesical dissemination should avoid laparoscopic radical cystectomy when the procedures are first introduced.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10147-020-01677-yDOI Listing
July 2020

A case report of fulminant cytokine release syndrome complicated by dermatomyositis after the combination therapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Apr;99(15):e19741

Department of Neurology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, 650-0047, 2-1-1 Minatojima-Minamimachi, Chuou-ku, Kobe, Hyogo.

Introduction: Immune-related adverse events (ir-AEs) are increasingly becoming a concern, as immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are used more frequently. Herein, we present a case of fulminant cytokine release syndrome (CRS) complicated by dermatomyositis after the combination therapy with ICIs.

Patient Concerns: A 70-year-old male developed dermatomyositis during the course of treatment with two ICIs, nivolumab and ipilimumab. He was treated by steroid pulse therapy, but the effect was limited. Afterwards, he had acute-onset high fever, hypotension, respiratory failure, impaired consciousness, renal failure, and coagulation abnormality at the same time. C reactive protein (CRP), creatinine kinase (CK), D-dimer, and ferritin levels were considerably elevated: CRP, 24 mg/dL; CK, 40,500 U/L; D-dimer, 290 μg/mL; ferritin, 329,000 ng/mL.

Diagnosis: CRS induced by ICI combination therapy.

Interventions: Given that high fever and elevated CRP level indicated potential sepsis, an antibiotic was used until the confirmation of negative blood cultures. All the simultaneous acute symptoms were supposed to be CRS. He was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), and temporary intubation and hemodialysis were needed. Immunosuppressive therapy was reinforced by mycophenolate mofetil together with steroid, and plasma exchange was performed for the elimination of abnormal proteins.

Outcomes: The patient's clinical symptoms and laboratory parameters gradually improved and he was discharged from the ICU in a month.

Conclusion: Fulminant CRS can be induced by ICI combination therapy. As the initial symptoms of CRS resemble sepsis, it is important to consider CRS as a differential diagnosis and to initiate immunosuppressive therapy early when needed. In steroid-resistant cases, early introduction of other immunosuppressive therapy and plasma exchange can be effective.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019741DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7220092PMC
April 2020

Surgical outcomes and learning curve of totally intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion following laparoscopic radical cystectomy at a single institution.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2020 Oct 28;13(4):532-538. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Centre General Hospital, Kobe, Japan.

Introduction: Constant evaluation of the outcomes of laparoscopic intracorporeal urinary diversion is not yet established. This study aimed to describe surgical outcomes and learning curve of intracorporeal ileal conduit (ICIC) following laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) at a single institution.

Methods: From June 2012 to February 2018, 38 patients with bladder cancer underwent LRC with ileal conduit at our institution. Surgical outcomes were compared between ICIC (n = 30) and extracorporeal ileal conduit (ECIC) (n = 8). The learning curve during ICIC with regard to the operative time and complication rate was compared.

Results: No significant differences in patient characteristics between the ICIC and ECIC groups were found. Comparison of outcomes between the ICIC and ECIC groups were as follows: median total operative time, 688 vs 713 minutes; urinary diversion time, 213 vs 192 minutes; and estimated blood loss, 450 vs 420 mL, respectively. The median time to walking and oral intake were similar in both groups. Rates of high-grade complications associated with urinary diversion (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ III) were 3% in ICIC and 25% in ECIC. Although 25% of ECIC patients developed wound dehiscence (Clavien-Dindo grade IIIb), no patient in the ICIC group had postoperative wound infection. For the learning curve of ICIC (n = 30), urinary diversion time decreased significantly (27 minutes decrease per 10 cases, P = .02). Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ II complication did not occur after 20 cases.

Conclusions: LRC with ICIC could be performed safely with low incidence of severe wound infection compared with ECIC. The incidence and severity of complications also decreased with time.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ases.12793DOI Listing
October 2020

Absence of asymptomatic unruptured renal artery pseudoaneurysm on contrast-enhanced computed tomography after robot-assisted partial nephrectomy without parenchymal renorrhaphy.

Asian J Urol 2020 Jan 8;7(1):24-28. Epub 2019 Oct 8.

Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, 2-1-1 Minatojimaminami-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe City, Japan.

Objective: To assess the incidence of asymptomatic unruptured renal artery pseudoaneurysm (RAP) on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) after robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) without parenchymal renorrhaphy.

Methods: From May 2016 to December 2017, 78 patients underwent RAPN for renal tumors. Inner suture was performed in the opened collecting system or renal sinus, whereas parenchymal renorrhaphy was not. For hemostasis, the soft coagulation system was used, and absorbable hemostats were placed on the resection bed. CE-CT was carried out within 7 days after surgery. Data on these patients were prospectively collected. A single radiologist determined the diagnosis of RAP.

Results: Median (range) data were as follows: Patient age, 65 (19-82) years; radiographic tumor size, 30 (12-95) mm; operating time, 166 (102-294) min; warm ischemic time, 16 (7-67) min; and blood loss, 15 (0-4450) mL. One patient (1.6%) required a perioperative blood transfusion. No patient required conversion to open surgery or nephrectomy. CE-CT was carried out at median 6 (3-7) days after surgery. CE-CT showed no RAP development in all 61 patients. Urinary leakage was not observed. One patient had acute cholecystitis, a postoperative complication classified as Clavien-Dindo grade higher than 3, which was treated with cholecystectomy. Positive surgical margin was identified in four patients (6.6%).

Conclusion: RAPN using soft coagulation and absorbable hemostats without renorrhaphy appears to be feasible and safe. Our technique could eliminate the risk of RAP.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajur.2019.07.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6962716PMC
January 2020

[Traumatic Adrenal Injury : A Single-Institution Experience].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2019 Jul;65(7):271-275

The Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.

Traumatic adrenal injury is quite rare. From January 2008 to March 2018, out of 287 patients with genitourinary trauma, 23 patients (8%) were diagnosed with traumatic adrenal injury at Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and assessed the traumatic category, image findings and outcome. All 23 patients were bluntly injured. The causes of traumatic adrenal injury were motor vehicle accident (11 patients : 48%) and falls (9 patients : 39%). The majority of injuries occurred on the right side (18 patients : 78%). Associated injuries occurred in all 23 patients, most frequently in the liver (57%) and ribs (57%). Extravasation of contrast materials was identified on computed tomography (CT) in 4 patients (17%). Although 22 patients (96%) were conservatively managed, only 1 patient was treated by transcatherter arterial embolization because of hypotension. One patient died of intraabdominal bleeding. To our knowledge, the present study is the largest on traumatic adrenal injury in Japan.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_65_7_271DOI Listing
July 2019

Comparison of perioperative outcomes of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy without renorrhaphy: Comparative outcomes of cT1a versus cT1b renal tumors.

Int J Urol 2019 09 30;26(9):885-889. Epub 2019 Jun 30.

Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.

Objectives: To assess the perioperative outcomes of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy without renorrhaphy for cT1b renal tumors compared with cT1a.

Methods: From February 2015 to May 2018, 100 robot-assisted partial nephrectomy patients who underwent robot-assisted partial nephrectomy without renorrhaphy for renal tumors were included. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records, and compared the perioperative outcomes of 66 and 34 patients for cT1a and cT1b tumors, respectively. Inner suture was carried out in the opened collecting system or renal sinus, whereas parenchymal renorrhaphy was not. For hemostasis, the soft-coagulation system was used, and absorbable hemostats were placed on the resection bed.

Results: The median tumor size and RENAL nephrometry score were significantly different between the two groups (cT1a vs cT1b: 23.5 vs 45 mm, P < 0.001, 6 vs 8, P < 0.001). The median operating time and warm ischemic time were significantly longer in the cT1b group than in the cT1a group (154 vs 184 min, P < 0.001; 14 vs 21 min, P < 0.001). The median blood loss was not significantly different (2.5 vs 50 mL, P = 0.109). The positive surgical margin rate was 4.5% versus 11.7% (P = 0.22). Postoperative complications classified as Clavien-Dindo grade III or higher were port-site herniation (one patient), acute cholecystitis (one patient) and pseudoaneurysm (one patient) in the cT1b group. Urinary leakage was not observed in the two groups.

Conclusions: Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy without renorrhaphy using the soft-coagulation system and absorbable hemostats appears to be feasible for renal or cT1b tumors. However, longer warm ischemic time and a high rate of complications can be expected compared with cT1a tumors.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iju.14046DOI Listing
September 2019

[A Case of Systemic Polyarteritis Nodosa Presenting with Scrotal Pain].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2019 Apr;65(4):127-131

The Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.

A 76-year-old man with a history of hypertension was admitted with high fever and left scrotal pain. Laboratory findings revealed high serum C-reactive protein levels. The left epididymis appeared to be swollen on computed tomography. The patient was diagnosed with bacterial epididymitis and treatment with antibiotics was initiated. Despite treatment, his left scrotal pain and fever did not improve. Additionally, he developed right scrotal and posterior neck pain. For histopathological diagnosis, a left high orchiectomy was performed and the findings revealed thickened arteriolar walls with infiltration of inflammatory cells around the testis, leading to a final diagnosis of systemic polyarteritis nodosa. Treatment with steroids led to complete resolution of the patient's systemic pain and inflammation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_65_4_127DOI Listing
April 2019

[A Case of Renal Oncocytosis with Bilateral Multiple Renal Masses].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2019 Apr;65(4):111-116

The Department of Pathology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.

A 63-year-old man with microscopic hematuria underwent contrast-enhanced CT, which showed multiple bilateral renal masses. Percutaneous biopsy results indicated renal oncocytosis. The tumors remained unchanged for 3 years. Renal oncocytosis is a very rare tumor, but it is an established disease entity characterized by numerous oncocytic tumors and diffuse (sporadic) renal parenchymal epithelial oncocytic changes on an analysis histopathology. Although renal oncocytosis can be sporadic or part of Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome (BHDS), our case did not associate with BHDS because of absence of lung cyst.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_65_4_111DOI Listing
April 2019

En bloc laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with inferior vena cava thrombectomy: A single-institution experience.

Int J Urol 2019 03 3;26(3):363-368. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.

Objective: To report the outcomes of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with inferior vena cava thrombectomy for right renal cell carcinoma at Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.

Method: A retrospective review of the clinical records of five patients who underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with inferior vena cava thrombectomy for right renal cell carcinoma between 2013 and 2017 was carried out. The surgical procedure included ligation and cutting of the right renal artery, followed by kidney mobilization. The left renal vein, and the caudal and cephalad sides of the inferior vena cava thrombus were clamped using laparoscopic vascular clamps, and the inferior vena cava was incised. The free kidney and tumor thrombus were placed en bloc in a retrieval bag. Subsequently, the inferior vena cava was laparoscopically closed using a continuous suture.

Results: The median operative time, pneumoperitoneum time, blood loss and postoperative hospital stay were 316 min, 266 min, 400 mL and 7 days, respectively. The median clamp time was 28 min (range 13-105 min). One patient (20%) required a perioperative blood transfusion. The surgical margin was negative in all patients. Only one patient experienced a major complication (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥3), namely a postoperative hemorrhage requiring transarterial embolism.

Conclusion: En bloc laparoscopic radical nephrectomy with inferior vena cava thrombectomy is a challenging yet feasible procedure for experienced surgeons in carefully selected patients. Further studies of this surgical procedure are required for standardization and safe application.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iju.13873DOI Listing
March 2019

[Off-Clamp, Non-Renorrhaphy Robot-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy : An Initial Experience in a Single Institution].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2018 Aug;64(8):323-327

The Department Of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.

We report the surgical procedures and perioperative outcomes of off-clamp, non-renorrhaphy robotassisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) in 7 out of 76 patients who underwent RAPN with off-clamp and nonrenorrhaphy between February 2015 and August 2017. The approach was chosen depending on the location of the tumor. Tumor enucleation was performed by using sharp incision and blunt dissection. For hemostasis, the soft-coagulation system was used and TachoSil○R was placed on the resection bed. As a rule, renorrhaphy was not performed. Median (range) patient age was 67 years (40-79), tumor size ; 14 mm (12-18), operative time ; 139 minutes (102-166), console time ; 51 minutes (41-75), estimate blood loss ; 10 ml (0-100). No patients required a perioperative blood transfusion. Median (range) tumor intraparenchymal depth was 10.4 mm (4.3-15.5) and distance from urinary collecting system was 9.3 mm (4.1-13.0). Pseudoaneurysm and urine leakage were not observed. No complications classified as Clavien-Dindo grade higher than grade 1 appeared. No cases had a positive surgical margin. Median (range) estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) change rate at 3 months after surgery was 0% (-12.7-14.5). Off-clamp, non-renorrhaphy RAPN with the soft-coagulation system and TachoSil® is a feasible and safe procedure for patients carefully selected among those with superficial tumors.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_64_8_323DOI Listing
August 2018

[Evaluation of Lymphoceles by CT Scan Early after Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2018 Jun;64(6):261-264

The Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.

We report the incidence and characteristics of lymphoceles after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Computed tomography was performed on 79 patients one month after RARP or when symptoms appeared. The lymphocele was defined as a cystic lesion over 10 mm in diameter. Symptomatic and asymptomatic lymphoceles were identified in 25% (20/79) of all cases, and in 40.9% (18/44) of the cases with lymph node dissection (LND). Symptomatic lymphoceles were identified in 2.5% (2/79) of all cases. Lymphoceles were significantly associated with LND, pathological stage over T3, longer period of indwelling drain tube,and higher volume fluid of drain tube (p<0.05). In conclusion, lymphoceles are quiet common after RARP. However, they rarely become symptomatic.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_64_6_261DOI Listing
June 2018

[A Case of Chromophobe Renal Cell Carcinoma Associated with Birt-Hogg-Dubé Syndrome].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2018 Mar;64(3):107-110

The Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.

A 61-year-old man with a left renal mass, which was detected by ultrasound during a routine health examination, was referred to our department. The patient had a surgical history of two pneumothorax operations, and the patient's brother also had a history of pneumothorax surgery. A case of Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome was suspected based on patient history. The pathological diagnosis of the resected tumor, which used robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, was determined to be chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (grade 2, pT1a). BHD syndrome was confirmed by genetic testing, where a nonsense mutation of exon 9 in the FOLLICULIN (FLCN) gene was detected. The patient is currently alive 10 months after surgery.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_64_3_107DOI Listing
March 2018

[Clinical Study of HoLEP for the Patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia who are on Oral Antithrombotics].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2017 Aug;63(8):307-311

The Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.

Recently, holmium laserenucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) was associated with less bleeding compared with transurethral resection of prostate. Since 2012, we have performed HoLEP for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) under continuous oral antithrombotics (OA). Between October 2004 and March 2015, 54 patients with BPH underwent HoLEP while on OA at our hospital. Eight patients underwent HoLEP without OA cessation and 46 patients with temporary OA cessation. No significant between-group difference was observed in age, prostate volume, transitional zone prostate volume, operation time, resection weight, resection weight per minute, urethral catheter duration, Hb decrease on day 1 post- HoLEP, hospital stay after HoLEP, bleeding intraoperative rate, bleeding rate after HoLEP and transfusion rate. None presented embolic complications. HoLEP was safe without OA cessation. However, highvolume BPH patients without OA cessation required intraoperative transfusion. Thus, high-volume BPH patients may benefit from OA cessation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_63_8_307DOI Listing
August 2017

[Risk Factors for Mortalityin Patients with Urosepsis].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2017 May;63(5):195-199

The Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.

Urosepsis is not uncommon and sometimes causes a critical condition including death. We retrospectivelyanaly zed the risk factors for mortalityin urosepsis. We treated 80 patients as urosepsis from 2010 to 2014 in our hospital. Five patients (6%) died within 30 days of hospitalization. The median age of the patients who died of urosepsis was 92 years (range, 83-95 years). The main causes of urosepsis were complicated pyelonephritis in 4 patients and emphysematous pyelonephritis in one. In the subgroup analysis of elderly patients over 75 years old, bad performance status and lower serum albumin were significantlyrelated to mortality(p =0.033, 0.046). The elderlypatients, especiallywith bad performance status and lower serum albumin, are more likelyto die.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_63_5_195DOI Listing
May 2017

[Two Cases of Oncocytic Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2016 Apr;62(4):187-91

The Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital.

Oncocytic papillary renal cell carcinoma isa variant of papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC). We herein report two cases treated with retroperitoneoscopic partial nephrectomy. Histologically, tumor cells of both cases exhibit round and regular nuclei with CK7 positive areas in the cytoplasm typical of TYPE1 PRCC and eosinophilic granular cytoplasm with E-cadherin positive areas in the cytoplasmic membrane, which indicates TYPE2 PRCC. Out of 46 cases reported in the literature, only one died of disease, which reveals its low malignant potential.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2016

[Clinical Characteristics of Prostate Ductal Adenocarcinoma in Kyoto University Hospital].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2015 Dec;61(12):487-91

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine.

Prostate ductal adenocarcinoma is a rare variant of prostate cancer and considered to be more aggressive than the common acinar type of adenocarcinoma. The appropriate treatment guideline for prostate ductal adenocarcinoma has not been established. The aim of the present study was to examine the clinical characteristics and the effectiveness of treatment for prostate ductal adenocarcinoma. From 2005 to 2012, 41 patients were diagnosed to have prostate ductal adenocarcinoma in Kyoto University Hospital. The mean±SD age was 68.6±7.0 years, and the median (range) initial serum PSA level was 9.3 (3.7-217) ng/ml. Among 17 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy, 10 (58.8%) had pT3 disease and 5 (29.4%) had biochemical recurrence during median follow-up of 22.9 months. Out of 19 patients treated with definitive EBRT with endocrine therapy, 2 patients (10.5%) experienced biochemical recurrence with median follow-up of 37.3 months. Five patients were treated with endocrine therapy alone, and 2 (40.0%) of them died of prostate ductal adenocarcinoma. In conclusion, patients with prostate ductal adenocarcinoma were more likely diagnosed as locally advanced diseases than those with prostate acinar adenocarcinoma. However, for patients without metastasis, either surgery or EBRT with endocrine therapy is effective with good prognosis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2015

Effective and Safe Administration of Low-Dose Estramustine Phosphate for Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer.

Clin Genitourin Cancer 2016 Feb 2;14(1):e9-e17. Epub 2015 Sep 2.

Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address:

Unlabelled: Despite the favorable toxicity profile at the standard dose of 560 mg daily, the tolerability and toxicology of estramustine phosphate (EMP) have been a cause for concern at administration. Moreover, we do not know whether a lower dose of 280 mg of EMP daily can be administered with some efficacy and fewer side effects. The results of our phase II study suggest that low-dose EMP is a safe treatment option with the same efficacy in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Background: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of low-dose estramustine phosphate (EMP) in Japanese patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).

Patients And Methods: The present study was a single-arm, nonrandomized prospective study in which all patients received EMP orally twice daily for a total dose of 280 mg/day. A total of 31 patients with CRPC were enrolled from December 2009 to December 2012 at 5 institutions in Japan. The primary endpoint was the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response, defined as a 50% decline in the serum PSA level, confirmed ≥ 3 weeks later. The secondary endpoints included the objective response rate, interval to PSA progression, PSA response duration, progression-free survival, disease-specific survival, overall survival, safety, and quality-of-life assessment using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate scores.

Results: Ten patients (32%) had a PSA response, and no patient had an objective response. The treatment was well tolerated, and the most frequent toxicities were grade 1 to 2 nausea/vomiting, anorexia, and gynecomastia. The median interval to PSA progression was 140 days (95% confidence interval [CI], 117-260 days). The PSA response duration was 119 days (95% CI, 49-219 days). The median progression-free survival was 213 days (95% CI, 167-422 days). The 3-year disease-specific survival and overall survival rates were 68.6% (median not reached; 95% CI, 33 months to not available) and 59.9% (median 42 months, 95% CI, 28 months to not available), respectively.

Conclusion: Low-dose EMP seems to be a safe treatment option with some efficacy in patients with CRPC.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clgc.2015.08.008DOI Listing
February 2016

Underweight body mass index is a risk factor of mortality in outpatients with nocturia in Japan.

BMC Res Notes 2015 Sep 29;8:490. Epub 2015 Sep 29.

Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: Although nocturia has been reported to increase mortality in elderly individuals, the particular risk factors that are associated with this event are unclear. Therefore, we evaluated risk factors for death in outpatients with nocturia.

Methods: Between October 2002 and December 2009, 250 consecutive patients with nocturia were enrolled in two general hospitals in Japan. Among them, 193 patients were able to be followed for at least 1 year and up to 9 years (median 4.8 years) if the patients did not die. Mortality rates and risk factors were evaluated in the nocturic outpatients.

Results: Two- and 5-year survival of the nocturic outpatients was 94.6% [95% confidence interval (CI) = 92.2-97.1] and 82.6% (95% CI = 75.4-87.8), respectively. Higher Charlson Comorbidity Score, lower body mass index (BMI) and lower Physical Component Summary of Short Form-36 item scores were significantly correlated with mortality (p < 0.0001, p < 0.005 and p < 0.05, respectively) in multivariate analysis. The International Prostate Symptom Score, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Mental or Role/Social Component Summary of Short Form-36 item scores and Nocturnal Polyuria index were not significantly correlated with mortality. The mortality rate was significantly higher in subjects with an underweight BMI (<18.50) compared with a normal range (18.50-24.99) or overweight (≥25.00) BMI [p < 0.00005, hazard ratio (HR) = 5.84, 95% CI = 2.03-16.8; p < 0.0005, HR = 5.92, 95% CI = 1.94-18.0].

Conclusions: Additional attention is required for nocturic outpatients with not only a high Charlson Comorbidity Score but also an underweight BMI because of their high mortality. Large prospective studies are warranted to validate this finding and extend more.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-1456-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4587784PMC
September 2015

Laser-capture microdissection for analysis of cell type-specific gene expression of muscarinic receptor subtypes in the rat bladder with cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis.

Int Urol Nephrol 2015 Apr 14;47(4):637-42. Epub 2015 Feb 14.

Department of Urology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, 2-1-1, Minatojima-Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Japan,

Purpose: This study examined whether the laser-capture microdissection (LCM) method can achieve separation of urothelial cells from detrusor cells or superficial urothelial cells from intermediate/basal urothelial cells, using α-smooth muscle actin (SMA) and cytokeratin 20 (CK20). In addition, we investigated the changes in expression of muscarinic receptors in laser-captured urothelial and detrusor cells in rats with chronic cystitis.

Methods: Female SD rats were injected with cyclophosphamide (75 mg/kg) intraperitoneally at day 1, 4, 7 and 10 to induce chronic cystitis. Saline was injected in the same protocol for controls. Bladder specimens were cut at 8 μm thickness, fixed in 70% ethanol and lightly stained by hematoxylin and eosin, and then superficial urothelium, intermediate/basal urothelium and detrusor muscles were laser-captured separately. Real-time PCR was performed to examine expressions of α-SMA, CK20, muscarinic 2 receptors (M2R) and muscarinic 3 receptors (M3R).

Results: The expression of α-SMA mRNA in detrusor muscle cells was 200 times higher than that in urothelial cells in controls. CK20 mRNA expression in apical urothelial cells was 55 times more than that in detrusor muscle and four times more than that in intermediate/basal urothelial cells. Expressions of M2R and M3R mRNA were increased in urothelial cells and decreased in detrusor muscles following chronic cystitis.

Conclusions: The LCM could be useful for tissue collection of detrusor muscle and different layers of urothelial cells with minimal contamination of other cell types, and cell type-specific changes in molecular expression could accurately be analyzed. Increased expression of urothelial MR might enhance urothelial-afferent interactions to induce bladder overactivity/pain conditions associated with bladder inflammation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11255-015-0926-zDOI Listing
April 2015

[Presurgical treatment of axitinib reduced operation risk by downsizing the vena cava tumor thrombus in advanced renal cell carcinomas: two case reports].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2014 Dec;60(12):621-6

The Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University.

In cases of advanced renal cell carcinoma with inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombus, surgical resection of both tumor and thrombus contributes to the improvement of patient's prognosis, but the risk of perioperative complication is still high. We experienced two cases of advanced renal tumors with IVC tumor thrombus down-sized by presurgical treatment of axitinib. Axitinib treatment showed a marked tumor reduction effect without any severe adverse event. We could remove both tumor and thrombus without perioperative complications. In these two cases, downsizing of IVC thrombus enabled us to reduce the extent of the surgery.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2014

[A case of late perirenal fat recurrence after partial nephrectomy for T1A renal cell carcinoma].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2014 Oct;60(10):481-3

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine.

An 84-year-old man had undergone laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for right renal cell carcinoma (RCC), cT1aN0M0 in 2003. The histopathological diagnosis was clear cell carcinoma, grade 1, v (-), surgical margin negative, pT1a. Nine years and 10 months postoperatively, computed tomography scans demonstrated tumors on right renal fossa. As we could not detect other metastatic lesions, we diagnosed him with local recurrence of RCC and planned the surgery with curative intent. He underwent laparoscopic resection of retroperitoneal tumors. The histopathological diagnosis was clear cell carcinoma, grade 2 > 3, v (-), surgical margin negative, and confirmed recurrence of RCC. In retrospective review of 176 cases of pT1a renal cell carcinoma with partial nephrectomy in our institute, 3 patients (1.7%) developed local recurrence and 2 patients (1.1%) developed late local recurrence.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2014

[Urinary diversion in patients treated with pelvic irradiation: transverse colon conduit revisited].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2014 Aug;60(8):365-70

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine.

In patients receiving pelvic irradiation for gynecological or genitourinary malignancies, urinary diversion is sometimes required for complete resection of malignancies or treatment of urological complications by irradiation. We report our attempts to promote healing and prevent complications by urinary diversion using a transverse colon conduit in cases in which urinary reconstruction was performed with irradiated lower abdominal organs such as small intestine or distal ureters. Between 2008 and 2012, 9 patients with pelvic irradiation received transverse colon conduit urinary diversion. Six patients received diversion for genitourinary complications, while 3 patients received complete resection of pelvic malignancies. Colostomy formation and lithotripsy of vesical stones were simultaneously performed in 4 cases. Wallace method was adopted for ureterointestinal anastomosis. There was no operative mortality. Although acute pyelonephritis, ileus, wound dehiscence and pelvic abscess formation were seen as postoperative complications, all but two improved without any additional procedure. Cases of pelvic abscess or wound dehiscence were treated by abscess drainage. In observation periods, no patients required urinary stent placement and none suffered from defecation problems. We think that transverse colon conduit can be a viable option for patients with pelvic irradiation history, affording them reasonable quality of life postoperatively.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2014

[A case of successful living related renal transplantation in a patient with end-stage renal disease resulting from sarcoidosis].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2014 Jul;60(7):319-22

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine.

We report a case in a 44-year-old man with known past history of sarcoidosis associated with uveitis that was first diagnosed when he was 20 years old. He developed renal dysfunction 6 years after the diagnosis of sarcoidosis. At that time, a renal biopsy revealed non-necrotizing granulomatous interstitial nephritis, typical findings of renal involvement of sarcoidosis. Despite corticosteroid therapy administered soon after the biopsy, the renal dysfunction gradually progressed to end-stage renal disease. The patient underwent kidney transplantation from a living donor and the renal graft has been functioning well with no evidence of recurrence 10 months postoperatively, and with a serum creatinine level between 1.2 and 1.5 mg/dl.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2014

Altered detrusor gap junction communications induce storage symptoms in bladder inflammation: a mouse cyclophosphamide-induced model of cystitis.

PLoS One 2014 6;9(8):e104216. Epub 2014 Aug 6.

Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) include storage, voiding and post-micturition symptoms, featuring many urological diseases. Storage symptoms are the most frequent among these and associated with overactive bladder and non-bacterial bladder inflammation such as interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). Gap junction, a key regulator of hyperactive conditions in the bladder, has been reported to be involved in pathological bladder inflammation. Here we report involvement of gap junction in the etiology of storage symptoms in bladder inflammation. In this study, cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis was adapted as a model of bladder inflammation. Cyclophosphamide-treated mice showed typical storage symptoms including increased urinary frequency and reduced bladder capacity, with concurrent up-regulation of connexin 43 (GJA1), one of the major gap junction proteins in the bladder. In isometric tension study, bladder smooth muscle strips taken from the treated mice showed more pronounced spontaneous contraction than controls, which was attenuated by carbenoxolone, a gap junction inhibitor. In voiding behavior studies, the storage symptoms in the treated mice characterized by frequent voiding were alleviated by 18α-glycyrrhetinic acid, another gap junction inhibitor. These results demonstrate that cyclophosphamide-induced mouse model of cystitis shows clinical storage symptoms related with bladder inflammation and that gap junction in the bladder may be a key molecule of these storage symptoms. Therefore, gap junction in the bladder might be an alternative therapeutic target for storage symptoms in bladder inflammation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0104216PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4123906PMC
November 2015

[Perioperative agranulocytosis induced by immunosuppressants in a renal graft recipient : a case report].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2014 Jun;60(6):275-8

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine.

A 20-year-old man with end-stage renal disease was scheduled to have an ABO-incompatible living kidney transplantation donated by his mother. His complete blood count including differential white blood cell count was normal before preoperative immunosuppressive therapy including mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), tacrolimus (FK506), and prednisolone was started 3 weeks before the operation. The dosage of MMF was initially 2,000 mg/day, but was reduced to 500 mg/day due to diarrhea 10 days before the operation. He received rituximab 13 days before the operation. The neutrophil (Neu) count was 3,100/μl a day before the operation. Transplant surgery was finished without any complications. The Neu count was found to be 300/μl on the day and 80/μl the next day. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor was administered daily. Then the Neu count increased to 9,100/μl on postoperative day (POD) 2, and was maintained within the normal range. MMF was re-started on POD 12. The dosage was 500 mg, and was increased to 1,000 mg on POD 21. On POD 30 the 12-hr blood concentration of MMF was 117.2 mg× hr/l, which was almost double the adequate target dose. Then the dosage was reduced to 500 mg. In this case MMF is the most suspected drug for drug-induced agranulocytosis. Although MMF-induced neutropenia is frequently observed in transplant recipients, it usually happens three months after transplantation or later. The present case is a rare case as it occurred on the day of transplantation. The pharmacokinetics of MMF varies with the individual. Although routine monitoring of blood concentration of MMF is not recommended, specific attention to prevent overdosage should be given particularly in a patient presenting possible adverse effects including diarrhea and depilation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2014

[Small cell carcinoma of the bladder].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2014 May;60(5):221-5

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine.

We retrospectively reviewed the records of 11 patients with small cell carcinoma of the bladder, who were diagnosed at Kyoto University Hospital between June 1995 and November 2010. The median age was 79 years. Two patients had stage I disease, 4 had stage II disease, 2 had stage III disease, and 3 had stage IV disease. All 3 patients with stage IV disease had metastatic disease. They had very poor prognosis with a median survival of only 9.1 months (range 3.2-13.0 months). Of 8 patients without metastatic disease, 3 patients who had been treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by cystectomy had longterm survival. The median survival of these 3 patients was 85.5 months (range 38.0-102.8 months), and all of them are still alive without cancer. The median survival of the other 5 patients was 12.6 months (range 9. 9-33. 8 months). There were significant differences in survival between patients with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by cystectomy and with other treatments (p=0.024). In conclusion, these results suggested that neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by cystectomy could cure patients with small cell carcinoma of the bladder without metastatic disease.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
May 2014

Bladder afferent hyperexcitability in bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis.

Int J Urol 2014 Apr;21 Suppl 1:18-25

Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis is a disease with lower urinary tract symptoms, such as bladder pain and urinary frequency, which results in seriously impaired quality of life of patients. The extreme pain and urinary frequency are often difficult to treat. Although the etiology of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis is still not known, there is increasing evidence showing that afferent hyperexcitability as a result of neurogenic bladder inflammation and urothelial dysfunction is important to the pathophysiological basis of symptom development. Further investigation of the pathophysiology will lead to the effective treatment of patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iju.12308DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4089034PMC
April 2014