Publications by authors named "Yoshifumi Tomii"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparison of LNS-AmB, a novel low-dose formulation of amphotericin B with lipid nano-sphere (LNS), with commercial lipid-based formulations.

Int J Pharm 2003 Nov;267(1-2):101-12

R&D Administration Department, Nippon Shinyaku Co. Ltd., 14 Nishinosho-Monguchi-cho Kisshoin, Minami-ku, Kyoto 601-8550, Japan.

Three lipid-based delivery systems (AmBisome, Amphocil, and Abelcet) for amphotericin B (AmB) have been marketed to overcome the disadvantages associated with the clinical use of AmB. However, to show their efficacy, they need to be administered at higher doses than the conventional dosage form, Fungizone. In this study, we compared LNS-AmB, our new low-dose therapeutic system for AmB using lipid nano-sphere (LNS), with these commercial formulations in terms of their pharmacokinetics and efficacy. The plasma AmB levels yielded by LNS-AmB after intravenous administration to rats were much higher than those yielded by Amphocil or Abelcet, and similar to those yielded by AmBisome, but in dogs LNS-AmB yielded plasma AmB concentrations about three times higher than did AmBisome. In a carrageenin-induced pleurisy model in rats, LNS-AmB yielded AmB levels in the pleural exudate over 20 times those yielded by Amphocil or Abelcet, and similar to those yielded by AmBisome. From these pharmacokinetic results, it is clear that Amphocil and Abelcet are based on a quite distinct drug-delivery concept from LNS-AmB. In a rat model of localized candidiasis, LNS-AmB significantly inhibited the growth of Candida albicans in the pouch, whereas AmBisome did not, even though the AmB concentrations in the pouch were similar. This difference in antifungal activity between LNS-AmB and AmBisome was also found in vitro. That is, the antifungal activity of LNS-AmB against C. albicans was similar to that of Fungizone and dimethyl sulfoxide-solubilized AmB, while AmBisome showed weaker antifungal activity than did other formulations. Based on these results, the release of AmB from AmBisome was judged to be slow and slight. In a mouse model of systemic candidiasis, LNS-AmB (1.0mg/kg) was much more effective than AmBisome (8.0mg/kg) or Fungizone (1.0mg/kg). These results suggest that LNS-AmB maintained the potent activity of AmB against fungal cells even though the AmB was incorporated into LNS particles. We conclude that LNS-AmB may offer an improved therapeutic profile at lower doses than Fungizone and commercial lipid-based formulations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2003.08.002DOI Listing
November 2003

Evaluation of the efficacy and toxicity of amphotericin B incorporated in lipid nano-sphere (LNS).

Int J Pharm 2003 Sep;263(1-2):51-60

R&D Administration Department, Nippon Shinyaku Co. Ltd., 14, Nishinosho-Monguchi-cho, Kisshoin, Minami-ku, Kyoto 601-8550, Japan.

To develop a low-dose therapeutic system for amphotericin B (AmB), the efficacy and toxicity of lipid nano-sphere (LNS) incorporating AmB (LNS-AmB) were evaluated and compared with those of Fungizone, the conventional dosage form of AmB with sodium deoxycholate. LNS-AmB and Fungizone showed nearly equal activity against fungal cells both in vitro and in vivo. In contrast to Fungizone, however, LNS-AmB did not cause significant hemolysis. In addition, the vomiting toxicity of Fungizone was largely avoided by the use of LNS-AmB in dogs, in spite of the higher plasma AmB concentrations achieved by LNS-AmB. Therefore, LNS-AmB may be selective for fungal cells over mammalian cells. In a study of its toxicity and toxicokinetics in a regimen of daily 2-h intravenous infusions for 14 consecutive days, LNS-AmB showed less toxicity to the kidney than did Fungizone in spite of the higher plasma AmB concentrations achieved. LNS-AmB, therefore, allows the treatment of systemic fungal infections at low doses without the severe nephrotoxicity of Fungizone. Size-exclusion chromatography provided evidence that, when LNS-AmB was administered to rats, AmB was retained in the LNS particles in the blood circulation, but that when Fungizone was administered, AmB was transferred to high-density lipoproteins (HDL). AmB retained in LNS particles seemed to be less toxic to the kidney than was AmB associated with HDL. Consequently, LNS-AmB has the potential to become a low-dose therapeutic system for AmB, minimizing most of the severe side effects of AmB by decreasing the total dose required.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0378-5173(03)00342-9DOI Listing
September 2003

Lipid formulation as a drug carrier for drug delivery.

Authors:
Yoshifumi Tomii

Curr Pharm Des 2002 ;8(6):467-74

Discovery Research Laboratories, Nippon Shinyaku Co., Ltd., Sendai, Japan.

In recent years, a Drug Delivery System (DDS), a preparative approach attracts the attention in the development of new drugs. DDS focuses on the regulation of the in vivo dynamics, such as absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination, thereby improving the effectiveness and the safety of the drugs by an applicable use of drug preparation technologies. A conventional intravenous dosage form of Amphotericin B (AmB), Fungizone, is the most effective clinically available for treating fungal infections. However, the clinical efficacy of AmB is limited by its adverse effects. Several lipid formulations, such as Liposomal AmB (L-AmB), AmB lipid complex (ABLC), and AmB colloidal dispersion (ABCD), with reduced side effects have been developed. These formulations are reported to have excellent safety and efficacy. However, comparable efficacy can be achieved only when they are administered at high doses than AmB. One of the problems of using these formulations is that they are easily taken up by the reticuloendothelial system (RES). An artificial lipoprotein-like particles, a novel drug carrier Lipid Nano-Sphere (LNS), which is 25 - 50 nm in size and is composed of phospholipids and simple lipid. LNS show a higher plasma concentration of drugs and lower uptake by RES-tissue different forms other lipid base drug carriers. In vitro and in vivo, LNS incorporating AmB, NS-718, shows reduced toxicity, while maintaining activity against fungi. LNS have a unique characteristic as an effective carrier of AmB for treatment of fungal infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1381612023395871DOI Listing
June 2004